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Academic Writing Workshop (1)

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Title: Academic Writing Workshop (1)


1
Academic Writing Workshop (1)
  • In-text citations
  • List of references

Institute of English, University of Silesia
March 31st, 2009
2
Plans for AWW meetings
  • In-text citation, list of references
  • Main text editing, quotations
  • Organisation and planning
  • Peer reviewers comments

3
Citation formats (selection)
  • Traditional footnoting style (e.g. MLA footnoting
    style)
  • APA style (American Psychological Association)
  • ASA style (American Sociological Association)
  • MLA style (Modern Language Association)
  • Harvard style

4
Traditional footnoting style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating
    knowledge.1
  • 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex
    Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
  • Bibliography
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow,
    Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

5
Traditional footnoting style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating
    knowledge.1
  • 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex
    Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
  • Bibliography
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow,
    Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

6
APA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland, 2000, p.5)
  • References
  • Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses
    Social interactions in academic writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

7
APA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland, 2000, p.5)
  • References
  • Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourses
    Social interactions in academic writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

8
ASA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 20005)
  • References
  • Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses
    Social Interactions in Academic Writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

9
ASA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 20005)
  • References
  • Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses
    Social Interactions in Academic Writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

10
MLA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 5).
  • Works cited
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow,
    Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

11
MLA style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 5).
  • Works cited
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing. Harlow,
    Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

12
Harvard style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland, 2000, p.5).
  • References
  • Hyland, K., 2000. Disciplinary discourses
    social interactions in academic writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

13
Harvard style
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland, 2000, p.5).
  • References
  • Hyland, K., 2000. Disciplinary discourses
    social interactions in academic writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.

14
Helpful sources
  • http//owl.english.purdue.edu/
  • http/libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm
  • http//www.calstatela.edu/library/
  • http//www.ikila.us.edu.pl/
  • http//lib.trinity.edu/research/citing/asa20style
    20citations.pdf
  • Turabian, Kate L. 1996. A Manual for Writers of
    Term Papers, Theses and Dissertations. 6th ed.
    Chicago University of Chicago Press.
  • Wolanski, Adam. 2008. Edycja tekstów. Praktyczny
    poradnik. Warszawa PWN.

15
  • ASA style (APA formats for articles also
    included. Please note that if you favour APA or
    any other style for your reference list,
    capitalisation of titles and the use of
    paretheses and quotation marks must follow
    consistently this style throughout your
    references)
  • Traditional footnoting style

16
Book by a single author
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 20005).
  • As Hyland (2000 5) observes in his recent
    monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as
    a means of funding, constructing, evaluating,
    displaying and negotiating knowledge.
  • References
  • Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses
    Social Interactions in Academic
    Writing. Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex
    Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
  • 5 Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses, p. 31.
  • Bibliography
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

17
Books by a single author
  • Main text
  • To a large extent disciplinary discourse has
    evolved as a means of funding, constructing,
    evaluating, displaying and negotiating knowledge
    (Hyland 20005).
  • As Hyland (2000 5) observes in his recent
    monograph, disciplinary discourse has evolved as
    a means of funding, constructing, evaluating,
    displaying and negotiating knowledge.
  • References
  • Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary Discourses
    Social Interactions in Academic
    Writing. Harlow, Essex Pearson Education.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Ken Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing (Harlow, Essex
    Pearson Education Limited, 2000), p. 5.
  • 5 Hyland, Disciplinary Discourses, p. 31.
  • Bibliography
  • Hyland, Ken. Disciplinary Discourses Social
    Interactions in Academic Writing.
    Harlow, Essex Pearson Education, 2000.

