Health, Safety and Nutrition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Health, Safety and Nutrition PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 50cda2-YWNmN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Health, Safety and Nutrition

Description:

Health, Safety and Nutrition Module 1: _____ _____ * ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1088
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 144
Provided by: andrewd151
Learn more at: http://lake.k12.fl.us
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Health, Safety and Nutrition


1
Health, Safety and Nutrition
  • Module 1 _______________ __________________

2
What does Health mean to you?(write your
definition of health)
3
Characteristics of a healthy environment that
promote good health practices include
  • _____________________________________
  • _____________________________________
  • implementation and _______________________
  • _____________________________________

4
Key Point
  • Establishing and following a written policy is
    _________
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________________________________________.

5
Key Point
  • The three As of a healthy child are
    ________________, ________________ and
    _____________.

6
Appetite
  • Can eat a ________________
  • _______________________
  • Will consume a _____________
  • ________________________
  • Is interested _____________
  • Appears _________________
  • _______________________

7
Appearance
  • Has clear, _______________
  • Has ____________________
  • Has ____________________
  • Gains steadily _____________ _____________________
    __

8
Activity
  • Has plenty _______________
  • Is _____________________
  • ________________ soundly
  • Has few _________________

9
The following are also taken into consideration
when evaluating a childs health
  • ___________ health - __________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________ health - __________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________ health - __________
  • ___________________________

10
Daily Health Checks
  • Daily health checks are a good way of
    _____________, ______________, and
    _________________________
  • ____________________________.

11
_______ Health Checks
  • Other signs
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • bowel movement changes
  • pain
  • _________________
  • _________
  • _______ and Body

12
  • It is important to remember that
    ________________________________________________.

13
How Can I Tell if a Child is Sick?
  • Identify possible signs _________
    ____________________________
  • Recommended way of taking temperature
    _________________
  • ___________________________.
  • Fever ______________________
  • ________________________
  • ________________________

14
  • If You Could Just Help
  • Me Out This Once
  • (story read by teacher)

15
  • Knowing the signs of illness in children is
    very important, but responding quickly to these
    signs is equally important. Depending upon the
    type and severity of the symptom, a caregiver may
    do one or more of these things
  • 1. ____________________________________
  • ____________________________________
  • 2. ____________________________________
  • ____________________________________
  • 3. ____________________________________
  • ____________________________________
  • 4. ____________________________________
  • ____________________________________

16
Dehydration
  • It is very important to watch for signs of
    dehydration when a child in your care suffers
    from ____________ ________________________________
    _____________________
  • Can also occur if a child has been very
    active for a long period _________________________
    ______________.
  • Watch for the following signs
  • Dry to very dry ____________________
  • Little to no ___________________________________
  • Less active than usual, or _______________________
    __
  • Infant will wet less than ________________________
    , a child will make _____________ trips to the
    restroom than he normally does

17
Dehydration
  • If dehydration is ________________, the following
    will occur
  • ______________________________
  • Hands and feet _____________________
  • Pulse may seem _____________________
  • Child will not _______________________

18
Dehydration
  • The steps to prevent dehydration are dependent
    on the childs symptoms, and can include
  • For ________________________________ it has a
    high concentration of minerals and salt which
    could be dangerous to a child with diarrhea.
  • For vomiting, stop giving solid food, and give
    _____ ______________________________________.
  • For both diarrhea and vomiting, ______ the
    childs normal diet and give ____________________.
  • Do not give a child sports drinks or any other
    similar drink made for adults.

19
________ Exhaustion
  • Occurs when someone who is not used to ______
    _______ weather does not get enough liquid and
    salt. The condition is caused by excessive
    sweating. The persons skin becomes pale and
    clammy, and the person feels sick, dizzy, and/or
    faint. Pulse rate and breathing become rapid, and
    a headache or muscle cramps may develop. Take
    action!
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________________________________.
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________________________________.
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________________________________

20
Heat __________
  • Occurs because of prolonged exposure to very hot
    conditions. The mechanism in the brain that
    regulates body temperature stops functioning, and
    the bodys temperature rapidly rises to 104
    degrees Fahrenheit. The person becomes flushed,
    with hot, dry skin and a strong, rapid pulse.
    He/she quickly becomes confused or unconscious.
  • Heres what to do if you observe these
    conditions
  • 1. Anyone who has heat stroke should receive
    medical attention. If you suspect heatstroke,
    call _____ immediately.
  • While waiting for Emergency Medical Services
    (EMS) to arrive
  • 2. Remove clothing and wrap the person in a
    _____________________, or sponge with cold or
    tepid water.
  • 3. ____________________________, with an electric
    fan, or with a hairdryer set to cold.
  • 4. When his/her temperature drops to 101 degrees
    Fahrenheit, place the person _____________________
    ______________________.
  • Cover the person with a dry sheet and continue to
    fan. If his/her temperature ______________________
    ____________________.
  • A caregiver should know the
    ____________________________
  • in children and be prepared to
    __________________________
  • ______________.

