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Title: Education


1
Unit 4
  • Education

2
Text A
  • Conversation Registering at the Local College
  • ?????????

3
  • register????(??)??register a birth
    ????.register a letter (get a letter registered)
    ???? (a registered letter ?????)register
    (oneself) with the police ??????
  • ?????? to register for the entrance examination
    to..university
  • local

4
  • local ???,???,???local authority
    (?,?,??)????.local customs ??????.a local
    government ????.local news ????.
  • local protectionism ??????
  • We feel confident that our experience and local
    knowledge will enable us to give you entire
    satisfaction, whenever you may require our
    services. ????,????????????,????????????

5
  • The first thing Ann needs to do in the university
    is register after she arrives, but she has some
    problems with it. Rita, her roommates, is helping
    her out.

6
  • The first thing Ann needs to do in the university
    is register after she arrives
  • ?????????????????that
  • is register be???????????,??register???to???????
    ?? all, what ????????????only, first, one, least
    ?????????,???????do?,???????????,?????to?All I
    did was empty the bottle. ????????????What I
    wanted to do was drive all night. ??????????
    The only thing I could do was do it myself ?
    ?????????????

7
???????to
  • ??????????????,?????????????????????,??to?????
  • ???????????????????to,??????????????feel,
    listen to ?hear ,let?make?have,
    see?watch?notice?observe?look at. He noticed
    Tom take a branch of flowers in his hand.
    ???????????????The teacher has us write a
    composition every week. ?????????????   
    ??let ??????????????to?The person was seen to
    enter the shop by us .  ??????????????

8
  • ????? may well do,may as well do
    (????)?but?except??????,???????do????to,????can
    not do but,can not help but???,We might as
    well put up here for tonight. ?????????????
    She can do nothing but/except sing.
    ???????????There is nothing he could do but play
    all day long? ??????,???????

9
  • ????help???????????,??to?????Can I help(to)
    carry it for you? ????????I helped him(to)
    mend the bike. ?????????

10
  • ?had better,would rather,rather than????to?You'd
    better not tell him the news .
    ?????????????Rather than wait for anyone, I
    decided to go home by taxi. ??????????????????

11
  • ?????and,except, but, than, or ???????????????????
    ??,??????????to? Id like to stay with you,
    help you and learn from you. ??????????,????????
    ??She told us to stay at home and wait till she
    came back. ?????????????????

12
  • ????????????????,?????to.To try and fail is
    better than not to try at all.  ????????????He
    hasn't decided whether to quit or to stay.
    ????????????To be or not to be, that is a
    question. ???????,???????

13
  • Why?Why not ????????????????,??to?    Why not go
    out for a walk ? ???????????  
  • ???discover, imagine, suppose,
    think???????,????to be???  He is supposed (to
    be) nice. ????????

14
??
  • You had better ______ your hair cut.A. had   B.
    have   C to get   D to have
  • He ______ live in the country than in the
    city.A. prefers    B. likes to   
  • C. had better   D. would rather

15
  • Paul doesn't have to be made ___. He always works
    hard.  A. learn B. to learn C. learned D.
    learning
  • He wants to believe anything but___ the medicine.
    A. to take B. takes C. take D. takes

16
  • but she has some problems with it
  • have some problems/ have a problem with
    ????,???
  • e.g.
  • Every country may have some problems with funny
    money. ??????????????
  • She must have a lot of problems with the
    language.    ?????????????
  • We have a problem with our living arrangements. 
      ???????????. When you know you have a problem
    with stress, try to solve it one step at a time. 
      ?????????,????????

17
  • Rita, her roommates, is helping her out.
  • help out ??...????,????My father helped me out
    when I lost my job. ??????????????
  • He's always willing to help out when we're short
    of staff. ?????????, ???????.
  • help to??,??
  • It will help to improve your speaking.   
    ?????????????
  • His testimony would help to clear up any doubt. 
      ??????????????

18
??
  • The first thing Ann needs to do in the university
    is register after she arrives, but she has some
    problems with it. Rita, her roommates, is helping
    her out.
  • ???,????????
  • ????????,???
  • ????????????
  • ???

19
  • Rita Ann, you look upset. Whats up? Anything I
    can help you with?
  • Ann The invitation letter says I should register
    after I arrive, but I cant find how.

20
  • you look upset
  • upset vt. ???,???
  • The news quite upset him.?????????.She is
    easily upset emotionally.????????.

21
conversation skill
  • Whats up?
  • Whats up??How are you doing? Hows it
    going???Whats new?,???????????,???whats
    going on?/what are you up to? ??????/????
    ???????????????????,????????,???Nothing?Not
    much.
  • ??????????,??????????Whats up????????,Whats
    up?????Hello?
  • What's up?"????????????,????????,?????,????????

22
conversation skill
  • Anything I can help you with? ??????,? offering
    help?????
  • A Is there anything I can do?
  • B Thanks, but I can manage.
  • A Well, let me know if I can be of any help.
  • B Thank you for your kindness.

23
offering help
  • A Shall I carry your baggage to your room?
  • B Yes, please.
  • A I'd like to recommend a good dentist.
  • B Thanks. Who do you recommend?
  • A Do you need help?
  • B Would you mind putting my bag up on the rack?

24
  • The invitation letter says I should register
    after I arrive, but I cant find how.
  • invitation letter ???
  • invitation n. ??
  • should ????, ?ought to ??"??"???,????????
    ---Ought he to go? ---Yes. I think he ought
    to. ????,???,??? should(??)?had
    better??)?must(??)???
  • but I cant find how???,??????????,?to register.

