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Title: A Brief Introduction to English-speaking Countries


1
A Brief Introduction to English-speaking
Countries
  • Zhang Huahong
  • School of Foreign Studies
  • Available at
  • sfs.scnu.edu.cn/hhzhang/index.htm

2
Course macro-objectives (MOs)
  1. General cultural studies.
  2. Specific knowledge about major English-speaking
    countries (esp. UK USA).
  3. Extensive reading and targeted vocabulary
    acquisition (related to course arrangement
    rationale).
  4. Research ability (info/material collection and
    organisation, paper writing, reference.)

3
MO. I. Cultural Studies
  • Importance of cultural studies, for English
    majors in particular.
  • Cultural study attitude and approaches
  • - comparative
  • historical diachronic??? - vertical??
  • Spacial ??? synchronic ??? - horizontal??
  • - critical active learning, never take things
    from granted.
  • ? Important implication comparison and relations
    with China should be added.

4
MO.II. Country-specific background knowledge
  • History how these countries have been related to
    one another? (lecture)
  • Land geography, environment, climate, places of
    interests, major cities
  • - What is the relationship between a
    countrys natural environment and its economy,
    people, and culture?
  • People
  • - population size
  • - composition (according to different
    criteria such as racial/ethnic, regional,
    cultural.)
  • - Political and social implications (political
    arrangements, policies, conflicts)

5
MO.II. Background knowledge in specific domains -
2
  • 4. Politics state structure, government
    structure, electoral system, political parties,
    important political personalities
  • 5. Economy economic sectors, strength and
    weakness
  • 6. The target country and the world foreign
    policy, international relations, relations with
    China.
  • 7. Education system, formation.
  • 8. Culture (pop and high) festivals, customs,
    sports, literature, fine art, etc.

6
About the textbook
  • Why these six countries?
  • Apart from language, what might be other reasons
    that we put them together?
  • What is the status of English in these countries?
    native lang., official lang., lingua franca

7
Distribution of NESs by country
8
The Anglosphere anglophone
9
Country Native speakers
1. USA 214,809,000
2. UK 58,200,000
3. Canada 17,694,830
4. Australia 15,581,334
5. Ireland 4,200,000
6. South Africa 3,673,203
7. New Zealand 3,500,000
8. Singapore 665,087
10
Native language ? official language
  • English is an official language in 53 countries
    and regions.
  • But it is not an official language of the UK.
  • Only in part of the US (30 states) is English an
    official language, not at the federal level.
  • It is the de facto ???? official language of UK
    and USA.
  • Official languages in Canada Eng. Fr., in
    Ireland Irish Eng., in New Zealand Eng.
    Maori NZ sign lang.

11
Apart from Eng as NL, other factors
  • Ethnic/racial white being the largest group.
    (later see population/demography)
  • Historical former British colonies or
    settlements US 1776, part of Canada 1763-1867,
    Ireland 1922, Oz 1901, NZ 1907, Commonwealth
    of Nations, NATO.
  • Predominant religion Christianity Anglicanism,
    Roman Catholicism and others

12
Commonwealth of Nations
13
Christianity percentage by country
14
Importance of history studies!!!
  • yesterday (history) today (now) tomorrow
    (future)
  • Next lectures topic.

15
What is there in a name?
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain (England
    Scotland Wales) and Northern Ireland.
  • United States of America (Amerigo Vespucci)
  • Republic of Ireland (Éiru ? Éire land)
  • Canada (Kanata village/settlement)
  • Commonwealth of Australia (Australis, latin.
    southern)
  • New Zealand (Zeeland, NL.)

16
What is the symbolism in the national flag?
  • Pattern.
  • Colour.
  • Historical change.

17
The Union Flag/Jack
18
England
19
Scotland
20
(No Transcript)
21
Wales
22
The Tri-colour
Protestant
catholic
23
The Stars and Stripes the Star-Spangled Banner
24
The Maple Leaf
25
Australian national flag
26
New Zealand national flag
27
National anthems
  • UK God Save the Queen
  • USA The Star-Spangled Banner
  • Canada O Canada (in Eng. Fr.)
  • Ireland Amhrán na bhFiann (The Soldier's Song)
    (Irish)
  • Australia Advance Australia Fair
  • New Zealand God Defend New Zealand (Maori Eng.)