21
Key Point
  • It is important to ______________ and
    ______________ appropriately to signs of illness
    in the children in your care, both for their
    well-being and for the ____________________
  • ____________________
  • ____________________ within your program

22
What is a Communicable Disease?
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________
  • This usually results from the interaction between
    ____________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________________________.

23
  • There are 4 types of germs
  • -__________________
  • -__________________
  • -__________________
  • -__________________

24
__________
  • Small __________ seen with an ordinary microscope
  • Can cause ____________________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________________________
  • _______________ help stop growth

25
___________
  • _____________ than bacteria
  • Grow _________________________
  • Can cause ________________________
  • _______________________________
  • _______________________________
  • Antibiotics have ___________________
  • ________ is the best action body fights better
    __________________
  • _________________ against common
  • ones are available.

26
___________
  • Grow best in ______________________
  • _________________________
  • Can cause ________________________
  • _______________________________
  • Effective ________________________
  • Medications work best when conditions that are
    favorable to _______________
  • _______________________________

27
_________
  • Organisms that live _________________
  • _______________________________
  • Common examples include ____________
    ________________________________
  • Effective _________________ is available for most

28
Ways Illnesses/Diseases are Transmitted
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________
  • _________________________________

29
Serious Communicable Diseases
  • _______________________ (HIB)
  • ___________________
  • _______________________ (HIV)

30
Haemophilus Influenzae B (HIB)
31
Hepatitis BHepatitis C
32
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
33
Most Common Childhood Illnesses
  • ___________________
  • Common cold
  • ___________________
  • Diarrhea related diseases
  • ___________________
  • ___________________
  • Allergic reactions/_____________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________

34
Chicken Pox
  • Slight ______
  • __________________, first on scalp, then on face
    and body

35
Chicken Pox
36
Common Cold
  • __________________
  • Watery eyes
  • __________________
  • ____________ (ill feeling)
  • Usually no __________
  • ____________ (sluggish)

37
Common Cold
38
Flu
  • (Review the information on the Center for Disease
    Control (CDC) website (www.cdc.org) regarding flu
    pandemic in child care, frequently.)
  • High ____________
  • ________________
  • Headache
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • Can develop chest pain and cough

39
Diarrhea-Related Disease
  • Loose or watery stools
  • ________________
  • Vomiting
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • Fever

40
Conjunctivitis
  • (Eye Infection Pink eye)
  • _______ eye/eyes
  • ______________ from one or both eyes
  • ____________ lid/lids

41
Pink Eye
42
Giardiasis
  • __________ found in the stools
  • Diarrhea, bloating, _____________________
  • _________________ and weakness

43
__________ Reactions/Anaphylaxis
  • _____________
  • Swelling of ________
  • __________ breathing

44
RSV ____________________
  • ________________________
  • Blue color ________________
  • ______________ breathing

45
Lice
  • __________ scalp
  • ________ (________)
  • Small, red _________ or _________ from scratching

46
Head Lice
47
Ringworm
  • Flat, spreading ______, ring-shaped spots
  • Reddish in color and _________
  • _______ that grows easily on _____
  • ___________________________.

48
Ringworm
49
Key Point
  • Responding in a correct and timely manner when a
    child displays a symptom or symptoms of a
    ___________________
  • ____________ is an excellent way of preventing
    ___________________ _____________ in a child care
    program.

50
  • Preventing Communicable Disease
  • There are 3 main points to follow

51
1. ________ a child if the child has
  • ________________________________________________
  • Difficult or rapid breathing
  • ________________________________________________
  • Diarrhea
  • ________________________________________________
  • Conjunctivitis (Red eyelids or eyeballs and
    drainage)
  • Exposed or open skin lesions
  • ________________________________________________
  • Gray or white stool
  • ________________________________________________
  • It is important to note that this is not a
    complete list. Be sure to consult the written
    policies of your child care
  • program. It is also important to note that
    even though a
  • child is isolated, they must be directly
    supervised.

52
2. _____________
  • Essential factor in __________
  • ________________________
  • There are ________________
  • ________________________.