18
Book by two or more authors
  • Main text
  • (Hatim and Munday 20048)
  • (Fløttum, Dahl, and Kinn 200619) (Fløttum et al.
    200636)
  • References
  • Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. 2004.
    Translation An Advanced Resource Book.
    London Routledge.
  • Fløttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn.
    2006. Academic Voices Across Languages and
    Disciplines. Amsterdam John Benjamins.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation An
    Advanced Resource Book (London Routledge, 2004),
    p. 8.
  • 5 Kjersti Fløttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn,
    Academic Voices Across Languages and Disciplines
    (Amsterdam John Benjamins, 2006), p. 19.
  • 9 Fløttum et al., Academic Voices, p.36.
  • Bibliography
  • Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation An
    Advanced Resource Book. London Routledge,
    2004.
  • Fløttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn.
    Academic Voices Across Languages and
    Disciplines. Amsterdam John Benjamins, 2006.

19
Book by two or more authors
  • Main text
  • (Hatim and Munday 20048)
  • (Fløttum, Dahl, and Kinn 200619) (Fløttum et al.
    200636)
  • References
  • Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. 2004.
    Translation An Advanced Resource Book.
    London Routledge.
  • Fløttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn.
    2006. Academic Voices Across Languages and
    Disciplines. Amsterdam John Benjamins.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Basil Hatim and Jeremy Munday, Translation An
    Advanced Resource Book (London Routledge, 2004),
    p. 8.
  • 5 Kjersti Fløttum, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn,
    Academic Voices Across Languages and Disciplines
    (Amsterdam John Benjamins, 2006), p. 19.
  • 9 Fløttum et al., Academic Voices, p.36.
  • Bibliography
  • Hatim, Basil and Jeremy Munday. Translation An
    Advanced Resource Book. London Routledge,
    2004.
  • Fløttum, Kjersti, Trine Dahl, and Torodd Kinn.
    Academic Voices Across Languages and
    Disciplines. Amsterdam John Benjamins, 2006.

20
Book which is edited
  • Main text
  • (Smith 1987)
  • References
  • Smith, Larry E., ed. 1987. Discourse Across
    Cultures Strategies in World Englishes. New
    York Prentice Hall.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across
    Cultures Strategies in World Englishes (New
    York Prentice Hall, 1987).
  • Bibliography
  • Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures
    Strategies in World Englishes. New York
    Prentice Hall, 1987.

21
Book which is edited
  • Main text
  • (Smith 1987)
  • References
  • Smith, Larry E., ed. 1987. Discourse Across
    Cultures Strategies in World Englishes. New
    York Prentice Hall.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Larry E. Smith, ed., Discourse Across
    Cultures Strategies in World Englishes (New
    York Prentice Hall, 1987).
  • Bibliography
  • Smith, Larry E., ed. Discourse Across Cultures
    Strategies in World Englishes. New York
    Prentice Hall, 1987.

22
Book with more than one editor
  • Main text
  • (Bybee and Fleischman 1995)
  • (Arabski, Gabrys-Barker, and Lyda 2007) (Arabski
    et al. 2007)
  • References
  • Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. 1995.
    Modality in Grammar and Discourse.
    Amsterdam John Benjamins.
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007.
    Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of
    Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice Para.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds.,
    Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam
    John Benjamins, 1995).
  • 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1,
    Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching
    Foreign Languages (Katowice Para, 2007).
  • 5 Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers
  • Bibliography
  • Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality
    in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam John
    Benjamins, 1995.

23
Book with more than one editor
  • Main text
  • (Bybee and Fleischman 1995)
  • (Arabski, Gabrys-Barker, and Lyda 2007) (Arabski
    et al. 2007)
  • References
  • Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. 1995.
    Modality in Grammar and Discourse.
    Amsterdam John Benjamins.
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007.
    Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology of
    Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice Para.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Joan Bybee and Suzanne Fleischman, eds.,
    Modality in Grammar and Discourse (Amsterdam
    John Benjamins, 1995).
  • 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1,
    Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching
    Foreign Languages (Katowice Para, 2007).
  • 5 Arabski et al. eds., PASE Papers
  • Bibliography
  • Bybee, Joan and Suzanne Fleischman, eds. Modality
    in Grammar and Discourse. Amsterdam John
    Benjamins, 1995.

