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New Imperialism

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New Imperialism An Overview Causes of the new imperialism Economic interests Political and military interests Social and cultural interests Causes of the new ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Imperialism


1
New Imperialism
  • An Overview

2
Causes of the new imperialism
  1. Economic interests
  2. Political and military interests
  3. Social and cultural interests

3
Causes of the new imperialism
  1. Economic interests

4
Causes of the new imperialism
  • 2. Political and military interests

5
Causes of the new imperialism
  • 3. Social and cultural interests

6
The Success of Western Imperialism - 1870-1914
  • Weakness of Nonwestern States (e.g. Ottoman
    Middle East, Mughal India, Qing China)

Western Advantages- strong economies,
well-organized governments, powerful militaries
7
Forms of Imperial Rule
  • Colonies
  • (a) direct rule - officials soldiers sent to
    administer colonies (French) (b) indirect rule -
    sultans, chiefs, other local rulers - urged
    leaders to get education in home country to
    become westernized (British)
  • 2. Protectorates - local rulers left in place but
    expected to follow advice of European advisers -
    cheaper than running a colony

8
Africa
  • European contacts increase - Africa known as the
    "dark continent" because little was known about
    its interior.

Missionaries - tried to spread Christianity,
spoke out against slavery - built schools,
churches, medical clinics - paternalistic - saw
Africans as children in need of guidance.
9
Africa
10
Africa
11
Africa
  • Explorers
  • 1855 David Livingston Victoria Falls
  • 1858 Richard Burton Lake Tanganyika
  • 1869 Henry Stanley.
  • 1871 Stanley finds Livingstone
  • 1870s - Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza

12
Africa
  • A Scramble for Colonies - Belgian King Leopold II
    - hired Henry Stanley to explore Congo River
    basin, arrange trade treaties with African
    leaders - hoped for conquest and profit - his
    activities in the Congo set off a scramble by
    other European nations

13
Africa
Berlin Conference - 1884
14
Africa
Berlin Conference - 1884 European powers met
to decide how to carve up Africa - no Africans
invited - recognized Leopolds claim to the Congo
Free State but called for free trade on Congo and
Niger rivers
15
Africa
  • Belgium - The Congo
  • French - West and Central Africa
  • Britain in South Africa
  • Portugal in Angola and Mozambique
  • Italy in Libya
  • Germany in Eastern and Southwestern Africa

16
(No Transcript)
17
India
  • British East India Company controls 3/5 India
  • 1857 Sepoy Rebellion (Indian Mutiny)

1858 Britain takes direct control Britain sees
India as a source of raw materials (cotton) and
market for goods (shirts).
18
China
  • In late 1700s British merchants begin to make
    huge profits in trade of opium grown in India for
    Chinese tea
  • 1839 Opium Wars starts.

1842 Treaty of Nanjing unequal treaties
includes the lease of Hong Kong. (right)
19
China
  • Opium Wars.

20
China
  • 1860 Russia builds port of Vladivostok.
  • 1894 Japan quickly defeats China.
  • 1899 USA demands access to trade with China.
  • 1900 Boxer Uprising

21
China
  • 1900 Boxer Uprising
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