53
3. ________ Precautions (Key Point)
  • Strategy which requires caregivers to
  • ________________________________
  • ________________________________
  • _______________________________.
  • Its core principle is that _____________
  • ________________________________
  • ________________________________

54
Universal Precautions
  • Use Universal Precautions when handling
    ___________________ of any kind.
  • Wear _______________.
  • Throw _____________________________ away after
    each use.
  • Do not get any _______________________ in your
    eyes, nose, mouth, or near an open sore.
  • ______________ and ______________ any surfaces
    and mops that come into contact with a bodily
    fluid (a common and inexpensive disinfectant is
    __________of bleach to __________ of water).
  • ____________ fluid and fluid-contaminated
    materials in a tightly secured bag.
  • __________ your hands thoroughly after cleaning
    up bodily fluids.
  • Change diapers on ________________________________
    surfaces (usually plastic).
  • Do not share personal hygiene items such as
    toothbrushes.
  • Use disposable sheaths on _______________________.
  • Wash linens and clothing that have become
    contaminated separately from other laundry. Use
    1/4 cup of bleach in the wash load. Or place
    contaminated clothes in a tightly sealed bag to
    be taken home and washed.
  • Do not allow babies and toddlers to
    share ____________
  • ________. Sanitize these
    after use.
  • Teach children not to pick off scabs.
  • __________ open wounds on both
    children and caregivers.

55
The most effective way of preventing the spread
of disease germs is ____________________
  • Wear _______________
  • Proper ______________ techniques
  • Proper ______________ washing

56
Key Point
  • ________________ ________________ is the most
    effective way of preventing the spread of germs
    and diseases in a child care setting.

57
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • During small group time, you notice Charles is
    having difficulty breathing and is wheezing. What
    do you do?

58
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • During small group time, you notice Charles is
    having difficulty breathing and is wheezing. What
    do you do?

59
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • At the dramatic play center, you notice Chelsea
    scratching the back of her head vigorously. What
    do you do?

60
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • At the dramatic play center, you notice Chelsea
    scratching the back of her head vigorously. What
    do you do?

61
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • While at the sensory table, Chancie sneezes into
    the water. What do you do?

62
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • While at the sensory table, Chancie sneezes into
    the water. What do you do?

63
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Later in the day, the snack center is set up as a
    green grocery. Children come with a little straw
    basket to select crunchy vegetables for snack
    time. Chancie is shopping. He nibbles a few
    vegetables, but then complains of a stomach ache.
    What do you do?

64
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Later in the day, the snack center is set up as a
    green grocery. Children come with a little straw
    basket to select crunchy vegetables for snack
    time. Chancie is shopping. He nibbles a few
    vegetables, but then complains of a stomach ache.
    What do you do?

65
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • In the free-art center, Chu-lin is helping a
    teaching assistant mix dry tempra powder.
    Suddenly, her face becomes red and she begins to
    cough. What should you do?

66
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • In the free-art center, Chu-lin is helping a
    teaching assistant mix dry tempra powder.
    Suddenly, her face becomes red and she begins to
    cough. What should you do?

67
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • After playing in an outdoor learning center, you
    notice blister-like sores on Chakas arm. What
    should you do?

68
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • After playing in an outdoor learning center, you
    notice blister-like sores on Chakas arm. What
    should you do?

69
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Charlotte ate very little at lunch today and now
    she has her head on a table, complaining of a
    stomachache. What should you do?

70
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Charlotte ate very little at lunch today and now
    she has her head on a table, complaining of a
    stomachache. What should you do?

71
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Chico is difficult to awaken after a long nap. He
    is warm to the touch, and then vomits as you lead
    him to the bathroom. What should you do?

72
Your Response to Signs of Illness in Children
  • Chico is difficult to awaken after a long nap. He
    is warm to the touch, and then vomits as you lead
    him to the bathroom. What should you do?

73
Role of __________ In Preventing Illness
  • In addition to practicing encouraging children
    to ________ good personal hygiene, it is just as
    important to__________________
  • ___________________________.
  • __ cup bleach in __ gallon water replace
    _________.

74
Role of Proper ______________ In Preventing
Illness
  • Clean ___________________________
  • Wholesome ______________
  • ____________________ cooking temperatures
  • Clean healthy ________________
  • Safe ___________________ procedures
  • Cross-___________________
  • Proper __________________

75
Key Point
  • ___________ and _____________ food practices help
    keep a child care program free of germs and
    disease and include using clean utensils and
    equipment serving clean, wholesome food
    applying correct storage and cooking techniques
    employing clean, healthy workers and practicing
    safe food-handling procedures.

