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French Revolution Study Notes

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French Revolution Study Notes Past Test Questions Why did Louis XVI fail to satisfy the demands of the revolutionaries in France during the period 1789-1793? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: French Revolution Study Notes


1
French Revolution Study Notes
  • Past Test Questions

2
Why did Louis XVI fail to satisfy the demands of
the revolutionaries in France during the period
1789-1793?
  • Ancient regime ideals/conservatism
  • Indecisiveness between demands of three estates
  • Catholic church vs. Enlightenment
  • Marie Antoinette/Austria
  • March on Versailles
  • Attempted flight to Austria
  • Brunswick Manifesto(Austria/Prussia)

3
Explain why Napoleon Bonaparte was able to
establish a strong autocratic government in
France.
  • 10 years of chaos
  • External threats Prussian and Austrian
  • War hero status
  • Military backing
  • Promises to uphold the revolution
  • Spy system/Censorship/Education
  • Code of Napoleon
  • Bureaucracy of delegated patriots
  • Senators given estates/money for loyalty

4
Why did the French Revolution become increasingly
radical during the years 1789-1794?
  • 1789-Estates General have disagreements (voting
    order constitution)
  • National Assembly declared/Louis XVI calls for
    military intervention
  • Tennis Court Oath followed by storming the
    Bastille and March on Versailles
  • 1791-New Constitution opposed by many (Catholic
    priests, radical Jacobins, nobles)
  • Louis XVI attempts to flee
  • Austria and Prussia threaten military
    intervention
  • 1792-War declared on Austria
  • 1793-1794-Committee of Public safety/Robespierre/T
    he Terror/Execution of Louis

5
How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the
ideals of the French Revolution during the period
1799-1815?
  • 1799-1815-Revolutionary Ideals (equality,
    liberty, fraternity)
  • The Napoleonic Code (equal laws, abolish serfdom,
    religious freedom, property rights, careers open
    to talent)
  • Unequal for women (property belongs to husband,
    treated as minors in lawsuits)
  • Powerful, centralized bureaucracy
  • Benevolent despotism- Napoleon decides what is
    good for France
  • European wars for conquest

6
Which of the grievances of the Third Estate in
France in 1789 were the most important? Explain
your answer.
  • Third Estate grievances 1789
  • Unfair taxation, feudal obligations to nobility,
    voting by order in Estates General, voting
    rights, urban poor couldnt afford consumer
    prices, opposition to conservative order of the
    ancient regime

7
How far did Napoleon Bonaparte achieve his aims
in domestic policy?
  • Napoleons aims 1799-1815
  • Stabilize economy (bank of Francecoins)
  • Equal laws (Napoleonic Code)
  • Educated, talented bureaucracy(lycees)
  • Restore relations with the Church (Concordat with
    the Catholic church)
  • Nationalism(conscription for defense)
  • Grow/protect economy(Continental System)

8
How far, and why, did the aims of the
revolutionaries in France change during the
period from 1789-1793?
  • 1789 vs. 1793 aims of revolutionaries
  • 1789-Constitutional monarchy voting rights
    equal taxation end of serfdom/feudalism
  • 1793-Democratic republic overthrow of nobility
    death to anti-revolutionaries war with
    Austria/Prussia
  • Why? Military intervention by Louis XVI and by
    Austria/Prussia radicalism (Jacobins), great
    fear, the terror disagreements between
    revolutionary factions/divided 3rd Estate
    abdication of responsibility by Louis XVI

9
How far was Napoleon Bonaparte an oppressive
ruler in his domestic policies from 1799-1815?
  • 1799-1815-Oppressive domestic policies?
  • Concordat with the Catholic church forced clergy
    to be civil servants
  • Appointed prefects spied on people, collected
    taxes, spread propaganda
  • Legal codes asserted male rights over women
  • Workers needed a permit to get a job
  • Newspapers were censored
  • Artists were paid to glorify Napoleon

10
From 1789-1799, who posed the more dangerous
threats to the French Revolution its internal or
its external enemies?
  • 1789-1799-Internal vs. external enemies?
  • Internal King (and his military), Church,
    nobility, upper class 3rd Estate
  • External European monarchs, Austrian relatives,
    Prussia (and their armies)

11
Why did Louis XVIs policies from 1789 fail to
prevent his execution in 1793?
  • Louis XVI
  • Divided loyalty between 3 estates
  • Indecisiveness as a political leader/qualification
    s inherited, not earned
  • Impossible financial problems inherited from
    Louis XIV and XV (upkeep of Versailles)
  • Questionable loyalty due to Marie
    Antoinette/Austrian family
  • External threats by Austria and Prussia
  • Enlightenment vs. ancient regime (American
    Revolution)
  • August Decrees/Declaration of Rights of Man
    accepted by force
  • Attempt to flee France/treason
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