25
??
  • Rita Ann, you look upset. Whats up? Anything I
    can help you with?
  • Ann The invitation letter says I should register
    after I arrive, but I cant find how.
  • ???,????????????????????
  • ??????????????,?????????????

26
  • Rita OK, let me tell you what you need to do.
    You should first go to the International Student
    Center to inform them of your arrival. Then
    register at the Information Center and get your
    ID card and PIN number.

27
  • let me tell you what you need to do
  • let sb. do sth. ?do????????to
  • ???tell?????you?????what you need to do
  • You should first then
  • first then ??????(sequence)?
  • more expressions for sequence

28
Sequence
  • Firstly
  • The first step is
  • First of all
  • The first stage is
  • To begin with,
  • ... begins with
  • Initially
  • ... commences with
  • Beforehand
  • Before this
  • Previously
  • Prior to this
  • Earlier
  • At the same time,
  • During
  • Simultaneously
  • When this happens 
  • While  

29
sequence
  • Secondly, Thirdly etc
  • After this,
  • Next,
  • The next step is
  • Then,
  • In the next stage
  • Subsequently
  • In the following stage,
  • Later
  • Following this
  •  As soon as the committee has finished its work,
    ...  
  • Eventually,
  • ... until ...
  • Lastly
  • ... finishes with ...
  • Finally,
  • concludes with
  • In the last stage,
  • The last step is ...

30
  • the International Student Center?????(responsible
    for students from other countries)
  • inform them of your arrival
  • inform???????
  • inform oneself of (????)??
  • inform sb of sth ???????
  • be well informed about sth ???????
  • You will be informed of the details at the
    appropriate time. ?????????????

31
  • the Information Center ????
  • ID card ???
  • student ID card
  • ???
  • PIN number

32
??
  • Rita OK, let me tell you what you need to do.
    You should first go to the International Student
    Center to inform them of your arrival. Then
    register at the Information Center and get your
    ID card and PIN number.
  • ???,?????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????PIN??

33
  • Ann Whats PIN number?
  • Rita Its your Personal Identification Number.
    Everyone in the university has one. With it, you
    can use all the online resources on and off
    campus.

34
  • Personal Identification Number ???????
  • personaladj. ???
  • a personal letter ????.my personal affairs
    ????personal history ??a personal opinion ????

35
  • identification?????
  • an identification card ???He used a letter of
    introduction as identification.??????????????.
  • identify v. ??,?? e.g. identify the voice
    ????identify oneself vi.???????

36
  • With it, you can use all the online resources on
    and off campus.
  • it pron. ???????PIN number
  • online resources ????
  • online??? help ???? shopping ????
  • resource??????????resources in coal and
    iron?????.develop natural resources??????.a
    country rich in resources???????.

37
??
  • Ann Whats PIN number?
  • Rita Its your Personal Identification Number.
    Everyone in the university has one. With it, you
    can use all the online resources on and off
    campus.
  • ???? PIN ??
  • ?????????????????????????????,?????????????????

38
  • Ann I just need to punch it in, and then I can
    enter the numbers of the courses I want, right?
  • Rita You got it.
  • Ann What about the library? What do I need to do
    to use the library?

39
  • I just need to punch it in
  • punch To depress (a key or button, for example)
    in order to activate a device or perform an
    operation??????????????????(??,????)
  • punch the repeat key ?????
  • punch in the number on the computer. ?????????

40
  • You got it. ????????????
  • You got it. Thats the way it is.    ????????????
  • Wrong, but you almost got it. Guess
    again.?,?????????????

41
??
  • Ann I just need to punch it in, and then I can
    enter the numbers of the courses I want, right?
  • Rita You got it.
  • Ann What about the library? What do I need to do
    to use the library?
  • ??????????,?????????????,???
  • ?????
  • ????????????????????

42
  • Rita First, you should go to the reception room.
    The staff will give you a form to fill out, which
    must be signed by your host department. After you
    return the completed form, you should be able to
    check the library
  • resources and
  • borrow books
  • with you ID card.

43
  • First, you should go to the reception room.
  • reception room ???
  • reception n.??,??,??the reception of the
    guests??(??)??.meet with a warm
    reception??????.The new book had a favourable
    reception.???????.

44
  • The staff will give you a form to fill out, which
    must be signed by your host department.
  • staff n. (??)????(??)??the teaching staff of
    a school???????.the medical staff (of a
    hospital)(???)????.the editorial staff???.a
    member of the staff a staff member????.

45
  • fill out a form ??
  • sign v.??,???sign a treaty (contract, letter)
    ???(????)???.sign ones name to a check ??????
  • host department??????
  • host??,???act as host at a dinner party
    ???????.the host country for the Olympic Games
    ??????.Each of them lives with a Chinese host
    family. ???????????????

46
  • ,which must be signed ????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????,??????????????
    ???????????????,?????????????,?????????????,??
    This is the house which we bought last month.
    ??????????????(???) The house, which we bought
    last month, is very nice.???????,?????????(????)

47
  • ???????????????????????,???????????????,??
    Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired
    last year. ??????????,????????? My house,
    which I bought last year, has got a lovely
    garden. ??????????????????? This novel, which
    I have read three times, is very touching.
    ???????,????????

48
  • ????????????????????, ??????, ????????????????,??
    He seems not to have grasped what I meant,
    which greatly upsets me. ??????????,??????
    Liquid water changes to vapor, which is called
    evaporation. ???????,?????????????that?????why?
    ????????????

