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Experience Miner Training

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Title: Experience Miner Training


1
Experience Miner Training
  • Surface

2
Coal Processing Operation
  • Raw Coal Storage.
  • Silos and Draw-off tunnels.
  • Transported by belt to top of plant.
  • Channeled through plant during the cleaning
    process by plant operator.
  • Clean coal transported out to clean coal silo
    that has feeders.
  • Refuse goes to bin to be hauled away by trucks.
  • Train Load-out facility at bottom of hill by
    tracks.

3
Responsibilities Of
4
(No Transcript)
5
Mandatory Health and Safety Standards
  • Front End Loader Show Tape and discussions.
  • Dozers Stock Pile Safety Tapes and Discussions.
  • Refuse Truck Show Pre-operational checks and
    discussions.
  • Chemicals
  • Weather
  • People

6
Topic of Discussion
  • Mine Escape System.
  • Equipment
  • Scalping Tower
  • Prep Plant Buildings
  • Escape and Emergency Evacuation Plan
  • Exits
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Fire Hose
  • Firewarning signals and Fire Fighting Procedures.
  • Call Security
  • 911 system

7
Transportation Controls
  • Operation of Equipment
  • Speed of Equipment
  • Weather Conditions
  • Road Conditions.
  • Controls for Transportation
  • Traffic Signs
  • Communication Systems, Warning Signals and
    Directional Signs
  • Belt Start Up
  • Audible and Back Up Horns on Equipment
  • Mirrors
  • Traffic Flow
  • Other Equipment.

8
Escapeways, Emergency Evacuation, Firewarning,
and Firefighting
  • What to do?

9
INTRODUCTION
  • Reaction to a fire must occur in the early stages
    of an emergency.
  • Effective firefighting depends on your work
    habits
  • Judgment
  • Ability to react appropriately.

10
FIRE PREVENTION
  • Best prevention method do not have one.
  • Know the location of fire fighting equipment.
  • Know how to use the fire fighting equipment.
  • Obey NO SMOKING signs.

11
FIRE PREVENTION
  • Containers must be clearly marked and NO SMOKING
    signs posted for stored.
  • Diesel Fuel
  • Gasoline
  • Other flammable liquids

12
FIRE PREVENTION
  • FUELING AREAS
  • Internal combustion engines shut off.
  • Does not include diesels.
  • No smoking, open lights.

13
FIRE PREVENTION
  • Use noncombustible safety containers for
    flammable liquids.
  • Discard damaged or leaking containers
  • Keep storage areas free of debris, such as
    burnable trash, oily rags, and matches.
  • Dont store combustibles near welding and cutting
    equipment.
  • Dont discard batteries that could produce heat

14
  • Never smoke or carry open flames into or around
    storage areas.
  • Be sure warning signs are maintained and visible.
  • Always obey warning signs.

15
FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT
  • MSHAs Law
  • Preparation plants, tipples, drawoff tunnels and
    other surface installations must be equipped with
    portable fire extinguishers sufficient to meet
    any fire hazard that could exist in these
    structures.

16
FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT
  • Preparation plants equipped with waterlines, with
    outlet valves on each floor, and with sufficient
    fire hose to project a water stream to any point
    in the plant.
  • Exception Freezing conditions exist or water is
    not available.
  • 2,500 square feet of floor space will need 125
    pounds of dry powder extinguisher.

17
FIREFIGHTING EQUIPMENT
  • Fire extinguishers provided at
  • Mobile equipment
  • Portable welding units
  • Auxiliary equipment when operated more than 600
    feet that has fire extinguishers
  • Permanent electrical installations
  • Combustible liquid storage installations.
  • Equip carrying flammable liquid additional.

18
  • Several motors or transformers can be served by a
    single fire extinguisher that can not be placed
    further than 50 feet away from any unit.
  • Where welding, cutting or soldering is performed.
  • Permanent substations require 2 20 lb.

19
IMPORTANT RULES
  • Check your work area and know where fire
    extinguishers are kept.
  • Always have a used extinguisher replaced.
  • Have damaged extinguisher replaced.
  • Be sure fire extinguishers are checked and dated
    at least every 6 months.

20
WHEN FIRE STARTS
  • THE ACTION YOU TAKE IN FIRST FEW MINUTES COULD BE
    THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A MINOR AND MAJOR DAMAGE,
    AND THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH.

21
INITIAL ACTION
  • FIRST determine what is burning if possible.
  • Try to extinguish it
  • Warn others in the immediate area.
  • Get clear of any area that poses an immediate
    threat getting trapped.
  • Contact your supervisor for help.
  • Sound an alarm if available.
  • If safe, return and keep trying to put out.

