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Volunteers Protecting

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Western Tidewater MEDICAL RESERVE CORPS Orientation Volunteers Protecting Virginia s Health Western Tidewater Medical Reserve Corps * The Office of the Medical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Volunteers Protecting


1
Western Tidewater MEDICAL RESERVE
CORPS Orientation
  • Volunteers Protecting
  • Virginias Health

2
What will you learn today?
  • Define the Medical Reserve Corps
  • Examine the mission of the MRC
  • Describe the fundamentals of Public Health and
    Emergency Response
  • Identify the ways the MRC fulfills its mission
  • Identify your role and responsibilities as MRC
    volunteer

3
The MRC Program is a specialized component of the
Department of Homeland Securitys Citizen Corps,
a national network of volunteers dedicated to
making sure their families homes, and community
are safe from terrorism, crime, and disasters of
all kinds.
4
Freedom Corps Umbrella
5
MRC History Facts
  • Post 9-11, volunteer surge What
    can I do to help? 
  • President Bush 02 Created the USA Freedom
    Corps
  • Sponsored by the OSG
  • Funded by HRMMRS, Citizen Corps, VDH EPR
  • WTMRC started 30 Sep 2003

6
MRC Mission
  • The mission of the Medical Reserve Corps (MRC) is
    to improve the health and safety of communities
    across the country by organizing and utilizing
    public health, medical and other volunteers.

7
MRC Concept Developed by the Office of Surgeon
General
  • Create system to pre-identify medical and
    non-medical volunteers in the community
  • Prepared in advance of emergencies
  • Utilized on an ongoing basis to strengthen the
    public health infrastructure

8
Surgeon Generals Priorities
  • Increase Prevention
  • Improve Public Health Preparedness
  • Eliminate Health Disparities

9
The Western Tidewater MRCs mission is to prepare
and engage community volunteers to support
ongoing public health initiatives and
emergencies in the Western Tidewater Health
District.
10
Western Tidewater Health District
City of Suffolk Southampton County City of
Franklin Isle of Wight County
11
Fundamentals of Public Health
  • Prevent epidemics and the spread of disease
  • Protect against environmental hazards
  • Prevent injuries
  • Promote and encourage healthy behaviors
  • Respond to public health emergencies
  • Assure quality and accessibility of health
    services

12
Departments in the WTHD
  • Administration
  • Education Dental Services
  • Environmental Health Services
  • Community Health Services
  • Women, Infant Children, Maternal-Child Care,
    Family Planning, Communicable Diseases, Health
    Care Services, Health Education
  • Emergency Preparedness
  • Medical Reserve Corps

13
Public Health Community Needs
  • CDC
  • VDH
  • WTHD
  • MRC
  • Volunteers

Strengthen Public Health
14
Disasters
  • An sudden and unexpected occurrence of a severity
    and magnitude that normally results in deaths,
    injuries, and property damage and cannot be
    managed through the routine procedures and
    resources of government.

15
Natural Disasters
Hurricane Katrina September 2005
Hurricane Isabel September 2003
Floyd Floods in Franklin
16
Terrorism
  • The unlawful use or threatened use of force or
    violence against people or property to coerce or
    intimidate governments or societies, often to
    achieve political, religious, or ideological
    objectives.

17
Terrorist Attacks
Oklahoma City Bombing
Twin Towers Pentagon 9-11
18
Terrorist Attacks
Anthrax Attack, DC September 01
19
Technological Disasters
  • Situations in which large numbers of people,
    property, infrastructure, or economic activity
    are directly and adversely affected by major
    industrial accidents, severe pollution incidents,
    nuclear accidents, air crashes, major fires or
    explosions.

20
Industrial Accidents
South Carolina Chlorine Spill January 2005
21
Transportation Accidents
TWA 800 July 17, 1996
22
Large Outbreaks of Communicable Disease
  • Pandemic influenza
  • SARS
  • Meningitis
  • Foodborne illness
  • Tuberculosis

23
VDH in Emergencies
  • Public health communication
  • Disease Prevention
  • Medicine and vaccine dispensing
  • Shelter Support
  • Coordinating mass patient care
  • Radiological, nuclear, or chemical response
  • Fatality investigations

24
Public Health Communication
  • Public and Partner Sectors
  • VDH works to instill and maintain public
    confidence by providing the public with timely
    and accurate information
  • April of 2009, H1N1 (swine flu) media frenzy

25
Disease PreventionEpidemiology
  • Surveillance
  • Outbreak
  • Investigation

26
Disease PreventionWater
  • VDH works to prevent diseases and conditions due
    to agents in the environment and transmission
    from animals and humans.
  • Office of Drinking Water (ODW) regulates public
    waterworks for safety and compliance to ensure
    safe water.

