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Regents Review - Ancient Greece

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Golden Age of Pericles Government Thrived Economy Thrived Athenian assembly ... The Geography of Greece Bronze Age Greece Minoan World: 2000-1400 B.C.E ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece


1
GREECE
2
The Geography of Greece
3
Archaic Greece 2000 BCE - 700 BCE
4
Bronze Age Greece
5
Minoan World 2000-1400 B.C.E.
6
Crete Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)
7
Aerial View of Knossos
8
Knossos Minoan Civilization
9
Minoan Civilization
10
Palace of King Minos North Entrance
11
Palace of King Minos - Interiors
12
Palace of King Minos Throne Room
13
Minoan Ladies
Women had rights
14
Minoan Culture - Religion
Minoan Snake Mother Goddess
Minoan Priest
Religion was based on worshiping the Mother
Goddess
15
Bull Cult
and based on worshiping the Bull.
16
Bull Jumping Fresco
17
MinoanTrade
Coast of Crete
Bireme ship
Minoan success was based on trade, not conquest.
18
Minoan Artistic Motifs
Dolphins represent good fortune and show the
importance of the sea.
19
Early Writing System Linear A
(Undecipherable)
Cannon?
20
What causedthe End of the Minoan Civilization??
21
The Mycenaeans (Achaeans)
1500 - 1100 BCE
22
The Mycenaean World
1500-1100 BCE
23
View of Mycenae
Archaeological site
24
Aerial View of Mycenae
25
Mycenae
26
Approach to the Lions Gate
27
Lions Gate Entrance to Mycenae
28
Mycenaean Writing System
Linear B
29
The Mycenaean Civilization
30
The Trojan War
1250 BCE 10 Year Long War
31
The Trojan War
32
What were thereal mythicalcauses of
theTrojan War??
33
Historically
  • It is said that Troy controlled trade from the
    Black Sea to the Mediterranean.
  • This area was known as the Vital Straits

34
Helen of Troy The Face That Launched 1000
Ships
Whatdid she look like?
35
Greek Ships Landing on Beaches of Troy
36
Plan of the City of Troy
37
The Nine Layers of Ancient Troy
Homers Troy(VII)
38
Original Wall of the City of Troy
39
Wall of Troy Recreated
40
Dome of King Priams Treasury
41
King Priams Treasure
42
Mask of Agamemnon
43
BrutalCombat
44
Brutal Combat
45
Troy Grave Circles
46
The Trojan Horse?
47
Sir Heinrich Schliemann
48
Homer The Heroic Age
49
Homer, the Blind Poet
50
Homers Great Epics
51
Homers View of the World
52
The Greek "Dark Ages"
1100 - 800 BCE
53
Migrations in the Aegean Region Invasion of the
Dorians
(DORIANS
54
Greek CultureDeclined
55
Greek Culture Declined
  • Greeks lived in Small Isolated Villages.
  • Reading and Writing Declined.
  • Stories were passed on by word of mouth.

56
"Hellenic" (Classical) Greece 700 BCE - 324 BCE
57
Early Governments
  • Monarchy-government in which a king or queen
    exercises central power.
  • Aristocracy-rule by a landholding elite.
  • Oligarchy-power is in the hands of a small,
    powerful elite, usually a business class.

58
SPARTA A Nation of Soldiers
59
SPARTA
60
SPARTA
Spartans- Dorians that conquered Laconia.
Helots Mycenaean's enslaved by the Spartans.
61
Sparta
  • Sparta was a Military State. From a young age
    children (boys) were trained in military tactics.
  • Women would exercise and keep their bodies in
    good physical health.
  • Only men could vote.
  • Sparta's government had two kings and a council
    of elders.

62
Spartas Military
Phalanx- massive formation of heavily armed
foot soldiers.
63
ATHENS A limited Democracy
64
View of the Past
65
Early Athenian Lawgivers
  • Corruption in Athens
    aristocracy had too much power, people called for
    reform.
  • Solon- first to reform the government, made a
    move for democracy. (594 BCE)
  • Pisistratus-further helped the common citizens by
    offering loans to the poor. (546BCE)
  • Cleisthenes- Established the Council of 500 and
    created the first (limited) democracy.

66
  • Why was it only a limited Democracy?
  • Only male citizens could vote.
  • Only male citizens could participate in the
    government.
  • Slavery was still legal.
  • Women had no share in life
  • Only boys could go to school, if they could
    afford it.

