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BACKGROUND STUDY FOR GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS FOR STRIPED CATFISH

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BACKGROUND STUDY FOR GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS FOR STRIPED CATFISH Nguyen Minh Duc Department of Fisheries Management and Development Nong Lam University, Thuduc ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BACKGROUND STUDY FOR GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS FOR STRIPED CATFISH


1
BACKGROUND STUDY FOR GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS
FOR STRIPED CATFISH
Nguyen Minh Duc Department of Fisheries
Management and Development Nong Lam University,
Thuduc, Hochiminh City Emailnguyenminhducts_at_gmail
.com nmduc_at_hcmuaf.edu.vn
Presentation at the FAO Workshop University of
Tokyo, Japan, 09-11 Dec, 2010
2
Brief on Vietnam fishery export
  • fishery product exports have increased
    considerably since 2000 to become a major income
    earner and one of Vietnams major export
    commodities.
  • Aquatic exports earned over 1 billion in 2000,
    2.2 billion in 2003 and 3.36 billion in 2006.
  • Catfish and shrimp are by far the largest share
    of aquatic exports, accounting for over 22 and
    44, respectively, of total export earnings in
    2006.
  • Currently Vietnamese fishery products have
    reached more than 120 countries and territories
    on five continents.
  • Japan and the United States are the two largest
    export destinations, by country, while European
    Union nations, as a group, had the largest share
    of exports by volume and the second largest share
    by value in 2006.

3
Vietnam's Primary Fishery Export Products in 2006
(value basis)
4
Vietnam's Fishery Products Export Market, 2006
(value basis)
5
Mekong Delta
  • most dynamic aquaculture region of Vietnam
  • The Mekong delta has 641,350 ha of freshwater
    area, which comprises of 67.2 total water
    surface
  • most diversified aquatic farming activities and
    great potential for increasing aquaculture
    production.
  • There are a few species, which have been
    commercially produced in the Delta, such as
    pangasiid catfishes and black tiger shrimp
    (Penaeus monodon)

6
(No Transcript)
7
Vietnamese stripped catfish is similar to US
catfish
  • US catfish
  • are Ictaluridae family,
  • channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)
  • blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus)
  • farmed in closed ponds
  • in southern states

Vietnamese catfish are Pangasius family - basa
(Pangasius bocourti) tra (Pangasianodon
hypophthamus) farmed mostly in pens and deep
ponds along the Mekong River, southern provinces
8

Catfish production
  • Catfish production reached 1,500,000 tons with
    only 6000 ha
  • Farm price of catfish was decreasing during
    2005-2009, around 15,000 17,000 Vietnam dong (
    0.78-0.84) per kg while the price of exported
    catfish fillets is 2.3 USD/kg.
  • 12 of farmers get financial loss since 2008.
  • However, farm price is increasing in the last
    months of 2010 (1/kg) and also exported price
    ( 2.6/kg) due to lack of harvested fish.
  • the farming and processing sectors of catfish
    industry has created 800,000 jobs for farmers in
    Mekong Delta and many more in inputs supplying
    sectors.

9
Pond culture
10
Catfish processing
  • The striped catfish is processed mostly in frozen
    fillets form for exports.
  • The annual export value is 1.4 billion USD
  • fresh catfish is also exported but the fresh
    products mostly for domestic use.
  • The processing sector including 280 enterprises.
  • Following quality standards and improved to meet
    global standards on quality, food safety, and
    environmental conservation.

11
Rapid growth in catish industry
12
More commercial scales
13
Supply chain in catfish industry
14
Market structure in 2008
Farmers
Collectors
Processors
Traders
Inputs supplier
Consumers
Wholesalers

2.2
Catfish farmers
Brokers
  • Production Input suppliers
  • Seed
  • Food
  • Medical chemicals

8.9
6.7
Local consumers
Retailers
4.5
1.9
Processors
91.1
91.4
Export markets
Associations
Provincial extension system Research
institutions/Universities
Trade promotion Centers
VASEP
NAFIQUAD
Banks
Source Loc, 2009
15
Market structure in 2009
Collectors/ Brokers
Inputs supplier
Farmers
Processors
Traders
Consumers
Wholesalers

4,6
4,6
Catfish farmers
Brokers
  • Production
  • Input suppliers
  • Seed
  • Food
  • Medical chemicals

