Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and Techniques - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and Techniques PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 4c25b9-OGMzZ


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and Techniques


Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and Techniques Additional information Be sure to study the Instructor s Guide Available under the Documentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:392
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: CESSNAAIR


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and Techniques

Cessna Flight Training System Philosophies and
Additional information
  • Be sure to study the Instructors Guide
  • Available under the Documentation menu of the
    Course Tracking Application (CTA).

The traditional approach
  • Teach customers how to fly maneuvers
  • They reach a certain proficiency level with those
  • We recommend them for a flight test
  • The flight test measures their proficiency in
    those specific tasks
  • The examiner issues them a certificate.

Then came FITS
  • FAA-Industry Training Standards
  • Simply go to Google and search for FAA FITS
  • Or faa.gov/training_testing/training/fits

What we mean by FITS
  • Cessna has designed the following FITS principles
    into this new training system
  • Scenario-based training (SBT)
  • Single-pilot resource management (SPRM)
  • Learner-centered grading (LCG)

The objective
  • The goal of FITS is to build pilots
    decision-making skills during the training
    process so they will be better prepared to make
    aeronautical decisions when they receive their

Traditional Approach vs. FITS
  • FITS helps increase decision-making skills as
    well as stick-and-rudder skills

Traditional Approach
Whats the secret?
  • You cannot teach judgment
  • But it can be learned
  • This is where scenario based training (SBT) comes
  • This is not new
  • Airlines Line Oriented Flight Training (LOFT)
  • Military Fly like you fight
  • Whats new is implementing these philosophies
    into GA flight training.

Another part of the problem
  • Flight Director
  • Cessna has one that
  • Directs the climbs, descents, heading changes
  • Prescribes the control input to accomplish those
  • Directs level offs
  • If the pilot does not make the needed corrections
    in a timely manner, it makes them automatically
  • Called the Flight Instructor
  • Its difficult to sit on your hands and even more
    difficult to shut up

Flight instructors
  • You have a lot more airsense
  • You dont have to devote most of your available
    RAM to controlling the airplane
  • You see it happening before the customer
  • You need to let the customer make the call unless
    its going to bend metal or hurt someone.

Implementing SBT
  • Reflective Response
  • They need to reflect on their choices
  • No canned answer
  • Multiple solutions
  • Hint Your way is not the only way
  • Never criticize a conservative approach

Effective scenarios
  • Realistic
  • Have to be relevant to the current phase of
  • Outcome has to be determined by the learner
  • Instructor coaching must be positive, not

Wait a minute!
  • I have to make up scenarios for every flight?
  • Nope, we did it for you
  • You can customize each scenario for your school.

Course structure
  • Three Stages
  • Stage 1 Pre-Solo
  • Stage 2 Solo Cross-Country
  • Stage 3 Preparing for Your Practical Test
  • Each stage is divided into phases (total of 10)
  • Each phase includes multiple scenarios.

Sport/Private Course
Memory aid
Stage There are only 3 of these.
Phase There are 10 of these.
Scenario New name for a lesson.
  • Each stage has
  • Suggested one-on-one Knowledge Review Sessions
  • Required Expanded Instructor Briefings
  • Required Progress Checks
  • The suggested one-on-one Knowledge Review
    Sessions are designed to
  • Supplement the web-based knowledge instruction as
    necessary, and
  • Enhance customer learning by identifying any weak
  • The one-on-one Knowledge Review Sessions
  • Are not required but strongly recommended
  • Can be found in Appendix B of the syllabus
  • IMPORTANT The syllabus does not address
    briefing your local safety practices and
    procedures please review these key items before
    or after your first flight with the customer.

Progress Checks
  • Each stage, the customer is required to complete
    a Progress Check that
  • Checks the customers progress and instructor
  • Consists of oral quizzing and a flight
  • Is to be performed by the Chief Flight
    Instructor, Assistant Chief Flight Instructor, or
    a designated instructor
  • The progress checks can be found in
  • Stage 1, Phases 2 and 5
  • Stage 2, Phase 7
  • Stage 3, Phase 10.

