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Prehistory: Key Ideas

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Prehistory: Key Ideas Archaeology Food gatherers to food producers First civilizations Farming Revolution STUDY GUIDE Prehistory, September 1 EQ: How did hunters and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Prehistory: Key Ideas


1
Prehistory Key Ideas
  • Archaeology
  • Food gatherers to food producers
  • First civilizations
  • Farming Revolution

STUDY GUIDE
2
Prehistory, September 1
  • EQ How did hunters and gatherers settle down
    to make communities? 6.1.1
  • Go over quizzes
  • Copy key ideas
  • How to use our book
  • Archaeology overview and video

3
  • Historian a person who studies and writes
    about human past
  • artifacts weapons, tools and other man made
    items made from earlier humans
  • fossil trace or imprint of a plant or animal
    that has been preserved in a rock
  • anthropologist focuses on human society
    studies how humans developed and relate to one
    another scientist who studies the physical
    characteristics and culture of humans and their
    ancestors
  • nomad person who regularly moves from place to
    place
  • technology tools and methods to help humans
    perform tasks
  • domesticate to tame animals or plants for human
    use
  • specialization the development of different
    kind of jobs

4
Friday, September 2
  • Do your own Archaeological Dig in the text book
    Ch1.1.
  • Create your own graphic organizer and fill in a
    summary statement for each topic
  • tools characteristics
  • adapting Ice Ages
  • language Art Religion

Example
5
Early Humans Paleolithic Old Stone Age- 2.5 mil
years ago until 8000 B.C.
  • Lived in small groups of nomads
  • Gathered plants and fruits
  • Discovered how to use fire
  • Started to speak a language
  • Created cave paintings
  • Hunted and fished
  • Made stone tools and weapons
  • Built shelters

6
Early Man
  • Paleolithic people adapted to their environment
    and invented many tools to help them survive.

7
Paleolithic Age
  • Paleolithic means old stone in the Greek
    language.
  • Lasted from about 2.5 million years ago until
    about 8,000 B.C.
  • People of this Age were considered
    Hunter-Gatherers. They spent most of their time
    moving around to find food.

8
Paleolithic Age (cont.)
  • Nomad People who regularly move from place to
    place.
  • Women mainly stayed close to the campsite and
    gathered nuts and berries.
  • Men mainly hunted animals. Some had to travel
    great distances. At first they used clubs or
    chased animals off cliffs. Over time, they
    invented spears, traps, bows and arrows.

9
Paleolithic Age (cont.)
  • Paleolithic people had to adapt to their
    environment. Those living in warm climates had
    little need for clothing or shelter. Those
    living in colder climates used animal skin and
    caves to stay warm.
  • The people eventually were able to make fire to
    stay warm and cook food by rubbing wooden sticks
    together.

10
Paleolithic Age (cont.)
  • The Ice Age which lasted about 100,000 years
    forced people to adapt by changing their diet and
    to make clothing.
  • Paleolithic people were able to invent a spoken
    language and express beliefs through art.
  • Technology tools and methods used to help
    humans perform tasks

11
Paleolithic Main Ideas
  • Humans in the Paleolithic Age were
    hunter-gatherers.
  • They were nomads that moved around from place to
    place in search of food, water, and shelter.

12
Paleolithic Tools
13
World Migration
  • So, once there were people on the earth, how did
    the earth become populated?
  • http//player.discoveryeducation.com/?blnPreviewOn
    ly1guidAssetIdec6b5b96-f069-40ee-9c01-47ec4bd93
    a96

14
Cave Paintings
15
Vocab
  • Technology- tools and methods to help humans
    perform tasks
  • Domesticate- tame animals and plants for human
    use
  • Specialization- development of different kinds of
    jobs

16
Neolithic Times
  • In the Neolithic Age, people started farming,
    building communities, producing goods, and
    trading.

