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Planning for Community Fire Protection


Planning for Community Fire Protection Class #4 Chapters 18,19,20,21, and 22 Fire Prevention Most States have offices oversee certain phases of fire prevention. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Planning for Community Fire Protection

Planning for Community Fire Protection
  • Class 4
  • Chapters 18,19,20,21, and 22

Fire Prevention
  • Most States have offices oversee certain phases
    of fire prevention.
  • The organization of the state fire marshals
    officer differ from state to state.
  • Ill. tbl.18.1 pg 308 tbl.18.2 pg 310

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Training is a challenge for nearly every
    organization, including fire and emergency
    services. It is a sigh of commitment of that
    organization to provide quality service and to
    ensure the health and safety of their employees.

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Effective training achieves
  • Services that meet professional benchmarks and
  • Efficient performance
  • Effective use of technology
  • Safe operations
  • Quality customer service
  • NFPA 1500 requires training

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Training vs. Education
  • Training is the process by which vocational
    skills and knowledge are delivered.
  • Explains what to do
  • Is anchored in past experience
  • Encompasses job skills

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Encompasses practical skills
  • Involves application
  • Results in specific outcomes
  • Is know
  • Education is the process by which academic
    subjects are delivered

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Explain what to do
  • Is geared to the future
  • Encompasses life skills
  • Encompasses cognitive skills
  • Involves theory
  • Results in general outcomes
  • Is unknown

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Training programs
  • Pre-employment
  • Recruit
  • In service
  • Reasons to conduct in service training
  • 1. meets mandatory requirements
  • 2. helps ensure good customer service

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • 3. prevents skills degradation
  • 4. introduces new technology
  • 5. introduces new skills
  • 6. expands service
  • 7. introduces policy changes
  • 8. develops teamwork skills
  • 9. ensures operability of equipment

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Ongoing training should be carefully planned,
    evaluated and revised as needed.
  • Areas to address when planning training
  • 1. Dept. goals and objectives
  • 2. mandated training requirements

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • 3. continuing edu for certifications
  • 4. infrequently used KSAs
  • 5. procedures with high consequences
  • 6. experience from incidents critiqued
  • 7. scheduling
  • 8. Learning learning methodologies
  • 9. Available inside and outside resources
  • 10. labor management issues

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Staff development training.
  • Many fire officials say a lack of staff
    development is a big problem, is it?
  • Training programs should attempt to broaden the
    base knowledge and experiences of aspiring
    officer and current officers

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Issues in staff development training
  • Dept goals and objectives
  • Quality customer service
  • Applicability and accessibility of training
  • Prerequisites
  • Access to learning resources
  • Finance and Resource sharing
  • Certifications and equivalency

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Mentoring programs can be helpful in staff
  • Some FDs require officer candidates to have
    earned higher education degrees before being
    eligible for promotion

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Special operations training
  • Training for these infrequent and highly
    technical events can be very challenging and
    expensive to a training program.
  • Post incident analysis in training is a useful
    tool if done right.

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Designing effective post incident analysis
  • Dept goals and objectives
  • Defined roles of participants
  • Nonthreatening environment
  • Adequate time and resources
  • Defined time frame

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Site visit if possible
  • Record of session and recommendations
  • Follow-through to develop training and modify
  • Follow-through to develop and modify policies and
  • Training record importance

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Training resources
  • Training centers (more next chapter)
  • Staff the most valuable and expensive resources
    for any project are the personnel who do the
    work. It takes special people with a special
    level of expertise and education (motivation and
    a desire for excellence) to plan, direct, and
    deliver quality training.

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • State training resources
  • Federal training
  • Fire service organizations
  • IAFC
  • IAFF
  • NFPA
  • NVFC
  • Private sector organizations

Training Fire and Emergency Services
  • Successful training takes
  • Planning
  • Safety
  • Training Standards, Testing and Certification
    local state federal NFPA
  • training in context to your situation

FD Facilities
  • Fire stations
  • One of the most important elements of a firehouse
    is whether it represents a safe and efficient
    place for people to use.
  • It is very important when designing a FH that a
    clear understanding between designers and the FD
    be established in the conceptual design phase.

FD Facilities
  • Site selection
  • Driven by response (time) goals
  • Response Analysis a must
  • Should be preemptive to growth
  • May consider secondary route location if main
    travel route locations are not practical or too

FD Facilities
  • Planning for building functions
  • Proximity of personnel to apparatus is important
    (get out time)
  • No pole if possible stairs are better
  • The structure should be framed and built stronger
    than regular buildings ensuring the building will
    not fail or become un-operable.

FD Facilities
  • Typical station spaces
  • Apparatus floor
  • Sleeping area
  • Personal accommodations, washroom, showers,
    personal space, men 7 women
  • Watch room
  • Kitchen
  • Living areas
  • Decon area

FD Facilities
  • EMS supply room
  • Laundry
  • Training area
  • Offices
  • Shop area
  • Hose cleaning and drying
  • And plenty of storage

FD Training Facilities
  • One of the most complex operations in the
    construction field.
  • Design team members must have a training
    background because the architects and engineers
    may not be familiar with training needs.

