Gears and Gear Trains: Student Learning Goal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gears and Gear Trains: Student Learning Goal

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Gears and Gear Trains: Student Learning Goal The student will be able to identify and describe, in quantitative and qualitative terms, the operation and applications ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gears and Gear Trains: Student Learning Goal


1
Gears and Gear Trains Student Learning Goal
  • The student will be able to identify and
    describe, in quantitative and qualitative terms,
    the operation and applications of gears (C3.1).

2
Gears and Gear Trains
  • SPH4C

3
Gears
  • Gears are toothed wheels on axles and are
    therefore members of the lever family.
  • The teeth prevent slippage.

4
Purpose
  • Gears are used to transfer or change rotational
    speed.
  • Example
  • The load gear will turn at 1/3 of the rotational
    speed of the effort gear (driver).

5
Gear Ratio
  • This ratio of the number of teeth of the effort
    gear to the number of teeth of the load gear is
    called the gear ratio.

6
Gear Ratio
  • This ratio of the number of teeth of the effort
    gear to the number of teeth of the load gear is
    called the gear ratio which is equal to the IMA.

7
IMA
  • Why would one want to use gears with an IMA of
    less than 1?

8
IMA
  • Why would one want to use gears with an IMA of
    less than 1?
  • The trade-off is that when you reduce speed, you
    increase torque.

9
Example
  • What is the IMA of the following set of gears?

10
Example
  • What is the IMA of the following set of gears?
  • IMA 4 (or the gear ratio 41)

11
Gear Trains
  • To create larger gear ratios, gears are often
    connected in gear trains, for example

Each gear turns at twice the speed of the one to
its left, which means that the red gear turns at
2 x 2 x 2 8 times the speed of the blue gear.
12
Planetary Gear Trains
  • Planetary gear trains allow the output shaft to
    be along the same axis as the input shaft

Such a gearing system would be used in a device
such as an electric screwdriver.
13
More Practice
  • Construction with Gears Lab Activity
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