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Teaching Objectives


Unit 6 Teaching Objectives 1. Enlarge vocabulary 2. Talk about how to prepare for earthquakes Sections Section A How to Prepare for Earthquakes Section B ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching Objectives

Unit 6
Teaching Objectives
  • 1. Enlarge vocabulary
  • 2. Talk about how to prepare for
  • earthquakes

  • Section A How to Prepare for Earthquakes
  • Section B Changes in the Balance of Nature
  • Section C Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Section A
  • How to Prepare for Earthquakes

Table of Contents
  • Background Information
  • Comprehension of the Text
  • Text Analysis
  • Vocabulary and Structure
  • Vocabulary Test

The Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster
  • At 54651 AM, on January 17, 1995, a
    magnitude 7.2 earthquake occurred around Kobe
    City in Japan. The earthquake magnitude was
    defined by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).
    The earthquake was named the 1995 South Hyogo
    Prefecture Earthquake (or the 1995 Hyogoken
    Nanbu Earthquake) by JMA. It was also referred to
    as the Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster by the
    Japanese government.

Group Discussion (1)
1. Have you ever been in an earthquake? What do
you think you would do first if the room started
to shake? Reference words to keep cool, to avoid
being seized with panic, to run aimlessly, to
jump from a building, to take shelter where sb.
Group Discussion (2)
  • 2. How much do you know about other natural
  • Flood, mud-rock flow (???), landslide (????),
    typhoon, hurricane (??), tornado (???), snowstorm
    (???), hailstorm (??), sand storm (???), drought
    (??), plague of locusts (??), the spread of
    desert, the spread of infectious diseases such as
    SARS (??), and volcanic eruptions (????).

Comprehension of the Text (1)
  • What have the Chinese people traditionally done
    about earthquakes?
  • They have traditionally watched animals and
    plants for warning signs of earthquakes.
  • Can you give some examples of warning signs of
  • Snakes come out of the ground to freeze to death
    and dogs bark a lot.

Comprehension of the Text (2)
  • 3. How are most of the people who die in
    earthquake killed?
  • They are killed by falling buildings.
  • 4. What do architects do to prevent property
  • They design buildings so that the buildings
    columns and horizontal beams are of equal
    strength, and vertical support columns are
    inserted into solid soil.

Comprehension of the Text (3)
  • 5. What should people in areas where earthquake
    are common do to prepare their houses?
  • They should regularly check and reinforce
    their homes, place heavy objects in low
    positions, attach cupboards and cabinets to
    walls, and fasten doors so that they will not
    open accidentally during an earthquake.

Comprehension of the Text (4)
  • 6. What should people in these regions do to
    prepare themselves?
  • People should have supplies of water and food
    at home and at work. It is best to store several
    gallons of water per person. It is also important
    to have something that can clean water and kill
    bacteria, so water from other sources can be made
    safe to drink. Store one weeks food for each
    person and earthquake survival supplies.

Comprehension of the Text (5)
  • 7. What is the sensible wary to keep all the
    family members informed of each other in a large
    earthquake-stricken city?
  • To have all of the family members call to check
    in with a friend or relative who lives more than
    a hundred miles away.
  • 8. What should be a major emphasis for all
    government programs and earth-quake-related
    research project?
  • Education concerning how to survive an

Text Analysis (1)
  • The essay is centered around the main theme How
    to predict, prevent, and prepare for earthquakes.
  • Find out the topic sentence for each paragraph.

