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World War II Canada


Title: Canada s Involvement During World War Two Author: Hugh Watson Last modified by: L500-018 Created Date: 12/10/2007 11:34:47 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II Canada

World War IICanadas Role
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  • Canadas population was 11.5 million in 1939
  • One in Ten Canadians would serve in the military
    during World War Two
  • Millions more Canadians contributed to the war
    effort on the home front

Major Grievances After WWI
  • Reparations
  • The Treaty of Versailles mandated that
  • Germany owed 33 billion to Britain and
  • France which it could not pay.
  • Territorial losses
  • There was a desire by Germany, Italy, and the
    USSR to regain lost territory resulting from the
    Treaty of Versailles.
  • Economic Collapse
  • The economies of Europe were devastated by the
    war. The Great Depression only made things worse.
    It led the people of Germany and Italy to begin
    to support radical groups.

Franco and Mussolini
  • Mussolini invaded Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935.
  • The League of Nations wanted to impose sanctions
    but King said no!
  • The Spanish Civil War erupted in 1936-39.
    Canadas policy was not to stand up to either one
    of these Fascist dictators (Franco, Mussolini)

Benito Mussolini and his fascists black shirts
took power in 1922
Franciso Franco
Norman Bethune
  • Dr. Norman Bethune did get involved in the
    Spanish Civil War to stop the fascists of
  • He aided the Communists in this war and would
    later become famous for inventing blood
  • He later got involved in China during WW2

Famous Canadian Doctor, Dr. Norman Bethune did
get involved
Who was Time Magazine Man of the Year for 1938?
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Canadas Initial Role
  • Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King was
  • He didnt want Canada to get involved in the wars
    of Europe during the late 1930s

  • Adolf Hitler brought the Nazi
    party into power slowly and
    democratically by 1933
  • March 1939 Hitler took over Czechoslovakia
  • August 23, 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
  • September 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland
  • Britain and France deliver an ultimatum
  • September 3, 1939 Great Britain and France
    declare war on Germany
  • September 10, 1939 Canada joins the war

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1939Germany invades Poland
  • German tanks rolled across the Polish border
    early on September 1, 1939.
  • At 900 am on September 3rd, Britain's ambassador
    to Germany delivered an ultimatum stating that if
    hostilities did not stop by 11 am, a state of war
    would exist between Great Britain and Germany.
  • Germany did not respond and at 1115 on the
    morning of September 3, 1939 Prime Minister
    Neville Chamberlain went on the radio to announce
    to the British people that they were at war with

German Troops march into Warsaw, Poland
The Blitz over Poland 1939
Canada Enters the War in Germany
  • For the first time Canada had the ability to
    decide for themselves whether they would enter
    the war or not.
  • King called a special session of parliament to
    decide Canadas position in response to
    Britains declaration of war.
  • Kings proclamation was easily passed through the
    House of Commons. George VI signed it on
    September 10, 1939 Canada was officially at war
    with Germany one week after Britain.

The House of Commons on September 7, 1939, the
first day of the special session in which
Canada's Parliament decided to declare war on
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The Axis and the Allies
  • The Allies
  • Great Britain (Australia, New Zealand, and South
    Africa too)
  • France
  • Canada
  • China
  • Russia
  • The United States (After 1941)

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, American
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, And Russian
President Joseph Stalin
The Axis and the Allies
  • The Axis Powers
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan

Italian Leader Mussolini with German leader Adolf
Emperor Hirohito of Japan
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British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
  • The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was
    set up by the British Air Ministry, following an
    agreement signed by participating countries in
    December 1939.
  • It provided 50,000 trained aircrew a year, for as
    long as it was necessary.
  • The United Kingdom was not an ideal location for
    air training
  • Due to the closeness of the front
  • Canada had fuel, wide open spaces suitable for
    navigation, industrial facilities for the
    production of trainer aircraft, parts and
  • There was a lack of any real threat from German
    or Japanese fighter planes in Canadian airspace

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  • Over 167,000 students, including 50,000 pilots,
    trained in Canada under the program from May 1940
    to March 1945.
  • 131,553 of the graduates were Canadians.
  • At the peak of the plans operation, 94 schools
    were operating in 231 sites across Canada.
  • Prime Minister King supported this plan as a way
    of keeping large numbers of Canadians at home and
    avoiding the need to raise large numbers of
    forces, which would have lead to conscription.

At War!
  • In 1940, within the first four weeks of action,
    Hitlers modern army crushed Polish defenses.
    Next Germany overran Denmark, Norway, Belgium,
    Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Soon, Hitler
    turned his attention to France.

Blitzkrieg Attack (Lightening)
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Evacuation of Dunkirk
  • German forces had advanced across Europe and
    trapped the British forces in a tiny area around
    the French port of Dunkirk.
  • British forces found themselves stranded without
    shelter or supplies. So they launched Operation
    Dynamo to evacuate the troops.
  • Vice Admiral Ramsay organized as many ships (tug
    boats, barges, lifeboats and navy destroyers) to
    evacuate the troops.
  • 850 vessels took place in the evacuation, 235
    boats were sunk.
  • 68,000 troops were lost, but 1/3 of a million men
    were evacuated.

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