76
Key Point
  • The administration of _______________ in a child
    care program is governed by Chapter 65C-20 and
    Chapter 65C-22, Florida Administrative Code, and
    must conform to other statutes, regulations and
    procedures. (Programs have the right to decide
    whether or not to administer medication.)

77
Role of Administering Medication
  • Accepting medications
  • Storing medications
  • Administering medications
  • Documenting medications

78
The Role of Administering Medicine in Preventing
Illness
  • What should caregivers pay attention to while
    administering medication?

79
The Role of Administering Medicine in Preventing
Illness
  • What should caregivers pay attention to while
    administering medication?

80
The Role of Administering Medicine in Preventing
Illness
  • Why is it important to ensure that caregivers
    administer medication properly? What might the
    results of improperly administered medications
    be?

81
The Role of Administering Medicine in Preventing
Illness
  • Why is it important to ensure that caregivers
    administer medication properly? What might the
    results of improperly administered medications
    be?

82
Health, Safety and Nutrition
  • Module 2 A ______ Environment

83
Why is a _______ environment important?
84
Key Point
In a safe environment, __________ are kept to a
minimum.
  • The characteristics of a safe child care
    environment are potential hazards are at a
    minimum the surroundings are _____ and orderly
    the children are constantly __________
    caregivers have knowledge of and practice ______
    policies and procedures and having knowledge of
    the stages of ___________ _____________.

85
  • Safety Hazard Hunt
  • Find the Hazards

86
First Aid Kits
  • ___________
  • Adhesive _________________________
  • Disposable ________________________
  • Cotton balls or applicators
  • ______________________ pads and rolls
  • Adhesive tape
  • ______________________
  • ______________________
  • Pre-moistened ___________
  • Scissors
  • __________________________________

87
Emergency Telephone Numbers
  • _______
  • Poison Control Center ___________________
    (local)
  • Child Abuse Hotline ___________________
  • County Health Dept 527-0068

88
__________
  • Any substance that can cause harmful effects if
    used improperly is ___________________________.
  • This includes plants and the venom of certain
    insects and animals.
  • No one is ____________________, and small
    children are especially at risk.

89
Key Point
  • To prevent poisoning, keep _________ out of
    childrens reach, follow safe food-handling
    procedures, obey directions found on ________
    labels, and teach children not to place
    ______________ ___________ (plants, liquids,
    objects etc.) in or near their mouths.

90
Poison Hazards by Seasons
  • Spring Summer
  • Fall Winter

91
Look Alikes
  • Medicine can look like
  • ______________ can look like powdered sugar.
  • _________________ like bottled water.
  • Pine cleaner can look like __________
  • Motor oil can look like ____________
  • Shaving cream can look like _____________.
  • Alcoholic beverages and __________ can look like
    juice drinks.
  • ___________________ can look like sports drinks.
  • Hazardous sprays such as pesticides can be
    mistaken for ______________

92
In the event of an _____________ or poisoning, it
is important to _____________ the accident or
incident in _______ ____________.
93
Accidents Injuries
  • What sorts of accidents/injuries are common in a
    child care setting?
  • Sometimes, the _________________ environment
    the childrens ______________ play major roles in
    the occurrence of an accident or injury.
  • Sometimes, an accident/injury may have been
    _________________. By using good safety practices
    with toys, equipment,
  • cribs, etc.

94
___________________ Syndrome
  • While we are studying crib safety, it is a good
    time to talk about ______, or Sudden Infant Death
    Syndrome. ______ is not a cause of ___________,
    but rather a classification for a manner of
    death.
  • Does anyone know the memory aid that helps us to
    remember how to place a baby in a sleeping
    position?

95
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
96
Key Point
  • A childs ____________ to an injury or accidents
    depends on the _________ and others around him.

97
Support for Injured Children
  • Always be _________, but __________. Using
    positive words and non-verbal behaviors will help
    the child remain calm. Do not tell the child that
    something will not hurt if it will or if you do
    not know if it will or not.
  • Remain _______. Being prepared for emergencies
    will help you achieve this. After the incident is
    over, and you are out of the childs sight, you
    may (or may not) fall apart. Allow yourself to
    have a natural reaction to what you have just
    witnessed.
  • Treat the child as a _________. Do not ignore the
    injury or the childs feelings.