22
TYPES OF FIRES
  • Four categories
  • Class A wood, coal fires, burning paper and
    cloth.
  • Think Class A as those that leave Ashes
  • Water or Dry Chemical used to put out fire.

23
TYPES OF FIRES
  • Class B Burning flammable liquids, gasoline,
    fuel oils.
  • Think Class B as those involving contents that
    will Boil.
  • Dry chemical, foam, vaporized liquids (CO2), and
    water fog used to put out this type of fire.

24
TYPES OF FIRES
  • Class C Electrical fires, electrical motors,
    battery equipment, transformers, circuit
    breakers, and cables.
  • Think Class C fires as Current fires.
  • Dry chemical and vaporized liquids(CO2) used to
    put put out this type of fire.

25
TYPES OF FIRES
  • Class D burning metals, magnesium, and sodium.
  • Special extinguishers developed for use.
  • Should not use normal ABC extinguishers, they
    make matters worse.

26
FIRE EXTINGUISHER RATING
  • Rated for use A-B-C-D.
  • For example a 2A 10BC rated fire extinguisher
  • Letter represents the type of fire it will put
    out.
  • Number will represent size of fire it will put
    out.

27
FIRE FIGHTING TECHNIQUE
  • Approach no closer than 6 feet from the fire.
  • Grasp the extinguisher firmly and activate.
  • Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire and
    squeeze the handle.
  • Use a side-to-side sweeping motion to blanket the
    fire.
  • BE AWARE of exploding material.
  • Watch fire after brought under control.

28
Mine Escape System
  • Know your exits!
  • Plant
  • Draw Off Tunnels
  • Other Buildings
  • Plan In Effect.
  • Where to Gather.
  • Parking Lot
  • Head Count of People.

29
Ground Control
  • Working safely in areas of water hazards
  • Illumination of work areas
  • Safe work procedures for miners during hours of
    darkness

30
Hazard Recognition
  • Recognition of hazards
  • Avoidance of hazards

31
What is an Accident?
  • Unplanned event.
  • Personal injury or property damage must result or
    both.
  • WILL BE
  • Direct Causes unwanted release of energy.
  • Indirect Causes Contributing factors.
  • Basic Causes Management, Safety Policies not in
    place or not being followed and personal factors.

32
(No Transcript)
33
How Many Surface Fatalities for 2006?
  • Nine Fatalities out of the 47 deaths
  • This represents 19.

34
FIRST AID AND RESCUE SUPPLIES
  • KNOW the location of first aid and EMT kits.
  • Tool Room
  • Main Portal
  • If someone is injured act quickly.
  • Notify your supervisor and Plant Control.
  • Call 911 and Security at Mine

35
Surface First Aid Supplies
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF PART 77
  • SUPPLIES TO BE KEPT WHERE 10 OR MORE PERSONS
    WORK
  • 1 STRETCHER / BROKEN BACK BOARD
  • 24 TRIANGULAR BANDAGES
  • 8 ea. 4 BANDAGE COMPRESSES
  • 8 ea. 2 BANDAGE COMPRESSES
  • 12 ea. 1 ADHESIVE COMPRESSES
  • BURN REMEDY
  • 2 CLOTH BLANKETS
  • 1 RUBBER BLANKET OR SUBSTITUTE
  • 2 TOURNIQUETS
  • SPIRITS OF AMMONIA
  • SPLINTING MATERIAL

36
Emergency Medical Procedures
  • EMERGENCY E-SQUADS
  • Beallsville
  • Smith Township
  • Barnesville
  • Powhatan
  • LIFE FLIGHT
  • Allegheny General
  • Call security in the event of an injury.

37
FOREIGN BODY AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
Obstructed Airways - Causes
Precautions Recognizing FBAO Poor Air
Exchange No Air Exchange The Sub diaphragmatic
Abdominal Thrust (Heimlich Maneuver) Conscious
Victim Unconscious Victim
38
Pressure Points
Direct Pressure
Direct Pressure with Elevation
Using an Air Splint
39
BRUISE (CONTUSION)
40
REST ICE COMPRESSION ELEVATION
41
Neck Spinal Injuries
  • CARE AND TREATMENT
  • ABCs
  • Use extreme care in initial examination
    minimal movement
  • apply cervical collar
  • treat for shock
  • treat any other injuries
  • maintain body heat
  • if movement required, 'log roll' and use
    assistants
  • always maintain casualty's head in line with
    the shoulders
  • urgent transport

