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Proliferation of ICT in Education

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Title: Report of the Task Force on Development of North Eastern Region Author: Planning Commission Last modified by: rahul Created Date: 10/26/2005 9:47:25 AM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Proliferation of ICT in Education


1
Proliferation of ICT in Education Major Govt.
Initiatives - Challenges
Dr. B. K. Murthy Director Head National
Knowledge Network Division Ministry of
Communications and IT Govt. of India Presentation
at Nagpur, 11th June, 2011
2
Key Factors of Knowledge Economy
Govt. role is to act as a catalyst
3
Challenges Digital Students
  • By age 21, the average college student would have
    spent
  • 10,000 hours video games
  • 200,000 emails
  • 20,000 hours TV
  • 10,000 hours cell phone
  • 10,000 hours of PC/Internet usage
  • Under 5,000 hours reading

3
4
Challenges for Technology
  • Countrywide classrooms? Various Tools
    Technologies
  • Sharing of Educational resources on the
    Grid/Cloud
  • Various Gadgets
  • High end Workstations to low cost access devices
  • Content for all
  • Multimodal, Multilingual, locale specific,
    Just-in-time
  • Creation of Closed User Groups
  • Online Collaborative Research
  • Open Source Drug Discovery/Design/Engg.
  • Network protocols to support various gadgets
  • Knowledge Centers to Host various portals
  • Network Security/QoS to cater to all types of
    traffic
  • emails/chatting/lectures/telemedicine/VC/e-Gov.
    etc. on the same Backbone??

5
Challenges Social
  • The challenge of numbers/Scalability
  • The challenge of Quality
  • The challenge of access/Reliability
  • The Challenge of Sustainability/affordability
  • The Challenge of Inclusiveness
  • The challenge of course management
  • Guiding a student through a curriculum
  • Tapping the right content from the right source
  • But the most important of all..
  • The challenge of the mind-set !!!

5
6
ICT in Education Role of MCIT/DIT
  • Initiate Pilots in frontier areas before the
    formal system responds
  • Courses on Microprocessor in late 70s
  • UG/PG Courses in ICT in early 80s
  • Establishment of ERNET, CDAC, DOEACC in late 80s
  • Language Computing/Learning Material Development
    in Emerging Technologies in early 90s
  • E-learning activities Courseware for MS (BITS
    Pilani), ADIT of IGNOU etc. in late 90s
  • Currently UG/PG Courses on VLSI Design/Embedded
    Systems Design/Information Security
  • Technology Innovation Promotion
  • Being initiated and nurtured till the formal
    system takes over
  • and now establishment of National Knowledge
    Network

7
ICT in Education Major Govt. Initiatives
  • Department of IT, Ministry of Comm. IT
  • Establishment of National Knowledge Network
  • National Skill Development Initiative
  • Ministry of HRD
  • National Programme on Technology Enhanced
    Learning (NPTEL)
  • About 400 courses (40 hours each) in Engineering
    Technology developed by faculties of IITs/IISc
    and available for free Usage by Tier II and Tier
    III colleges
  • National Mission on Education Through ICT
  • ICT_at_Schools

8
National Knowledge Network
Objective
  • To interconnect all Institutions of higher
    learning and Research for knowledge sharing and
    collaborative Research across the country with a
    high speed data communication network.

Design Philosophy
  • To build a scalable network, which can expand
    both in the geographical coverage and Speed.
  • To be a common Network Backbone like national
    highway, wherein different categories of users
    shall be supported.

9
Features of the NKN
  • Network consists of an ultra-high speed Core
    10Gbps 1500 nodes.
  • A distribution layer at appropriate speeds.
  • The participating institutions can directly
    connect to the NKN at speeds between 100Mbps to 1
    Gbps
  • connect to the distribution layer through a last
    mile connectivity bandwidth (Edge nodes).

EDGE
EDGE
Distribution
EDGE
CORE
Distribution
EDGE
EDGE
Distribution
Distribution
EDGE
EDGE
EDGE
10
Educational Institutions
Cert-IN
Research Labs CSIR/DAE/ISRO/ICAR
NKN
EDUSAT
National Internet Exchange Points (NIXI)
MPLS Clouds
INTERNET
Broad Band Clouds
Connections to Global Networks (e.g. GEANT)
National / State Data Centers
11
  • To create CORE for NKN Final Phase at the
    earliest.
  • Backbone 2.5G to begin with soon 10G
  • This provides the required redundancy and
    availability of NKN CORE.
  • Gateways at Mumbai Chennai apart from Delhi
    Hyderabad
  • Complete rollout in 2-3 yrs
  • Implementation by NIC