27
Disease PreventionAnimals
  • Waste contaminated waterways/seafood can make
    consumers ill. VDH informs residents about events
    affecting public health and ways to protect
    themselves.
  • VDH veterinarians work with the Virginia
    Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
    and the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries
    to investigate/prevent further spread of
    illnesses, such as rabies.

28
Disease PreventionCommunity Measures
  • VDH may recommend or require measures to prevent
    the spread of communicable diseases during a
    public health emergency. These measures range
    from asking people to wash their hands
    frequently, to stay home when sick, to limit
    public gatherings, or to implementing an
    isolation or quarantine order.

29
Disease PreventionIsolation Quarantine
  • Public health practices used to stop/limit the
    spread of communicable disease.
  •  Isolation Separate ill persons with a
    communicable disease from those who are healthy
    restricts movement of ill persons. 
  • Quarantine Separate/restrict movement of well
    persons who may have been exposed to a
    communicable disease.

30
Medicine Vaccine Distribution
  • VDH has procedures for providing life-saving
    pharmaceuticals and medical supplies in a public
    health emergency. A limited quantity of
    pharmaceuticals, chemical and radiological
    antidotes, and medical supplies are maintained
    through the State Pharmacy, local health
    departments, hospitals, and Metropolitan Medical
    Response System (MMRS) caches across the
    Commonwealth.

31
Medicine Vaccine Distribution
  • CDC has large quantities of medicine and medical
    supplies in the Strategic National Stockpile
    (SNS) antibiotics, antitoxins,
    nuclear/radiological countermeasures,
    life-support medications, IV administration,
    airway maintenance supplies, and medical/surgical
    items deliverable within 12 hours of authorized
    requests. VDH is responsible for receiving and
    distributing.

32
Medicine Vaccine Distribution
  • WTHD play a vital role in dispensing SNS
    medications/supplies locally.
  • All Health Districts have predetermined sites
    such as schools or community centers, called
    Points of Dispensing or PODs, where community
    members can go to receive medicines or supplies.
    MRC volunteers are critical to POD operations.

33
Shelter Support
  • Shelters may be opened to house individuals and
    families who are seeking enhanced protection,
    assistance or as a result of being displaced.
  • WTMRC roles in supporting shelter operations is
    expanding.

34
Special Needs Shelter Support
  • VDH provides basic first aid/limited medical care
    in Special Medical Needs Shelters that support
    individuals who are unable to make alternative
    arrangements for their temporary residence, are
    not acutely ill, and have medical conditions that
    require a level of assistance that exceeds what a
    general shelter is able to provide may involve
    coordination/support of outside medical and
    pharmaceutical services.

35
Mass Care
  • EPR partners with the Virginia Hospital
    Association to improve hospitals ability to
    handle mass casualties to improve their medical
    surge capacity and capability in case of an
    emergency.
  • Alternative Care Site planning is a large
    community responsibility.

36
Radiological or Nuclear Response
  • Division of Radiological Health would lead VDH
    to
  • Perform air, soil, water and vegetation
    evaluation of affected areas.
  • Provide technical assistance to first responders,
    hospitals and governmental agencies in regards to
    medical issues.
  • Make recommendations to embargo tainted crops,
    food, and drugs.

37
Radiological or Nuclear Response
  • Make recommendations to restrict contaminated
    products from entering food supply restrict use
    of contaminated water.
  • Recommend distribute Potassium Iodide (KI) to
    affected population (to prevent damage to the
    thyroid) in the event of a release from a nuclear
    power station.

38
Radiological or Nuclear Response
  • Make recommendations on the evacuation or
    sheltering and re-entry of the affected
    population.
  • Create a registry of people who might have been
    exposed to radiation to monitor long term health
    effects.

39
Nuclear Power Response
  • Virginia has two nuclear power stations (North
    Anna Surry). Evacuation Assembly Centers (EAC)
    will be opened for people living and working
    within about 10 miles of either station if a
    serious emergency occurs.
  • WTHD staff working in or near these areas will be
    responsible for providing health services at EACs
    and administering KI.

40
Chemical Response
  • VDH provides consultation to the first
    responders, hospitals and governmental agencies
    in regards to medical issues associated with the
    chemical incidents.

41
Mass Fatalities
  • Death Investigations
  • Coordinate recovery, transportation, examination,
    and release of human remains
  • Support Family Assistance Centers

42
  • An Emergency Operation Plan (EOP) outlines the
    roles of the participants, protocol for
    implementation, and how to respond to particular
    events.