24
Book with no author
  • Main text
  • (Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966)
  • References
  • Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases.
    1966. Harmondsworth, Middlesex
    Penguin Books.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and
    Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin Books,
    1966).
  • 5 Rogets Thesaurus
  • Bibliography
  • Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases.
    Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin Books,
    1966.

25
Book with no author
  • Main text
  • (Rogets Thesaurus 1966) (Rogets 1966)
  • References
  • Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases.
    1966. Harmondsworth, Middlesex
    Penguin Books.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and
    Phrases (Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin Books,
    1966).
  • 5 Rogets Thesaurus
  • Bibliography
  • Rogets Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases.
    Harmondsworth, Middlesex Penguin Books,
    1966.

26
Volume in a multivolume work
  • Main text
  • (Arabski, Gabrys-Barker, and Lyda 2007) (Arabski
    et al. 2007)
  • References
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007.
    Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology
    of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice
    Para.
  • Footnote
  • 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1,
    Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching
    Foreign Languages (Katowice Para, 2007).
  • 5 Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers
  • Bibliography
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. PASE Papers 2007. Vol.
    1, Studies in Language and Methodology of
    Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice Para,
    2007.

27
Volume in a multivolume work
  • Main text
  • (Arabski, Gabrys-Barker, and Lyda 2007) (Arabski
    et al. 2007)
  • References
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. 2007. PASE Papers 2007.
    Vol. 1, Studies in Language and Methodology
    of Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice
    Para.
  • Footnote
  • 2 Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds., PASE Papers 2007, vol. 1,
    Studies in Language and Methodology of Teaching
    Foreign Languages (Katowice Para, 2007).
  • 5 Arabski et al., eds., PASE Papers
  • Bibliography
  • Arabski, Janusz, Danuta Gabrys-Barker, and
    Andrzej Lyda, eds. PASE Papers 2007. Vol.
    1, Studies in Language and Methodology of
    Teaching Foreign Languages. Katowice Para,
    2007.

28
Translated book
  • Main text
  • (Eliade 199460-61)
  • References
  • Eliade, Mircea. 1994. Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des
    idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy
    do poczatków chrzescijanstwa. Translated by
    Stanislaw Tokarski. Warszawa Instytut Wydawniczy
    PAX.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Mircea Eliade, Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des idées
    religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do
    poczatków chrzescijanstwa, trans. Stanislaw
    Tokarski (Warszawa Instytut Wydawniczy PAX,
    1994), pp. 60-61.
  • 2 Eliade, Historia wierzen, pp. 30-32.
  • Bibliography
  • Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des
    idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy
    do poczatków chrzescijanstwa. Translated by
    Stanislaw Tokarski. Warszawa Instytut
    Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

29
Translated book
  • Main text
  • (Eliade 199460-61)
  • References
  • Eliade, Mircea. 1994. Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des
    idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy
    do poczatków chrzescijanstwa. Translated by
    Stanislaw Tokarski. Warszawa Instytut Wydawniczy
    PAX.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Mircea Eliade, Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des idées
    religieuses, vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy do
    poczatków chrzescijanstwa, trans. Stanislaw
    Tokarski (Warszawa Instytut Wydawniczy PAX,
    1994), pp. 60-61.
  • 2 Eliade, Historia wierzen, pp. 30-32.
  • Bibliography
  • Eliade, Mircea. Historia wierzen i idei
    religijnych Histoire des croyances et des
    idées religieuses. Vol. 2, Od Gautamy Buddy
    do poczatków chrzescijanstwa. Translated by
    Stanislaw Tokarski. Warszawa Instytut
    Wydawniczy PAX, 1994.

30
Book in a foreign language
  • Main text
  • (Zasko-Zielinska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot
    200847)
  • (Zasko-Zielinska et al. 200867)
  • References
  • Zasko-Zielinska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek,
    and Tomasz Piekot. 2008. Sztuka pisania.
    Przewodnik po tekstach uzytkowych (The
    art of writing. A guide to functional texts).
    Warszawa PWN.
  • Footnote
  • Monika Zasko-Zielinska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and
    Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po
    tekstach uzytkowych (The art of writing. A guide
    to functional texts) (Warszawa PWN, 2008), p.
    47.
  • 5 Zasko-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania, p. 67.
  • Bibliography
  • Zasko-Zielinska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek,
    and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania.
    Przewodnik po tekstach uzytkowych (The art of
    writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa
    PWN, 2008.