28
  • God save our gracious Queen,1
  • Long live our noble Queen,
  • God save the Queen
  • Send her victorious,
  • Happy and glorious,
  • Long to reign over us
  • God save the Queen.
  • O Lord, our God, arise,
  • Scatter her enemies,
  • And make them fall.
  • Confound their politics,
  • Frustrate their knavish tricks,
  • On Thee our hopes we fix,
  • God save us all.
  • Thy choicest gifts in store,
  • On her be pleased to pour
  • Long may she reign
  • May she defend our laws,
  • And ever give us cause

29
  • O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light,
  • What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last
    gleaming,
  • Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the
    perilous fight,
  • Oer the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly
    streaming?
  • And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in
    air,
  • Gave proof through the night that our flag was
    still there.
  • O say, does that star spangled banner yet wave
  • Oer the land of the free, and the home of the
    brave?

30
  • Where the foes haughty host in dread silence
    reposes,
  • What is that which the breeze, oer the towering
    steep,
  • As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half
    discloses?
  • Now it catches the gleam of the mornings first
    beam,
  • In full glory reflected now shines in the stream
  • Tis the star-spangled banner! O long may it wave
  • Oer the land of the free and the home of the
    brave.

31
  • And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
  • That the havoc of war and the battles confusion
  • A home and a country should leave us no more?
  • Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps'
    pollution.
  • No refuge could save the hireling and slave
  • From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the
    grave
  • And the star-spangled banner, in triumph doth
    wave
  • Oer the land of the free and the home of the
    brave.

32
  • O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
  • Between their loved homes and the wars
    desolation!
  • Blest with victry and peace, may the
    Heavn-rescued land
  • Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us
    a nation.
  • Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
  • And this be our motto "In God is our Trust."
  • And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall
    wave
  • Oer the land of the free and the home of the
    brave.

33
Amhrán na bhFiann A Soldier's Song
  • Soldiers are we Whose lives are pledged to
    Ireland Some have come From a land beyond the
    wave Sworn to be free No more our ancient sire
    land Shall shelter the despot or the slave
  • Tonight we man the bearna baol In Erins cause,
    come woe or weal Mid cannons roar and rifles
    peal Well chant a soldiers song

34
O, Canada!
  • O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot
    love in all thy sons command. With glowing hearts
    we see thee rise, The True North strong and
    free! From far and wide, O Canada, we stand on
    guard for thee. God keep our land glorious and
    free! O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. O
    Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

35
  • Advance Australia Fair
  • Australians all let us rejoice,
  • For we are young and free
  • We've golden soil and wealth for toil
  • Our home is girt by sea
  • Our land abounds in nature's gifts
  • Of beauty rich and rare
  • In history's page, let every stage
  • Advance Australia Fair.
  • In joyful strains then let us sing,
  • Advance Australia Fair.

36
  • Beneath our radiant Southern Cross
  • We'll toil with hearts and hands
  • To make this Commonwealth of ours
  • Renowned of all the lands
  • For those who've come across the seas
  • We've boundless plains to share
  • With courage let us all combine
  • To Advance Australia Fair.
  • In joyful strains then let us sing,
  • Advance Australia Fair.

37
  • God of Nations at thy feet,
  • In the bonds of love we meet
  • Hear our voices we entreat
  • God defend our free land
  • Guard Pacifics triple star
  • From the shafts of strife and war
  • Make her praises heard afar
  • God defend New Zealand.

