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How to write your 5 Paragraph Essay

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Title: How to write your 5 Paragraph Essay


1
How to write your 5 Paragraph Essay
2
What are you going to write about?
  • Your First Assignment
  • An Autobiography

3
This is not a creative writing assignment-it is
intended to introduce you to a structured method
of writing that uses source material, (facts,
statistics, and quotes) to support your ideas.
4
There are 7 Types of sentences found in an essay
  • Attention grabber.
  • Mood or tone setter.
  • Thesis Statement.
  • Topic sentence.
  • Concrete detail.
  • Comment.
  • Conclusion.

5
In the Introductory Paragraph
  • Attention grabber.
  • Set the mood or tone.
  • (what is your attitude)
  • 3. Thesis sentence.

6
Attention grabber.
  • The first sentence should be a general
    statement designed to grab the
    readers attention.
  • Here are two examples

7
(No Transcript)
8
My life is very complicated.
9
The second sentence sets the mood or tone for
the paper.
  • This sentence tells the reader what your attitude
    is about the topic.

10
Setting the mood or toneThese are some of the
types of emotions that you can express
  • Enthusiasm
  • Cheerfulness
  • Conservatism
  • Boredom
  • Anger
  • Fear
  • Grief
  • Apathy

11
I have always been afraid when my situation
changes.
12
There have been a lot of exciting events in my
life.
13
Develop a Thesis Statement
  • A thesis is the main idea or point of your paper.
  • It is the last sentence of your introductory
    paragraph.

14
Attributes of a Thesis Statement
  • It is argumentative or controversial.
  • It is the controlling force for the rest of the
    paper. The next paragraphs must relate to this
    statement.
  • The thesis statement is specific.
  • The thesis statement is not a fact.
  • The thesis statement is not a question.
  • The thesis statement is not an announcement.

15
My sixth birthday, jr. high graduation, and the
first week in high school changed my perception
of the world.
16
I remember the thoughts like how I went to
school, what I did at church and the day I came
to America
17
Combine
  • Attention grabber
  • Mood or tone setter
  • Thesis Statement
  • To form your introductory paragraph.

18
An Introductory paragraph When I was young I
always thought the world revolved around me. I
have always been afraid when my situation
changes. My sixth birthday, jr. high and my
first week of high school changed my perception
of the world.
19
Another Introduction My life is very
complicated. There have been a lot of exciting
events in my life. I remember thoughts like how
I went to school, what I did at church, and the
day I came to America.
20
You will write three body paragraphs. Body
paragraphs start with Topic sentences.
21
  • A topic sentence tells the reader what you are
    talking about in the paragraph.
  • It must be related to the thesis statement.
  • Unless you are making a comparison, it must be in
    agreement with the mood or tone in the
    introduction.

22
Topic sentences are followed by Concrete Details.
  • Concrete details are
  • Facts
  • There are an equal number of freshman boys and
    girls in this school.

23
2. Statistics There are 547 boys in the
freshman class.
24
3. Quotes Mr.Thomas said, This is the most
intelligent group of freshman English students
that I have ever seen.
25
Important note
  • Quotes are both
  • The things that a person says in a story
  • "Don't talk rot, Whitney," said Rainsford.
    "You're a big-game hunter, not a philosopher. Who
    cares how a jaguar feels?"
  • AND

26
For our purposea quote is also
  • Information that you take from a source, that
    agrees with the mood or tone of your paper, and
    is proof or evidence that supports your thesis
    and topic sentences.
  • For example..

27
This is a quote that supports a description of a
characters hearing ability
  • An abrupt sound startled him. Off to the right
    he heard it, and his ears, expert in such
    matters, could not be mistaken. Again he heard
    the sound, and again. Somewhere, off in the
    blackness, someone had fired a gun three times.

28
To use this information in your paper you put the
quote marks around the information, and add
(authors last name and page number). Off to the
right he heard it, and his ears, expert in such
matters, could not be mistaken (Connell p.3).
29
Comments
  • Writing commentary means giving your opinion,
    interpretation, analysis, personal reactions,
    feelings, or reflections about the topic.
  • BUT.

30
  • Your comments must tell the reader why, or how,
    the evidence that you presented as a concrete
    detail, supports your topic sentence, thesis
    statement, and is in agreement with the mood or
    tone of your paper.