Text Analysis (3)
Part ? (Para 1)
  • This part is about how to predict an earthquake.
  • Three examples to support the statement.
  • Example 1 In Japan, .
  • Example 2 The Chinese people
  • Example 3 Before the Hanshin earthquake

Text Analysis (4)
Part ? (Para 2)
  • This part deals with how to prevent the great
    destruction of property caused by earthquakes.
  • Note
  • signal words for reasoning (??)
  • after all, therefore, major concern, seem to,but
  • Signal words for addition (??)
  • also, in addition

Text Analysis (4)
Part ? (Paras 3-6)
  • This part is about how people need to prepare
    themselves for the possibility of a great
  • Note the signal word in each paragraph.
  • Para 3 Besides, people
  • Para 4 In addition to, . Experts also suggest
    the following

Text Analysis (5)
Part ? (Para 7)
  • This part serves as a conclusion even if
    prediction becomes possible in the future, people
    still have to do their best to prevent disasters
    by improving building structures and by being
    personally prepared.

Words and Expressions
watch for a major concern attach to agree
on check in make a difference
detect withstand enclose extinguish sensible
occurrence resistant precaution
  • Typical patterns for reasoning
  • 2. Typical patterns for emphasis

detect vt.
  • 1. notice sth. that is not clear ??
  • The dentist could detect no sign of decay in her
  • ?????????????????
  • 2. discover sth. using a special method ??
  • Sharks have sensory organs that can detect faint
    electrical fields from other fish.
  • ??????????????????????????

withstand vt.
  • bear or not be changed ??,??
  • 1. This building was constructed in the last
    century and has withstood the severe test of
  • ??????????,???????????
  • These shoes withstand hard wear.
  • ??????

enclose vt.
  • surround ??
  • They enclosed their yard with a fence.
  • ???????????
  • 2. put inside an envelope or parcel in addition
    to sth. ??
  • Please enclose a photocopy of the receipt of
    your purchase so that your complaint can be dealt
    with immediately.
  • ??????????????????????????????

extinguish vt.
  • 1. cause (sth.) to stop burning put out ??
  • They tried to extinguish the flames with a
  • blanket. ??????????????
  • 2. end the existence or (hope, passion, etc.)
  • ???)??
  • You may extinguish a nation, but not the
    love of
  • liberty.
  • ?????????, ????????????

sensible a.
  • based on good judgment and practical ideas
  • He is sensible of the potential danger of
    his position, but at the same time he is also
    aware that if he gives up half way, he will
    regret later.
  • ??????????,???????????????,??????
  • Note
  • sensitive ??? sensational ???
  • sentimental ?????

occurrence n.
  • 1. an event or incident a happening ?????,??
  • Car theft is now a very common occurrence.
  • ????????????
  • 2. the fact of sth. happening ??
  • They are taking measures to guarantee against
  • occurrence of hijacking.
  • ?????????????????

resistant a.
  • offering resistance ???,???
  • He is an obedient and well-behaved child who
    is never resistant to the elders will and order.
  • ??????????????,?????????????
  • Conservative people are usually resistant to
  • ???????????

precaution n.
  • an action which is done to prevent sth.
    dangerous from happening ??
  • We took the precaution of locking our valuables
    against fire.
  • ?????????,????????????????

watch for ??,??
  • ???????????????????????
  • He has been watching for the right moment to
    express his feeling of love for her.

a major concern ?????
  • How to prevent the resurgence of SARS is one of
    the major concerns among the public.
  • ???????????(resurgence)???????????

attachto ?????????????????
  • The picture was attached to the wall by a nail.
  • ???????????
  • She is fondly attached to the good old days she
    shared with him.
  • ?????????????????

agree on / upon ???????
  • The two countries agreed upon the peace formula
    at the summit conference.
  • ?????????????????
  • cf. agree to, agree with
  • The committee has agreed to your request.
  • ????????????
  • I agree with your father its a foolish risk.
  • ?????????????????

check in ??,??
  • Passengers must check in at the airport an hour
    before the plane leaves.
  • ????????????????????????

make a difference (?????) ???/???
  • Sometimes, a little perseverance makes a big
    difference between success and failure.
  • ??????????????????
  • Cf. make no difference be not important
  • It makes no difference to us whether we have a
    daughter or a son.
  • ?????,????????