42
HEAD INJURIES
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • HEADACHE
  • PHYSICAL SIGNS
  • LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS
  • CONFUSION
  • UNEQUAL / UNRESPONSIVE PUPILS
  • PARALYSIS
  • LOSS OF SENSATION
  • IMPARED VISION
  • NAUSEA
  • CHANGING RESPIRATION PATTERNS
  • SIEZURES

43
CARE OF
HEAD INJURIES
  • STABILIZE HEAD
  • MAINTAIN AIRWAY
  • KEEP PATIENT STILL
  • CONTROL BLEEDING
  • DRESS OPEN WOUNDS
  • CARE FOR SHOCK
  • PROVIDE OXYGEN
  • MONITOR VITALS
  • MONITOR LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS
  • BE PREPARED FOR VOMITING

44
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BONE OR JOINT INJURIES
BRUISING PAIN SWELLING
DEFORMITY TENDERNESS GRATING
EXPOSED BONE ENDS JOINT LOCKED IN POSITION
45
Must be a straight line break
Can be formed to shape of deformity
Splints
Be careful of temperature change
46
CONTROL ANY BLEEDING APPLY A STERILE DRESSING
CUT AWAY CLOTHING TO EXPOSE THE INJURY
STABILIZE THE LIMB AND ASSESS
47
BANDAGE THE WOUND
SECURE THE LIMB TO THE SPLINT
PAD THE SPLINT
48
APPLYING AN AIRSPLINT
INFLATE THE SPLINT BY MOUTH ONLY
PLACE THE SPLINT ON THE LIMB
CHECK TO MAKE SURE SPLINT IS NOT OVER-INFLATED
49
DRESSING - covers the wound.
BANDAGE - Holds a dressing in place.
50
Lifting Techniques
Two person carry
4 person straddle
51
Health
  • Noise
  • Review Noise Law and 62.180 training
  • Dust
  • Review purpose and requirements.
  • MSDS
  • Review chemicals and Hazcom program.

52
NOISE
  • Rock concerts and Mining Operations have in
    common both can produce sounds at level that
    can permanently damage your hearing.
  • Intensity of sound is the pressure that is made
    when sound is produced.
  • Loud noises are with a lot of pressure.
  • Soft noises are with little pressure.

53
62.101 Definitions
  • Action Level TWA8 of 85 dBA or dose of 50
  • Permissible Exposure Level (PEL) TWA8 of 90 dBA
    or dose of 100
  • Reportable Hearing Loss an average of 25 dB or
    more shift at 2, 3, and 4 Hertz in either ear
  • Standard Threshold Shift (STS) an average of 10
    dB or more shift at 2, 3, and 4 Hertz in either
    ear

54
62.120 Action Level (AL)
  • With MSHA accepting a 2 decibel error
  • 87 dBA TWA8, or 66 dose, if noise survey
    indicates 66 dose or more then
  • Miner must be enrolled in Hearing Conservation
    Program (HCP) when noise exposure equals or
    exceeds AL
  • Wearing of hearing protectors is voluntary when
    in the Action Level but recommended

55
62.130 Permissible Exposure Level (PEL)
  • Over 92 dBA TWA8, or over 132 dose
  • No adjustment for use of hearing protectionbut
    hearing protection is mandatory if PEL is
    exceeded until engineering and administrative
    controls are implemented
  • Old rule allowed adjustment for wearing hearing
    protection devices.

56
62.130 PEL (cont.)
  • Feasible engineering and administrative controls
    required when PEL exceeded
  • Administrative controls must be posted and copy
    provided to affected miner
  • Mine operator must continue to use EA controls
    even if they do not reduce noise exposure to PEL
  • 115 dBA maximum sound level not to exceed 15
    minutes during any shift / noise survey

57
62.140 Dual Hearing Protection Level (DHPL)
  • 107 dBA TWA8, or 1046
  • Must take actions required for noise exposures
    exceeding PEL
  • Dual hearing protection must be provided and worn
    if level exceeded

58
62.110 Noise Exposure Assessment
  • Performance based standard, sampled for entire
    shift - 8 hrs, 10 hrs, or 12 hrs (normal work
    day).
  • Mine operator must establish a system of
    monitoring to ensure compliance with rule
  • Operator must meet requirements specified for
    determining miners noise dose

59
62.110 Noise Exposure Assessment (cont.)
  • Cannot adjust for hearing protector worn
  • Must assess miners noise exposure over his/her
    full work shift

