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What is poetry?

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* Verse One line of poetry. Found Poem Each word in the poem has been found and put together to make a poem. For example, I am currently sitting on my couch ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is poetry?


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What is poetry?
  • It means many things to many people.
  • Its the spontaneous overflow of powerful
    feelings.
  • "Poetry is what makes me laugh or cry or yawn,
    what makes my toenails twinkle, what makes me
    want to do this or that or nothing."

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Poetic Terms
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Rhyme
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Rhymes
  • Spaghetti! Spaghetti
  • Spaghetti! Spaghetti!
  • Youre wonderful stuff,
  • I love you, spaghetti,
  • I cant get enough.
  • Youre covered with sauce
  • And youre sprinkled with cheese,
  • Spaghetti! Spaghetti!
  • Oh, give me some please.
  • Jack Prelutsky

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Simile
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Simile
  • A figure of speech involving a comparison between
    unlike things using like, as, or as though.
  • Example
  • "My love is like a red, red rose.
  • She is glowing as bright as the sun.

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Metaphor
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Metaphor
  • A comparison between essentially unlike things
    without an explicitly comparative word such as
    like or as.
  • Example
  • "My love is a red, red rose,
  • He is a stone wall

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Onomatopoeia
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Onomatopoeia
  • The use of words to imitate the sounds they
    describe. Words such as buzz and crack are
    onomatopoetic.
  • Example
  • POW! BAM! SNAP!

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Alliteration
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Alliteration
  • The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at
    the beginning of words.
  • Example
  • - She sells sea shells by the sea shore. (An
    old tongue-twister).

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Bugs Bunny
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  • Baseball Bugs "Watch me paste this pathetic
    palooka with a powerful paralyzing perfect
    pachydermous percussion pitch!"

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Personification
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Personification
  • A poetic device giving human attributes to an
    inhuman thing (animal).
  • Example- "The tree jumped into the road in
    front of my car"- "With an evil scowl, the storm
    cloud thundered its disapproval"- The car froged
    ahead with determination.

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Assonance
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Assonance
  • The repetition of similar vowels in the stressed
    syllables of successive words.
  • Example Reeses Pieces

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Hyperbole
  • A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
  • Example
  • Ive told you a million times!
  • I havent talked to you in forever!

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Imagery
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Imagery
  • Involves one or more of your 5 senses (hearing,
    taste, touch, smell, sight)
  • An author uses a word or phrase to stimulate your
    memory of those senses.
  • These memories can be positive or negative which
    will contribute to the mood of a poem.

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Example of Rhythm
  • Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall
  • Humpty Dumpty had a great fall
  • and of all the kings horses and all of the
  • Kings men
  • couldnt put Humpty Dumpty together
  • again.

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Practice Your Rhythm
  • Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!
  • Ankylosaurus was built like a tank,
  • Its hide was a fortress as sturdy as steel,
  • It tended to be an inedible meal.
  • It was armored in front, it was armored behind,
  • There wasnt a thing on its minuscule mind,
  • It waddled about on its four stubby legs,
  • Nibbling on plants with a mouthful of pegs.
  • Ankylosaurus was best left alone,
  • Its tail was a cudgel of gristle and bone,
  • Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!
  • Ankylosaurus was built like a tank.
  • By Jack Prelutsky

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Symbol
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Oxymoron
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Oxymoron
  • Contradictory terms appear side by side.
  • Example
  • - A yawn may be defined as a silent yell.
  • - Open secret
  • - Living dead
  • - Hells Angels
  • - Jumbo shrimp

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Repetition
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Repetition
  • A word or a sentence that is used more than once.
  • Example
  • Inside the oceanI see fish.Inside the wavesI
    hear a splash.Inside the waterI felt a fish.It
    seems so big,as big as a whale.It has to
    be,But then I see,It's a tuna fish.

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I Wanna Hold your Hand
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I Want to Hold your Hand
  • Oh yeah, I'll tell you something
  • I think you'll uderstand,
  • When I say that something,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand.
  • Oh please say to me
  • You'll let me be your man,
  • And please say to me, You'll let me hold your
    hand,
  • Now let me hold your hand.
  • And when I touch you I feel happy inside,
  • It's such a feeling
  • That my love I can't hide,
  • I can't hide, I can't hide.

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  • Yeah you got that something,
  • I think you'll understand,
  • When I say that something,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand.
  • Yeah you got that something,
  • I think you'll understand,
  • When I feel that something,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand,
  • I wanna hold your hand.
  • --J. Lennon/P. McCartney

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Allusion
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Allusion
  • Stimulates ideas, associations and extra
    information in the readers mind with only a word
    or two.
  • Means reference
  • It relies on the reader being able to understand
    the allusion and being familiar with all of the
    meaning hidden behind words.

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Allusion
  • Ex Christy didnt like to spend money. She was
    no Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything
    except the bare necessities.
  • Allusion Scrooge. Image should be someone who
    pinches pennies.