49
  • ??
  • Friendship is needed by all, _____ plays an
    important role in peoples lives.
  • A. which B. that C. who D. it
  • Teachers, _____ work is rather hard, are being
    better paid than before.
  • A. who B. that C. which D. whose

50
  • Is this the reason _____ at the meeting for his
    carelessness in his work ?
  • A. he explained B. what he explained
  • C. how he explained D. why he explained
  • Uncle Li _____ I worked three years ago has
    retired now.
  • A. who B. whom
  • C. with whom D. to whom

51
  • After you return the completed form, you should
    be able to check the library resources and borrow
    books with you ID card.
  • the completed form???????,???????????,???????????
    ???? Most of the people invited to the party
    were famous scientists. Most of the artists
    invited to the party were from South Africa.

52
  • ??
  • The first textbook ___ for teaching English as a
    foreign language came out in the 16th century.
    A. have written B. to be written
  • C. being written D. written
  • Whats the language ____ in Germany? A. speaking
    B. spoken
  • C. be spoken D. to speak

53
  • be able to ??
  • able adj. ????,?????? e.g.
  • an able man ??????an able speech ???????
  • The President had to quit his job for he wasnt
    able to deal with the crisis. ????????????,?????
  • His letter was to the effect that he wouldnt be
    able to come back till next spring.
    ??????????????????

54
??
  • Rita First, you should go to the reception room.
    The staff will give you a form to fill out, which
    must be signed by your host department. After you
    return the completed form, you should be able to
    check the library resources and borrow books with
    you ID card.
  • ????,??????,?????????????,??????????????????????,
    ???????????????????????

55
  • Ann So easy? Must I pay for these services?
  • Rita Not at all. In fact, with the ID card, you
    can even take buses in the town free of charge.
    Thats the university welfare.
  • Ann Thats great! Thank you so much for helping
    me out of this.

56
  • Must I pay for these services?
  • must ????,????
  • He said that they must work hard. ???????????
  • You mustnt tell him about this. ?????????????
  • ????????
  • --Must I return the book in 2 weeks?
  • -- Yes, you must. /No, you neednt.
  • must??????

57
must????
  • 1) must???????????????,?????
  • 2) must????????????????????, must ????????be
    ????????????? You have worked hard all day.You
    must be tired. ???????,?????(??????????)He must
    be working in his office. ????????????? He
    must be staying there. ?????????? He must stay
    there. ???????

58
  • 3) must ?????????????,must ?????? I didnt hear
    the phone. I must have been asleep.
    ?????????,????????
  • 4) must????????????????,must ?????????? ---Why
    didn't you answer my phone call? ---Well, I
    must have been sleeping, so I didn't hear it.
  • 5) ?????can't? If Tom didn't leave here until
    five o'clock, he can't be home yet.
    ???????????,??????????

59
  • In fact, with the ID card, you can even take
    buses in the town free of charge.
  • free of charge ??
  • chargen. ??,??????
  • hotel charge ???.a charge for trouble ???.at
    ones own charge ??.Your charges are too high.
    ????????.
  • This firm provided a back-up service free of
    charge.    ?????????????
  • The food on board is free of charge.
    ?????????????

60
  • Thats the university welfare.
  • welfare n. ????public welfare ????.national
    welfare and peoples livelihood ????.be
    concerned about ones welfare ???????.live (be)
    on welfare ???????.
  • a welfare state ????.welfare work ????

61
  • Thats great! Thank you so much for helping me
    out of this.
  • showing thanks Thanks for (doing) sth.
  • Many thanks for the hospitality you showed me.   
    ???????????
  • Thanks for your information and for being so
    helpful.    ????????????? 
  • I would like to express my thanks for all that
    you have done. ???????????????
  • Accept my thanks for your handsome present.
    ????,?????

62
  • Ann So easy? Must I pay for these services?
  • Rita Not at all. In fact, with the ID card, you
    can even take buses in the town free of charge.
    Thats the university welfare.
  • Ann Thats great! Thank you so much for helping
    me out of this.
  • ?????????????????
  • ?????????,??????,??????????????????????????
  • ????!?????????????

63
Idiomatic study Offering Help
  • In a formal situation
  • Id be glad/ happy to help you
  • Is there anything I can do to help?
  • May I help you?
  • In an informal situation
  • (Do you) need any help?
  • (Do you) want a hand?
  • Let me help you__________.
  • What can I do to help?

64
  • Responding to an offer
  • If you dont mind.
  • If its no trouble.
  • That would be great.
  • I really appreciate it.
  • No, thanks. I can manage by myself.

65
End of Conversation
66
Text B
  • Nine-year Compulsory Education in China??????????

67
  • compulsory adj. ??????,??????,???compulsory
    education????.Is military service compulsory in
    your country???????????????Which subjects are
    compulsory in your department?????????????

68
  • The law of compulsory education in China came
    into effect on July 1, 1986, requiring each child
    to have nine years of formal education. Chinas
    nine-year compulsory education is composed of two
    parts six years in primary school and three
    years in junior middle school.

69
Language Study
  • The law of compulsory education in China came
    into effect on July 1, 1986, requiring each child
    to have nine years of formal education.
  • law of compulsory education ?????
  • come into effect ??,???
  • ??The new tax regulations came into effect last
    month. ???????????
  • The contract will come into effect as soon as it
    is signed. ??????????????

70
  • requiring ???????
  • ????
  • ???The children ran out of the room, laughing
    and talking merrily.
  • ???Seeing nobody at home, she decided to leave
    them a note.
  • ???The bus was held up by snowstorm, thus
    causing the delay.

71
  • ???On arriving in London, he managed to get in
    touch with her.
  • ???Turning to the left, you will find the path
    leading to the site.
  • ??
  • 1) ???????????????
  • 2) ???????????????????????????
  • 3) ???????????,????????????????????
  • 4) ????????????????????while?when???