43
Community Teamwork
Hospitals/Clinics
Law Enforcement
Medical Examiner
EMS
Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
Emergency Manager
Laboratories
Fire Service
Social Services
HAZMAT
Disaster Responders
Public Health
Community Services Board
44
Medical Reserve Corps in Emergencies
  1. MRC volunteers are requested by the Health
    Director or representative in the EOC
  2. Volunteers are contacted and requested to deploy
    for specific duties

45
MRC Public Health Emergency Response
  • Site Coordination
  • Forms Distribution
  • Orientation Education
  • Registration

46
MRC Public Health Emergency Response
  • Medical Screening and Evaluation
  • Medication or Vaccine Administration
  • Transportation
  • Interpretation
  • Responding to Community Inquiries Concerns

47
MRC Hurricane Flood Response
  • Respond to Onsite Medical Emergencies
  • Staff Emergency Shelters
  • Provide Emotional Counseling
  • Deploy within the State

48
Emergency Response Exercises
  • Regional Radiological Response
  • Point of Dispensing Sites
  • Pills on Wheels
  • First Response
  • Hospital Surge Drills

49
MRC Community Emergency Preparedness
  • Community Presentations
  • Community Events and Groups
  • Planning Committees
  • Individual Outreach

50
A volunteer is a person who believes that people
can make a difference and is willing to prove
it. -Anonymous
51
Medical Volunteers
  • Physicians
  • Physician Assistants
  • Nurse Practitioners
  • RNs LPNs
  • Nurses Aides
  • Pharmacists
  • Mental Health Professionals
  • Dentists
  • Veterinarians
  • Vet. Assistants

52
Non-Medical Volunteers
  • Teachers
  • Clergy
  • Social Workers
  • Interpreters
  • Office IT
  • Telecommunications
  • Anyone that is willing to volunteer!

53
Benefits Of Volunteering
  • Sense of pride and accomplishment through
    community service and involvement
  • Networking with like-minded peers
  • Training opportunities, new experiences
    professional CEUs
  • Disaster/Emergency Response Opportunities

54
Your time is valuable to us. The estimated worth
of a volunteers hour is 20.55!
55
Volunteer Responsibilities
  • Volunteer time, service, expertise
  • Act as MRC Ambassador/Recruiter
  • Register
  • Be prepared to work in a high-risk environment
  • Know the MRC policies
  • Agree to screening, references, credentials and
    background checks

56
MRC Core Competencies
  • MRC Orientation
  • IS-22 Are You Ready
  • IS 100 Incident Command
  • IS 700 National Incident Management System
  • http//training.fema.gov/is/crslist.asp?pageall
  • Psychological First Aid
  • Personal Preparedness

57
Training
  • CPR First Aid
  • Shelter Operations
  • Epidemiology Investigation
  • Sign Language
  • Mass Casualty Response

58
Emergency Preparedness Drills
  • Participation in a Public Health Emergency
    Drill/Exercise
  • Participation in an All Hazards Drill
  • Test Coordination, Resources Abilities

59
Volunteer Identification Supplies
  • Polo Shirt
  • Badge
  • Vest
  • Go-Bag
  • Personal Health Care
  • Toiletries

60
MRC Activation
  • Voluntary
  • When deployed
  • Represent the MRC
  • Follow instructions
  • Job Action Sheets

61
MRC in Emergencies
  • DO NOT respond to any emergency unless requested.
    Volunteers who do so will be removed from the
    unit and will be held liable for any actions they
    take.

62
Liability and Risk Management for MRC and VDH
Volunteers
  • While they are acting under the direction of VDH,
    and within the course and scope of their assigned
    emergency and disaster response activities, MRC
    volunteers are eligible for the same liability
    protection available to state employees. MRC and
    CERT volunteers shall enjoy the protection of
    the Commonwealths sovereign immunity to the same
    extent as paid staff.

63
Liability and Risk Management for MRC and VDH
Volunteers
  • Approved Virginia Medical Reserve Corps
    volunteers are covered by VDHs Risk Management
    policy for daily public health activities.
    (Virginia Code 2.2-1837 and 2.2-1840)
  • This includes up to 2 million in Tort/Medical
    Malpractice Liability and up to 10,000 for
    medical payment claims.

64
HIPPA for MRC Volunteers
As student/volunteer performing duties for the
Virginia Department of Health, you will have
access to the protected health information (PHI)
of our patients. The fact that an individual is
or was a patient of the VDH is PHI.
65
HIPPA for MRC Volunteers
It is illegal for you to use or disclose PHI
outside the scope of your student/volunteer
duties for the Virginia Department of
Health.
66
Western Tidewater MRC Virginia Volunteer Health
System (VVHS) TrainVirginia
67
We need Volunteers!
  • You know a potential volunteer
  • Caring, committed, reliable, and responsible
  • Share flyers and applications

68
What did you learned today?
  • Define the Medical Reserve Corps
  • Examine the mission of the MRC
  • Identify your role and responsibilities as MRC
    volunteer
  • Describe the fundamentals of Public Health and
    Emergency Response
  • Identify the ways the MRC fulfills its mission

69
The Next Steps
  1. Progressively complete training
  2. Create family emergency plan
  3. Determine volunteer interests
  4. Keep contact information updated
  5. Be prepared aware
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