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INTRODUCTION TO GREEK MYTHOLOGY

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English I Pre-AP VI. The Twelve Olympians ZEUS God of the sky, thunder, and justice King and most powerful of the gods; Ruler of Mount Olympus POSEIDON God of the sea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTRODUCTION TO GREEK MYTHOLOGY


1
INTRODUCTION TOGREEK MYTHOLOGY
  • English I
  • Pre-AP

2
I. What are Myths?
  • Myths stories that use fantasy to express ideas
    about life that cannot easily be expressed in
    realistic terms.
  • They are, at heart, religious stories. They deal
    with and explore the relationship between human
    beings and the unknown/spiritual world.
  • They were once believed to be true.

3
II. Purposes of Myths
  • Scientific explanations of things in nature
  • Literary entertainment good storytelling
  • Religious give meaning to things in life
    explain the role of the gods in everyday life

4
III. Why Do We Study Myths?
  • They depict and reveal behavior and problems
    common to all human beings.
  • Remind us that human nature is the same across
    time and culture.
  • Reveal that many social, ethical, and religious
    attitudes continue through time.
  • They reflect the attitudes, priorities, and
    values of the cultures that produced them.

5
IV. The Belief System of Ancient Greece
  • In Greek mythology, gods did not create the
    universe the universe created the gods
    (Hamilton 24).
  • In the beginning there was only Chaos.

6
IV. The Belief System of Ancient Greece
  • From Chaos emerged
  • Gaea Mother Earth
  • In Greek culture, more emphasis was placed on
    Gaea then on Ouranos, reflecting the Greeks
    reliance on the land and the Earth itself.
  • Ouranos Father Heaven
  • Gaea and Ouranos had three types of children, all
    monsters, the most important of which were the
    Titans.

7
IV. The Belief System of Ancient Greece
  • One Titan, Cronus, rebelled against Ouranos as a
    result of Ouranoss treatment of some of his
    children.
  • For some time, Cronus (Saturn) and his
    wife/sister Rhea ruled the universe until their
    son, Zeus, overthrew his father and conquered the
    Titans, becoming supreme ruler of the universe.
  • It was only after Zeus took control and the
    Olympians and other immortals took their places
    that humans entered the picture.

8
V. The Greek Gods
  • In Greek mythology, man was not created in the
    image of the gods rather, the gods were in the
    image of man.
  • Although Greek religion centered on a pantheon,
    separate villages worshipped separate gods in
    many instances.
  • In many cases, deities existed before the
    patriarchal religion of Zeus incorporated them.

9
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • The Twelve great gods who succeeded the Titans
  • Lived on Mt. Olympus, which could have either
    been
  • The physical mountain in Thessaly OR
  • A mountain in a mysterious region above the
    Earth.
  • Olympus was NOT HEAVEN.

10
VI. The Twelve Olympians
11
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  1. Zeus (Jupiter)
  2. Poseidon (Neptune)
  3. Hades (Pluto)
  4. Hestia (Vesta)
  5. Hera (Juno)
  6. Ares (Mars)
  • 7. Athena (Minerva)
  • 8. Apollo (Apollo)
  • 9. Aphrodite (Venus)
  • 10. Hermes (Mercury)
  • 11. Artemis (Diana)
  • 12. Hephaestus (Vulcan)

12
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • ZEUS
  • God of the sky, thunder, and justice
  • King and most powerful of the gods Ruler of
    Mount Olympus
  • POSEIDON
  • God of the sea and earthquakes
  • Brother of Zeus
  • Odysseuss enemy

13
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • HADES
  • God of the Undeworld
  • Zeus and Poseidons brother
  • HESTIA
  • Goddess of the Hearth

14
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • HERA
  • Goddess of marriage and married women
  • Exceptionally beautiful
  • Zeuss wife
  • ARES
  • God of War

15
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • ATHENA
  • Goddess of wisdom and the arts of war and peace
  • Protector of Odysseus
  • Zeuss favorite daughter
  • APOLLO
  • God of archery, poetry, music, medicine, and
    prophecy

16
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • APHRODITE
  • Goddess of Love and Beauty
  • HERMES
  • Messenger god
  • God of commerce, speed, and trade

17
VI. The Twelve Olympians
  • ARTEMIS
  • Goddess of the Wild Things, the moon, and
    crossways
  • HEPHAESTUS
  • God of fire and the forges Blacksmith to the
    gods

18
VII. Death in Ancient Greece
  • According to the Greeks, all departed souls went
    to the Underworld.
  • Two Main Divisions of the Underworld
  • Erebus where the dead pass when they die
  • Tartarus the main division

19
VII. Death in Ancient Greece
  • The dead are ferried across the point where the
    River Acheron (river of woe) pours into the River
    Cocytus (river of lamentation) by an aged boatman
    named Charon.
  • Charon will ONLY ferry into the Underworld those
    who have been properly buried and who have had
    the passage fee placed on their lips at burial.

20
VII. Death in Ancient Greece
  • At the gate sits Cerberus, the three-headed dog
    who permits all the dead to enter, but not to
    exit.
  • The Underworld is ruled by the god Hades and his
    queen, Persephone.
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