72
  • require v. to need or make necessary ??,??
  • require sth. ????
  • certain failures will require immediate
    attention.    ?????????????
  • require doing require to be done ???
  • The budgets of several departments will require
    cutting.    ?????????????

73
  • require sb. to do sth. ???????
  • The committee required him to examine the
    accident and submit a report. ???????????????????
  • require sth. of sb. ??????
  • Ill do whatever is required of me. ??????????
  • require that sb. (should) do ???????
  • It is required that you arrive at 8
    am.?????8????.

74
  • formal education ????,????
  • formal ??????????pay a formal call
    on???????.A contract is a formal
    agreement.???????????.

75
  • Chinas nine-year compulsory education is
    composed of two parts six years in primary
    school and three years in junior middle school.
  • be composed of ??? (be made up of)
  • e.g.
  • The sea is mainly composed of water and
    salt.??????????.Water is composed of hydrogen
    and oxygen.???????.

76
  • primary school?? (or elementary school)
  • primary adj.???,???,??????e.g. a primary
    election ??.We are friends since primary school.
    ???????????
  • junior middle school??
  • junior?????????????a junior high
    school?????.junior members of the staff
    ????(????).a junior officer ????
  • ??senior?????????????
  • senior middle school ??

77
??
  • ?????????1986?7?1?????,????????9??????????????????
    ???????????????????

78
  • All children reaching the age of six can enter a
    primary school. In areas where junior middle
    school education is available to all, all primary
    school graduates can go on to junior middle
    school without entrance examinations. In China,
    nine years of compulsory education is provided
    for close to 200 million children.

79
  • All children reaching the age of six can enter a
    primary school.
  • reaching the age of six???????
  • ???????????????????A.??????????,?????????????B
    .??????????,????????,????(??)???

80
?????
  • ??He rushed into the burning house.?????????????
    The child standing over there is my
    brother.?????????????The room facing south is
    our classroom.????????????Have you got your
    repaired watch?????????????He is an advanced
    teacher.????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????

81
  • In areas where junior middle school education is
    available to all, all primary school graduates
    can go on to junior middle school without
    entrance examinations.
  • available adj. ???????,????????available
    ingredients ????.employ all available means
    ?????????????.a surplus available for export
    ????????.Ill send you all the periodicals
    available. ??????????????.

82
  • graduate n. ???
  • My scheme, or dream, is to be a university
    graduate. ????,????,????,?????????????
  • a graduate of Oxford ?????
  • go on to junior middle school?????,??on????
  • entrance examination????
  • entrance n. ??
  • To register for the entrance examination to
    university ??..??I wonder if Norton s still
    studying for his entrance exam.
    ???Norton??????????????

83
  • In China, nine years of compulsory education is
    provided for close to 200 million children.
  • ????
  • provide sth. for sb. ????? provide sb. with sth.
    ?provide sb. sth.
  • provide food and clothes for ones family
    provide ones family with food and
    clothes???????,????
  • close to ?? e.g. a state close to hysteria
    ???????????? There are close to 20 students in
    the classroom. ???????20????

84
??
  • ????6??????????????????????????????,??????????????
    ?,??2??????9???????

85
  • The government plays a dominant role in school
    education, while private social circles play a
    supplementary role. Full-time primary and middle
    schools run by the state are the main providers
    of primary and middle school education. At the
    same time, private social circles are encouraged
    to pool funds to start and run primary and middle
    schools. Schools are open to all students, with
    enrollment subject to area restrictions only.

86
  • The government plays a dominant role in school
    education, while private social circles play a
    supplementary role.
  • play a role ????? e.g.
  • Did birth order play a role in success?   
    ????????????
  • Does education play an important role in
    reducing juvenile delinquents return to crime?
    ???????????,???????????
  • Foreign newspapers and magazines say that I play
    a role in it. ???????????????????

87
  • dominant adj. ???????
  • the dominant partner of a business???????????.t
    he dominant partner of a business ???????????
  • have a dominant influence ???????
  • His dominant trait was to take all things into
    earnest consideration. ?????????????????????????

88
  • while??????????,??????  ?
  • I went swimming while the others played tennis.
    ????,????????????
  • Air is a fluid but not a liquid, while water is
    both a fluid and a liquid. ?????????,?????????
  • Some people waste food while others havent
    enough. ??????????????????
  • ?????,while??????????,?????????? ?

89
  • While most children learn to read easily, some
    need extra help. ????????????,?????????????
  • While some languages have 30 or more different
    vowel sounds, others have five or less.
    ?????30???????,???????5????????
  • ??In some places women are expected to earn
    money _________ men work at home and raise their
    children.
  • A. but     B. while       C. because   D. though

90
  • ????,??????? ?
  • While the work was difficult, it was interesting.
    ???????,?????
  • While we dont agree we continue to be friends.
    ????????,???????
  • While I did well in class, I was a poor performer
    at games. ???????,???????
  • While a few became richer, many did not.
    ???????????,?????????
  • ??_________ the Internet is of great help, I
    dont think its a good idea to spend too much
    time on it.
  • A. If     B. While     C. Because D. As

91
more about while
  • ????????,????
  • When, while, as???????????
  • ????????"????"?,?????????????? 1.when(at or
    during the time that)??????????,?????????(a point
    of time),???????(a period of time)??when?,????????
    ????????,?????????,??when?????? When the clock
    struck twelve, all the lights went
    out.????????,??????? He raised his hat when he
    saw her.????????,???????