98
Support for Injured Children
  • Encourage the child to express his or her
    __________. It is normal to cry when
    _________________________. Do not tell him not
    to cry or shame him for doing so.
  • Allow the child to have as much ________ as
    possible. For example, ask, Do you want to look
    at it? and Would you like me to stay here with
    you? Let the child hold a brown cloth over an
    area that is bleeding. (A brown cloth will not
    show blood.)

99
Support for Injured Children
  • Encourage the child to talk or think about
    something _______________. Talk about a favorite
    pet or activity, sing songs, or tell stories.
  • Explain unfamiliar _______________ and equipment
    step-by-step. Children react better when they
    understand what is going on. (Adults do too!) Do
    not _____________ the presence of scary people
    or things. Do not say, That? Oh, thats nothing.
    Ignore it.

100
Support for Injured Children
  • Determine the advantages and disadvantages of
    your ________ during treatment. Often, medical
    staff can do a ___________ and more thorough job
    if you leave the room. Ask the child what her
    preference is, and ask staff if you can
    accommodate that wish. If you leave the room, do
    not take all of your belongings, so the child
    will know youre coming back. Tell the child
    where you will wait. Console her right after
    treatment.
  • Bring a __________ toy or blanket to the
    emergency room.

101
Support for Injured Children
  • Tell them that the doctors and nurses _______
    people and take ________ of them when they are
    sick or hurt.
  • Take an __________________ with you to the
    hospital that contains paper, crayons, story
    books, small toys, and similar items.
  • Watch your _____________! Be alert to what you
    say and how you say it. If you say, We are going
    to sew up the cut on your arm, the child may
    imagine the sewing machine he sees at home.
    Instead, say, The doctor is going to fix your
    cut and you are going to feel better after he
    does that. Avoid all medical terms. Say, Let me
    help
  • you to hold still, not We are
    going to
  • hold you down.

102
Support for Injured Children
  • Talk to the child at _________. Children are
    empowered when they look at and talk to adults on
    an _______________ level. Dont stand over an
    injured child to talk to him.
  • After treatment, the child may have a possible
    ____________ in behavior. He may be suddenly
    sucking his thumb and wetting his bed she may
    develop a fear of strangers or become aggressive.
    Recommend a psychological service if the behavior
    is hurting himself or other people, or if it is
    prolonged.

103
Support for Injured Children
  • After treatment, encourage the child to
    ________________ and talk about how he feels.
    This will bring about closure and help the
    caregiver become aware of any issues the child
    might have. Consider using the experience in a
    learning center activity so that any children who
    witnessed the ___________ or injury can have
    closure as well.

104
__________ Injury Accidents
  • Systematic way of recognizing hazardous
    situations taking preventative measures
    __________
  • ___________________________
  • How to make it safer? (playground, electrical
    outlets, restroom,etc)

105
Key Point
  • The caregiver has important roles in ____________
    prevention, and it is their responsibility to
    secure a _________ ________________ for the
    children in their care.

106
_____ Talk
  • To _________ safe behavior with children use the
    words safe and safety around them as much as
    possible.
  • Examples ____________________
  • ___________________________
  • ___________________________

107
_________ Procedures
  • Should have written __________
  • Evacuation_______________________________________
    ____________________________________
  • Fires
  • ______________ emergencies
  • ______________ procedures
  • Shelter-in-place procedures
  • Should have __________ (app289)

108
Key Point
  • Caregivers should ______________ themselves with
    their child care programs _______________
    _____________ and evacuation drills.

109
Key Point
Child-restraint Seats, Safety Belts and the
Law
  • ___________________ safety requirements state
    that children under 6 years of age must be in a
    car safety seat, an integrated car seat, or in
    safety belts. _______________ of these
    requirements can result in fines and points on a
    drivers record.

110
Child-restraint Seats, Seat Belts the Law
  • Fl Law has 3 main provisions
  • All drivers ___________ passengers must use
    seat belts at all times. All passengers
    ____________ sitting in rear seat must wear a
    seat belt at all times.
  • Children __________ must ride in a properly
    installed, Federally-approved child-restraint
    seat.
  • Children __________ must use a properly
    installed, Federally-approved child-restraint
  • seat or seat belt.

111
Child-restraint Seats, Seat Belts the Law
  • ___________________ for failing to observe the
    law which vary county to county.
  • Each community has trained car seat installers
    contact your local ______________________ for a
    resource in your area.