1. Typical patterns for reasoning
?? After all, most of the people who die in
earthquakes are killed by falling buildings.
Therefore, building structures that can withstand
the power of earthquakes is a major concern. (L.
  1. After all, (??) Therefore, is a major concern /
    emphasis. (??) ???/??, ??,???????

?? a. ???,???????????????,???????????????????????
After all, we are still a developing country.
Therefore, how to keep our economic development
sustainable will be a major concern.
3. Typical patterns for emphasis
??Perhaps most interesting, and most easily
measured, is a chemical change in ground water
before a quake. (L. 10)
1) Perhaps most / Particularly adj. / PP,
and most adj. / PP, is ???/???
??a. ???????????????,????????????
Perhaps most remarkable, and most admirable, is
his virtue of remaining honest in spite of
general corruption.
Vocabulary Test (1)
  • 1. Considering your salary, you should be able to
    ______ at least twenty dollars a week.
  • A) put forward B) put up
  • C) put out D) put aside
  • 2. It was the first time that such a ______ had
    to be taken at a British nuclear power station.
  • A) presentation B) precaution
  • C) preparation D) prediction

Vocabulary Test (2)
  • 3. The speech which he made _____ the project has
    bothered me greatly.
  • A) being concerned B) concerned
  • C) be concerned D) concerning
  • 4. It is a type of desert bush that can ____
    extremes of temperature.
  • A) adapt B) withdraw
  • C) withstand D) shade

Vocabulary Test (3)
  • 5. If a man is easily taken in by emotional
    traps, he will not be able to make ____
  • A) sensitive B) sentimental
  • C) sensible D) sensational
  • 6. Accidents are of frequent ____ on this
    motorway because the traffic is extremely heavy
  • A) arrival B) proportion
  • C) scale D) occurrence

Vocabulary Test (4)
  • 7. The statistical figures in that report are not
    ______. You should not refer to them.
  • A) accurate B) fixed
  • C) delicate D) rigid
  • Since many insects have already become ____ to
    DDT, scientists have to look for some new
  • A) active B) resistant
  • C) tough D) gradual

Vocabulary Test (5)
  • 9. It took millions of years for order to grow
    out of the ____ of the universe.
  • A) adjustment B) change
  • C) chaos D) profile
  • 10. The old man did not seem to attach any
    importance ____ the question.
  • A) to B) with
  • C) towards D) for

Directions Fill in the blanks with the phrases
given below. Change the form where necessary.
check in agree on put out watchfor after
all in addition to come out of make a
difference resistant to at work turn off
attach to
agreed on
  • 1. The two sides have ________ the date of
  • 2. They have been _______ the papers _____ news
    about their new improved product.
  • 3. The institution ___________ the University of
  • 4. Your support will certainly ______________ in
    our course.
  • 5. It is advisable to ________ early to get a
    good seat
  • on your flight.

is attached to
make a difference
check in
check in agree on put out watchfor after
all in addition to come out of make a
difference resistant to at work turn off
attach to
In addition to
  • 6. __________ extreme warmth, the rainforests
  • need lots of moisture.
  • 7. He has been __________ on a book.
  • 8. Good reward will certainly _________ your good
  • 9. No one has come up with an idea as to how to
    improve plants to make them more __________
  • 10. The firemen quickly ________ the fire.

working on
come out of
resistant to
put out
Section B
  • Changes
  • in the Balance of Nature

Table of Contents
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Vocabulary Study
  • Vocabulary Test

Comprehension of the Text (1)
  • Where was the earth formed from?
  • It was formed from a rotating, circular cloud of
    dust and gases.
  • When did diverse forms of life arise?
  • About 3.5 billion years ago.
  • According to scientists, what happened about
    three million years ago?
  • The first human beings walked the earth.

Comprehension of the Text (2)
  • 4. What has enabled people to use Earths
    resources and materials?
  • Intelligence and manual skills.
  • 5. As the number of people increases, what
    problems are they faced with?
  • The amount of land is limited and it is more and
    more difficult to feed such a huge population.
  • 6. What kind of life do people in remote areas
  • They live in harmony with the environment.