92
  • while (during the time that)???????,???????????whi
    le?,?????????????????,??????????????????????????,?
    ????????????????????????while?when???????
    Strike while the iron is hot.????? When we
    arrived in Beijing, it was raining.
    (arrive????????)???????,??????

93
  • ??when?while??????,???????????????be,??as?????????
    ????? Wood gives much smoke while (it is)
    burning.??????????? He fell asleep while (he
    was) studying his grammar book.??????????????
    While in London, he studied music.???????,?????
    When (they are) heated, metals expand.????????

94
  • when?while????????when???,?????,???while??whil
    e????,??,??????? The Queen will visit the
    town in May, when she will open the new
    hospital.??????????,???????????????? Soon the
    water in the flask will boil, when you may pour
    some cold water over it.????????????,?????????????
    Some materials are weldable, while others are
    not.????????,???????????
  • The enemy rots with every passing day, while
    for us things are getting better daily.
    ????????,?????????

95
  • as (at the same moment that)????when??,???????????
    ???????,???"????","??"?as?????? Kate read
    the book as she went along.???????? As the car
    moved faster and faster, it gained more and more
    kinetic energy.???????????,???????????? We took
    notes as we listened to the lecture.??????????
    As it became more common for women to work
    outside the house, men began to share the
    housework.?????????,???????????

96
  • private school circles ??????
  • private adj.?????????a private school
    ????.private organizations ????.
  • circle n.(????????????)??,???...?have a
    large circle of friends ????.academic (cultural,
    theatrical) circles ??(??,??)?.fashionable
    circles ???????(????)????.

97
  • supplementary adj. ???
  • a reader supplementary to a textbook ????????
  • Supplementary Provisions  ??
  • supplementary explanation ??????
  • Supplementary details    ?? 
  • There is no supplementary charge the price is
    all - inclusive . ?????, ????????????
  • ?????????? the supplementary measures to put an
    end to arbitrary price hikes
  • ??????,?????? make the market economy primary and
    the planned economy supplementary

98
  • Full-time primary and middle schools run by the
    state are the main providers of primary and
    middle school education.
  • full-time???? e.g. a full-time job?????,a
    full-time librarian???????
  • In her later years she gave herself over to
    writing full-time.    ???????. 

99
  • run by the state ??????
  • run???????????run a school ????.run a
    business ????.run extra trains during the rush
    hours???????????.run a campaign ??????.
  • are the main providers of
  • main adj. ??? the main body (??)?? the main
    line(??)?????the main street ??,??,????.
  • provider n. ??? e.g Government has become a
    substantial provider of manufacturing finance.   
    ?????????????????

100
  • At the same time, private social circles are
    encouraged to pool funds to start and run primary
    and middle schools.
  • at the same time ?? ??
  • A man cannot whistle and drink at the same time.
    ??????????????(????????)?
  • You cannot sneeze (???) and keep your eyes open
    at the same time ??????????????
  • It will cost a lot of money. At the same time, I
    think we shall need it. ?????????,??????????

101
  • encourage sb. to do sth. ???????
  • He discovered it enough to encourage him to
    speak.    ?????????????
  • A joint venture is encouraged to market its
    products outside China . ???????????????????????
  • The reader is encouraged to find this out for
    himself.    ???????????????

102
  • pool funds ????
  • pool v. (?????)??(??,??,???)??,??
  • pool our resources ????
  • The problem is, you know, how to pool enough
    money. ???,???,?????????
  • We're going to pool our efforts. Shall we count
    you in?    ???????, ?????????
  • fund n. (????)????school funds ????(??)
  • a scholarship fund ?????

103
  • Schools are open to all students, with enrollment
    subject to area restrictions only.
  • be open to sb. ?????,??
  • Goods are open to free purchase.    ???????
  • The bar is open to non-residents.    ??????.
  • be open to misconstruction ???????
  • enrollment n.????????The school has an
    enrollment of 400 students.?????????????.

104
  • subject adj.???,?...????, ????
  • be subject to taxation ???
  • Social scientists have long realized that human
    behaviors are subject to many variables.
    ????,???????????????????????
  • This offer is subject to our final confirmation.
    ?????????????
  • area restrictions ????
  • restriction n.??????restriction of
    expenditure ????.without restriction
    ????.impose (place) restrictions on foreign
    trade ??????.

105
??
  • ?????????????????,????????????????????????????????
    ???????????,???????????????????????????,??????????
    ?

106
  • The curriculum is designed to ensure an all-round
    development of the students moral, intellectual,
    physical and aesthetic well being, based upon
    cognitive learning and the developmental needs of
    children at different ages. It lays emphasis on
    the integrity of the course knowledge, social
    life, and the students experience.

107
  • The curriculum is designed to ensure an all-round
    development of the students moral, intellectual,
    physical and aesthetic well being, based upon
    cognitive learning and the developmental needs of
    children at different ages.
  • ??????The curriculum is designed to ,based
    upon
  • curriculum n. ?? e.g. curriculum planning
    ????,curriculum design ????
  • extracurricular adj. ??? activities ????

108
  • design v. ??
  • design an engine (a house) ??????(????).design
    dresses for a famous shop ????????????.a book
    designed mainly for use in colleges?????????????.
  • ensure v. ??,??
  • I cant ensure that he will be there in time.   
    ????????????? 
  • In order to ensure success we must have a
    complete and thorough plan. ??????,
    ??????????????
  • ????,????? Develop the economy and ensure
    supplies.

109
  • all-round development ????
  • all-round adj. ???
  • all-round sportsman    ?????
  • ????????,?????????We should speed up all-round
    social progress and promot the all-round
    development of people.   
  • ??????????? Social undertakings have witnessed
    all-round development.

