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French Revolution Study Notes


French Revolution Study Notes Past Test Questions Why did Louis XVI fail to satisfy the demands of the revolutionaries in France during the period 1789-1793? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: French Revolution Study Notes

French Revolution Study Notes
  • Past Test Questions

Why did Louis XVI fail to satisfy the demands of
the revolutionaries in France during the period
  • Ancient regime ideals/conservatism
  • Indecisiveness between demands of three estates
  • Catholic church vs. Enlightenment
  • Marie Antoinette/Austria
  • March on Versailles
  • Attempted flight to Austria
  • Brunswick Manifesto(Austria/Prussia)

Explain why Napoleon Bonaparte was able to
establish a strong autocratic government in
  • 10 years of chaos
  • External threats Prussian and Austrian
  • War hero status
  • Military backing
  • Promises to uphold the revolution
  • Spy system/Censorship/Education
  • Code of Napoleon
  • Bureaucracy of delegated patriots
  • Senators given estates/money for loyalty

Why did the French Revolution become increasingly
radical during the years 1789-1794?
  • 1789-Estates General have disagreements (voting
    order constitution)
  • National Assembly declared/Louis XVI calls for
    military intervention
  • Tennis Court Oath followed by storming the
    Bastille and March on Versailles
  • 1791-New Constitution opposed by many (Catholic
    priests, radical Jacobins, nobles)
  • Louis XVI attempts to flee
  • Austria and Prussia threaten military
  • 1792-War declared on Austria
  • 1793-1794-Committee of Public safety/Robespierre/T
    he Terror/Execution of Louis

How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the
ideals of the French Revolution during the period
  • 1799-1815-Revolutionary Ideals (equality,
    liberty, fraternity)
  • The Napoleonic Code (equal laws, abolish serfdom,
    religious freedom, property rights, careers open
    to talent)
  • Unequal for women (property belongs to husband,
    treated as minors in lawsuits)
  • Powerful, centralized bureaucracy
  • Benevolent despotism- Napoleon decides what is
    good for France
  • European wars for conquest

Which of the grievances of the Third Estate in
France in 1789 were the most important? Explain
your answer.
  • Third Estate grievances 1789
  • Unfair taxation, feudal obligations to nobility,
    voting by order in Estates General, voting
    rights, urban poor couldnt afford consumer
    prices, opposition to conservative order of the
    ancient regime

How far did Napoleon Bonaparte achieve his aims
in domestic policy?
  • Napoleons aims 1799-1815
  • Stabilize economy (bank of Francecoins)
  • Equal laws (Napoleonic Code)
  • Educated, talented bureaucracy(lycees)
  • Restore relations with the Church (Concordat with
    the Catholic church)
  • Nationalism(conscription for defense)
  • Grow/protect economy(Continental System)

How far, and why, did the aims of the
revolutionaries in France change during the
period from 1789-1793?
  • 1789 vs. 1793 aims of revolutionaries
  • 1789-Constitutional monarchy voting rights
    equal taxation end of serfdom/feudalism
  • 1793-Democratic republic overthrow of nobility
    death to anti-revolutionaries war with
  • Why? Military intervention by Louis XVI and by
    Austria/Prussia radicalism (Jacobins), great
    fear, the terror disagreements between
    revolutionary factions/divided 3rd Estate
    abdication of responsibility by Louis XVI

How far was Napoleon Bonaparte an oppressive
ruler in his domestic policies from 1799-1815?
  • 1799-1815-Oppressive domestic policies?
  • Concordat with the Catholic church forced clergy
    to be civil servants
  • Appointed prefects spied on people, collected
    taxes, spread propaganda
  • Legal codes asserted male rights over women
  • Workers needed a permit to get a job
  • Newspapers were censored
  • Artists were paid to glorify Napoleon

From 1789-1799, who posed the more dangerous
threats to the French Revolution its internal or
its external enemies?
  • 1789-1799-Internal vs. external enemies?
  • Internal King (and his military), Church,
    nobility, upper class 3rd Estate
  • External European monarchs, Austrian relatives,
    Prussia (and their armies)

Why did Louis XVIs policies from 1789 fail to
prevent his execution in 1793?
  • Louis XVI
  • Divided loyalty between 3 estates
  • Indecisiveness as a political leader/qualification
    s inherited, not earned
  • Impossible financial problems inherited from
    Louis XIV and XV (upkeep of Versailles)
  • Questionable loyalty due to Marie
    Antoinette/Austrian family
  • External threats by Austria and Prussia
  • Enlightenment vs. ancient regime (American
  • August Decrees/Declaration of Rights of Man
    accepted by force
  • Attempt to flee France/treason