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Digital Video

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Digital Video Faculty Innovating with Technology project Gateway Technical College Spring, 2007 Common Video Steps Shooting Get it right in the camera #1 time ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Digital Video


1
Digital Video
  • Faculty Innovating with Technology project
  • Gateway Technical College
  • Spring, 2007

2
Common Video Steps
Shoot
Transfer to computer to edit
Edit
Publish
Transfer to media and enjoy
3
Shooting
  • Get it right in the camera
  • 1 time-saving and effort-saving technique
  • Video camera microphones often pick up too much
    extra noise
  • Can buy an external mic at Radioshack
  • If your camera has a microphone input
  • Built-in microphone might work fine for you

4
Shooting Shot Types
  • Wide shot/establishing shot
  • Shows the subject in its entirety and usually
    includes background images
  • Medium long shot
  • Shows the subject from head to toe
  • Medium shot
  • Shows the subject from chest to head

5
Shooting Shot types
  • Medium close-up
  • Shows the subject from chest to head
  • Regular close-up
  • Shows the subjects head and shoulders
  • Big close-up
  • Subjects face fills the screen

6
Shooting Tips
  • Off-center subjects
  • Rule of thirds
  • Vary long, medium and close shots
  • Zoom BAD
  • A little very slow zoom ok
  • If not using a tripod, prop yourself on furniture
    and walls for stability
  • Use camera motion sparingly

7
Shooting Tips
  • Unintended motion can ruin your video
  • For stability
  • Sit
  • Lean against a wall
  • Hold the camera with both hands
  • Find a level place to park your camera
  • Use motion stabilization, if this is a feature of
    your camera

8
Shooting Rules for Motion
  • Dont use motion to move from shot to shot
  • In recording mode stop reframe the video, and
    then reshoot dont pan

9
Shooting Rules for Camera Motion
  • If you must use motion (Pan)
  • Never pan back and forth
  • Pan from the waist and move your body
  • Dont use your hands or wrists
  • When following a subject, try to keep him in the
    back third of the frame
  • Shoot for a few seconds while stable at both the
    beginning and end of the motion shot
  • Use the horizon as a horizontal cue

10
Shooting Tilt
  • Never tilt up and down
  • Tilt in one direction and then stop
  • Tilt at the waist
  • Using your hands will introduce shake into the
    picture

11
Shooting Zoom
  • Get to know your zoom controls in advance
  • Zoom slowing to the desired framing, and then
    stop, even if its not ideal
  • Disable digital zoom

12
Shooting Lighting
  • Shoot with the sun to your back whenever possible
  • Use cameras preprogrammed AE modes for sunlight,
    sports, spotlight and similar environments
  • Avoid backlit subjects

13
Shooting Sound
  • Turn off all background noise you can
  • TV off!
  • Use headphones to better gauge sound quality
  • Use a directional microphone

14
Shooting Sound
  • There are several reasons why the built-in camera
    microphone may not be adequate
  • Omni-direction
  • Attached to the camera, it can pick up camera
    noise
  • Headphones can help you hear what the camera is
    picking up

15
Shooting
  • Audio
  • Can split from the video and overlayed over
    another part of the video
  • example

16
What camera to buy?
  • Depends what youre planning to use it for
  • Check reviews at http//www.cnet.com

17
Transferring to your computer
  • Also called Capturing
  • From camera, usually by cable
  • Firewire (IEEE) or USB
  • Sony calls firewire i-Link
  • Confirm the camera is on
  • Switch the camera from record to vcr mode
  • Mode is also called play, review

18
Cables
  • USB or
  • More common these days
  • Firewire (also known as iLink)
  • Used often when USB was slower than it is today
  • The cable type depends upon your camera
  • Check that your computer has a compatible
    connection!

19
Video File Formats
  • Captured video is usually saved as an .avi
  • High quality uncompressed
  • Unless the capture program asks you how to save
    it first
  • Your editing program will save as a project
  • Separate from the video files
  • Contains all your edits and additions
  • Publishing your video will save it in a
    compressed format of your choosing
  • usually

20
Editing
  • Generally for assembling and transitioning
    multiple pieces of video
  • Many different video editing software programs
  • Both Macintosh and PC
  • From basic to exceedingly complex and
    feature-filled

21
Entry-Level editing programs
  • Windows Movie Maker (incl with Windows) PC
  • Adobe Premiere Elements (99 or less) PC,
    probably Mac
  • iMovie and iDVD Mac
  • Roxio Movie Creator
  • Pinnacle Studio
  • Ulead Video Studio
  • Easiest?
  • Mac iMovie and iDVD are easiest combination if
    you can get comfortable with the platform (incl
    with Macs)

22
Profession Editing Software
  • Adobe Premiere
  • Apple Final Cut Pro

23
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
24
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
25
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
26
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
  • Capturing

27
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
28
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
29
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
30
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
31
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
32
Capturing from the camera using Windows
Movie-Maker
  • Capturing

33
Viewing Captured Clips in Windows Movie-Maker
34
Editing - Trimming the beginning and ending of
clips
35
Editing - Trimming the beginning and ending of
clips
36
Editing changing from Clip to Timeline view
37
Editing Saving the Project
38
Editing Saving the Project
39
Splitting the clip
40
Splitting a clip
41
(No Transcript)
42
Titles, Transitions and Effects
43
Adding Titles in Windows Movie Maker
44
Transitions
45
Adding a Transition
46
Transcoding
  • Most editing programs are able to output your
    final video into a format your audience can view
    (i.e. DVD)
  • The process of transforming video from one format
    into another is called transcoding
  • The most common transcoding that most people will
    do is to transform captured digital video into a
    DVD-compliant MPEG-2 format

47
Publishing
  • Most entry level and some profession programs
    have VCD and DVD mastering tools
  • Programs designed specifically for these tasks
  • Apple iDVD
  • Roxio DVD Creator
  • Nero

48
Editing Steps
  • Add clips to timeline
  • Choose parts of the clips to include
  • Add transitions
  • Add titles
  • Publish
  • Transfer to media
  • Sometimes done while publishing
  • Can also often add music
  • Compress either in Save or Export step

49
Editing Publishing
  • Allows you to pick options for
  • Output formats
  • media
  • Media
  • Back to camera
  • CD
  • VCD
  • DVD
  • To VHS tape
  • Can store small video files on a flash drive

50
Compression takes awhile
  • Think about how much data we are manipulating
  • A single picture (frame) has hundreds of
    thousands of pixels 640480307,200
  • 29.97 frames per second for television

51
Other Video Techniques
  • Webcams
  • Adding to PowerPoint
  • Linking, not inserting
  • Using Gateways streaming server Screencast videos
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