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International Association of Fire Chiefs National Firefighter Safety Stand Down June 21, 2005

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Title: International Association of Fire Chiefs National Firefighter Safety Stand Down June 21, 2005


1
International Association of Fire Chiefs National
Firefighter Safety Stand Down June 21, 2005
  • Maryland Fire and Rescue Institute

2
Stand Down
  • Is a method used by the military to correct an
    issue that has been identified as a problem
    throughout its ranks.

3
IAFC President Chief Bob DiPoli
  • Firefighters are being killed at an alarming
    rate. The fire service simply cannot continue to
    do business as usual when so many of its own are
    dying. We are conducting the stand down to raise
    awareness of the need for increased vigilance
    toward fire fighter safety.

4
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Resources
  • Activities
  • Improvement Plan

5
1. Introduction
  • The IAFC and its partners are urging you and all
    fire departments throughout the country to
    suspend all non-emergency activity and focus
    entirely on firefighter safety.
  • Talk about line-of-duty deaths check all
    apparatus and equipment discuss health safety
    regulations review fire ground safety issues
    and take stock of training exercises and fitness
    goals.

6
(No Transcript)
7
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8
What can we do to change the trend?
9
How does the culture of your fire department
impact safety?
10
What can you do to improve safety in the fire
service and your department?
11
2. Resources
  • National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
    Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • NIOSH reports
  • NIST simulations
  • NFPA
  • VFIS
  • USFA/NFA
  • IAFC
  • MSFA
  • Firehouse.com
  • Respondersafety.com
  • OSHA
  • MIEMSS
  • Firefightrerclosecalls
  • MFRI

12
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 1. Define and advocate the need for a cultural
    change within the fire service relating to
    safety, incorporating leadership, management,
    supervision, accountability, and personal
    responsibility.

13
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 1. Define and advocate the need for a cultural
    change within the fire service relating to
    safety, incorporating leadership, management,
    supervision, accountability, and personal
    responsibility.
  • The need for safety must start at the top of the
    organization. It must be practiced by all and
    enforced as an organizational priority.

14
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 2. Enhance the personal and organizational
    accountability for health and safety throughout
    the service.

15
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 2. Enhance the personal and organizational
    accountability for health and safety throughout
    the service.
  • The organization shall provide the members with
    the proper PPE and SCBA to complete their duties.
    Members shall utilize the PPE and SCBA to carry
    out their duties as prescribed by the
    manufacturer and departmental procedures.

16
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 3. Focus greater attention on the integration of
    risk management with incident management at all
    levels, including strategic, tactical, and
    planning responsibilities.

17
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 3. Focus greater attention on the integration of
    risk management with incident management at all
    levels, including strategic, tactical, and
    planning responsibilities.
  • Risk Management NFA- USFA
  • We will risk our lives a lot to protect a savable
    life.
  • We will risk our lives a little to protect
    savable property.
  • We will not risk our lives at all in an attempt
    to protect lives and property that are already
    lost.

18
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 4. Empower all firefighters to stop unsafe acts.

19
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 4. Empower all firefighters to stop unsafe acts.
  • Watch out for our brother and sister
    firefighters. We need to help each other. Point
    out unsafe acts before they cause injury or
    death.

20
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 5. Develop and implement national standards for
    training, qualifications, and certification
    (including recertification) that are equally
    applicable to all firefighters, based on the
    duties that they are expected to perform.

21
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 5. Develop and implement national standards for
    training, qualifications, and certification
    (including recertification) that are equally
    applicable to all firefighters, based on the
    duties that they are expected to perform.
  • Advocate the use of the Maryland Fire Service
    Professional Qualification system. All responders
    should be certified to the level of their
    response capabilities.

22
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 6. Develop and implement national medical and
    physical fitness standards that are equally
    applicable to all firefighters, based on the
    duties that they are expected to perform.

23
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 6. Develop and implement national medical and
    physical fitness standards that are equally
    applicable to all firefighters, based on the
    duties that they are expected to perform.
  • Advocate physicals for all members when they
    join and at yearly intervals.

24
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 7. Create a national research agenda and data
    collection system that relate to the initiatives.

25
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 7. Create a national research agenda and data
    collection system that relate to the initiatives.
  • All counties should require detailed reports
    from all departments concerning responses,
    incidents, injuries, and fatalities. This report
    should also include training records for each
    member.