67
Piraeus Athens Port City
68
Persian Wars 490 BCE 479 BCE
69
Persian Wars Famous Battles
  • Marathon (490 BCE)
  • 26.2 miles from Athens
  • 25,000 Persians, under Persian Leader Darius
  • Greeks were out numbered 3 to 1
  • Greeks Won

70
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71
Persian Wars Famous Battles
  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)
  • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass
  • 25,000 Persians led by Xerxes
  • Spartans hold them off till Sparta was betrayed.
  • Sparta Lost
  • Persia Marched and burned Athens

72
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73
Persian Wars Famous Battles
  • Salamis (480 BCE)
  • Athenian navy lured the Persian navy into the
    narrow Strait of Salamis.
  • Athenian Navy rowed their boats into the Persian
    Ships and sank them.
  • Athens is victorious.

74
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75
After the Persian Wars
  • Greeks felt Strong and realized their place in
    the world.
  • Athens emerged as the most powerful
    City-State.
  • Delian League was Established United Greek
    Allies.

76
Golden Age of Pericles 460 BCE 429 BCE
Direct Democracy was established
77
Golden Age of Pericles
  • Government Thrived
  • Economy Thrived
  • Athenian assembly established
  • 6000 members had to be present
  • You were paid for government Service.
  • Judge and Jury
  • Ostracism Vote to send away a government
    official who threatened democracy.

78
Thucydides
  • Historian who lived in the Age of Pericles.
  • Recorded events for Athens.

79
Peloponnesian Wars
80
Peloponnesian Wars 431 - 404 BCE (27 years)
  • Greek vs. Greek
  • Sparta vs. Athens
  • Sparta got help from Persia
  • After the War Athens was no longer a military
    power. It was however, the center for Greek
    Culture.

81
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Socrates (469 399 BCE)
  • Know thyself!
  • question everything
  • Socratic Method of Teaching
  • Only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness.
    ?
  • At Age 70 he was put on trial for corrupting the
    youth.
  • He was sentenced to exile but choose suicide.

82
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Plato (Socrates' Student)
  • The Academy (School)
  • The Importance of Reason
  • The Republic (book) His vision of an ideal state.
  • Did not trust democracy

83
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Aristotle (Plato's Student)
  • The Lyceum (School)
  • Study Politics, Ethics, Logic, Biology,
    Literature, Math Etc.
  • Golden Mean everything inmoderation.
  • Logic.
  • Scientific method.

84
Athens The Arts Sciences
  • DRAMA (tragedians)
  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles (Father of Tragedy)
  • Euripides
  • COMEDY
  • Aristophanes (Father of Comedy)
  • Wrote Lysistrata

85
Athens The Arts Sciences
  • THE SCIENCES
  • Pythagoras
  • Pythagorean Theorem
  • Democritus
  • all matter made up of small atoms.
  • Hippocrates
  • Father of Medicine

86
Acropolis
87
The Acropolis Today
88
The Parthenon
89
The Agora
Was the term for a Marketplace
90
The Classical Greek Ideal
Greeks saw the human body as beautiful, they
sculpted the body with realism and natural poses
but had an idealistic approach.
91
Olympia
92
The Ancient OlympicsAthletes Trainers
93
Olympia Temple to Hera
94
The 2004 Olympics
95
Macedonia Under Philip II
96
Macedonia Under Philip II
  • Philip conquered and united all of Greece under
    the Macedonia Empire in 338 BCE.
  • Philip was assassinated, Alexander was placed on
    the Throne.
  • In 334 BCE Alexander conquered the weak and often
    rebellious Persian Empire. (Darius III was
    Emperor)

97
Alexander the Great
98
Alexander the Greats Empire
99
Macedonia Under Alexander
  • In 331 BCE he took Babylon.
  • He conquered Egypt, Persia, India.
  • Alexander faced armies that had Elephants and
    Superior numbers.
  • Alexander died of a sudden fever. His Empire was
    divided up and fought over.

100
The Breakup of Alexanders Empire
101
Alexander the Great in Persia
102
"Hellenistic" Greece 324 BCE - 100 BCE
Hellenistic Culture assimilation of Greek,
Indian, Egyptian and Persian Cultures.
103
The Hellenization of Asia
Most lasting achievement was the spread of Greek
Culture.
104
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
Alexandria Egypt was the center of Hellenistic
Culture
105
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
106
Hellenistic Philosophers
  • Stoicism - Zeno
  • nature is the expansion of divine will just go
    with the flow
  • Avoid Desire.
  • get involved in politics to perform virtuous acts
    for the good of all.
  • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.

107
Hellenism The Arts Sciences
  • Scientists / Mathematicians
  • Aristarchus - heliocentric theory. Idea that sun
    is center of the solar-system.
  • Euclid wrote the Element Modern
    Geometry
  • Archimedes Physics Mastered
    the idea of a lever and a pulley.

108
  • Hellenistic Art
  • More realistic less ideal than Greek art.
  • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age
    !
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