110
  • moral adj. ??? e.g. moral character ?? moral
    culture ?? moral duty ????moral sense ???
  • intellectual adj. ??? e.g. intellectual education
    ?? intellectual powers ??intellectual
    investment ????
  • physical adj. ??? e.g. physical education
    (training, culture) ?? physical exercise
    ????(??) a physical examination ???? physical
    labour ????.
  • aesthetic adj. ??,??? e.g. aesthetic education
    ????aesthetic design ???? aesthetic value
    ????aesthetic enjoyment ????

111
  • well being??,??,??
  • to chant for the well being of mankind ??????????
  • Stress, if continuous, can effect your physical,
    mental, and emotional well being.   
    ?????????,???????????????
  • to achieve the equality, freedom, and well -
    being of the common citizens of a
    state????????????????????
  • the well being of a country ???????

112
  • It lays emphasis on the integrity of the course
    knowledge, social life, and the students
    experience.
  • lay emphasis on (upon) ??
  • ??????????? Lay Emphasis on Improving Citizens'
    Scientific Quality
  • ???? lay emphasis on implementation
  • We must lay emphasis on this problem.???????????
  • emphasis n. ?? emphasize v. ??

113
  • integrity??(?)??(?)
  • territorial integrity ????.
  • The ancient pagoda is still there,but not in its
    integrity. ??????,??????.
  • maintain the integrity of the whole ????????
  • integrity?????????????a man of integrity
    ????moral integrity ??,??
  • people of unyielding integrity ??

114
??
  • ????????????????????????,???????????????????????,?
    ????????????????????

115
  • Chinas reform policy has enabled the spread of
    education in poor and remote areas. Nationwide,
    99 of Chinese children attend primary schools.
    In 1989, China launched two ambitious projects
    Project Hope and Spring Bud Project. These two
    projects have helped children, esp. girls, in
    poor areas to attend schools.

116
  • Chinas reform policy has enabled the spread of
    education in poor and remote areas.
  • reform n. ??
  • land reform ????.social reforms ????.conduct a
    political reform of the country ?????????a
    reform in teaching methods ???????
  • policyn. ?? e.g. public policy ????,Policy of
    enriching the people ????

117
  • enable ???
  • Endurance enabled him to win a victory.??????????
    .I am now enabled to continue the
    work.??????????.The dictionary will enable
    better international understanding.??????????????
    ??.
  • spread n.??,??????
  • the spread of education ?????
  • remote adj.??????
  • remote control ??.a town remote from the sea
    ???????.in the remote past (future)
    ??????(??).a remote village ?????.

118
  • Nationwide, 99 of Chinese children attend
    primary schools.
  • nationwide adv. ?????/ adj. ???
  • of nationwide influence ??????
  • ?????? nationwide physical fitness campaign
  • a nationwide network    ?????? 
  • He was a master at creating headlines in timing
    his pseudo news to distract a nationwide audience
    over a prolonged period. ?????????????????????,??
    ??????????????
  • attend v. ??
  • attend school ??.The lectures were well-
    attended. ????????.

119
  • In 1989, China launched two ambitious projects
    Project Hope and Spring Bud Project.
  • launch v.????launch an attack upon the
    enemy???????
  • launch a mass movement ??????
  • ambitious adj.????,??????????
  • an ambitious plan ????
  • a young ambitious self-starter ????????????????
  • The program is laudably ambitious. ????????,
    ?????
  • He was edged out of his job by his ambitious
    assistant. ??????????????????.

120
  • Project Hope ????
  • a Chinese public service project organized by
    the China Youth Development Foundation (CYDF) and
    the Communist Youth League (CYL) Central
    Committee. Started in October 30 1989, it aims
    to bring schools into poverty-stricken rural
    areas of China, to help children whose families
    are too poor to afford it to complete elementary
    school education. Through Project Hope, the CYDF
    has also sought to improve educational facilities
    and improve teaching quality in poorer regions.

121
  • Spring Bud Project ????
  • The Spring Bud Project has been launched,
    organized and carried out by the China Children
    and Teenagers' Fund (CCTF), under the leadership
    of the All China Women's Federation. The goal of
    the plan is to assist girls of poor areas of
    China to return to school, which will benefit the
    welfare of the whole society.

122
??
  • ?????????????????????????,99????????????1989?,???
    ???????????????????????????????????????,??????

123
Comprehension Questions
124
Comprehension Questions
  • Which of the following is true about Chinas
    compulsory education?
  • Children will receive education either in school
    or at home.
  • Students have to take examination in order to
    attend junior middle school.
  • Nine years of compulsory education is demanded
    for all children.
  • Compulsory education is only available for
    children in cities.

125
  • 2. Which one can replace came into effect in
    Line 1?
  • started to be adopted
  • got to influence
  • became the result
  • took advantage

126
  • 3. We can infer from paragraph 3 that
    _____________________.
  • only government can provide primary school
    education
  • its impossible for students to decide which
    school they like to attend
  • private schools will admit any student they like
  • private schools get their funds from government

127
  • 4. The design of curriculum emphasizes
    _____________________.
  • acquisition of knowledge
  • principles of right or good conduct
  • appreciation of beauty or good taste
  • all of the above

128
  • 5. The purpose of Spring Bud Project is
    _______________.
  • to ensure that all children in China get
    nine-year compulsory education
  • to help children, esp. girls, in poor areas to
    receive education
  • to guarantee an all-round development of the
    students
  • to promise a high enrollment rate nationwide

129
Exercises
  • I. Conversation
  • Choose the right answer to finish the following
    conversation.

130
  • 1. Could you help me with my physics, please?
  • ____________________.
  • No, no way. Do it yourself.
  • No, I couldnt. Its your own work.
  • No, I cant. Thats very easy.
  • Sorry I cant. I have to go to a meeting now.