26
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 8. Utilize available technology wherever it can
    produce higher levels of health and safety.

27
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 8. Utilize available technology wherever it can
    produce higher levels of health and safety.
  • Use thermal imaging cameras, combustible gas
    indicators, and charged electric wire alerting
    devices to indicate dangerous conditions at
    incidents scenes to response personnel.

28
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 9. Thoroughly investigate all firefighter
    fatalities, injuries, and near misses.

29
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 9. Thoroughly investigate all firefighter
    fatalities, injuries, and near misses.
  • Develop a program to define near misses.
  • Investigate all injuries and near misses.
  • Cooperate with agencies that conduct fatality
    investigations.
  • Utilize this information to improve the safety
    and welfare of responders.

30
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 10. Ensure grant programs support the
    implementation of safe practices and/or mandate
    safe practices as an eligibility requirement.

31
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 10. Ensure grant programs support the
    implementation of safe practices and/or mandate
    safe practices as an eligibility requirement.
  • When writing grant requests include safety
    criteria as part of the specifications.

32
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 11. Develop and champion national standards for
    emergency response policies and procedures.

33
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 11. Develop and champion national standards for
    emergency response policies and procedures.
  • Adopt and follow NFPA standards for emergency
    response such as NFPA 1500 and NFPA 1521.
  • Comply with federal regulations such as 29 CFR
    1910.134, Respiratory Protection, and 29 CFR
    1910.120 Hazardous Materials Response.
  • These are examples only. There are numerous
    standards and regulations that apply to emergency
    responders.

34
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 12. Develop and champion national protocols for
    response to violent incidents.

35
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 12. Develop and champion national protocols for
    response to violent incidents.
  • Work with law enforcement agencies to develop
    and comply with protocols for response to violent
    incidents.

36
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 13. Provide firefighters and their families
    access to counseling and psychological support.

37
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 13. Provide firefighters and their families
    access to counseling and psychological support.
  • Develop local and state resources for members
    and their families for counseling and
    psychological support services.

38
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 14. Provide public education more resources and
    champion it as a critical fire and life safety
    program.

39
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 14. Provide public education more resources and
    champion it as a critical fire and life safety
    program.
  • Develop your departments ability to provide
    public education services to your community.
    Resources can be obtained in grant requests.

40
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 15. Strengthen advocacy for the enforcement of
    codes and the installation of home fire
    sprinklers.

41
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 15. Strengthen advocacy for the enforcement of
    codes and the installation of home fire
    sprinklers.
  • Provide your members with basic training in the
    use of the applicable Fire Prevention Code for
    your jurisdiction . Ascertain the correct
    procedure to report violations to the responsible
    agency.
  • Become an advocate for home automatic sprinkler
    systems. Enlist the assistance of other community
    groups in your area.

42
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 16. Make safety a primary consideration in the
    design of apparatus and equipment.

43
National Fallen Firefighters Foundation 16
Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives
  • 16. Make safety a primary consideration in the
    design of apparatus and equipment.
  • When writing specifications for new apparatus
    and equipment include the appropriate NFPA
    specifications. The equipment and apparatus
    should carry the applicable NFPA approval labels.

44
NIOSH Reports
  • Trusses - 2005 Report
  • Photos
  • Case studies
  • Diagrams
  • Safety practices

http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2005-132/
45
NIOSH FF Fatality Reports
  • NIOSH investigates most fatalities.
  • List by states
  • List of all investigations
  • Can be used to enhance safety

http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/firehome.html
46
NIOSH Fatality Report
  • Summary of incident
  • Recommendations
  • Photos
  • Detailed report

47
NIOSH Alert Reports
  • Detailed report
  • Example - Fire ground structural collapse
  • Expanded coverage needed for one area that
    affects safety

48
NIOSH Report BBP
  • OSHA regulations
  • Precautions
  • Preventing needle sticks

http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/
49
NIST Fire Simulations
  • http//www.fire.nist.gov/
  • Fire in a One-Story Restaurant, Texas
  • February 14, 2000
  • Truss roof construction
  • Fire involvement of roof area
  • Roof collapse
  • Two firefighters killed
  • CD-ROM 13 minutes