38
Early Settlement
  • 3,000 BC Iberians from Spain
  • 2,000 BC Beakers from
    Holland
  • 700 BC Germanic Celts
  • 55 BC500 AD Romans
  • 500 AD Anglo-Saxons
  • 800900 AD Vikings and Danes
  • 1066 AD Norman French

39
William the Conqueror
  • (1066-1154) William I, (succeeded by William
    II, Henry I) reorganized the feudal system,
    making all landholders swear greater loyalty to
    him rather than to their separate lords. He also
    ordered an exhaustive survey of the landed wealth
    in his realm. The written results, known as the
    Domesday Book, helped determine the revenues owed
    him by his subjects.

40
Plantagenet (Norman)
  • (1154-1485) Nickname of Anjou dynasty,
    founded by Geoffrey IV, husband of Matilda,
    daughter of King Henry I of England. The kings,
    in the main line of descent, were Henry II,
    Richard I, John, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II,
    Edward III, and Richard II through the house of
    Lancaster, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI and
    through the house of York, Edward IV, Edward V,
    Richard III.

41
Tudor (Welsh)
  • The dynasty (1485-1603) founded by the Welsh
    nobleman Owen Tudor, who married Catherine of
    Valois, the widow of the English king Henry V.
    Their eldest son, Edmund Tudor, married Margaret
    Beaufort, a descendant of John of Gaunt, son of
    King Edward III. In 1485 Edmund and Margaret's
    son, Henry, killed Richard III of the house of
    York and became Henry VII, the first Tudor
    monarch succeeded by Henry VIII and his son and
    two daughters, Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I.

42
Stuart (Scottish)
  • (1603-1714) James I, who succeeded childless
    Queen Elizabeth, as the first Stuart king of
    England, was succeeded by Charles I, Charles II,
    James II, and Mary II. who first ruled with her
    husband, William III, until her death in 1694.
    William then ruled alone until 1702, succeeded by
    Queen Anne, the second daughter of James II.

43
Hanover (German)
  • (1714-1901) Childless Queen Anne was
    succeeded by George I, then by George II, George
    III, George IV, childless William IV and Queen
    Victoria.
  • Twentieth Century (German)
  • (1901-) Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII,
    George VI, Queen Elizabeth II

44
U. K. Historical Dates
  • 1536,1707 the Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1801 the United Kingdom was created
  • 1833 slavery abolished in the Empire
  • 1911 power of House of Lords reduced
  • 1921 the British kingdom was renamed
  • 1945 Labor Party made a welfare state
  • 1979 the first woman as prime minister
  • 1997 the Labor Party returned to power
  • 1999 Scotland, Walesa level of self-rule

45
1. Why is Britain called a complicated
country with a complicated name? 2. What are the
effects of its imperial past? 3. When did it
become a member of the European Union? 4. Why
is it considered a multiracial society? 5. How
remarkable are its class, regional and
economic differences? 6. How significant is the
role of London?
  • Unit 1. Profile of UK

46
7. The significant role of London 8. Cultural
and economic dominance of England 9. Invasion
from the Roman Empire 10. Settlement of the
Anglo-Saxons 11. King Arthur 12. Vikings from
Scandinavia 13. William the Conqueror 14.
Parliaments dominance over the throne 15.
Physical features of Scotland 16. Cultural
division between highland and lowland
47
  • 17.How important is the battle of Bannockburn to
    the Scots?
  • 18.Who is the national hero to bring about the
    300-year independence of Scotland?
  • 19.What happened to Scotland in 1707?
  • 20.How is the strong Scottish identity shown?
  • 21. Can you say something about Wales?
  • 22. Why is it said Wales has a history of
    invasions?
  • 23. In what century was its unification with the
    UK completed?

48
Unit 2. Northern Ireland
  • 1.Can you tell about the population and
  • physical features of Northern Ireland?
  • 2.What is the Home Rule Bill?
  • 3.What happened in Ireland in the Easter
  • Rising of 1916?
  • 4.What does the Sinn Fein Party aim at?
  • 6.What caused the religious conflicts in
  • Ireland historically?