60
62.110 Noise Exposure Assessment (cont.)
  • Miners and their representative have right to
    observe monitoring (no pay required)
  • Mine operator must notify miner of exposure at or
    above AL, above PEL, and above DHPL
  • Notification must be in writing and given to
    miner within 15 days of determination
  • Copy must be kept as long as miner is exposed at
    or above AL, plus 6 months

61
62.150 HearingConservation Program (HCP)
  • Miner must be enrolled if exposure at or above
    action level
  • HCP must include System of Monitoring
    62.110 Hearing Protectors 62.160 Audiometric
    Testing 62.170 - 62.175 Training
    62.180 Recordkeeping 62.190

62
62.160 Hearing Protectors
  • Mine operator must provide to miners whose
    exposure equals or exceeds AL
  • Miner must wear at or above AL when - STS
    found or, - more than 6 mo. before miner can
    receive baseline audiogram
  • Miner must wear above PEL DHPL

63
62.160 Hearing Protectors (cont.)
  • Mine operator must provide a selection of HPs
    including at least two muff and two plug types
  • Must ensure HP is fitted, in good condition,
    maintained per manufacturers instructions
  • Provide replacements at no cost to miner
  • Permit additional selection when medical
    pathology warrants

64
62.180 Training
  • Within 30 days of enrollment in HCP, and every 12
    months thereafter, miner must be trained in
  • effects of noise on hearing
  • purpose and value of wearing HPs
  • advantages/disadvantages of HPs
  • care, fitting and use of HPs
  • general requirements of Part 62
  • operator/miner responsibilities re. Controls
  • purpose and value of audiometric testing

65
62.170 Audiometric Testing
  • Provided at no cost to the miner
  • Voluntary on part of miner
  • Audiometric tests to be conducted by
  • a physician
  • an audiologist
  • a qualified technician under direction of
    physician or audiologist

66
62.170 Audiometric Testing (cont.)
  • Must be offered to each miner enrolled in HCP
    (may use existing audiogram if it meets 62.171)
  • Baseline audiogram offered and provided within 6
    mo. of enrollment in HCP (12 mo. if mobile test
    van used)
  • Quiet period - No workplace noise exposure for 14
    hours prior to baseline audiogram
  • May substitute hearing protection for quiet period

67
62.170 Audiometric Testing (cont.)
  • Annual audiogram - must be offered every 12 mo.
    for as long as miner in HCP
  • Annual audiogram must be deemed a revised
    baseline when
  • Standard Threshold Shift (STS) is permanent, or
  • significant improvement in hearing over baseline
    audiogram

68
62.171 Audiometric Test Procedures
  • Mine operator must compile an audiometric test
    record for each miner tested, including
  • name and job classification of miner
  • copy of all miners audiograms
  • evidence audiograms conducted using
    scientifically valid procedures
  • any exposure determinations under 62.110
  • results of follow-up exams (if any)

69
62.171 Audiometric Test Procedures (cont.)
  • Mine operator must maintain audiometric test
    record for the duration of the miners
    employment, plus at least 6 months
  • Must make records available to authorized
    representative of the Secretary

70
62.172 Evaluation of Audiograms
  • Mine operator must
  • inform audiogram evaluator of Part 62
    requirements and provide test records
  • have physician, etc. determine audiograms is
    valid
  • determine occurrence of STS (10 dB shift) or
    reportable hearing loss (25 dB shift)
  • obtain results/interpretation within 30 days

71
62.172 Evaluation of Audiogram (cont.)
  • Mine operator
  • shall have retest conducted within 30 days when
    audiogram is invalid
  • may have retest conducted within 30 days to
    confirm STS or reportable loss and may use retest
    as the annual audiogram
  • may have results adjusted for aging, tables and
    procedures provided
  • adjustment for aging must be applied to both
    baseline and annual audiograms

72
62.173 Follow-up Evaluation when an Audiogram
is Invalid
  • If a valid audiogram cannot be obtained due to
    suspected medical pathology caused or aggravated
    by noise exposure or wearing HPs, operator shall
  • refer miner for clinical evaluation
  • instruct evaluator to inform miner of results
  • instruct evaluator of confidentiality

73
62.174 Follow-up Corrective Measures
  • Within 30 days of confirmed STS operator must
  • retrain the miner per 62.180
  • allow selection of a new or different HP
  • review effectiveness of engineering and/or
    administrative controls to identify and correct
    any deficiencies

74
62.175 Notification of Results reporting
requirements
  • Within 10 days of receiving audiogram or
    follow-up results, operator must notify miner in
    writing of- results including STS or a
    reportable loss- the need and reason for any
    further testing or evaluation
  • Reportable hearing loss - must be reported to
    MSHA under 30 CFR Part 50