50
http//www.nfpa.org
51
NFPA Many services available
  • http//www.nfpa.org/categoryList.asp?categoryID27
    9
  • NFPA standards available on-line for reading only
  • 472 - Hazardous Materials Response
  • 1403 - Live fire Training
  • 1981 Open-circuit SCBA
  • Fire Prevention and Public Education materials
    for purchase
  • Departments can have memberships
  • Investigations - example
  • Residential House, Pittsburgh, PA, 2/14/95, 3
    fatalities. NFPA members Download this report
    for free (PDF, 1.7 MB) Free summary in English
    (PDF, 56 KMB) and Spanish (PDF, 6 KB)

52
Pittsburg Fire Free Summary Report
53
Pittsburg Fire Full Report
  • 21 Pages
  • Photos and diagrams
  • Points
  • 3 firefighters deceased
  • Not found for 1 hour
  • Poor ICS
  • No accountability
  • Poor communications

54
VFIS Glatfelter Insurance Group
  • Report forms
  • Weekly Emergency Vehicle Report
  • SCBA checklist
  • Client Training

http//www.vfis.com
55
USFA/NFA
  • National Fire Academy
  • NIMS
  • EMI
  • On-line classes
  • Firefighters Grant Program

http//www.usfa.fema.gov/
56
International Association of Fire Chiefs
  • Home page for Stand Down for Safety
  • Many links
  • National Near Miss Reporting system

http//www.iafc.org/standdown/resources.asp
57
MSFA
  • State training committee
  • Funding grants
  • State legislation

http//msfa.org/index.html
58
Firehouse.com
  • Extensive coverage of the emergency services
  • Company drills
  • Latest incidents

59
Respondersafety.com
  • Highway safety for responders
  • Traffic incident management systems

60
OSHA
  • Federal regulations
  • Training programs
  • Enforcement
  • interpretations

http//www.osha.gov/
61
MIEMSS
  • EMS Protocols
  • EMS certification
  • Matching Grants
  • EMS WMD issues

http//www.miemss.org/
62
Firefighterclosecalls.com
  • Excellent site
  • Personal reports of close call incidents
  • Reports and training items for download

www.firefighterclosecalls.com/
63
MFRI
  • State and regional training
  • On-line classes
  • Registration
  • Links
  • Contacts
  • Company Drills

http//www.mfri.org/
64
3. Activities
  • Station Operations
  • Responding/Returning
  • Fire Ground Operations
  • Other Emergency Operations
  • Training

65
Stations Operations
  • Moment of silence for LODD at shift change or
    company meetings
  • Apparatus checks
  • Equipment checks
  • Slip, trip, and fall issues
  • Air compressor/cascade air quality
  • Health and Safety Officer designated
  • Physicals for all members
  • Critical Incident Stress for members

66
Responding/Returning
  • Is POV allowed?
  • Driver qualifications
  • All members seated and belted
  • Stop for all stop signs, red lights, and railroad
    crossings
  • Spotters for backing apparatus
  • Maps and response routes
  • Avoid bridges with ratings less than the vehicle
    weight

67
Fire Ground Operations
  • Use of ICS/IMS
  • Safety Officer clearly designated
  • SOPs
  • Mandatory SCBA usage requirements
  • Continuous water supply established
  • Clearly understood Plan of Action
  • Offensive or defensive operations announced
  • Accountability system in place and utilized

68
Other Emergency Incidents
  • Blood borne pathogen requirements followed
  • Highway safety procedures followed
  • Air monitoring for Hazmat and Confined Space
    operations
  • Technical Rescue incident trained responders

69
Training
  • Minimum training requirements for all members
  • Instructors qualified to teach in their area
  • NFPA 1403 followed for all live burns
  • Driver training programs and refreshers should be
    mandatory
  • Training records for all members
  • Certification system fees paid by the departments

70
4. Plan of Action
  • Identify areas of departmental and personal
    weaknesses.
  • List items that can be changed immediately
  • List items that require training and/or resources
    to accomplish
  • List items that are long range goals that require
    extensive changes to operations, equipment, or
    organizational culture

71
4. Plan of Action
  • Make a plan for immediate changes
  • Make a plan for changes that require changes in
    training or procedures and resource allocation
  • Make a plan for long range changes
  • These plans need a timetable and bench marks.
    Regular progress reports to management and the
    membership.
  • The need to change must be sold to the responders
    and accepted
  • Any changes made require support and enforcement

72
Review
  • Introduction
  • Resources
  • Activities
  • Improvement Plan

73
Your thoughts?
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