Comprehension of the Text (3)
  • 7. What effect does human population growth have
    on the earth?
  • It is creating food shortages, problems of air
    quality, and changes in weather patterns.
  • 8. What do people all over the world do with the
  • They realize the causes of the sickness of our
    planet, and seek ways to help it.

Words and Expressions
flourish restraint renew accelerate exceed
shortage threat abuse
compare to in accordance with take to in
terms of out of proportion to in harmony
with take advantage of be ignorant of
flourish vi. / vt.
  • vi. grow or develop successfully ??
  • It is beyond dispute that a business cannot
    flourish without good management.
  • ????????????????,??????????
  • 2. vt. wave sth. in the hand to attract attention
    to it ??
  • The driver flourished a street plan, with a
    route marked in red.
  • ??????????????,?????????????

restraint n.
  • restraining ??,??
  • She showed great restraint even though he was
    very angry.
  • ??????,?????????
  • a thing that restrains or controls ????
  • He hates the restraints of life in a small town.
  • ???????????

renew vt.
  • replace sth. with sth. new of the same kind
  • ??,??
  • The trees renew their leaves every spring.
  • ?????????????
  • put new life or vigor into (sb. / sth.)
  • His words soothed her anger and renewed her
  • ??????????,??????????
  • extend the period of time ????
  • I renewed the librarys book for another month.
  • ?????????????

accelerate vt.
  • move more quickly, or make sth. happen faster
  • Jane stood froze from head to toe and watched
    the car accelerate down the street.
  • ??????????,????????????
  • Exposure to low-level radiation for a long time
    may accelerate aging and cause cancer.
  • ??????????????????????????

exceed vt.
  • be greater than, or go beyond (a certain limit)
  • ??,??
  • This months amount of deposits in the bank
    exceeds last months by fifteen percent.
  • ?????????????????????
  • The results of the experiment exceeded his
    expectation greatly.
  • ???????????????

shortage n.
  • a situation where there is not enough of sth.
  • In the developed countries, theres a great
    shortage of labor/work force.
  • ????????????
  • Serious shortage of circulating fund forced the
    company to close down.
  • ?????????????????

threat n.
  • a person, thing, or idea regarded as a possible
    danger ?????????
  • Those people present a true threat to the
  • ???????????????
  • an expression of an intention to hurt, punish
  • ??,??
  • He refused to consider his wifes threat to
    leave him.
  • ??????????,???????????

abuse vt.
  • make bad or wrong use of ??
  • Many a government official has abused their
    power and authority, taken bribes and neglected
    their duties, which eventually led to their
    corruption and downfall.
  • ??????????,????,????,?????????????
  • 2. treat sb. badly ??
  • In recent years, child abuse has become a social
    issue which has aroused increasing public concern
    in most countries.
  • ???,????????????????????????????

ignorant a.
  • knowing little or nothing ????
  • The workers were completely ignorant of the
    companys financial situation.
  • ????????????????
  • lacking education ???
  • He is an ignorant person ? he always goes
    through a door in front of a lady.
  • ?????????????????????????

compare to / with ???
  • Compared to the place where I grew up, this town
    is exciting.
  • ?????????,????????
  • I am quite a patient person, compared with him.
  • ????,????????

in accordance with ?????
  • I very much wanted to continue with my students
    but had to get married first in accordance with
    my parents wishes.
  • ??????????,??????????????

take to ?????
  • Many students have taken to playing the
  • computer games at net bars for hours on end.
  • ??????????????????
  • He gave up medicine and took to literature.
  • ?????,?????????

in terms of ???
  • To evaluate a student, we must make our judgment
    in terms of three aspects personality, grades
    as well as his social awareness.
  • ???????, ?????????????????????????????

out of proportion to ??????
  • One of the main reasons for his hopping jobs is
    that his earnings in the previous company were
    out of proportion to his skill and ability.
  • ???????????????????????????????????

in harmony with ?????
  • Their marriage came to an end because they were
    simply not in harmony with each other.
  • ??????????,???????

take advantage of ??
  • The young man took advantage of this good
    opportunity to go on a business trip with the
    boss and gained the bosss favor.
  • ?????????????????????????????

be ignorant of ???
  • The doctor thought that the young girl was
    ignorant of the fact that she had cancer, but she
  • ????????????????????????,????????