17
Early Humans- Neolithic New Stone Age 8000 B.C.
4000 B.C.
  • Lived in villages
  • Made farming tools (copper bronze)
  • Created wall paintings
  • Farming revolution
  • Raised animals and traded
  • Specialized jobs
  • Hunted and fished
  • Made stone tools and weapons
  • Built shelters

18
Neolithic village
Skara Brae  Orkney's Neolithic Village
This remarkably well preserved village is one of
very few archaeological sites where it is
actually possible to imagine the life style of
the inhabitants. First revealed after a severe
storm in 1850, this prehistoric community was
occupied for about 600 years. Radiocarbon dating
suggests that the site was occupied from before
3100 BC to about 2600 BC.
19
Neolithic Pottery
20
Wednesday
  • E What is the differences between Paleolithic and
    Neolithic humans? 6.1.2
  • A review HW Venn on Paleolithic vs. Neolithic
  • T Otzi the Iceman How did he survive? Video

21
Wednesday cont.
  • Adapting
  • Fire
  • Caves
  • Animal skins
  • Tools
  • Stone
  • Spear
  • bones
  • Language
  • Talking began

Paleolithic Man
Ice Age 100,000 bc to 8000bc Fire
  • Art
  • Cave paintings
  • Hunting pics
  • Crushed rock
  • Characteristics
  • searching for food
  • Nomads
  • Men hunted
  • Women gathered
  • Religion
  • Pics of hunt were lucky

22
Thursday, September 8
  • J4 Describe the Farming Revolution p. 13
  • Whats the weirdo thing that happened during the
    Farming Revolution?
  • Using the map and legend on page 13, decide which
    continent you would have liked to live in based
    on the kind of food the Neolithic people grew
  • How is it that we can grow these foods all over
    the US now?
  • Brain POP Agricultural Revolution

23
Neolithic Notes Why was Farming Important?
  • Some historians consider farming the most
    important event in human history.
  • Farming was discovered by many groups of people
    around the same time period.
  • Farming allowed people to begin to settle in one
    place.

24
Neolithic Notes Animals
  • Domesticate tame plants and animals for human
    use.
  • Animals provided meat, milk, and wool.
  • They were also used to carry goods and pull
    carts.

25
Neolithic Notes
  • The Growth of Villages
  • Farming allowed people to begin settlements.
    They no longer needed to move around, or be
    nomads.
  • Farmers had to stay close to their fields and
    water plants and keep away hungry animals.
  • They began to live in villages and make permanent
    homes.

26
Neolithic Notes Villages (cont.)
  • Villages began in Europe, India, Egypt, China,
    and Mexico. The earliest known villages are
    found in the Middle East.
  • Two of the oldest villages are Jericho in present
    day Israel and Catal Huyuk in present day Turkey.
  • Villagers lived in mud-brick houses.

27
Neolithic Notes Benefits of a Settled Life
  • People had greater security. They now could
    count on a steady food supply which gave greater
    health.
  • Population began to grow steadily allowing
    farmers to produce even larger crops.
  • Farmers were able to trade away extra crops.

28
Neolithic NotesBenefits (cont.)
  • Specialization development of different kinds
    of jobs.
  • Not everyone was needed for farming.
  • Some made pottery to store grains and foods.
  • Toolmakers to create better farming tools. Early
    toolmakers used copper and eventually moved to
    bronze.

29
Neolithic Main Ideas
  • Farming changed the way people lived.
  • Farming allowed people to settle in one place,
    starting settlements.
  • Farming increased the population.
  • People began to specialize in different jobs.

30
Thursday and Friday, September 8 9
  • Make a list of 7 events that happened in your
    life
  • Add 3 things that happened before you were born
    that affect your life
  • Put all of the events on your own timeline
  • Discussion on timelines

31

Friday, September 9, cont. for 5th and 6th periods
  • Return Quizzes
  • Reward Stamps
  • J 7 What were the two oldest civilizations?
  • Fill in a t-chart about the 2 civilizations using
    the text and extra books provided

32
Monday 9/11 check in
  • 5th and 6th started this lesson on Friday
  • EQ
  • How did hunters and gatherers settle down to
    make communities? 6.1.1
  • How did the first people that settled down
    develop agriculture? 6.1.2
  • What were the first civilizations and how did
    they survive?? 6.1.3
  • J Name the first two villages. When and where
    were they built?
  • Jericho sights, sounds, touch through video
    and PPT pics

33

Monday, September 12 cont.
  • What is Jericho like now?
  • http//player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?gui
    dAssetId1C8F58C7-DD07-4B7B-9E8C-06E67D1059FCblnF
    romSearch1productcodeUS

34
  • S Compare and contrast the way we live today with
    the way people in Jordan live. Also compare how
    the people in Jordan live today with how you
    think they lived in Jericho 10,000 years ago.
  • HW review notes on villages and get packets ready
    to turn in

35
Jordan River
36
Jericho
37
Jericho Today
38
Jericho Ruins
39
Jericho Ruins
40
Jericho Ruins and Looking over current city
41
Catal Huyuk
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