31
Book in a foreign language
  • Main text
  • (Zasko-Zielinska, Majewska-Tworek, and Piekot
    200847)
  • (Zasko-Zielinska et al. 200867)
  • References
  • Zasko-Zielinska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek,
    and Tomasz Piekot. 2008. Sztuka pisania.
    Przewodnik po tekstach uzytkowych (The
    art of writing. A guide to functional texts).
    Warszawa PWN.
  • Footnote
  • Monika Zasko-Zielinska, Anna Majewska-Tworek, and
    Tomasz Piekot, Sztuka pisania. Przewodnik po
    tekstach uzytkowych (The art of writing. A guide
    to functional texts) (Warszawa PWN, 2008), p.
    47.
  • 5 Zasko-Zalewska et al., Sztuka pisania, p. 67.
  • Bibliography
  • Zasko-Zielinska, Monika, Anna Majewska-Tworek,
    and Tomasz Piekot. Sztuka pisania.
    Przewodnik po tekstach uzytkowych (The art of
    writing. A guide to functional texts). Warszawa
    PWN, 2008.

32
Book in a series
  • Main text
  • (Johns 19977)
  • References
  • Johns, Ann. 1997. Text, Role, and Context
    Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge
    Applied Linguistics. Cambridge CUP.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context
    Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied
    Linguistics (Cambridge CUP, 1994), p. 7.
  • Bibliography
  • Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context Developing
    Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied
    Linguistics. Cambridge CUP, 1994.

33
Book in a series
  • Main text
  • (Johns 19977)
  • References
  • Johns, Ann. 1997. Text, Role, and Context
    Developing Academic Literacies. Cambridge
    Applied Linguistics. Cambridge CUP.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Ann Johns, Text, Role, and Context
    Developing Academic Literacies, Cambridge Applied
    Linguistics (Cambridge CUP, 1994), p. 7.
  • Bibliography
  • Johns, Anne. Text, Role, and Context Developing
    Academic Literacies. Cambridge Applied
    Linguistics. Cambridge CUP, 1994.

34
Subsequent editions
  • Main text
  • (Jordan 19998)
  • References
  • Jordan, Robert R. 1999. Academic Writing Course
    Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow,
    Essex Longman.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course
    Study Skills in English, 3rd ed. (Harlow, Essex
    Longman, 1999), p. 8.
  • Bibliography
  • Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course Study
    Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex
    Longman, 1999.

35
Subsequent editions
  • Main text
  • (Jordan 19998)
  • References
  • Jordan, Robert R. 1999. Academic Writing Course
    Study Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow,
    Essex Longman.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Robert R. Jordan, Academic Writing Course
    Study Skills in English, 3rd ed. (Harlow, Essex
    Longman, 1999), p. 8.
  • Bibliography
  • Jordan, Robert R. Academic Writing Course Study
    Skills in English. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex
    Longman, 1999.

36
Article, or chapter, in an edited book
  • Main text
  • (Swales 199647)
  • References
  • Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. Pp. 45-58 in Academic Writing
    Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by
    Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen.
    Amsterdam John Benjamins. (ASA)
  • Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. In E. Ventola A. Mauranen (Eds.),
    Academic writing Intercultural and textual
    issues (pp. 45-58). Amsterdam John
    Benjamins. (APA)
  • Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds.,
    Academic writing Intercultural and textual
    issues, 45-58. Amsterdam John Benjamins.
    (POPULAR)