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Allusion
  • Carlos used Herculean strength to lift the sofa
    off his cats tail.
  • Allusion Hercules.
  • Someone who is very
  • strong.

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Point of View
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The job of the poet is to bring the
reader/listener into the position of the poet
make them the creator of the action.
  • The most obvious point of view is probably first
    person or "I."
  • The omniscient narrator knows everything, may
    reveal the motivations, thoughts and feelings of
    the characters, and gives the reader information.
  • With a limited omniscient narrator, the material
    is presented from the point of view of a
    character, in third person.
  • The objective point of view presents the action
    and the characters' speech, without comment or
    emotion. The reader has to interpret them and
    uncover their meaning.

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Symbolism
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Meter
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  • A rhythm of accented and unaccented syllables
    which are organized into patterns, called feet.
    In English poetry, the most common meters are
    these
  • Iambic a foot consisting of an unaccented and
    accented syllable. Shakespeare often uses iambic,
    for example the beginning of Hamlet's speech (the
    accented syllables are italicized), "To be or not
    to be. Listen for the accents in this line from
    Marlowe, "Come live with me and be my love."
    English seems to fall naturally into iambic
    patterns, for it is the most common meter in
    English.
  • Trochaic a foot consisting of an accented and
    unaccented syllable. Longfellow's Hiawatha uses
    this meter, which can quickly become singsong
    (the accented syllable is italicized) "By the
    shores of GitcheGumeeBy the shining
    Big-Sea-water."

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Different types of
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What is a Rhyming Poem?
  • A rhyming poem is a verse poem that contains
    rhyming words at the end of certain lines.

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  • Example Night time
  • by Lee Bennet Hopkins
  • How do dreams know
  • when to creep
  • into my head
  • when I fall off
  • to Sleep?

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The Purpose of Rhyming Poems
  • Rhyming poems are used mainly for humor. These
    poems are fun to read.
  • Lets see some more poems with rhymes.

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Rhyming Scheme
  • Common rhyme schemes are ABAB, ABCD. If you have
    more than one verse you could consider AABA BBCB
    CCDC etc. or similar.

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What is Rhythm?
  • Any poem has the chance of having rhythm.
  • A poem has rhythm if the reader of the poem gives
    the poem rhythm.
  • For a poem to have rhythm, it has to be read
    following a pattern with its syllables. For
    example
  • da, da, dadada da da, da, da, dadada da da,
  • da, da, dadada da da, da, da, dadada da da.

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Stanza
  • A fix number of lines of verse forming a unit of
    a poem.
  • Each stanza is its own unit.
  • Indicates a break between thoughts, actions or
    concepts.
  • Some different types of stanzas are...

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Couplet
  • Stanzas of only 2 lines that usually rhyme.
  • Example
  • Whether or not we find what we are seeking is
    idle, biologically speaking.

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The Couplet
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Quatrain
  • Four line stanza.
  • Oh the birds are singing,
  • In a nest of broken sticks,Look what they are
    bringing,It's nutrition for their chicks.

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Cinquain
  • Five line stanza.
  • 1st line one word giving the title.
  • 2nd line 2 words describing the title.
  • 3rd line 3 words describing the action.
  • 4th line 4 words describing the feeling.
  • 5th line another word for the title.

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  • Dog
  • Black and White
  • Wags his tail
  • Fun to play with
  • Friend.
  • Hamburgers
  • Thick, juicy
  • Delicious, scrumptious, yummy
  • Better still with relish
  • McDonalds

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Haiku
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  • Write about everyday things.
  • Themes nature, feelings or experiences.
  • Simple words and grammar.
  • No rhyme....they paint. (imagery)
  • 3 lines.
  • 1st line 5 syllables.
  • 2nd line 7 syllables.
  • 3rd line 5 syllables.

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  • A Rainbow.
  • Curving up, then down.
  • Meeting blue sky and green earth.
  • Melding sun and rain.
  • Nature
  • Frogs jumping around
  • Frogs hopping away from snakes
  • Frogs doing cool tricks.

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Verse
  • One line of poetry.

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Found Poem
  • Each word in the poem has been found and put
    together to make a poem. For example, I am
    currently sitting on my couch, and will write for
    you a found poem
  • 27, Innocent Man, Canadian,
  • How to attract more love
  • 200 mg, exact.

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Stream of Consciousness Response
  • Write as many thoughts and feelings as we can
    without worrying about spelling or grammar.
  • All the thoughts in our heads these thoughts and
    feelings happen so fast we often dont write them
    down.
  • The Addict

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The Problem Maker
  • Ask ask ask (asking questions)
  • To understand poems it is important to ask
    questions about details in the poem.
  • 5 Ws
  • Who? What? When? Where? Why?