13,8
Local consumers
9,2
Retailers
9,2
8,6
Processors
86,2
77,6
Export markets
Associations
Provincial extension system Research
institutions/Universities
Trade promotion Centers
VASEP
NAFIQUAD
Banks
Source N.Khiem and Bush, 2010
16
Vietnamese catfish industry globalization
  • Vietnamese catfish industry has considerably
    developed since the country joined into
    globalization and adopted free trade principles
  • employed almost a million Vietnamese people
  • Vietnamese producers successfully created
    low-cost breeding techniques of catfish in 1998
    and developed a catfish breeding industry
    involving 15,000 families
  • VN catfish farmers have opted to buy imported
    pellet feed and also adopted advanced feeding
    technologies to improve fish meat quality,
    meeting the quality and taste requirements of US
    consumers.
  • VN catfish processors have learned catfish fillet
    techniques from an Australian importer and used
    processing equipments purchased from the US for
    their production, following the quality control
    protocols of HACCP, SQF and Global GAP

17
Increase in catfish exports
  • Prior to 1998, the time Vietnam join into APEC,
    export volume of tra and basa to US market was
    200 metric tons
  • In 2002, after the US and Vietnam signed the
    Bilateral Trade Agreement (BTA), the export
    volume increased to more than 8.000 metric tons

18
Increase in catfish exports
  • Although exporting catfish even before 1995, the
    tremendous spurt in exports to US came in 1999
    when raw seafood tariffs dropped to zero
  • reached a volume of 18.3 million kilograms of
    catfish to the US, which is valued at 55.1
    million in 2002 after the bilateral trade
    agreement between US and Vietnam was signed in
    December 2001.

19
Involving into trade protection policy from the US
  • US labeling
  • US antidumping

20
Price effect of the US barriers Labeling law
  • US fillets production increased but its price
    still decreased, in contrast to Vietnamese
    products

Unit 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Vietnam fillets price /lb. 2.04 1.52 1.26 1.29 1.21 1.15 0.93
US fillets price /lb. 2.76 2.83 2.61 2.39 2.41 2.62 2.67
Antidumping tariffs /lb. -- -- -- -- 0.64 0.61 0.49
US farm price /lb. 74 75 65 57 58 70 72
US imports from VN Mil. Lbs 2 7 17 10 4 7 17
US fillets production Mil. lbs. 120 120 115 131 125 122 124
US farm production Mil. lbs. 597 594 597 631 661 630 601
21
Trade effects Antidumping measures
  • Since1980, US producers have been continuously
    seeking a trade protection
  • Byrd Amendment 2000 (cancelled since 2008)
    allowed the petitioners in AD suits get
    disbursement from tariff revenue
  • From 1980 to 2004, the US investigated 1092
    antidumping cases of which 461 lead to a tariff

22
Effect of the US catfish antidumping with linear
regression for an equation system
  US price VN price US demand US farm price
PRELIM 0.002 -0.004 0.012 0.004
(0.657) (-0.106) (0.582) (0.643)
FINAL 0.006 -0.029 0.031 0.006
  (2.531) (-0.963) (1.824) (1.167)
Absolute value of t- ratio is in parenthesis
More info at Duc, NM (2007)
23
Effects of AD measures on fish market shares in
US market
Imported Salmon Imported Tilapia Imported Catfish US Domestic Catfish
Antidumping measures 0.036 (2.37) 0.053 (3.83) -0.038 (3.82) -0.032 (2.93)
Absolute value of t- ratio is in parenthesis
More info at Hong, TTK, Duc, NM and H. Kinnucan
(2008)
24
Other non-tariff barriers from the US
  • Oct 2005, Sales Ban order in Alabama,
    Mississippi, Georgia and Louisiana
  • May 2008, US Farm Bill 2008, catfish quality must
    be strictly controlled before imported to the US

25
Diversification of export market
Vietnamese Catfish Exports (Unit metric ton)
Total exports EU Japan US
1997 425 54 0 55
1998 2263 188 22 261
1999 1715 192 91 903
2000 3,689 19 28 3,191
2001 10,955 140 9 7,765
2002 27,980 2,979 632 4,361
2003 33,304 7,388 464 1,929
2004 82,962 23,637 932 3,010
2005 140,707 55,172 579 8,623
APEC join
US-VN BTA signed
US antidumping measures issued
26
Diversification of export market
27
Regulation
  • There are now more strictly regulations related
    to environment protection, quality control and
    health/sanitary guarantees.
  • more and more non-tariff barriers to
    international trade, such as anti-dumping
    measures and sanitary requirements.
  • WWF in European countries put the fish in a red
    list, recommend consumers not to buy for
    environmental natural conservation.
  • gt New regulation and policy expected released in
    2011

28
Data availability
  • Data for domestic value chain is not available
  • Although out-up-date, may use the dataset on VN
    catfish exports to study

29
THANK YOU!
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