131
  • 2. What can I do for you?
  • _________________.
  • A. I want a kilo of pears.
  • B. You can do it in your own way.
  • C. Thanks.
  • D. Excuse me. Im busy.

132
  • 3. Must I take a taxi?
  • No, you _______. You can take my car.
  • A. had better to.
  • B. dont
  • C. must not
  • D. dont have to

133
  • 4. This box is too heavy for me to carry
    upstairs.
  • _______________.
  • A. You may ask for help.
  • B. Let me give you a hand.
  • C. Please do me a favor.
  • D. Id come to help.

134
  • 5. If you like I can mail this letter for you?
  • ________________.
  • A. Thats very kind of you.
  • B. That is so good.
  • C. Please give me a hand.
  • D. You are great.

135
II. Reading Comprehension
  • Education is not an end, but a means to an end.
    In other words, we do not educate children only
    for the purpose of educating them. Our purpose is
    to fit them for life.

136
  • In some modem countries it has for some time been
    fashionable to think that by free education for
    all one can solve all the problems of society
    and build a perfect nation. But we can already
    see that free education for all is not enough we
    find in such countries a far larger number of
    people with university degree they refuse to do
    what they think low work and, in fact, manual
    work is thought to be dirty and shameful in such
    countries.

137
  • But we have only to think a moment to understand
    that the work of a completely uneducated farmer
    is far more important than that of a professor
    we can live without education, but we die if we
    have no food. If no one cleaned our streets and
    took the rubbish away from our houses, we should
    get terrible diseases in our towns.

138
  • In fact, when we say that all of us must be
    educated to fit us for life, it means that we
    must be educated in such a way that, firstly,
    each of us can do whatever work suited to his
    brains and ability and, secondly, that we can
    realize that all jobs are necessary to society,
    and that is very bad to be ashamed of ones work.
    Only such a type of education can be considered
    valuable to society.

139
  • 1. The writer of the passage thinks that _______.
  • A. education can resolve most of the problems in
    the world.
  • B. free education for all will probably lead us
    to a perfect world
  • C. free education wont help solve problems
  • D. not all of the social problems can be solved
    by education

140
  • 2. The writer wants to prove that _______.
  • A. our society needs all kinds of jobs
  • B. our society needs free education for all
  • C. a farmer is more important than a professor
  • D. working with hands is more important than
    anything else

141
  • 3. According to the passage __________.
  • A. manual work is dirty and shameful
  • B. manual work is considered low
  • C. manual work is the most important
  • D. we cant regard manual work as low

142
  • 4. The purpose of education is _______.
  • A. to choose officials for the country
  • B. to prepare children mainly for their future
    work
  • C. to allow everyone to receive education that
    fits him/her
  • D. to build a perfect world

143
  • 5. The passage tells us about _______ of the
    education.
  • A. the means         
  • B. the system        
  • C. the value          
  • D. the type

144
III. Vocabulary and Structure
  • 1. The Parade Theatres _______ Room is ideally
    suited for small workshops, classes or private
    functions.
  • A. Reception B. Receiving
  • C. Welcome D. Greeting
  • 2. Wearing seat belts in cars is _____________
    by law.
  • A. commercial B. compulsory
  • C. commanding D. commentary

A
B
145
  • 3. The contract shall come into __________ as
    soon as it is duly signed by both parties and
    shall remain effective for two years.
  • A. action B. being C. effect D. play
  • 4. Do you have any double rooms ___________ this
    weekend?
  • A. present B. qualified
  • C. available D. capable

C
C
146
  • 5. Their 2-0 victory today has ________ the
    Italian team a place in the Cup Final.
  • A. assured B. defended
  • C. protected D. ensured
  • 6. The young lady coming toward us _________ our
    English teacher we can tell from the way she
    walks.
  • A. must be B. can be
  • C. would be D. could be

D
A
147
  • 7. Will you _______ me a favor, please?
  • A. give B. make C. bring D. do
  • 8. The film brought the hours back to me
    _________ I was taken good care of in that remote
    village.
  • A. when B. where C. that D. until

D
A
148
  • 9. Helen ____ be home, for she phoned me from
    the airport just five minutes ago.
  • A. mustnt B. neednt
  • C. cant D. darent
  • 10. The government took desperate measures to
    keep the economy _____.
  • A. run B. running
  • C. ran D. to run

C
B
149
IV. Cloze
  • Anyone who cares about what schools and colleges
    teach and how their students learn will be
    interested in the memoir of Ralph W. Tyler, one
    of the most famous men in American education.

150
  • Born in Chicago in 1902, __1__ and schooled in
    Nebraska, the __2__ college graduate Ralph Tyler
    became hooked on teaching while teaching as a
    science teacher in South Dakota and changed his
    __3__ from medicine to education.

151
  • Graduate work at the University of Chicago found
    him connected with honorable educators Charles
    Judd and W. W. Charters, whose ideas of teaching
    and testing had an effect __4__ his later work.
    In 1927, he became a teacher of Ohio State
    University where he __5__ developed a new method
    of testing.

152
  • Tyler became well-known in 1938, __6__ he carried
    his work with the Eight-Year Study from Ohio
    State University to the University of Chicago at
    the invitation of Robert Hutchins.

153
  • Tyler was the first director of the Center for
    Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at
    Stanford, a position he __7__ for fourteen years.
    There, he firmly believed that researchers should
    be free to seek an independent(???)spirit in
    their work.