37
Article, or chapter, in an edited book
  • Main text
  • (Swales 199647)
  • References
  • Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. Pp. 45-58 in Academic Writing
    Intercultural and Textual Issues, edited by
    Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen. Amsterdam
    John Benjamins. (ASA)
  • Swales, J. (1996). Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. In E. Ventola A. Mauranen (Eds.),
    Academic writing Intercultural and textual
    issues (pp. 45-58). Amsterdam John
    Benjamins. (APA)
  • Swales, John. 1996. Occluded genres in the
    academy The case of the submission
    letter. In Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen, eds.,
    Academic writing Intercultural and textual
    issues, 45-58. Amsterdam John Benjamins.
    (POPULAR)

38
  • Footnote
  • 1 John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy
    The case of the submission letter, in Academic
    Writing Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed.
    Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam John
    Benjamins, 1996), p. 47.
  • Bibliography
  • Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy
    The case of the submission letter. In
    Academic Writing Intercultural and Textual
    Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen.
    Amsterdam John Benjamins, 1996, pp. 45-58

39
  • Footnote
  • 1 John Swales, Occluded genres in the academy
    The case of the submission letter, in Academic
    Writing Intercultural and Textual Issues, ed.
    Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen (Amsterdam John
    Benjamins, 1996), p. 47.
  • Bibliography
  • Swales, John. Occluded genres in the academy
    The case of the submission letter. In
    Academic Writing Intercultural and Textual
    Issues, ed. Eija Ventola and Anna Mauranen.
    Amsterdam John Benjamins, 1996, pp. 45-58.

40
Article in a journal
  • Main text
  • (Biber 2006102) (Narrog 2005680)
  • References
  • Biber, Douglas. 2006. Stance in spoken and
    written university registers. Journal of English
    for Academic Purposes 5 97-116. (ASA)
  • Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change
    of modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics 16(4) 677-731. (ASA)
  • Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics, 16(4), 677-731. (APA)
  • Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change
    of modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics 16(4) 677-731. (POPULAR)

41
Article in a journal
  • Main text
  • (Biber 2006102) (Narrog 2005680)
  • References
  • Biber, Douglas. 2006. Stance in spoken and
    written university registers. Journal of English
    for Academic Purposes 5 97-116. (ASA)
  • Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change
    of modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics 16(4) 677-731. (ASA)
  • Narrog, H. (2005). Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics, 16(4), 677-731. (APA)
  • Narrog, Heiko. 2005. Modality, mood, and change
    of modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics 16(4) 677-731. (POPULAR)

42
  • Footnote
  • 1 Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written
    university registers, Journal of English for
    Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p. 102.
  • 2 Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective, Cognitive
    Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p. 680.
  • Bibliography
  • Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written
    university registers. Journal of English for
    Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp. 97-116.
  • Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005, 677-731.

43
  • Footnote
  • 1 Douglas Biber, Stance in spoken and written
    university registers, Journal of English for
    Academic Purposes, Vol. 5 (2006), p. 102.
  • 2 Heiko Narrog, Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective, Cognitive
    Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4 (2005), p. 680.
  • Bibliography
  • Biber, Douglas. Stance in spoken and written
    university registers. Journal of English for
    Academic Purposes, Vol. 5, 2006, pp. 97-116.
  • Narrog, Heiko. Modality, mood, and change of
    modal meanings A new perspective. Cognitive
    Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005, 677-731.

44
Reprint
  • Main text
  • (Mukarowský 1970)
  • References
  • Mukarowský, Jan. 1970. "Standard language and
    poetic language. Translated by Paul L.
    Garvin. Pp. 40-56 in Linguistics and literary
    style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York
    Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A
    Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay
    Structure, and Style, Washington, DC Georgetown
    University Press, 1964. (ASA)
  • Mukarowský, J. (1970). Standard language and
    poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C.
    Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style
    (pp. 40- 56). New York Holt, Rinehart and
    Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School
    reader on esthetics, literay structure, and
    style, Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964. (APA)
  • Mukarowský, Jan. 1970. Standard language and
    poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In
    Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary
    style, 40-56. New York Holt, Rinehart and
    Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School
    reader on esthetics, literay structure, and
    style, Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964. (POPULAR)