112
Child Restraint Seats
  • 4 Key Points to Installing
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________
  • __________________________________________________
    ______________

113
Health, Safety and Nutrition
  • Module 3 Children and _______

114
________ Development and _________
  • _________ is the process of nourishing or
  • being nourished by the foods we eat and how our
    bodies use them. The food needs of infants,
    babies and children are essential ____________
    ____________________________________.
  • Food experiences also have an impact on
  • __________________________________________
  • __________________________________________
  • And more, as we will see in this module.

115
Key Point
  • Each age group has _______________________________
    _ that supply ________________ resources their
    bodies must have to grow and develop.

116
Consider Childrens Developmental Skills Related
to Eating
  • ____________________________
  • ____________________________
  • ____________________________
  • Refer to Chart in note packet (p244)

117
  • NEVER ________
  • A Bottle.
  • Why?
  • ________________________________________________

118
Caregivers Role in _____________
  • Must support _____________________ to breastfeed.
  • __________________________, results are well
    worth the effort.
  • (see p 245)

119
Benefits of Breastfeeding
120
Facts about Breast Milk
121
Good _________
  • Based on ____________________, and these should
    be established during ____________
  • Different guidelines for the _____________________
    ______.
  • Many guidelines are also _________
    __________________
  • See pg 290-291 (appendix) Good Eating
  • Habits for the First Year of Life

122
Key Point
  • When the right foods are introduced _____
    ________________, nutritional needs are
    __________, and skills ____________ properly.

123
Videotape Nutrition for Infants and Children
  • Notes

124
Video Notes
125
MyPlate
www.choosemyplate.gov
126
MyPlate
  • USDA wants you to know about eating healthy

127
MyPlate
  • Tips for planning a healthy diet at a child care
    program

128
  • The USDA provides guidance on ___________________
    for each food group that is based on age,
    gender, physical, and activity levels. But these
    requirements need to be translated into a
    _____________________ that includes foods that
    children will
  • eat.

129
The MyPlate Food Guide
  • What are the major food groups in the MyPlate
    Food Guide?

130
The MyPlate Food Guide
  • What are the major food groups in the MyPlate
    Food Guide?

131
(No Transcript)
132
(No Transcript)
133
Key Point
  • ___________ snacks and meals should be planned
    around guidelines established by the ___________
    ________________________________.

134
_____ of the Adult Child at Mealtime
  • Adult
  • Child
  • See p303 appendix

135
  • After meals, reinforce ___________
    __________________ as a way to prevent tooth
    decay and other problems with the mouth, teeth,
    and gums.
  • ________ are prevented by practicing
  • Healthy ____________________
  • Healthy ____________________
  • Proper _____________________

136
_____________ Foods
  • Ways to Avoid _____________
  • 1. _____________________meals and snack times
  • Make sure children ______________________.
  • Provide a _______, ________ eating environment.
  • Encourage them to sit quietly in their places.
  • Remind them to _________________ well before
    swallowing and to eat small bites.
  • Teach them _____________________ with their mouth
    full, because they could inhale it into their
    airway that way.

137
Inappropriate Foods
  • 2. Fix foods so they are _____________________
  • _____________ up tough foods.
  • Cut food into _______________ or thin strips.
  • Cut round foods, such as hot dogs, into
    __________ rather than slice them into round
    pieces.
  • Remove all ____________ from fish, chicken, and
    meat.
  • Cook food until it is __________________.
  • ___________________ seeds and pits from fruits.

138
Inappropriate Foods
  • 3. Do Not serve foods you suspect will be a
    ______________________.
  • What foods are
  • 1-firm, __________, and/or slippery?
  • 2-small, dry and _______________?
  • 3-_______________ or tough?

139
  • Answers to slide 135
  • 1-
  • 2-
  • 3-

140
___________
  • Occurs when food is ____________ directly in the
    airway.
  • Occurs most often in infants and young children
    because the airway is not always
    ______________________ ___________________________
    . This allows food to enter the airway and
    prevents breathing.

141
Key Point
  • When helping a _______________ child, it is as
    important to know what not to do as it is to know
    what to do.

142
How to Help a Choking Child
  • If child is _____________, allow him to cough,
    but watch closely
  • If not coughing, unable to ________ or cry
    turning blue, Call 911!
  • If ________________, use the Heimlich Maneuver
  • _________ leave choking child alone

143
What NOT to do
  • Dont hit ________________________.
  • Dont attempt First Aid or Heimlich Maneuver
    unless you are _____________ _____________________
    __________.
  • Dont finger-sweep mouth-you can push object
    ___________________________.
  • Dont ____________ child or have child put their
    head between their knees.
  • Dont ______________ in front of child.
About PowerShow.com