  • There are 10 phases of training. Each phase
  • Web-based Knowledge Instruction that
  • Forms the customers knowledge foundation to be
    used for the flight scenarios
  • Is directly correlated to the phase
  • Is to be completed before the corresponding phase
    can be considered complete
  • Flight Scenarios that
  • Are placed in a suggested order of completion
  • Can be flown
  • Once
  • More than once
  • Not at all
  • Can be customized for your local training
  • Can be completed out of phase or stage if
    approved by the Chief or Assistant Chief

Phases continued
  • Phase Ground Training Checklists that
  • Contain knowledge areas evaluated by the
    instructor on the ground and normally discussed
    during the preflight briefing.
  • Must be demonstrated to the explain level in
    order to complete the phase.
  • Phase Proficiency Checklists that
  • Contain tasks that are to be completed in order
    to the perform level in order to complete the
  • Contains completion standards for the phase.

Phase Proficiency Checklist
  • The customer can move on to the next phase of
    training once all items on the phase proficiency
    checklist are completed to the level of
    performance required for that phase
  • The customer is not required to complete every
    flight scenario within a phase, but it is highly
    recommended that they do so, as the scenarios
    progress in complexity to provide maximum

  • The new name for lesson
  • Total of 32 (includes the four progress checks)

In each scenario
  • Scenario Title Recognizing and Recovering From
    Stalls (Stage 1, Phase 2, Scenario 1)
  • Objective
  • Learn how to correct for the wind while taxiing,
    perform radio communications, and improve
    aircraft control while learning the skills to
    recognize, avoid and recover from a stall
  • Where to go
  • The vicinity of the highest obstacle in a 20-nm
    radius, keeping the appropriate legal distance
    (vertical and horizontal) from the obstacle and
    then to suitable airspace for the maneuvers
  • How to get there Pilotage
  • Possible deviations None
  • Possible malfunctions None
  • Purpose/pressures (real or simulated)
  • You need to take an aerial photo for a client of
    the highest obstacle within a 20-nm radius of
    your home airport. The deadline for the
    photography is tomorrow morning at 9 am.
  • Risks (real or simulated) Traffic, flying at or
    near stall speed, flying near a high obstacle
  • New this scenario (list of tasks)
  • Improving your skills (list of tasks).

Lesson numbers
  • Disadvantages of a traditional lesson-numbered
  • When a customer repeats a numbered lesson, they
    naturally feel that they are spinning their
    wheels and not progressing
  • A rigid structure does not fit the individualized
    nature of flight training
  • This new curriculum does not number lessons from
    beginning to end of the syllabus
  • Instead, each phase includes multiple scenarios
    that are performed until the phase proficiency
    standards are achieved.

Watch for DEMO in the syllabus
  • Too many instructors are trying to teach
    customers how to fly the airplane while in the
    traffic pattern
  • Customers need to learn stick-and-rudder skills
    in the practice area, THEN learn how to perform
    takeoffs and landings
  • This syllabus includes the word DEMO next to
    the takeoff and landing tasks in the entire first
  • This means the instructor is to perform
    (demonstrate) those takeoffs and landings
  • Dont let the customer do it in the first phase
  • Make it something to look forward to.

Quality ground training
  • Ask a question that requires the customer to make
    a decision
  • Examine the decision made
  • Explore alternatives
  • Evaluate which way is best
  • Best for the customer
  • Case study training
  • Real, dynamic, interesting
  • ntsb.gov, asf.org (aopa.org/asf/ntsb)

Expanded Instructor Briefings
  • Before each significant event the instructor will
    give an expanded briefing to ensure that all goes
    as smoothly as possible for the
  • First solo flight,
  • First solo cross-country flight,
  • And FAA practical test
  • During these expanded briefings, the instructor
    will ask questions about the airplane and local
    flight environment as well as questions specific
    to the phase of training just completed
  • These briefings will be conducted one-on-one with
    the instructor and can be found in Appendix A.

Learner Centered Grading (LCG)
  • Learner-centered grading includes two parts
  • Learner self assessment, and
  • A detailed debrief by the instructor.
  • The purpose of the self assessment is to
    stimulate growth in the learners thought
    processes and, in turn, behaviors.
  • The self-assessment is followed by an in-depth
    discussion between the instructor and the customer

Suggested Knowledge Review Sessions
  • Designed to be an optional supplement to the
    web-based knowledge instruction
  • Are conducted one-on-one with the instructor
  • Found in Appendix B of the syllabus.

So why should I care?
  • Safer, more competent pilots
  • Customer Satisfaction
  • Focus on the areas they need to work on
  • Proficiency advancement
  • No expectation of solo by certain time
  • Scenario-based flight tests
  • Required right now

Additional information
  • Be sure to study the Instructors Guide
  • Available under the Documentation menu of the
    Course Tracking Application (CTA).

(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com