31
Commentary may start like this
  • This event effected
  • For example
  • As an illustration..
  • In addition
  • Because of Rainsfords excellent hearing ability
  • This leads to
  • When this occurred
  • Furthermore (more phrases later)

32
Concluding Sentence
  • The concluding sentences of your body paragraphs
    should either
  • Summarize the importance of the information in
    the paragraph,
  • or
  • Use that information as a transition to the next
    topic.

33
Words and phrases that work for comments and
concluding sentences
  • If you want to continue an idea
  • Additionally, again, also, besides, equally
    important, further, furthermore, in addition,
    finally.
  • If you want to show a time relationship
    (chronological or process)
  • Afterward, at this point, eventually, finally,
    meanwhile, next, presently, previously.

34
If you are using comparative advantage
  • To make a comparison
  • Also, basically, in the same manner (fashion),
    like, likewise, similarly, too.
  • To contrast
  • Although, and yet, but, conversely, even though,
    however, on the contrary, on the other hand,
    never the less, still.

35
  • If you are showing cause and effect
  • As a result, consequently, for this reason,
    moreover, therefore, thus, so.
  • If you are showing a spatial relationship
  • In this (or other) location, at the same time in
    (another location), this event also occurred.
  • If you are doing an analysis
  • This piece (part, event, situation), this relates
    to, with out this part.

36
  • To emphasize a point
  • Again, as a matter of fact, as a result, indeed,
    in fact.
  • In your Concluding Sentence, to summarize
  • For the most part, for these reasons, in other
    words, in short, on the whole.
  • To make a transition
  • As a result, for these reasons, therefore, as a
    consequence, as a result.

37
Conclusion
  • Your conclusion should be 3-5 sentences long.
  • Tell the reader how your evidence supported your
    thesis.
  • Leave the readers with a statement, quote, or
    question that will make them remember and think
    about your paper.

38
Tips for your concluding paragraph.
  • Briefly summarize your main points.
  • Ask a thoughtful question.
  • Use a quotation.
  • Call for an action.
  • End with a warning.
  • Show that this is a universal theme.
  • Refer to the introductory paragraph with key
    words, or parallel concepts and images.

39
Avoid these in your conclusion
  • Repeating your thesis.
  • Introducing a new idea or subject.
  • Focusing on minor points.
  • Do not apologize for your view.

40
  • Your First Assignment
  • An Autobiography

41
The first step is to create a mind map,web
diagram, so that you can start organizing your
thoughts.
42
Mind Map
Sports
Football Track
Jr. High
Graduation My cousin
Stu Dent
6th Birthday
Presents Friends Family
Friends
High School
Tom Ron
Teachers Classmates
43
Think about the type of organization that you are
going to use in your essay
  • Spatial
  • Chronological
  • Process
  • Analysis
  • Cause and Effect
  • Comparative Advantage

44
Select the best topics from your web and create a
basic outline
1. 6th Birthday a. Presents b. Friends 2.
Jr. High a. Graduation b. My cousin 3. High
School a. Teachers b. Classmates
45
The Expanded Outlinefill in every sentence
  • Introduction
  • a. Attention grabber
  • b. Set mood or tone
  • c. Thesis Statement

46
All 3 of the body paragraphs follow this format
  • a. Topic sentence
  • b. Concrete Detail
  • c. Comment
  • d. Comment
  • e. Concrete Detail
  • f. Comment
  • g. Comment
  • h. Concluding sentence

47
Fill in the expanded outline in this order
  • Tone or mood sentence
  • Thesis Statement
  • Topic Sentences
  • Concrete Details
  • Comments
  • Concluding Sentences
  • Attention Grabber
  • Concluding Paragraph

48
Assemble your Autobiography
  • Make a cover page.
  • Include
  • a. Mind map.
  • b. Brief outline
  • c. Extended outline.
  • 3. Your 5 paragraph essay.

49
The Second Assignment
  • Briefly, give a physical description of your
    character.
  • Write a 5 paragraph essay discussing your
    character.
  • Include information that lets the reader know
    what the character says, does, thinks, and what
    the other characters say about him.