45
Reprint
  • Main text
  • (Mukarowský 1970)
  • References
  • Mukarowský, Jan. 1970. "Standard language and
    poetic language. Translated by Paul L.
    Garvin. Pp. 40-56 in Linguistics and literary
    style, edited by Donald C. Freeman. New York
    Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Reprinted from A
    Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay
    Structure, and Style, Washington, DC Georgetown
    University Press, 1964. (ASA)
  • Mukarowský, J. (1970). Standard language and
    poetic language. Trans. P.L. Garvin. In D.C.
    Freeman (Ed.), Linguistics and literary style
    (pp. 40- 56). New York Holt, Rinehart and
    Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School
    reader on esthetics, literay structure, and
    style, Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964. (APA)
  • Mukarowský, Jan. 1970. Standard language and
    poetic language. Trans. Paul L. Garvin. In
    Donald C. Freeman, ed., Linguistics and literary
    style, 40-56. New York Holt, Rinehart and
    Winston. Reprinted from A Prague School
    reader on esthetics, literay structure, and
    style, Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964. (POPULAR)

46
  • Footnote
  • 1 Jan Mukarowský, "Standard language and poetic
    language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in A Prague
    School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure,
    and Style (Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964 reprint, Linguistics and literary
    style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York Holt,
    Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp. 40-56 (page
    citations are to the reprint edition). .
  • Bibliography
  • Mukarowský, Jan. "Standard language and poetic
    language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin. In A
    Prague School Reader on Esthetics, Literay
    Structure, and Style. Washington, DC Georgetown
    University Press, 1964. Reprint, Linguistics and
    literary style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York
    Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1970, pp. 40-56.

47
  • Footnote
  • 1 Jan Mukarowský, "Standard language and poetic
    language, trans. Paul L. Garvin, in A Prague
    School Reader on Esthetics, Literay Structure,
    and Style (Washington, DC Georgetown University
    Press, 1964 reprint, Linguistics and literary
    style, ed. Donald C. Freeman, New York Holt,
    Rinehart and Winston, 1970), pp. 40-56 (page
    citations are to the reprint edition). .
  • Bibliography
  • Mukarowský, Jan. "Standard language and poetic
    language. Translated by Paul L. Garvin.
    In A Prague School Reader on Esthetics,
    Literay Structure, and Style. Washington, DC
    Georgetown University Press, 1964. Reprint,
    Linguistics and literary style, ed. Donald
    C. Freeman, New York Holt, Rinehart and
    Winston, 1970, pp. 40-56.

48
Secondary quotations
  • Main text
  • Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith
    2003102)
  • (adapted from APA, see http//owl.english.purdue.e
    du/owl/resource/560/08/)
  • References
  • Smith, John. 2003. Text and Discourse Revisited.
    London Routledge.
  • Footnote
  • 1 As cited in John Smith, Text and Discourse
    Revisited (London Routledge, 2003), p. 102.
  • Bibliography
  • Smith, John. Text and Discourse Revisited.
    London Routledge, 2003.

49
Electronic sources (book)
  • Main text
  • (Welch 1999)
  • References
  • Welch, Kathleen E. 1999. Electric Rhetoric
    Classical Rhetoric, Oralism and a New
    Literacy. Cambridge MIT Press. Retrieved
    October 21, 2004 (http//www.netlibrary.com).
    (ASA)
  • Footnote
  • 1 Kathleen Welch, Electric Rhetoric Classical
    Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy
    (Cambridge MIT Press, 1999), http//www.netlibrar
    y.com (21 Oct. 2004).
  • Bibliography
  • Welch, Kathleen. Electric Rhetoric Classical
    Rhetoric, Oralism and a New Literacy.
    Cambridge MIT Press, 1999.
    http//www.netlibrary.com (21 Oct. 2004).
  • The examples above come from http//lib.trinity.e
    du/research/citing/asa20style20citations.pdf