75
62.180 Training
  • effects of noise on hearing
  • purpose and value of wearing HP
  • advantages/disadvantages of HP
  • care, fitting and use of HP
  • operator/miner responsibilities regarding
    controls
  • purpose and value of audiometric testing

The 4 Ps of occupational hearing loss Its
permanent, painless, progressive and preventable.
76
62.190 Records
  • Mine operator must provide access to authorized
    representatives of Secretaries of Dept. of Labor
    and Dept. of Health and Human Services for all
    records required under Part 62

77
62.190 Records (cont.)
  • Mine operator must within 15 days of written
    request
  • provide access to miner or miners designee (with
    written consent) for all records maintained under
    Part 62 for that miner
  • provide access to miners representative
    designated under Part 40 for training records or
    notice of exposure determination
  • provide access to former miner, for records which
    indicate his or her own exposure

78
62.190 Records (cont.)
  • When a person with access to records requests a
    copy of a record, the first copy will be at no
    cost to that person, and any additional copies
    requested must be provided at reasonable cost

79
62.190 Records (cont.)
  • When ceasing business, mine operator must
    transfer records to successor operator
  • Successor operator must receive and maintain
    records per standard
  • Successor operator shall use baseline, or revised
    baseline audiograms obtained by original operator
    to determine STS or reportable hearing loss

80
RESPIRABLE DUST
  • BLACK LUNG
  • Long periods of time, a miner who is exposed to
    respirable coal dust suspended in the air can
    develop diseases.
  • Only detected by X-rays.
  • Takes about 15 years for disease to progress to
    a point that permits diagnosis.

81
RESPIRABLE DUST
  • QUARTZ
  • Silicosis Dust consumption, miners asthma.
  • It is the type that claims the largest number of
    victims.
  • Rock dust in the air.

82
DUST CONTROL MEASURES
  • Two methods commonly used to control dust at its
    source.
  • Water
  • Calcium and watering of haulroads.

83
RESPIRATORY DEVICES
  • FACTS AND OBJECTIVES

84
(No Transcript)
85
Training Requirements
  • Physical and Health Hazards of chemicals
  • HazCom program, Labeling Systems, MSDSs,
    Obtaining hazard information
  • Location and availability of written HazCom
    program
  • Where hazardous materials are located
  • How to detect and protect from hazardous chemical
    exposure

86
Hazard Determination You must...
  • Identify the chemicals at the mine.
  • Determine if they can be a physical or health
    hazard.
  • Physical Hazards can cause injuries. The chemical
    may be a combustible liquid, a compressed gas, an
    organic peroxide, or an oxidizer. It may be
    flammable, explosive, unstable (reactive) or
    water-reactive.
  • Health Hazards can cause illnesses. The effects
    may be acute (of short duration) where symptoms
    often appear immediately, or chronic (of
    persistent duration) where symptoms usually
    appear after some time.

87
Our HazCom Program Includes
  • General Company Policy
  • Hazard Determination
  • Labeling
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • Training
  • Chemical Lists
  • Contractor Work

88
Basics of Warning Labels
  • A label is a notice affixed to a container that
    provides information about the contents inside
    the container.
  • When the contents of the container are classified
    as a hazardous substance a label should be
    provided.

89
Basic Information on a Warning Label
  • The name of the chemical substance in the
    container that can be cross referenced to an
    MSDS.
  • A hazard warning that describes the physical and
    health hazards of the substance in the container.
  • The name, address and phone number of the
    manufacturer.

90
Physical and Health Hazard Information
  • A common form of listing physical and health
    hazards involves the use of a color scheme
  • Red - Fire Hazard
  • Blue - Health Hazard
  • Yellow - Reactivity Hazard
  • White - Special Hazard Directions

91
There is a numerical rating system for each
category to describe the degree of seriousness.
  • Zero (0) - Minimal Hazard
  • One (1) - Slight Hazard
  • Two (2) - Moderate Hazard
  • Three (3) - Serious Hazard
  • Four (4) - Extreme Hazard

92
Chemical Labeling Systems
  • American National Standards Institute
  • ANSI Z129.1
  • Precautionary Labeling for Hazardous Materials

93
FIRE HAZARD (FLASH POINTS)
HEALTH HAZARD
SPECIFIC HAZARD
94
Hazardous Material Code ID
Health Flammable Reactive
Recommended Protection Susceptibility to Burning Susceptibility to Energy Release
4 Special full Protection suit and breathing apparatus must be worn Very Flammable May detonate under normal conditions
3 Full protection suit and breathing apparatus should be worn Ignites under normal temperature conditions May detonate with shock or heat
2 Breathing apparatus with full face mask should be worn Ignites with moderate heating Violent chemical change but does not detonate
1 Breathing apparatus may be worn Ignites when preheated No stable if heated use precautions
0 No precautions necessary Will not ignite Normally stable
95
Chemical Labeling Systems
  • Chemical labeling is most effective when used in
    conjunction with
  • - Material Safety Data Sheets
  • - Training on Safe Handling of Chemicals
  • - and HazCom!

