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Title:

Future Challenges for Australia: Population

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Title: Future Challenges for Australia: Population Author: Smith Last modified by: Smith Created Date: 8/24/2009 7:00:07 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Future Challenges for Australia: Population


1
Future Challenges for Australia Population
  • Year 10 Geography

2
Australian Ageing Population
  • Decreasing fertility rate
  • - Women Working
  • - Contraception
  • - Costs

3
Australian Ageing Population
  • Baby Boomers
  • - Post WWII
  • - Born between 1945 early 1960s
  • - Extremely large numbers born in this period

4
Australian Ageing Population
  • Increased Life Expectancy
  • - Medical access and improvements
  • - Social services

5
Australian Ageing Population
  • What does this mean?
  • - That in Australias future there will be a
    significantly larger portion of the population of
    an older age

6
Australian Ageing Population
  • Implications - Positive
  • - Volunteer work
  • - Grandparents assisting the family
  • - Save Australian government 39 billion p.a
    through their work

7
Australian Ageing Population
  • Implications - Negative
  • - Age friendly infrastructure e.g. public
    transport
  • - High quality health and aged care services
  • - Government Pensions

8
Spatial Distribution
  • Characteristics
  • - Population not evenly spread
  • - Most people on coastal strip, especially east
    coast
  • - City concentration gt metropolitan primacy

9
Spatial Distribution
  • Major Trend Sea Change
  • - Leaving cities for coastal areas
  • - Relaxed coastal lifestyle
  • - Often a lack of services and facilities gt
    drawing more residents

10
Spatial Distribution
  • Major Trend - Inner City Lifestyle
  • - People moving into inner city areas
  • - Attracted to cafes, restaurants, live venues
    etc
  • - Results in apartments and gentrification

11
Australian Government Policies
  • Policies to manage population growth
  • - No formal policy
  • - Influenced in a range of policies e.g.
    development plans
  • - Chinas implementation of the Single Child
    Policy

12
Australian Government Policies
  • Sydney Case Study
  • - Large growth in recent years
  • - From 1996 to 2001 increased by 273000 people
  • - Received significant number of overseas
    migrants

13
Australian Government Policies
  • Shaping Our Cities
  • - A NSW government Residential Development
    Strategy (RDS)
  • - Forecasts of new dwellings and infrastructure
    in particular areas

14
Australian Government Policies
  • Problems due to increased population
  • - Air Quality
  • - More housing
  • - Road congestion
  • - Maintaining waterways
  • - Public services e.g. transport

15
Australian Government Policies
  • Migrant settlement
  • - Combined national and state initiative
  • - Migrants to settle in regional centres / areas
  • - Sudanese population in Newcastle
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