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Ask as many questions as you can...
  • But
  • As the hand of love
  • Freely extended
  • Always returns
  • Covered with scars
  • (if not nailed to the cross),
  • It is not stupid to refuse the cure
  • It is not stupid
  • To remain paralyzed,
  • Stuck on the pallet.
  • But
  • It is boring.

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Concrete Poem
  • 2 types
  • A free verse poem in the shape of what it is
    describing or in the shape of something related
    to the topic.
  • 2) A one word poem in the shape of what it is.

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Concrete
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Narrative
  • Plot
  • Short or long
  • Tells a story
  • A story told in poetic form

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  • SUMMER
  •   Why am I here?I told them not to sign me up.I
    ran out of 6th period yesterdayKnowing a journey
    had begun.Mighty Ducks was so cool last
    night.Jumping up and down on the bed.Singing We
    Are The Champions.Now I am here in camp.First
    day-Sitting on the groundAs the other kids
    talk.Wait a minute--bright ideaOpening my
    bag, I take out the Super Soaker.Squirt! -smile-
    Two kids are wet.I run as they come after
    me.The Counselor sees me.This cute girl sees
    mewow, shes hot.Squirt! Shes wet )This
    camp might not be so bad.Just one week and Ill
    be doneIn the gym, some days aheadWe are
    playing basketball.My ball bounces off the rim
    and rolls to a big kid.I squirted you!He grabs
    my ball and punts it across the court.Hey! Not
    fair.

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  • Maybe he was mad because at lunch I wasAlso
    trying to talk to this girl we both liked.She
    gave me a kiss on the cheek.Lip next time, ohh
    yeah!Friday, yes, Fridayalmost there.Pool
    day.We travel to a place where other campers
    meet.Everyone jumps in.I wait and cannonball.
    Water splashes! Commotion!-Contests-The
    bigger splash.Pouring rain.Pool tackling.The
    big guy comes after me under the pool.Thank
    you, goggles.I see other kids underwater.Some
    jumping down in many bubbles.The girl,whoa! The
    girl from lunch!She kisses me under the
    water.Ohh yeah!I got my wish.(Im a bird
    flying towards the sun in sweet
    blissharmony------wait..wait!)The big kid grabs
    me out from underwater, goggles slide off.He
    throws me to the other side of the pool. My, hes
    strong.Bodybuilder wanna-be!!Climbing out of
    the poolThe breeze welcomes me.I pose my
    muscles amid the watery chaos (hggh!)I am the
    Champion.

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Free Verse
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Free Verse
  • Doesn't have to have a rhyme scheme or rhythm.
  • The theme is the most important.
  • It pays less attention to the normal grammatical
    patterns of the English sentence.
  • Sentence fragments may be used.
  • Should have impact on the reader.
  • The arrangement is well thought out

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The Ballad
  • Ballad Poems are poems that tells a story similar
    to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated
    refrain. A ballad is often about love and often
    sung. A ballad is a story in poetic form.
  • Death
  • Supernatural

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  • Simple language
  • Narrative
  • Repetition
  • Rhyme
  • Song like
  • Dialogue
  • Folk
  • Literary

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Cats in the Cradle
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  • 5 line poem
  • Rhyme AABBA
  • Funny

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An Example of a Limerick
  • What is a limerick, Mother?
  • It's a form of verse, said brother
  • In which lines one and two
  • Rhyme with five when it's through
  • And three and four rhyme with each other.
  • author unknown

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Limerick
  • There was an Old Man in a tree,Who was horribly
    bored by a BeeWhen they said, 'Does it
    buzz?'He replied, 'Yes, it does!''It's a
    regular brute of a Bee!'

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Limerick
  • There was a Young Lady whose chin,Resembled the
    point of a pinSo she had it made sharp,And
    purchased a harp,And played several tunes with
    her chin.

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Limerick
  • There was an Old Man with a nose,Who said, 'If
    you choose to suppose,That my nose is too
    long,You are certainly wrong!'That remarkable
    Man with a nose

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diamante
  • 1 word- subject
  • 2 words- adjectives
  • 3 words- participles (ing)
  • 4 words- nouns
  • 3 words- participles
  • 2 words- adjectives
  • 1 word- noun (opposite or example of the subject)

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  • Ornament
  • Glistening, bright
  • Hanging, sparkling, falling
  • Tinsel, popcorn, lights, berries
  • Shining, breaking, cracked
  • Wrecked, ruined
  • Star

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Tanka
  • Japanese poetry.
  • 5 lines with a total of 31 syllables.
  • 5-7-5-7-7 division.
  • Nature and seasons.

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  • Where is the white snow? (5)
  • It is time for it I know? (7)
  • I go on looking (5)
  • On the hill, over the brook (7)
  • But the snow is hiding still (7)

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Types of Rhyming Poems
  • There are many types of rhyming poems.
  • Here are names of some of them
  • The Couplet
  • The Limerick
  • The Ballad Stanza (including the short and long)
  • Octaves

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