96
What is a Material Safety Data Sheet?
  • The MSDS is a detailed information bulletin
    prepared by the manufacturer or importer of a
    chemical that describes the physical and chemical
    properties, physical and health hazards, routes
    of exposure, precautions for safe handling and
    use, emergency and first-aid procedures, and
    control measures.

97
What to Do?
  • If you get into a chemical substance and you do
    not know what to do, contact plant operator
    giving them the product name information.
  • Master MSDS sheets are filed by product name not
    manufacturer.
  • They can guide you or your co-worker through the
    treatment.

98
Health and Safety Aspects of Tasks.
  • Working inside the plant
  • Working off extension ladders, man lifts, or
    above heights greater than 6-feet.
  • Safety harness and lanyards.
  • Electric Hands tools and extensions cords.
  • No locking device for trigger
  • 1st floor ceiling nuclear gauges.
  • Safe unless they fall off ceiling, exit building.
  • Removing guards
  • Equipment locked out from movement and plant
    operator notified.
  • Working on electrical equipment.
  • Locked out and tagged at MCC room.
  • Hazardous chemicals.
  • Master file for MSDS sheets.

99
Operating Equipment
  • Pre-Operational checks
  • Back up horns
  • Have mirrors adjusted and clean
  • Audible horn
  • Wear Seat belts
  • Proper working brakes
  • Drive according to the conditions of the roadway
  • Be a defensive driver.
  • Any item that affects the safe operation of the
    equipment must be removed from service
  • Overhead power lines.

100
This shows a 6 foot person on each side, and in
front of a large haul truck.
Visibility
101
The operator looking out the right side will not
see a person closer than 70, less than 9 out
the left side, and less than 40 in front of the
truck.
Visibility
102
Visibility
The operator looking out the right side will not
see the ground closer than 105, less than 16
out the left side, and less than 62 in front of
the truck.
103
The black pick-up is parked about 65 in front of
the haul truck. If it was about 6 closer the
operator probably would not be able to see it.
Visibility
104
(No Transcript)
105
Close Call Incident
  • While waiting to get another load the entire
    refuse bin tore loose from the mounting and fell
    into the empty truck.
  • Could not get the attention of another co-worker
    in the area and after 95 minutes of laying there
    crawled to get help.

106
Powered Haulage 2003
  • Van was being used to transport material to work
    sites. Van approached from the haul trucks right
    side and stopped immediately in front of the haul
    truck to drop off supplies.

107
2003 Fatal Powered Haulage
  • 59 year old truck driver with 25 years exp.
  • Backed over a spoil pile dumping point.
  • Truck rolled 166 feet and struck a adjacent
    highwall. The dumping point was not provided
    with a berm.

108
2003 Fatal
  • 36 Year old miner
  • 4 years experience
  • Using two pickups to assist moving the power
    cable for an electric shovel that was being
    repositioned.
  • Metal hook broke loose from hitch coming thru
    window of truck.

109
2004 Fatal Powered Haulage
  • January 22nd.
  • 29 Year old labor.
  • Surface area of a underground coal mine.
  • Watering down roadways and collided with the
    canopy of a longwall shield stored in the supply
    yard.
  • No protective cab or canopy.

110
Dozer Operation
  • Pre-operational checks.
  • No walking on stockpile above a reclaiming
    operation.
  • Communication very important.
  • SCSRs provided.
  • E-stop provided for feeders.
  • Stockpile work most dangerous.

111
Close Calls
  • Dozer operator traveled across a feeder to do
    some clean up work.
  • As he traveled back across he noticed the
    indicator light on that showed the feeder
    running.
  • The dozer fell into the hole.

112
Close Call Incident
  • Plant using 2 feeders. Plant opr. increased the
    flow to one of the feeders.
  • The dozer opr. was pushing coal away to allow for
    more coal storage.
  • The dozer fell into the 4 feeder backwords

113
Close Calls
  • Dozer was being operated over the No. 3 feeder on
    the raw coal pile when the coal underneath the
    dozer collapsed.
  • The dozer sank backwards and was engulfed in the
    void of the feeder.