49
7.What is the significance of partition of
Ireland in 1921? 8.How was IRAs violence in the
1970s? 9.What does Bloody Sunday
symbolize? 10.What caused the collapse of the
power- sharing in Northern Ireland? 11.How
did the British and Irish govern- ments
cooperate for a solution? 12.What is the Good
Friday Agreement?
50
Unit 3. THE U. K. GOVERNMENT
  • 1.Divine right of kings
  • 2.The civil war
  • 3.Magna Carta
  • 4.The Great Council
  • 5.The Bill of Rights of 1689
  • 6.The Cabinet
  • 7.The Prime Minister

51
  • 8.The Constitution
  • 9.Parliaments power and functions
  • 10.The roles of the monarch
  • 11.The House of Lords
  • 12.Life peers
  • 13.The House of Commons

52
Unit 4. POLITICS
  • 1.Importance of general elections
  • 2.The formation of the government
  • 3.Vote of no confidence
  • 4.Procedure of general elections
  • 5.The Conservative Party
  • 6.The Labor Party
  • 7.The Liberal Democrats

53
  • 8. Recent political trends in the UK
  • 9.Margaret Thatcher
  • 10.Tony Blair
  • 11.Class system in the British society
  • 12.The upper-middle-class and the lower
  • middle-class
  • 13.The hereditary aristocracy
  • 14.Oxbridge
  • 15.Ethnic relations in Britain

54
Unit 5. THE UK ECONOMY
  • 1.Absolute decline and relative
  • decline of British economy
  • 2.Privatization in the 1980s
  • 3.Main sectors of the UK economy
  • 4.Primary industries
  • 5.Secondary industries
  • 6.Tertiary industries
  • 7.Agriculture

55
  • 8. Energy production
  • 9. Offshore oil industry
  • 10.Manufacturing industry
  • 11.The City of London
  • 12.Aerospace industry

56
  • Unit 6. BRITISH LITERATURE
  • 1.Beowulf
  • 2.The Canterbury Tales by Chaucer
  • 3.Stories of King Arthur and his knights
  • 4.William Shakespeare
  • 5.John Milton
  • 6.Romantic poets of the 19th century

57
  • 7.The Bronte sisters
  • 8.Sir Walter Scott
  • 9.Robert Louis Stevenson
  • 10.Modernism
  • 11.Postmodernism
  • 12.Joseph Conrad
  • 13.Virginia Woolf
  • 14.D.H.Lawrence
  • 15.E.M.Foster

58
  • Unit 7. British Education
  • Purpose of the education system
  • Influence of the Church on schooling
  • Education and social class
  • The 1944 Education Act
  • Comprehensive school
  • Grammar school
  • National Curriculum
  • Public school
  • GCSE, GCE-A, and GNVQs
  • Old Universities
  • The Open University

59
  • Unit 8 Foreign Relations
  • 1.Active in setting up the U.N.
  • 2.Foreign policy influenced by its history and
    geopolitical traits
  • 3.The involvement of the Foreign and Commonwealth
    Office
  • 4.The Treasury
  • 5.Permanent member of UN. SC

60
  • 6.Member of the European Union
  • 7.Member of the Commonwealth
  • 8.Special relationship with US
  • 9.The Suez Crisis
  • 10.The presence of US bases in UK
  • 11.Its participation in NATO

61
  • Unit 9 British Media
  • 1.Popularity and functions
  • 2.The quality press
  • Observer Times Guardian
  • Telegraph Financial Times
  • 3.The tabloids
  • 4.Television and radio
  • 5.British Broadcasting Corporation
  • 6.The Independent TV Commission

62
  • Unit 10. SPORTS,HOLIDAYS,FESTIVALS
  • 1.Football, the FA and the FA Cup
  • 2.Tennis and Wimbledon
  • 3.Cricket and Golf
  • 4.Hunting and fishing
  • 5.Horse racing
  • 6.The Grand National
  • 7.The Royal Ascot
  • 8.Three traditions of Christmas
  • 9.The Christmas Pantomime

