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Foundations of American Government

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Title: Foundations of American Government


1
Foundations of American Government
  • Unit Review

2
Types of Government
  • What is authoritarian government?
  • It is when government holds absolute,
    unchallenged authority over the people.

3
What are the three types of authoritarian
government?
  • Dictatorships usually one individual rules
  • Oligarchy a small group of rulers
  • Absolute Monarchy A ruler who inherits power

4
What is a democracy?
  • Rule by the people

5
What are the four types of democracy?
  • Direct Democracy the people participate
    directly in decision making
  • Representative Democracy the people elect
    representatives to make the decisions
  • Presidential Democracy The executive and
    legislative branches are separate
  • Parliamentary Democracy The executive and
    legislative branches are together

6
Types of government by level.
  • Federal strong central government and weak
    state government.
  • Confederate strong state government and weak
    central government.
  • Unitary one level of government.

7
What was the Declaration of Independence?
  • It was a list of grievances against England
  • It outlined the main ideas (principles) that our
    country is based upon
  • It did not form a government

8
Articles of Confederation
  • Our first government
  • It was a confederacy
  • It had many weaknesses
  • It had no executive to enforce laws
  • It had no judiciary to try cases
  • Congress could not collect or levy taxes
  • Congress could not regulate commerce (trade)

9
United States Constitution Ratified 1788
  • Our Second and final government
  • Created a federal form of government
  • It has many advantages
  • The Central government is stronger
  • Congress can collect and levy taxes
  • It has an executive branch to enforce laws
  • It has a judicial branch to try cases
  • The central and state governments share power
  • The Constitution created can be expanded for new
    situations by adding amendments

10
There are three types of powers that state and
central powers have
11
Delegated Powers
  • These are powers that only the central government
    has
  • 1. the power to make treaties with other
    countries
  • 2. the power to declare war and peace
  • 3. the power to create a post office

12
Reserved Powers
  • These are powers that only state governments have
  • 1. The power to make laws about local elections.
  • 2. the power to make marriage laws
  • 3. the power to make driving laws

13
Concurrent Powers
  • These are powers that are held by both the state
    and central governments together.
  • 1. the power to make laws
  • 2. the power to levy and collect taxes

14
What are the purposes of government?
  • Establish Justice

15
  • Domestic Tranquility

16
  • Common Defense

17
General Welfare
18
Where can you find all of these purposes of
government?
  • In the Preamble of the Constitution.
  • What does we the people mean?

19
Principles of Government
  • What is Limited Government?
  • Government is limited in what it can do, and each
    individual has rights that no government can take
    away

20
Principles of Government
  • What is popular sovereignty?
  • It literally means people rule
  • People are the source of the governments power

21
Principles of government
  • What are checks and balances?
  • A system of limited government where each branch
    has powers to check the others
  • For example
  • The judicial branch checks the legislative and
    executive through judicial review

22
Principles of Government
  • What is separation of powers?
  • Powers are divided between each of the three
    branches (legislative, executive, and judicial).

23
Principles of Government
  • What is judicial review?
  • The judicial branch has the power to review the
    actions of the executive and legislative branches
    for constitutionality

24
Principles of Government
  • What is federalism?
  • Central and state governments divide and share
    powers.
  • The central government is more powerful than the
    state government.

25
Where is the United States central government?
  • Washington D.C

26
Principles of Government?
  • What is due process?
  • Government will not deprive a person of life,
    liberty, or property without using established
    rules.
  • You can find this in the 5th Amendment.

27
Rule of Law
  • Everyone in the country is under the Constitution
    and must follow the law

28
Majority rule/minority rights
  • The majority opinion is what the country follows,
    but the minority opinion is respected and allowed.

29
Who were the federalists?
  • They wanted a strong central government.

30
Who were the anti-federalists?
  • They were afraid of a strong central government.
  • They wanted something written and ratified to
    limit the powers of the central government.

31
Bill of Rights
  • The first ten Amendments of the Constitution
  • Added to the Constitution in order to limit the
    powers of the central government.

32
Powers of Congress
  • 1. The power to tax
  • 2. the power to borrow
  • 3. The power to regulate commerce
  • 4. The power to mint currency
  • 5. The power to declare war

33
Elastic Clause
  • Gives congresses powers based upon expressed
    powers.
  • Also called the necessary and proper clause.
  • Examples power to create an air force, power to
    regulate nuclear power

34
Full faith and credit clause
  • Means that what is O.K is one state is accepted
    in another state.

35
Privileges and immunities
  • Prevents discrimination of people when they are
    in another state.

36
Senator terms
  • 6 years
  • Staggered
  • No limit on terms
  • Only 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection at a
    time

37
House of Representatives
  • 2 years
  • 100 of the House is up for election every two
    years
  • No limit on terms

38
The Senate and House of Representatives is
bicameral
  • Bicameral means that there are two houses.
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