114
Best Practices
  • Know associated dangers.
  • Indicate location of feeder points
  • Establish system of communications.
  • Never push coal into an active feeder until a
    cone begins to form on the surface of the pile
    and always push perpendicular to the cone.
  • If cone does not appear on a operating feeder,
    take corrective action to eliminate the void.
  • High strength glass or guards over windows.
  • Know the approximate diameter of a possible void
    verses height of the coal.
  • Have a operational cap lamp in cab and SCSR.

115
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116
SCSRs
  • Donning Technique for Dozer Operators

117
CSE SR-100 RESCUER
open activate, mouthpiece , noseclip
seal damage
daily
do not remove
comes before smoke
60 minutes
once
25 feet
foot on strap
10 years
blue
5 - 6 hours
none kept
remove before donning
118
THE 3 3 DONNING PROCEDURE KNEEL LOOP 3
CRITICAL STEPS 3 SECONDARY STEPS
DAILY CHECKS COLOR DOTS SEAL AREAS FOR
DAMAGE PHYSICAL CONDITION (STRAP)
1) Remove unit from storage box and place on
lap. 2) Turn on caplight, flashlight or dome
light. 3) Unlatch band by pulling strap, remove
top bottom lids. 4) Loop neck strap over
head. 5) Unfold breathing bag and locate orange
tab. 6) Pull tab to rotate lever thru 90 degrees
and puncture small oxygen cylinder to
initially inflate bag. 7) Immediately remove
mouth plug, insert mouthpiece, and exhale
through mouthpiece into unit. 8) Apply the nose
clip and breath normally. 9) Adjust the neck
strap. 10) Put on the goggles 11) Clip on waist
strap. 12) Breath through unit until rescue, if
needed another SCSR Is provided for additional
time.
90 DAY SHAKE TEST Performed to detect any
movement of solids within the CSE SR-100
119
CONVEYOR SAFETY
A CONVEYOR TRAVELING 600 FPM IS 6.8 MPH, OR 10
FPS. SINCE THE AVERAGE REACTION TIME IS 1/2
SECOND, A PERSON WOULD BE PULLED INTO THE MOVING
BELT 5 FEET BEFORE THEY WOULD START TO REACT!
  • Pull Cords along entire length of belt.
  • Stop/Start Control Flag System Explain
  • Warning on Start Up
  • Proper Method of Working on Belts - Explain

Don't get caught in the act !!
120
MSHA Law
  • Surface

121
Certified Person
  • Certain examinations and tests are required to be
    made by a certified person.
  • Who are certified persons
  • Person holding a state surface foreman papers.
  • Who is qualified by MSHA

122
Methane Examinations
  • Once during the each operating shift.
  • Immediately prior to any repair work in which
    welding or an open flame is used, or a spark may
    be produced.
  • Draw-off-tunnels of the raw and clean coal.
  • 1 or more, adjustments to the air must be made
    at once.

123
What you need to know about CH4
  • Methane is lighter than air.
  • Specific gravity is .555
  • Found near top in draw off tunnels, bins or
    confined spaces.
  • Methane is explosive between 5-15.
  • Will it ignite at a lower percentage?
  • When are you required to examine for CH4?
  • What do you do if a certain is found?

124
102 LED METHANE DETECTOR
TENTHS
WHOLE NUMBERS
DECIBEL
CHECKS DOWN OUTSIDE BEFORE TAKING
UNDERGROUND VISUAL EXAMINATION BATTERY CHECK
(3.4) OR MORE ELECTRICAL ZERO CHECK (0.0 OR 0.1)
125
ELECTRICAL ZERO AND TEST BUTTON
CHARGING JACK
126
ELECTRICAL ZERO TEST
127
HOLD BOTH BUTTONS AT SAME TIME FOR BATTERY CHECK
METHANE SENSOR
128
BATTERY TEST
129
COAL DUST
  • COAL DUST must not be allowed to accumulate to
    dangerous amounts.
  • Coal dust in the air of, or in, or on the
    surfaces of, structures, enclosures, or other
    facilities.

130
OVERHEAD HOISTING
  • Overhead repairs are being made, adequate
    protection shall be provided.
  • For persons working or passing below this above
    area.
  • Method we will use
  • Chains strung across opening with danger signs.
  • Remove after use.

131
Hoisting of Materials
  • Hitches and slings suitable for handling the type
    of materials being hoisted.
  • People shall stay clear of hoisted loads.
  • Taglines shall be attached to hoisted material
    that require steadying or guidance.