50
You will be assigned one of the two main
characters in The Most Dangerous Game
  • Answer the following writing prompt for your
    character

51
Sanger Rainsford
  • Discuss Rainsfords transition from hunter to
    huntee has his attitude about hunting changed in
    this story?

52
General Zaroff
  • Discuss Zaroffs game, and how he plays the game
    with Rainsford.

53
After listening to the story go to the web site
to collect your research.Connell, Richard The
Most Dangerous Game Web site
http//www.eastoftheweb.com/short-stories/UBooks/M
osDan.shtml
54
You will list all of the events that relate to
your character.
55
What is your attitude about the topic?
  • Do you agree with the characters attitude?
  • How do you feel about his actions?
  • Do other characters feel the same way as you do
    about your character?
  • Would you have reacted differently than your
    character?

56
Collect your Ideas on a Mind Map
Is afraid of being hunted
Zaroff plays with him
The most Dangerous Game Rainsford
Is a good hunter
Rainsford turns the tables
Thinks that Zaroff is a murderer
57
Collect your research materials
  • These will be the concrete details for your
    essay.
  • To do that

58
In the text you will find information that you
can use in your essay"Nonsense," laughed
Rainsford. "This hot weather is making you soft,
Whitney. Be a realist. The world is made up of
two classes - the hunters and the huntees.
Luckily, you and I are hunters. Do you think
we've passed that island yet?"
59
Cut and paste that information from your source
to your disk or file.Be sure to cite the
source.(author, page ).
  • The world is made up of two classes - the
    hunters and the huntees. Luckily, you and I are
    hunters (Connell p.1).

60
Complete an event worksheet of at least four main
events from your mind map.
  • Collect quotes that describe
  • What the character says.
  • What the character does.
  • What the character thinks.
  • What others say or think about the character.
  • (this could give you up to 16 quotes)

61
Begin your Introduction
  • Answer these questions
  • What is you or your characters feeling about the
    story and the assigned question? (mood or tone)
  • 2. List three important things that support your
    feelings. (events, things the character says,
    does, thinks, or others say about him.)

62
Make a Basic Outline
  • Rainsford
  • Is a Hunter
  • Is afraid of being hunted
  • Turns the tables on Zaroff
  • (you should have at least two quotes from your
    event worksheet to support each of these three
    points)

63
Write your Thesis Sentence
  • Be sure to include the three ideas that you came
    up with in the last step, in your sentence.
  • Example
  • Always the hunter, Rainsford overcomes the fear
    of being hunted to emerge as the victor in
    Zaroffs dangerous game.

64
To support this thesis you must
  • Show Rainsfords original attitude about hunting.
  • Tell about the times he was afraid of being
    hunted.
  • Show how he overcomes that fear by becoming the
    hunter again.
  • Do this by using quotes about things the
    character says, does, thinks or by what others
    say about him.

65
Fill in the expanded outline in this order
  • Tone or mood sentence
  • Thesis Statement
  • Topic Sentences
  • Concrete Details
  • Comments
  • Concluding Sentences
  • Attention Grabber
  • Concluding Paragraph

66
Tips for when you get writers block
  • Move on and fill in a different type of sentence.
  • Replace the concrete detail with a more thought
    provoking one. (this is why you should have
    gathered more quotes than you need)
  • Rearrange the details to make more sense.
  • Re-read your notes on how to write an essay.
  • Look at the words and phrases to help you write
    your sentences.
  • Go get something to eat and come back in a ½
    hour.

67
Assemble your project
  • Make a cover page.
  • Include
  • a. Event list
  • b. Event worksheet
  • c. Mind map.
  • d. Extended outline.
  • e. Description of your character.
  • 3. Your 5 paragraph essay.
  • 4. Works cited.

68
The Best Sport in the WorldAn analysis of Sanger
RainsfordBy Stu Dent
  • English 9
  • 3rd period
  • 11/21/00
  • Mr. Bedford, Instructor
  • Hiram W. Johnson High School

69
Create your Works Cited
  • Book Connell, Richard The Most Dangerous Game
    Elements of Literature. Third Course. Ed. Richard
    Sime. Austin Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2000.
    13-28
  • Web site Connell, Richard The Most Dangerous
    Game available on-line http//www.eastoftheweb.c
    om/short-stories/UBooks/MosDan.shtml 11/18/00
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