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What Matters to Student Success:

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What Matters to Student Success: The Promise of High-Impact Practices George D. Kuh RIT Faculty Institute Rochester, NY May 26, 2010 * * Bullet 1: DEEP Schools are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What Matters to Student Success:


1
What Matters to Student Success The Promise of
High-Impact Practices
George D. Kuh RIT Faculty Institute Rochester,
NY May 26, 2010
2
We all want the same thingan undergraduate
experience that results in high levels of
learning and personal development for all
students.
3
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4
Its the Learning, Stupid
5
What If
  • We imagined what our work would be like using
    what we know about how students learn?
  • And we created optimum learning conditions for
    all students?
  • Then, how would we re-design our programs and
    practices?
  • What kinds of teaching and assessment approaches
    would we use?

6
Overview
  • What the world needs now
  • Why engagement and high-impact practices matter
  • Implications

7
Association of American Colleges and Universities
8
Narrow Learning is Not Enough The Essential
Learning Outcomes
  • Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical
    Natural World
  • Intellectual and Practical Skills
  • Personal and Social Responsibility
  • Deep Integrative Learning

9
Deep, Integrative Learning
  • Attend to the underlying meaning of information
    as well as content
  • Integrate and synthesize different ideas,
    sources of information
  • Discern patterns in evidence or phenomena
  • Apply knowledge in different situations
  • View issues from multiple perspectives

10
Raising The Bar
Employers Views On College Learning In The Wake
Of The Economic Downturn
Key findings from survey among 302
employersConducted October 27 November 17,
2009for
11
Employer expectations of employees have increased
who agree with each statement
Our company is asking employees to take on more
responsibilities and to use a broader set of
skills than in the past Employees are expected
to work harder to coordinate with other
departments than in the past The challenges
employees face within our company are more
complex today than they were in the past To
succeed in our company, employees need higher
levels of learning and knowledge today than they
did in the past
12
Employers Top Priorities for Student Learning
In College
saying two- and four-year colleges should place
MORE emphasis on helping students develop these
skills, qualities, capabilities, knowledge
Effective oral/written communication Critical
thinking/ analytical reasoning Knowledge/skills
applied to real world settings Analyze/solve
complex problems Connect choices and actions to
ethical decisions Teamwork skills/ ability to
collaborate Ability to innovate and be
creative Developments in science/technology
13
What Really Matters in College Student
Engagement
  • Because individual effort and involvement are
    the critical determinants of college impact,
    institutions should focus on the ways they can
    shape their academic, interpersonal, and
    extracurricular offerings to encourage student
    engagement.

Pascarella Terenzini, 2005, p. 602
14
Foundations of Student Engagement
  • Time on task (Tyler, 1930s)
  • Quality of effort (Pace, 1960-70s)
  • Student involvement (Astin, 1984)
  • Social, academic integration (Tinto,1987, 1993)
  • Good practices in undergraduate education
    (Chickering Gamson, 1987)
  • College impact (Pascarella, 1985)
  • Student engagement (Kuh, 1991, 2005)

15
Student Engagement Trifecta
  • What students do -- time and energy devoted to
    educationally purposeful activities
  • What institutions do -- using effective
    educational practices to induce students to do
    the right things
  • Educationally effective institutions channel
    student energy toward the right activities

16
Good Practices in Undergraduate Education
(Chickering Gamson, 1987 Pascarella
Terenzini, 2005)
  • Student-faculty contact
  • Active learning
  • Prompt feedback
  • Time on task
  • High expectations
  • Respect for diverse learning styles
  • Cooperation among students

17
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18
National Survey of Student Engagement(pronounced
nessie)Community College Survey of Student
Engagement(pronounced cessie)
  • College student surveys that assess the extent
    to which students engage in educational practices
    associated with high levels of learning and
    development

19
NSSE Questionnaire
Student Behaviors
Institutional Actions Requirements
Student Learning Development
Reactions to College
Student Background Information
20
Effective Educational Practices
Level of Academic Challenge
Active Collaborative Learning
Student- Faculty Interaction
Supportive Campus Environment
Enriching Educational Experiences
21

22
  • Key findings

23
  • Grades, persistence, student satisfaction, gains
    across a range of desired outcomes, and
    engagement go hand in hand

24
  • Student engagement varies more within than
    between institutions.

25
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27
Worth Pondering
  • How do we reach our least engaged students?

