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The 6 Principles of Second language learning (DEECD,2000)

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The 6 Principles of Second language learning (DEECD,2000) Learner Centred Principle Assessment Principle Immersion Principle Beliefs and Understandings – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 6 Principles of Second language learning (DEECD,2000)


1
The 6 Principles of Second language learning
(DEECD,2000)
Learner Centred Principle
Assessment Principle
Immersion Principle
Beliefs and Understandings
Awareness Principle
Responsibility Principle
Focusing Principle

2
Principal 1-The Learner Centred Principle

ESL learners learn best when the language input
is relevant to their individual needs, interests
and understandings.
3
Teachers need to
  • recognise that students bring a first language to
    the learning of a new language, and this provides
    the basis for their learning of the second
    language
  • help learners make links between what they
    already know and new concepts and knowledge
  • plan for the sharing of knowledge and experience
    of all students
  • choose resources that are culturally sensitive
    and accessible
  • create an atmosphere that is receptive to, and
    tolerant of, cultural similarities and
    differences

4
Principal 2-The Immersion Principle

ESL learners learn best when they are provided
with opportunities to communicate in authentic
school and social contexts.
5
Teachers need to
  • encourage all students to participate actively
    and to take risks in language use
  • provide a wide range of learning activities using
    different groupings, situations and teaching
    strategies
  • provide opportunities for students to produce and
    respond to spoken and written text
  • provide opportunities for students to use English
    in authentic contexts so that they may gain an
    awareness of how purpose and audience influence
    language choices.

6
Principal 3-The Awareness Principle

ESL learners learn best when they are aware of
the reflective use of language and the role and
nature of English.
7
Teachers need to
  • create an awareness in students that oral
    language can vary according to the audience and
    the purpose
  • create an awareness in students of different
    approaches to writing for different purposes and
    for different audiences
  • provide opportunities for students to develop the
    language to think and talk about language

8
Principal 4-The Focusing Principle

ESL learners learn best when they are focused on
the structures and features of English in order
to develop an increasing control over
communication in school and social contexts.
9
Teachers need to
  • focus on and explicitly teach specific features
    of text, such as grammar and vocabulary relating
    to a topic or theme
  • explicitly teach and model the organisation of
    the text ( linguistic structure) and the language
    choices (linguistic features) relating to the
    purpose.

10
Principal 5-The Responsibility principle
  • ESL students learn English best when they are
    provided with opportunities to develop strategies
    that enhance communication.

11
Teachers need to
  • foster the development of learning how-to-learn
    and social interaction skills
  • provide opportunities for students to develop
    strategies to facilitate their acquisition of
    English
  • help students to become progressively independent
    language learners and users
  • encourage students to take responsibility for
    their own learning

12
Principal 6-The Assessment Principle
  • ESL students learn English best when they are
    provided with appropriate feedback about their
    progress.

13
Teachers need to
  • set realistic and achievable goals so that
    students can experience success, and so promote
    self-esteem
  • support further learning through realistic but
    sensitive feedback and encouragement
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