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PSYCH 374 Multicultural Psychology Chapter 7

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PSYCH 374 Multicultural Psychology Chapter 7 Cultural Identity Development Understand the influence of social forces, such as racism and discrimination, on personal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PSYCH 374 Multicultural Psychology Chapter 7


1
PSYCH 374Multicultural PsychologyChapter 7
  • Cultural Identity Development

2
  • Understand the influence of social forces, such
    as racism and discrimination, on personal
    identity development
  • Define the different models of cultural identity
    development, along with their various stages.
  • Understand that personal identity has multiple
    layers, including race, culture, ethnicity,
    gender, sexual orientation, etc.

Chapter 7 Objectives Please Note All Concepts,
Terms, Definitions etc. in Gold font throughout
our PowerPoints refer specifically to the APA
Multicultural Guidelines online
3
  • Cultural Identity Development
  • A Model of Personal Identity
  • Tripartite Model of Personal Identity the
    understanding that our self-perceptions are made
    of unique, individual aspects, aspects of groups
    to which we belong, and universal aspects of
    human beings

4
  • Racial Identity Development
  • African-American Identity Development
  • - Pre-encounter stage of minority identity
    development the stage or status in which one
    feels and accepts that the world is organized
    according to the dominant culture and against
    ones own cultural group.
  • - Encounter stage of minority identity
    development the stage or status in which one is
    confronted with the realities of racism or other
    forms of devaluation of ones cultural group.
  • - Immersion/Emersion stage of minority identity
    development the stage or status in which one
    involves oneself completely within ones cultural
    group to the exclusion of the majority group. One
    emerges from this stage because one cannot meet
    all of ones needs if society is truly dominayed
    by the majority group.
  • - Internalization stage of minority identity
    development the stage or status in which one
    feels comfortable with ones identity. This
    allows one to express acceptance of other
    cultures.

5
  • Racial Identity Development
  • White Identity Development
  • - Contact the status un which White people are
    uniformed about the realities of racism and
    privilege.
  • - Disintegration the status in which White
    people are in enough contact with ethnic
    minorities that their naïveté about racism is
    shattered.
  • - Reintegration the status in which White
    people retreat to their comfort zone within their
    White comminutes.
  • - Pseudoindependence the status in which White
    people begin to ackowlege the realities of racism
    but believe that it is Blacks who should change,
    not Whites.
  • - Immersion/Emersion the status in which White
    people begin to form a more positive White
    identity and to focus on changing Whites, not
    Blacks.
  • - Autonomy the status in which White people are
    comfortable with their White identitiy,
    understand that racism is connected with other
    forms of oppression, and work to address al forms
    of oppression.

6
  • Racial Identity Development
  • Multiracial Identity Development
  • - Personal Identity the stage or status in
    which a child bases his/her identity on personal
    factors, such as self-esteem, instead of on race
    or ethnicity.
  • - Choice of Group Categorization the stage or
    status in which a child is forced to choose which
    race or ethnicity he/she should use as the basis
    of his/her identity.
  • - Enmeshment/Denial the stage or status in
    which a child feels guilty about choosing one
    race or ethnicity over the other, because this is
    an implicit rejection of the parent whose race or
    ethnicity was not chosen.
  • - Appreciation the stage or status in which a
    child/adolescent begins to broaden his/her
    perspective to include the race or ethnicity not
    initially selected for his/her identity.
  • - Integration the stage or status in which a
    child/adolescent/adult sees the benefits of
    embracing both races or ethnicities.

7
  • LGBT Identity Development
  • LGBT Identity Development
  • - Identity Confusion the stage or status in
    which a gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual
    begins to question his/her sexual identity.
  • - Identity Comparison the stage or status in
    which a gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual
    recognizes his/her feelings about same-sex
    individuals.
  • - Identity Tolerance the stage or status in
    which a gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual
    fully recognizes his/her homosexual feelings but
    attempts to hide them from others and
    himself/herself, by trying to believe, for
    example, that it is just a phase he/she is
    going through.
  • - Identity Acceptance the stage or status in
    which a gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual
    fully accepts his/her sexual orientation and is
    about to come out to others.
  • - Coming Out the process by which a gay,
    lesbian, or bisexual individual openly expresses
    his/her sexual orientation.
  • - Identity Pride the stage or status in which a
    gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual openly
    expresses his/her sexual orientation and takes
    pride in that identity.
  • - Identity Synthesis - the stage or status in
    which a gay, lesbian, or bisexual individual is
    able to integrate all aspects of his/her
    identities, such as ethnic minority status and
    gender.

8
  • Cultural Identity Development
  • Racial and Cultural Identity Development Model
    (R/CID) a general model that covers all forms
    of cultural identity and addresses how one
    relates to oneself, to others of the same
    culture, to others of different cultures, and to
    the dominant cultural group.

9
  • Cultural Identity Development
  • A Critique of the Stage Models
  • Multiple Layering of Identities
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