FD Training Facilities
  • Facility design
  • Site selection
  • Clear conceptualization
  • Space required
  • Access
  • Environment
  • Public perception/support
  • Design consideration
  • Layout of various components

FD Training Facilities
  • General building considerations
  • 100 students in classroom and 100 students
    outside training takes about a 15 acres of space
  • Main structures
  • Classrooms
  • Training tower
  • Live fire areas
  • Simulators

FD Training Facilities
  • Auto extrication
  • Crash fire rescue
  • Drafting and pump test area
  • Driver training
  • Storage
  • Rehab area
  • Special Rescue areas
  • All should have safety design features built in,
    enough area, and support

FD Communications
  • No two communities are exactly alike. It is
    important to conduct evaluation of needs (in new
    or existing systems. NFPA 1221 should always
  • Any communication system should have a center
    point for all functions

FD Communications
  • Design considerations
  • Location, Seismic stability, Security, Emergency
    electric power NFPA 111, Wiring access, Lighting,
    AC for computers and people, AC backup,
    Work-station layout (OHSA, ADA, efficiency),
    Console arrangement, Acoustics, Restrooms,
    Kitchen, Interior design, Rest areas,
    Dormitories, Emergency rations and supplies,
    Alternate/backup location

FD Communications
  • Radio Systems
  • Bands VHF, UHF both have -s
  • Which band? Frequency availability, area
    coverage, terrain, number of radio units,
    frequencies in use near-by, mutual aid, type of
    operation, and use of EMS radio systems
  • Radio System Operation pg 349, 350

FD Communications
  • Mobile Radios
  • Should be able to
  • 1. communicate to communication center over an
    assigned channel(s)
  • 2. communicate with other units on a assigned
    tactical channel(s)
  • NFPA 1221 requires 1 spare radio for every 20 in

FD Communications
  • Portable radios
  • At least one on each vehicle
  • One for each member of the company is desirable
    for safety
  • Portables should be checked at least twice a 24hr
    shift (battery and function)
  • Portable radios should allow for ease of
    operation with gloved hands
  • EMS communications see pg 352

FD Communications
  • Communications personnel
  • No system is better than its operators
  • Good training a must
  • Should have complete understanding of all agency
    operations and procedures
  • NFPA 1061 Standard for professional
  • Consolidation of Comm. Centers
  • Joint powers (independent agency)
  • Multi jurisdictional contracting

FD Communications
  • Processing communications
  • Data collection
  • incident related
  • Operations related
  • Reports
  • Receipt of alarm
  • Recording and reproducing
  • Running card
  • Status keeping

FD Communications
  • Computer Aided Dispatch
  • Three types
  • Class 1 most sophisticated tracts status
    recommends dispatch
  • Class 2 uses computer to support all operation
  • Class 3 uses desktop computer technology to
    support the dispatcher

Apparatus and Equipment
  • NFPA 1901 deals with design, performance,
    functions and components of most types of fire
  • NFPA minimums for pumper 750 gpm and at least 300
    gal tank
  • Aerial ladders and elevated platforms see page
  • Quints and special vehicles

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Apparatus engines, brakes, weight
  • 35 mph in 25 seconds
  • Maintain top speed of 50MPH
  • 20MPH up 6 grade
  • Stopping 20MPH to 0 in 35feet required by NFPA
    and Federal code
  • See pg 361 for weight info and important
    definition on pg 362

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Apparatus must comply with government standards
    and should comply with NFPA in these areas
  • Safety audible and visual warning devices
  • Steps and surfaces
  • Mounting of equipment
  • Cab ergonomics
  • Pump panel layout

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Other items to consider
  • Electrical power to apparatus
  • Type and configuration of pump
  • Hose carrying capability and access
  • Water tank
  • Doors and cabinetry
  • Size of cabinets and compartments
  • Ease of operation
  • Etc.

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Aerial ladders
  • Common sizes 75,85,100, 135
  • Height is measured plumb line from top rung to
    ground fully extended max elevation
  • Min rated capacity 250lbs.
  • 18 in wide at narrowest point
  • Stable to 1 ½ times capacity at tip

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Elevated Platforms
  • 3 basic designs, page 367
  • Available in heights up to 200ft
  • Two sets of controls platform ground
  • Water Towers
  • Designed to discharge a minimum of 1000 gpm _at_ 100
  • Heights of 50 to 75 feet

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Other types of apparatus
  • Foam units
  • CFR vehicles
  • Communication and chief vehicles
  • Specialty team
  • Air and fan units
  • Fire boats, grass trucks
  • etc

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Required equipment NFPA apparatus standards
    include sections on recommended equipment and
  • Apparatus procurement pg 371

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Lease or buy outright?
  • Should consider plus minus of each
  • Maintenance
  • Liability
  • Repair costs
  • Funding
  • Average front line life expectancy
  • Engines 10-15 yrs extreme 7-9 yrs
  • Trucks 12 -15 yrs extreme 9-11 yrs

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Maintenance
  • NFPA 1915 PM and NFPA 1071 technician
    qualifications are important to follow
  • Service tests annually and after big repair for
    all pumps NFPA 1911
  • Inspections of aerial apparatus NFPA yearly
    inspection and specific nondestructive testing
    (welds, bolts, cracks etc) not exceeding 5 yr

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Refurbishing apparatus
  • Level I new frame, cab, front axle, steering and
    suspension components minimum all must comply
    with current NFPA 1901
  • Level II not as extensive as Level I must comply
    only with standard in effect when vehicle was
    originally manufactured.

Apparatus and Equipment
  • Ground Ladders
  • NFPA 1931 standard on design
  • NFPA 1932 use, maintenance, testing
  • Annual testing or as indicated
  • Hose and Nozzles
  • NFPA has standards for each and should be