63
  • 10.Boxing Days tradition
  • 11.Easter and Ramadan
  • 12.Trooping the color
  • 13.Bonfire Nights traditions
  • 14.The Battle of the Boyne
  • 15.Orange Marches
  • 16.St. Patricks Day
  • 17.Hogmanay in Scotland
  • 18.Burns Night
  • 19.Halloweens traditions
  • 20.The Eisteddfod in Wales

64
Unit 11 Irish land, people, history 1.Northern
Ireland the Republic of Ireland 2.unique
geographic features of Ireland 3.natural
environment 4.temperate climate 5.expansion of
tourism 6.intensive farming 7.emigration
65
8.Great Famine of 1845-48 9.a young
country 10.the Celtic Tiger 11.English
Colonization of Ireland 12.warrior culture and
history 13.campaigns for Home Rule 14.Irish
Independence in 1921
66
12 Politics and Economy 1.representative
democracy 2.structure of Irish government 3.checks
and balances 4.Civil service 5.Irish legal
system 6.small, open, trade-dependent
economy 7.economic transformation 8. accession to
the EU as a watershed 9.social change 10.multinati
onal culture 11.new prosperity 12.new inequalities
67
Unit 13 The Irish life now 1.rapid social
change 2.attitudes to the English 3.Irish
identity 4.Roman Catholic values
5.Catholic-Protestant conflicts 6.extended
family 7.womens movement 8.pub culture
9.flexibility in work places 10.trade
union 11.education and according investment
68
Unit 14 Language, literature, arts 1.Erse and
the colonial policy 2.Hiberno-English 3.oral
culture tradition 4.folk heritage 5.Riverdance
6.Nobel Prize winners for Literature 7.James
Joyce 8.Irish music and dance 9.hurling and
popular sports in Ireland 10.Irish identity in
the world 11.science and technology
69
  • Unit 15 The Land and the people
  • of the dreaming
  • 1.the natural environment of Australia
  • 2.distinctive features of the land
  • 3.distinctive animals of the land
  • 4.the indigenous peoples
  • 5.Dreaming and Dreamtime
  • 6.the concept of Terra Nullius
  • 7.impact of colonization on the indigenous
    peoples
  • 8.policies of segregation and assimilation

70
  • Unit 16. Religion today
  • 1.The dreaming
  • 2.Protestantism and Capitalism
  • 3.Anglicanism and its decline
  • 4.Catholicism
  • 5.Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism
  • 6.Secularism
  • 7.non-Christian religions in Australia
  • 8.religion in a consumerist society
  • 9.sport as a national religion

71
Unit 17 From penal colony to Free
migration 1.beginning of the penal
colony 2.women in the penal colony 3.convict
laborers and workers 4.emancipists 5.from convict
transportation to free migration 6.the basic
problem of free migration 7.the Wakefield Scheme

72
Unit 18 A liberal Democratic
Society 1.difference as the central value of the
Australian society 2.the Washminster form of
polity 3.three-tier system of government 4.two
houses of Parliament 5.the Governor-General 6.poli
tical parties 7.advantages of the pluralist form
of government 8.Australian governments role in
the national economy 9.interventionist
government 10.economic rationalism
73
Unit 19 Bureaucratic power and
Whistle-Blowers 1.the Elite Theory 2.expansion of
the executive government 3.changes in
bureaucratic power in Australian political
economy 4.relationship between the ministers and
heads of departments 5.the bureaucratic
ascendancy 6.whistle-blowing and
whistle-blowers 7.whistle-blowers and
bureaucratic responses

74
  • Unit 20. Racism to multiculturalsim
  • 1.Ethnicity and immigration
  • 2.White Australia Policy
  • 3.Multiculturalism
  • 4.Pauline Hanson and the One Nation Party
  • 5.Migration to Australia today
  • 6.Four stages of the settler-Aboriginal relations
  • 7.The struggle for Land Rights for the Indigenous
    people
  • 8.The Mabo decision
  • 9.The Wik decision/ 10.The History Wars

