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Sexual Orientation Discrimination

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Sexual Orientation Discrimination Malakhova O. Nikitina E. Izraileva L. Major Events: In 1950s and 1960s the only place that it was safe for gays and lesbians to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sexual Orientation Discrimination


1
Sexual Orientation Discrimination
  • Malakhova O.
  • Nikitina E.
  • Izraileva L.

2
Major Events
  • In 1950s and 1960s the only place that it was
    safe for gays and lesbians to gather were gay
    bars. In the 1960s the police would often raid
    these bars and arrest the patrons.
  • June 1969, the patrons of the Stonewall Inn in
    Greenwich Village, New York decided they were not
    going to put up with the police raiding their
    bars any longer. When the police came, the bar
    patrons fought back. That event has gone down in
    history as the Stonewall Riots.
  • Each year in June gays and lesbians prance and
    parade to celebrate Gay Pride Month.

3
Gay Pride Celebration
4
Types of people affected by sexual orientation
discrimination
  • Gays
  • Lesbians
  • Bisexual
  • Their relatives and associates

5
National Organizations
  • NGLTF - Founded in 1973, the National Gay and
    Lesbian Task Force Foundation was the first
    national lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender
    civil rights and advocacy organization and
    remains the movement's leading voice for freedom,
    justice, and equality.
  • The Human Rights Campaign, a gay rights group in
    Washington, D.C., that monitors discrimination
    policies and laws and claims that companies
    should have rules barring discrimination against
    gay employees.
  • GLEE - Gays and Lesbians Everywhere in Education.
    An organization for lesbians and gay men employed
    in education or who have some connection with
    education. Its objectives are
  • raise the profile of lesbians and gay men in and
    through education
  • support each other and young persons coming out
  • remove discrimination from educational
    institutions and their associated organizations

6
Spokespeople for the rights of gays and lesbians
  • Urvashi Vaid.
  • In 1989 Vaid became executive director of NGLTF's
    Policy Institute in Washington, D.C. She also
    co-founded the NGLTF's Creating Change
    conference, which remains the only national gay
    and lesbian political conference.
  • In 1992 she resigned her position to work on a
    book, 'Virtual Equality', which was published in
    1995. She returned to the Policy Institute in
    1997.

7
Spokespeople for the rights of gays and lesbians
  • Coretta Scott King is a widow of civil rights
    leader Martin Luther King Jr. Mrs. King worked
    tirelessly after her husband's death in 1968 to
    carry on his legacy of social justice activism.
    She was a steadfast ally in the struggle for
    lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights,
    and was honored by the Task Force in 1997 for her
    support of the cause

8
Areas of discrimination
  • Employment gays and lesbians are discriminated
    as employees, job applicants, voluntary workers,
    people seeking work through employment agents,
    and contract workers.
  • Accommodation - landlords and real estate agents
    can refuse a person residential or business
    accommodation because of that person's sexual
    orientation.
  • Provision of goods and services gays and
    lesbians are withheld goods, services or
    facilities. Goods and services include banking
    and insurance and grants, loans, credit or
    finance. Services provided by doctors and other
    professionals are also included.
  • Access to public places gays and lesbians may
    be refused access to or use of a public place.
  • Education establishments - gays and lesbians can
    be discriminated while seeking admission as a
    student.

9
Court Cases
  • Due to the BSA's 5-4 victory from the US Supreme
    Court, James is the most famous gay Eagle Scout
    in the country.
  • The Supreme Court Allows the Boy Scouts of
    America to Discriminate Against Homosexuals in
    Boy Scouts of America v. Dale.

10
Federal Laws
  • There is no federal law that specifically outlaws
    workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual
    orientation in the private sector .
  • Attempts to pass a piece of federal legislation
    that would outlaw sexual orientation
    discrimination in private workplaces, known as
    the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, or ENDA,
    have been unsuccessful.

11
State Laws
  • Fifteen states and the District of Columbia have
    laws that currently prohibit sexual orientation
    discrimination in both public and private jobs
    California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland,
    Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire,
    New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island,
    Vermont, and Wisconsin.
  • Over 180 cities and counties prohibit
    discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation
    in at least some workplaces -- from Albany, NY,
    to Ypsilanti, MI.
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