12
Current Status
  • 20 PoPs were set up across the country
  • 200 Institutions of Higher Learning were
    connected
  • Virtual Class Rooms in 26 IITs, ISERs
  • Inaugurated by the Honble President of India on
    April 9, 2009
  • Final Phase 20-25 PoPs, 600 secondary PoPs,
    1500 core institutions (400 universities, RD
    labs) to be connected
  • Traffic from the affiliated colleges/centers/insti
    tutions are aggregated through MPLS-VPN to
    connect to NKN

13
National Mission on Education through ICT
  • Vision
  • Catering to the learning needs and providing a
    one stop solution to all the requirements of the
    learning community.
  • Objectives
  • Development of knowledge modules the right
    content
  • Research in the field of pedagogy
  • Standardization and quality assurance of content
  • Spreading digital literacy for teacher
    empowerment
  • Providing support for the creation of virtual
    technological universities

14
Connectivity at Institution Level
  • 20,000 Colleges, each with 20 BB VPN connections
  • High Speed LANs in Universities each having 400
    nodes
  • Connectivity 1Gbps to universities
  • NMEICT-NKN Interconnection, 1GB each about 10-15
    Locations
  • Internet connectivity to BSNL VPN cloud.

15
NMEICT Connecting Universities
NKN CLOUD



UNIV1
UNIV 2
UNIV 3
16
Universities merging with NKN
NKN CLOUD



UNIV1
UNIV 2
UNIV 3
17
Universities Aggregating Affiliated Colleges

Aggregate Traffic to NKN
NKN CLOUD



MPLS CLOUDc
Colleges
UNIV1
UNIV 2
18
ICT _at_ Schools
  • Scheme of MHRD launched in 2004 and now Revised
    in 2010
  • Coverage All Govt./Govt. aided Higher
    Secondary/Secondary schools
  • Target is to cover about 100,000 schools by 2012
  • Objectives
  • Establish enabling environment to promote usage
    of ICT in an inclusive manner
  • Providing infrastructure connectivity
  • Promote development and dissemination of
    e-content in regional language
  • To promote ICT tools for distance education

19
National Skill Development Initiative
  • Government of India has approved the Coordinated
    Action of Skill Development
  • Three tier structure set up
  • Prime Ministers National Council on Skill
    Development
  • National Skill Development Coordination Board
  • National Skill Development Corporation
  • National Skill Development Policy announced
  • To create a pool of 500 million trained persons
    by the year 2022.
  • DITs Target in NSDI is 10 million in ICT by 2022
  • 500 million IT literates by 2022

20
DITs Initiatives for Skill Development in IECT
  • Through a 3 pronged strategy
  • Scaling up of capacities of DOEACC Society to
    train 1 crore persons by 2022.
  • - To cover the entire spectrum of Training
    Education starting from certificate level to
    Doctoral level (both Formal as well Non-Formal)
  • Scaling up of capacities of CDAC to train 7
    lakh persons by 2022.
  • - High end courses, close to Industry needs,
    quick cycle time for introduction of New Courses
    to meet emerging needs
  • Financial Assistance to States/UTs for setting up
    of ICT Academies in each State/UTs
  • - To ensure quality faculty who are current
    with the latest development in IECT sector

21
ICT infrastructure Connecting Global
22
Multi Modal Delivery gives Rainbow effect
Localized
Reachable
Increased Quality
Reliable/Affordable
Motivation Retention
Secured
Just in Time
Integrated Learning
Output
Blended Learning
Ubiquitous Learning
Delivery
Compliances Conformance
Multi Modal/Multi Lingual Delivery
Multi Modal Content
Instructors
CBT/WBT
Authors/Experts
Class Room Teaching
Mobile Learning
Virtual Class Rooms
Administrators/Govt.
Students/Learners
Standards
Local Language Support tools
LMS/ Authoring Tools
Learning Models
Compression Streaming
Tools Technologies
National Knowledge Network
National Mission on Education
Colleges/ Universities
Internet/ Broadband
Infrastructure
23
Summary
  • Missions such as NKN NME-ICT require enormous
    determination and vision continuity.
  • The philosophy is Encourage, Enable, Enrich, and
    Empower the users.
  • Collaboration, Interaction and Sharing are
    Important Paradigms for Quality Education and
    Innovation, Government would act as Catalyst.
  • ICT is expected to bring in revolution in
    Education the way Text books revolutionised a few
    hundred years ago
  • Ultimately it is the Mindset of the stake holders
    requires a paradigm shift ICT is only a tool it
    is not a replacement
  • Laptops can not replace Headtops

24
Thank You
bkm_at_mit.gov.in
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