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AFRICA

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OLMEC MAYAN AZTEC INCA OLMEC The Olmec were the first major ... or the silting up of rivers due to agricultural practices MAYA MAYA 2000 BC to AD 250 AD 250 to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AFRICA


1
AFRICA
  • BANTU MIGRATIONS

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BANTU MIGRATIONS
  • http//www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bkf3/
    imaps/AC_06_206_bantu/AC_06_206_bantu.html

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  • Bantu is used as a general label for 300-600
    ethnic groups in Africa who speak Bantu languages
  • Cameroon east across Central Africa and Eastern
    Africa to Southern Africa
  • The Bantu family is fragmented into hundreds of
    individual groups, the largest being the Zulu
    with some 10 million.
  • The Bantu language Swahili with its 5-10 million
    native speakers is of super-regional importance
    as tens of millions fluently command it as a
    second language.

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CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
  • CIVILIZATION IN CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
  • WHAT IS KNOWN?

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MESOAMERICA
  • Mesoamerica (Spanish Mesoamérica) is a region
    and cultural area in the Americas, extending
    approximately from central Mexico to Belize,
    Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and
    northern Costa Rica, within which a number of
    pre-Columbian societies flourished before the
    Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th
    and 16th centuries.

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  • OLMEC
  • MAYAN
  • AZTEC
  • INCA

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OLMEC
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  • The Olmec were the first major civilization in
    Mexico.
  • They lived in the tropical lowlands of
    south-central Mexico, in the modern-day states of
    Veracruz and Tabasco.
  • 1500 BCE to about 400 BCE.
  • the Olmec appeared to practice ritual
    bloodletting and played the Mesoamerican
    ballgame, hallmarks of nearly all subsequent
    Mesoamerican societies.

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  • familiar aspect of the Olmecs is their artwork,
    particularly the aptly named colossal heads

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  • Olmec elites had access to an extensive trading
    network
  • depopulation was likely the result of very
    serious environmental changes that rendered the
    region unsuited for large groups of farmers, in
    particular changes to the riverine environment
    that the Olmec depended upon for agriculture,
    hunting and gathering, and transportation.
  • Archaeologists propose that these changes were
    triggered by tectonic upheavals or subsidence, or
    the silting up of rivers due to agricultural
    practices

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MAYA
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MAYA
  • 2000 BC to AD 250
  • AD 250 to 900
  • cities of Tikal, Palenque, Copán
  • COLLAPSE PROBABLY DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND
    DROUGHT

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AZTEC
  • From the 13th century -1521

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  • The Aztec empire was a tribute empire based in
    Tenochtitlan, which extended its power throughout
    Mesoamerica
  • In 1521 Hernán Cortés, along with a large number
    of Nahuatl speaking indigenous allies, conquered
    Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztec Triple
    Alliance under the leadership of Moctezuma II.
  • the Spanish founded the new settlement of Mexico
    City on the site of the ruined Aztec capital,
    from where they proceeded with the process of
    colonizing Central America.

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INCA
  • The Inca Empire, largest empire in pre-Columbian
    America
  • 14381533
  • Cusco , Peru
  • From 1438 to 1533, the Incas used a variety of
    methods, from conquest to peaceful assimilation,
    to incorporate a large portion of western South
    America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges,
    including, besides Peru, large parts of modern
    Ecuador, western and south central Bolivia,
    northwest Argentina, north and central Chile, and
    southern Colombia

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  • official language of the empire was Quechua

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Machu Picchu
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  • TRADE AND EXPANSION
  • CONQUERED BY FRANCISCO PIZARRO OF SPAIN
  • LAST EMPEROR, ATAHAULPA

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