75
  • 21. New Zealand (1)
  • 1.Geography
  • North Island
  • South Island
  • 2.The Weather
  • 3.Wildlife
  • Unique flora and fauna
  • 4.Environmental Issues
  • Resource Management Act
  • Ozone depletion

76
  • 5.Maori society
  • 6.Maoritanga
  • Traditions
  • Legends about Maui
  • Maori Society
  • Ethnic Relations
  • Maori Language
  • 7.Pacific Island people
  • 8.Race relations
  • 9.HistoryFirst settlers of the Island
  • 10.Maori-Pakeha relationship

77
  • 22. New Zealand (2)
  • 1. Parliament
  • 2. Mixed Member Proportional Representation
  • 3. The Cabinet
  • 4. The Ombudsman
  • 5. Primary Schools Secondary Schools
  • 6. Correspondence School
  • 7. Universities Polytechnics
  • 8. Crops and Horticulture
  • 9. Forests
  • 10. Fisheries
  • 11. Energy
  • 12. Overseas Trade

78
23. AMERICAN BEGINNINGS 1.Discovery of
America 2.Puritanism 3.The Pilgrim Fathers 4.The
influence of Puritanism on American
culture 5.The causes and major leaders of the
American Revolution 6.The Declaration of
Independence Q1, Q3
79
24. U. S. POLITICAL SYSTEM 1.the Article of
Confederation 2.the making of the US
Constitution 3.the three branches of the federal
government 4.checks and balances 5.the Bill
of Rights 6.political parties Q1, Q3, Q5
80
25. AMERICAN ECONOMY 1.Samuel Slater
Q1, Q2, Q3 2.Eli Whitney 3.Industrial Revolution
in America 4.Corporation 5.Service industries
6.Stock 7.The root of Americas
affluence 8.Agribusiness 9.Migrant workers 10.The
success and problems of American agriculture
81
26. RELIGION IN THE U. S. 1.American
history and religious liberty 2.The US
Constitution and religion 3.Protestants in the
US 4.Catholic in the US 5.Three faiths in the
US 6.Religious diversity 7.Characteristics of
American religious beliefs Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4
82
27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 1.Writers of the
post-Revolutionary period Washington Irving
James Cooper 2.Transcendentalists Ralph Emerson
Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 Henry Thoreau 3.Power of
imagination Egdar Poe Nathaniel Hawthorne
Herman Melville
83
27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 4.New visions of
American Walt Whitman 5.Reform and liberation
Harriet Stowe 6.Regionalism William Howells
Mark Twin Emily Dickinson
84
27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 7. A new wave
Henry James Edith Wharton Naturalists
Stephen Crane Theodore Dreiser Jack
London 8.Rebellious spirit Sherwood Anderson
Sinclair Lewis 9.The modernistsimagism---in
poetry Ezra Pound T. S. Eliot E. E. Cumming
Wallace Stevens William C. Williams
85
27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 10.The Lost
Generation F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest
Hemingway William Faulkner 11.The Harlem
Renaissance 12.New Drama Eugene
ONeill 13.Depression Realism and Escapism
John Steinbeck Margaret Mitchell
86
27. AMERICAN LITERATURE Norman Mailer
Joseph Heller 14.The postwar voices The
Beat Generation Black writers Women
writers Theater Tennessee Williams
Arthur Miller
87
28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 1.the goal of
education 2.expenditure of education 3.different
education laws for different states 4.several
levels of schooling 5.curricula for
students 6.compulsory education for all
children 7.public taxation for schools 8.education
in the hands of state and local governments
Q1, Q2, Q3
88
28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 9.equal education
opportunities for minority groups 10.a
strong demand for higher education 11.the complex
system of higher education 12.varieties of
colleges and university 13.trends in degree
programs 14.the Servicemens Readjustment
Act 15.affirmative action programs 16.nontradition