50
Electronic sources (article in a journal,
on-line)
  • Main text
  • (Jobe 2000)
  • References
  • Jobe, Karen D. 2000. "Women and the Language of
    Hackerdom The Gendered Nature of Hacker
    Jargon." Kairos 5(2). Retrieved March 23,
    2005 (http//english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.htm
    l? coverbweb/ jobe/ womenhackerdom.htm).
    (ASA)
  • Footnote
  • Karen Jobe, "Women and the Language of Hackerdom
    The Gendered Nature of Hacker Jargon,"
    Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2, http//english.ttu.edu/kair
    os/5.2/binder.html?coverbweb/ jobe/
    womenhackerdom.htm (23 March 2005).
  • Bibliography
  • Jobe, Karen. "Women and the Language of
    Hackerdom The Gendered Nature of Hacker
    Jargon." Kairos, Vol. 5, No. 2.
    http//english.ttu.edu/kairos/5.2/binder.html?cove
    rbweb/ jobe/ womenhackerdom.htm (23 March
    2005).
  • The examples above come from http//lib.trinity.e
    du/research/citing/asa20style20citations.pdf

51
Electronic sources (article in a journal,
full-text database)
  • Main text
  • (Ferrell 1990)
  • References
  • Ferrell, Robert H. 1990. "Truman's place in
    history." Reviews in American History 18 (1)
    1-9. (Retrieved from JSTOR on February 3, 2005.)
  • Footnote
  • 1 Robert H. Ferrell, "Truman's place in
    history," Reviews in American History, Vol. 18,
    No. 1 (1990), pp. 1-9, retrieved from JSTOR
    (February 3, 2005).
  • Bibliography
  • Ferrell, Robert H. "Truman's place in history."
    Reviews in American History, Vol. 18, No. 1,
    1990, pp. 1-9. Retrieved from JSTOR (February
    3, 2005).
  • The examples above come from http//lib.trinity.e
    du/research/citing/asa20style20citations.pdf

52
Review
  • Main text
  • (Crosby 2008)
  • References
  • Crosby, Cate. 2008. Review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics. From Practice to
    Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies.
    English for Specific Purposes 27 363-367.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics From Practice to Theory (2nd
    ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific
    Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 363-367.
  • Bibliography
  • Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics. From Practice to
    Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English
    for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp.
    363-367.

53
Review
  • Main text
  • (Crosby 2008)
  • References
  • Crosby, Cate. 2008. Review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics. From Practice to
    Theory (2nd edition), by Alan Davies.
    English for Specific Purposes 27 363-367.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Cate Crosby, review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics From Practice to Theory (2nd
    ed.), by Alan Davies, English for Specific
    Purposes, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 363-367.
  • Bibliography
  • Crosby, Cate. Review of An Introduction to
    Applied Linguistics. From Practice to
    Theory (2nd ed.), by Alan Davies. English
    for Specific Purposes, Vol. 27, 2008, pp.
    363-367.

54
Preface
  • Main text
  • (Russell 1984)
  • References
  • Russell, Bertrand. 1984. Preface to Professor
    Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson.
    Woodstock, NY Tusk / Overlook. (ASA)
  • Russell, B. (1984). Introduction. In S.
    Themerson, Professor Mmaas Lecture (pp.1-2).
    Woodstock, NY Tusk / Overlook. (APA)
  • Footnote
  • 1 Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas
    Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY Tusk
    / Overlook, 1984).
  • Bibliography
  • Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas
    Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock,
    NY Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

55
Preface
  • Main text
  • (Russell 1984)
  • References
  • Russell, Bertrand. 1984. Preface to Professor
    Mmaas Lecture, by Stefan Themerson.
    Woodstock, NY Tusk / Overlook.
  • Footnote
  • 1 Bertrand Russell, preface to Professor Mmaas
    Lecture, by Stefan Themerson (Woodstock, NY Tusk
    / Overlook, 1984).
  • Bibliography
  • Russell, Bertrand. Preface to Professor Mmaas
    Lecture, by Stefan Themerson. Woodstock,
    NY Tusk / Overlook, 1984.

56
  • Thank you!
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