Vocabulary Test (1)
  • Directions Fill in the blanks with the phrases
    given below. Change the
  • form where necessary.
  • compare to ignorant of take to take
    advantage of in harmony with
  • bring about survive on in terms of use up
    out of proportion to
  • hunger for in accordance with

ignorant of
  • 1. Professor Collins was _________ of the latest
    developments in physics because he had been in
    hospital for several months.
  • 2. We are quite at a disadvantage ________
  • When he learned of the usefulness of foreign
    languages, he _______ studying English with great
  • He ________ biscuits and water in the desert for
  • week.

in terms of
took to
survived on
compare to ignorant of take to take
advantage of in harmony with bring about
survive on in terms of use up out of
proportion to hunger for in accordance with
in accordance of
  • 5. Deeds should be _____________ words.
  • The price of this suit is ________________ its
  • Science and technology has ___________ great
    changes in our lives.
  • We _____________ of the fine weather to go
  • His tastes are ___________ mine.
  • _________ kids of his age, he is much more

out of proportion to
brought about
took advantage of
in harmony of
Compared to
Directions Complete each of the following
sentences with the proper form of the word given
in brackets.
  1. We are, in reality, extremely _______ of the
    various causes of this greatest killer disease.
  2. Occurrences of _______ of water are causing
    distress in some areas. (short)
  3. Working day and night is
  4. At that time the young man was suffering from
    the _______ of illness and poverty. (restrain)
  5. Families with children spend ___________ less
    per person than families without children.

  • 6. We are required to act __________ with his
    instructions. (accord)
  • 7. The _______ of modern motor car is an
    interesting subject. (evolve)
  • The existence of these weapons _________ the
    future of the world. (threat)
  • Parents and children are on _______ sides of
    most arguments. (oppose)
  • Most scenes of the film were shot on ________.

Section c
  • Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Comprehension of the Text (1)
  • Choose the best answer to each of the
    following questions
  • 1. What do we need to truly change the world for
    the better according to the passage?
  • A. All we can do is to preserve the natural
  • B. We need more facts, not simply more faith,
    to truly change the world for the better.
  • C. We need to design historys and the worlds
    safest recycling facilities, garbage dumps and
    facilities for burning rubbish.
  • D. We need to make products more durable,
    lighter, more energy efficient and easier to
    repair rather than to replace.

Comprehension of the Text (2)
  • 2. Which of the following statements is true
    according to the passage?
  • A. In reality, individuals create more solid
    waste than households.
  • B. We were greatly relieved that all of what
    we heard was so superb, and based on such a deep
    understanding of todays true environmental
  • C. The production of recycled items, like the
    production of any other form of manufactured
    goods, required energy and other resources while
    reducing pollution.
  • D. America even has too much garbage dump
    capacity, owing to the fact that we have been
    constructing large regional dumps to
    substitute older smaller local dumps.

Comprehension of the Text (3)
  • Read the text first and then provide short
    answers to the following questions.
  • 3. Why does the author disagree with the opinion
    that the earth is in danger?
  • They are the 38 respectable Brooklyn, New York
  • 4. What are the five myths about the environment
    you can stop believing?
  • What made him confused is not that a girl of 28
    was stabbed to death but that there were 38
    so-called respectable citizens who saw the murder
    but didnt call the police.

Comprehension of the Text (4)
  • 5. How did the author feel after speaking with
    thousands of parents, children and teachers?
  • The police stressed that it was simple to
    get in touch with them. a phone call would have
    done it., said one of the policemen.
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