al students
89
29. SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN
AMERICA 1.Greensboro Sit-In 2.The Civil Rights
Movement 3.Martin Luther King, Jr. 4.The Anti-War
Movement 5.Free Speech Movement 6.The Counter
Culture 7.Womens Liberation Movement
90
30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA
1.racial problems 2.inequality in American
society 3.discrimination against blacks 4.the
black underclass 5.poverty as a social
problem 6.drug abuse Q1
91
30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA
7.social costs of drug abuse 8.crime 9.the
profile of a typical criminal 10.racial prejudice
in the high rate of arrests 11.white-collar
crime 12.the abuse of power by government 13.the
abuse of power by corporations
92
31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 1.Eli Whitney and mass
production 2.John H Hall 3. the Stevens and
transportation 4.Samuel F B More 5.The Pony
Express System 6.Alexander Graham Bell 7.Thomas
Alva Edison 8.Frederick Winslow Taylor
93
31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 9.Henry Ford 10.the
invention of the radio 11.the Age of Visual
Information 12.household technologies
13.computer science 14.rocketry 15.Use of
nuclear energy
94
32. POST-WWII AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY
1.the beginning of the Cold War
2.Americo-Soviet Arms Race 3.the Truman
Doctrine 4.the containment policy 5.the Cuban
Missile Crisis in 1962 6.the Korean War
Sino-American relations 7.engagement and
expansion 8.unilateralism 9.the Sept.11 terrorist
attack war on Iraq
95
33. SPORTS SCENIC SPOTS 1.the American
Football 2.baseball 3.Jackie Robinson 4.the
World Series 5.basketball 6.James Naismith 7.NBA
96
33. SPORTS SCENIC SPOTS 8.the Grand
Canyon 9.Yellowstone National Park 10.Disneyland 1
1.The National Monument 12.The Everglades 13.Niaga
ra Falls
97
34. EARLY AMERICAN JAZZ 1.jazz music 2.New
Orleans jazz 3.Louis Armstrong 4.Ragtime
music 5.Count Basie 6.Boogie Woogie
98
35. CANADACOUNTRY PEOPLE 1.the search for
the Canadian identity 2.the regions of
Canada 3.the Yukon the Northwest
Territories 4.British Columbia 5.the prairie
provinces
99
35. CANADACOUNTRY PEOPLE 6.Central
CanadaOntario Quebec 7.the Maritimes (the
Atlantic regions) 8.The First Nations (the
Aboriginal people) 9.European settlement in
Canada 10.The Confederation 11.The origin of the
word Canada
100
36. GOVERNMENT POLITICS 1.Canadas
political system 2.A nation based on peace,
order and good government 3.Tolerance of
different values and customs 4.English-speaking
Canada 5.French-speaking Canada
101
36. GOVERNMENT POLITICS 6.Canadas system
of government 7.The Governor General 8.The
federal government 9.The House of Commons 10.The
Senate
102
37. THE CANADIAN MOSAIC 1.the Canadian
mosaic 2.multiculturalism 3.the First
Nations 4.the Inuit 5.the Metis 6.immigration
policy of Canada 7.Immigration Act 1976 8.Quebec
and French Canadians
103
38. THE CANADIAN ECONOMY 1.three factors
influencing Canadian economy 2the Canada-US
Free Trade Agreement 3.natural resources in
Canada 4.agriculture in Canada 5.manufacturing
industry in Canada 6.service industry in Canada
104
39. CANADIAN LITERATURE 1.the central idea
of Canadian literature 2.Native Canadian
mythology 3.Early colonial literature 4.The
literature of nation-building 5.Ted Allen 6.Hugh
Maclennan 7.Margaret Laurence 8.Margaret
Atwood 9.Alice Munro 10.Michael Ondaatje
105
40. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1.Canada as a
middle power in international
affairs 2.Canadas role in international
organizations 3.The emergence of Canada as a
full- fledged and sovereign state 4.Canadas
role in the Suez Crisis of 1956 5.Lester
Pearson 6.involuntary military
guarantee 7.Canada-US relations
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