154
  • __8__ Tyler officially retired in 1967, he never
    actually retired. He served on a long list of
    educational organizations in the United States
    and abroad. Even __9__he traveled across the
    country to advise teachers and management people
    on how to set objectives(??)that develop __10__
    teaching and learning within their schools.

155
  • Now lets check the blanks.

156
  • Anyone who cares about what schools and colleges
    teach and how their students learn will be
    interested in the memoir of Ralph W. Tyler, one
    of the most famous men in American education.

157
  • Born in Chicago in 1902, __1__ and schooled in
    Nebraska, the __2__ college graduate Ralph Tyler
    became hooked on teaching while teaching as a
    science teacher in South Dakota and changed his
    __3__ from medicine to education.
  • 1. A. bringing up B. to bring up
  • C. brought up D. having brought up
  • 2. A. 19 years old B. 19 years old
  • C. 19 year old D. 19-year-old
  • 3. A. study B. major C. course D. class

C
D
B
158
  • Graduate work at the University of Chicago found
    him connected with honorable educators Charles
    Judd and W. W. Charters, whose ideas of teaching
    and testing had an effect __4__ his later work.
    In 1927, he became a teacher of Ohio State
    University where he __5__ developed a new method
    of testing.
  • 4. A. on B. to C. in D. at
  • 5. A. further B. again
  • C. addition D. once more

A
A
159
  • Tyler became well-known in 1938, __6__ he carried
    his work with the Eight-Year Study from Ohio
    State University to the University of Chicago at
    the invitation of Robert Hutchins.
  • 6. A. where B. when C. how D. which

B
160
  • Tyler was the first director of the Center for
    Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at
    Stanford, a position he __7__ for fourteen years.
    There, he firmly believed that researchers should
    be free to seek an independent(???)spirit in
    their work.
  • 7. A. got B. became
  • C. lay D. held

D
161
  • __8__ Tyler officially retired in 1967, he never
    actually retired. He served on a long list of
    educational organizations in the United States
    and abroad. Even __9__he traveled across the
    country to advise teachers and management people
    on how to set objectives(??)that develop __10__
    teaching and learning within their schools.
  • 8. A. Because B. Furthermore
  • C. Although D. In spite of
  • 9. A. in 80s B. at 80s
  • C. in his 80s D. at his 80s
  • 10. A. the best B. better
  • C. the better D. best

C
C
A
162
V. Translation
  • The law of compulsory education in China came
    into effect on July 1, 1986, requiring each child
    to have nine years of formal education.
  • ?????????1986?7?1?????,??????????9??????
  • 2. In areas where junior middle school
    education is available to all, all primary school
    graduates can go on to junior middle school
    without entrance examinations.
  • ??????????????????,????????????

163
  • The government plays a dominant role in school
    education, while private social circles play a
    supplementary role.
  • ?????????????????,?????????????
  • The curriculum is designed to ensure an all-round
    development of the students moral, intellectual,
    physical and aesthetic well being.
  • ????????????????????????????
  • 5. Chinas reform policy has enabled the
    spread of education in poor and remote areas.
  • ???????????????????

164
VI. Writing
  • You are required to write a composition on the
    topic Potential of the Internet Education with
    no less than 80 words based on the outline given
    below.
  • ??????????,??????????
  • ?????????????
  • ??????????????

165
  • As the Internet is getting into households, new
    educational opportunities are provided via the
    use of the Internet.

166
  • In reality, the educational via Internet plan
    has been taking shape. Some universities have
    already got involved in regional long-distance
    education, catching the attention of many
    educators and computer experts. Others have just
    connected their campus computers for teaching and
    research, and provided more opportunities for
    learners.

167
  • As I see it, the Internet education will go on
    to develop dramatically and one day that
    computerized long-distance teaching networks will
    cover all the corners of China and eventually win
    the worldwide popularity.

168
The End Thanks
169
Overview of Education in China
  • Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of
    China in 1949, an important governmental effort
    has been to eliminate illiteracy and popularize
    compulsory education. At present, the national
    net enrollment rate in elementary schools is
    98.58 percent, and the gross enrollment rate in
    junior high schools has reached 90 percent. This
    compares to 1949 when only 20 percent of
    school-age children were in school, and 80
    percent of all adults were illiterate. Today
    illiteracy among the young and middle-aged
    population has decreased to less than 5 percent,
    and the nine-year compulsory education basically
    has been established in the areas where 90
    percent of the countrys population live.

170
  • The past ten years have seen the fastest
    development in education in China. Ten years ago,
    for example, few institutions offered an MBA
    (Master of Business Administration). In 2003,
    some 62 schools offer MBAs, enrolling some 30,000
    MBA students. International professional degrees
    like EMBA (Employed Master of Business
    Administration) and MPA (Master of Public
    Administration) also are offered. As regards the
    MPA degree, the State Council Degree Committee
    has authorized 47 Chinese institutions of higher
    learning to offer the degree, and some 7,700
    students have been enrolled at present.

171
  • International cooperation and exchanges in
    education have increased year by year. China has
    the most students studying abroad in the world.
    Since 1979, some 582,000 Chinese students have
    studied in 103 countries and regions, among whom
    160,000 have returned after finishing their
    studies. Meanwhile, the number of foreign
    students studying in China has also increased. In
    2003, there were 86,000 students from 170 foreign
    countries studying in Chinas universities.

172
  • Education in China thrives in part because of
    increased investment. Since 1998, the percentage
    of funds allotted to education by the Central
    Government has grown 1 percentage point annually.
    In 2003, the national government fund for
    education was 349.14 billion yuan, accounting for
    3.41 percent in th
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