28
Its more complicated than this
  • Many of the effects of college are conditional
  • Some are compensatory
  • Some have unusually positive effects

29
NSSE Whos more engaged?
  • Women
  • Full-time students
  • Students who live on campus
  • Students with diversity experiences
  • Students who start and stay at the same school

30
CCSSE Who Is More Engaged?
More Engaged Less Engaged
Full-time students Part-time students
Nontraditional-age students (those over age 24) Traditional-age students (those 24 and younger)
Students seeking credentials Students not seeking credentials
Students who have completed 30 or more credits Students who have not completed 30 or more credits
Female students Male students
Black students Students who are not black
International students U.S. students
Students who work fewer than 30 hours per week Students who work more than 30 hours per week
Students who have taken developmental courses Students who have not taken developmental courses
Students who have taken study skill courses Students who have not taken study skill courses
Students who have participated in orientation Students who have not participated in orientation
Students who have participated in learning communities Students who have not participated in learning communities

31
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35
Whos more engaged?
  • Women
  • Full-time students
  • Students who live on campus
  • Students with diversity experiences
  • Students who start and stay at same school
  • Students who have done high- impact practices

36
  • www.aacu.org

37
High Impact Activities
  • First-Year Seminars and Experiences 
  • Common Intellectual Experiences
  • Learning Communities
  • Writing-Intensive Courses
  • Collaborative Assignments and Projects
  • Science as Science Is Done
    Undergraduate Research
  • Diversity/Global Learning
  • Service Learning, Community-Based Learning
  • Internships
  • Capstone Courses and Projects

38
Essential Learning Outcome NSSE
Deep/Integrative Learning
  • Integrating ideas or information from various
    sources
  • Included diverse perspectives in class
    discussions/writing
  • Put together ideas from different courses
  • Discussed ideas with faculty members outside of
    class
  • Discussed ideas with others outside of class
  • Analyzing the basic elements of an idea,
    experience, or theory
  • Synthesizing organizing ideas, info., or
    experiences
  • Making judgments about the value of information
  • Applying theories to practical problems or in new
    situations
  • Examined the strengths and weaknesses of your own
    views
  • Tried to better understand someone else's views
  • Learned something that changed how you understand
    an issue

39
Effects of Participating in High-Impact
Activities on Deep/Integrative Learning and Gains
40
Effects of Participating in High-Impact
Activities on Student Engagement
41
High Impact Activities Increase Odds Students
Will
  • Invest time and effort
  • Interact with faculty and peers about substantive
    matters
  • Experience diversity
  • Get more frequent feedback

42
Feedback and Deep Learning
43
High Impact Activities Increase Odds Students
Will
  • Invest time and effort
  • Interact with faculty and peers about substantive
    matters
  • Experience diversity
  • Get more frequent feedback
  • Reflect integrate learning
  • Discover relevance of learning through real-world
    applications

44
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45
High-Impact Practices and the Disparities Within
  • Frosh Service Learning and LCs
  • Parity among racial/ethnic groups
  • Fewer 1st gen students
  • Fewer part-time students
  • Fewer transfer students
  • Fewer older students

46
High-Impact Practices and the Disparities Within
  • Seniors in All HIPs
  • Fewer 1st gen students
  • Fewer students of color
  • Fewer transfer students
  • Fewer part-time students
  • Fewer older students

47
Assessing Student Engagement in High-Impact
Practices To what extent does Kingsville
provide these experiences? v have on campus
v required estimate the of various student
populations in these activities
Learning Community First Year Seminars Research w/ Faculty
On Our Campus
Required for all
Students involved
First Generation
Transfer Students
African American
Latino Students
Asian American
other
Adult Students

48
Participation in High Impact Activities
49
Frosh Learning community
50
Frosh Service learning
51
Seniors Research with a faculty member
52
Seniors Studied abroad
53
Seniors Practicum, internship, field experience,
co-op, clinical assignment
54
Seniors Culminating experience (capstone course,
senior project or thesis, comp exam)
55
Ponder This
  • If all you ever do is all youve ever done,
    then all youll ever get is all you ever got
  • Texan quoted in T. Friedman, Hot, Flat and
    Crowded (2008, p. 6)

56
Put money where it will make a
difference to student success
in professional baseball it still matters less
how much you have than how well you spend it
57
Put money where it will make a difference to
student success
  • Its not how much you spend but where (DEEP
    study, Delta Cost Project)
  • Sunset redundant, ineffective programs
  • Invest in high-impact and other activities that
    contribute to student success
  • Make work a high-impact activity
  • If something works, consider requiring it.

58
Questions Discussion
59
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