132
WALKWAYS
  • Safe means of access shall be provided and
    maintained to all working places.
  • Clear of material and other stumbling or slipping
    hazards.
  • Inclined areas Nonskid material or equipped
    with cleats.
  • Kept clear of snow, ice, salted, sanded ASAP.
  • Provided with handrails and where necessary toe
    boards.
  • Crossovers or unders provided to cross conveyors.

133
LADDERS
  • Maintained in good condition.
  • Wooden members of ladders not painted.
  • Fixed location vertical ladders Provided with
    back guards.
  • Not allowed to incline backwards.
  • Anchored securely.

134
ILLUMINATION
  • Adequate sufficient lighting to be provided in
    and on all surface
  • pathways,
  • structures,
  • stairways,
  • switch panels,
  • loading and dumping sites,
  • working areas.

135
Storage of Materials
  • Shall be stored and stacked in a manner to
  • Minimize stumbling or fall-of-material hazards.
  • Materials that can create hazards if the material
    was spilled be minimize the danger.
  • Hazardous materials stored in containers approved
    and labeled.

136
Storage of Materials
  • Compressed and liquid gas cylinders shall be
    stored in safe manner.
  • Valves on compressed gas cylinders shall be
    protected by covers when being transported or
    stored, and
  • By a safe location when the cylinders are in use.

137
Surge and storage piles
  • No person shall be permitted to walk or stand
    immediately above a reclaiming area or in any
    other area at or near a surge or storage pile
    where the reclaiming operation may expose him to
    a hazard.

138
Draw-Off-Tunnels
  • Ventilated.
  • Methane below 1
  • Use of fans if needed.
  • Provided with escapeways.
  • Keep cleaned.

139
Safeguards/Mech. Equip.
  • Gears, sprockets, chains, drive, head, tail and
    take-up pulleys, flywheels, couplings, shafts,
    saw blades, fan inlets, and similar exposed
    moving machine parts.
  • Overhead belts guarded if whipping action could
    be hazardous to people below.
  • Guards on specific areas of belts extend a
    distance to prevent a person reaching behind.
  • Guards shall be secured in place being operated.

140
Stationary Grinding Machines
  • Peripheral hoods capable of withstanding the
    force of a bursting wheel.
  • Adjustable tool rests set as close as practical
    to the wheel.
  • Safety washers
  • Grinding wheels according to specifications
  • Face shields or goggles worn when operating the
    grinding wheel.

141
Hand-held power tools
  • Be equipped with controls requiring constant hand
    or finger pressure to operate the tools or shall
    be equipped with friction or other equivalent
    safety devices.
  • Required grounding if not double insulated.

142
Machinery/Equip Operation and Maintenance
  • Safe operating condition
  • If unsafe, removed from service immediately
  • Section 77.404
  • Repairs, Maintenance not performed until the
    power is off and machinery is blocked against
    motion.
  • Not lubricated while in motion where a hazard
    exists, unless equipped with extended fittings.

143
Performing work raised position
  • Not permitted to work on or from a piece of
    mobile equipment in a raised position until it
    has been blocked in place securely.
  • No work under machinery or equipment that has
    been raised until securely blocked in position.

144
Welding Operations
  • Welding operations shall be shielded.
  • Well ventilated
  • Go over mine policy pertaining to surface.

145
Mobile Equipment Warning Devices
  • Mobile Equipment such as front-end loaders,
    forklifts, tractors, graders, and trucks.
  • Audible alarm when put in reverse.
  • Alarms shall be audible above surrounding noise
    levels.
  • Maintained in operational condition.
  • Strobe light set up for reverse can be used at
    night.

146
Electrical - General
  • Power circuits and electric equipment shall be
    de-energized before work is done on such circuits
    and equipment
  • Except for trouble shooting.
  • Inspected monthly by a Qualified Person.
  • Insulated mats or other in place at switchboards
    and power control switches where shock hazard
    exist, such as fuse boxes, knife blade switches,
    and disconnect boxes.

147
High Voltage Power lines
  • Minimum vertical clearance.
  • Booms and masts be kept at least the min.
  • 69-114,000 volts Min. 12 feet
  • 115-229,000 volts Min. 15 feet
  • 230-344,000 volts Min. 20 feet
  • 345-499,000 volts Min. 25 feet
  • 500,000 or more Min. 35 feet

148
ID of Equipment
  • Circuit breakers and disconnecting switches shall
    be labeled to show which units they control
  • Unless identification can be made readily by
    location.

149
FIRE PROTECTION
  • Fire fighting facilities and equipment shall be
    provided where fire hazards exists.
  • People instructed and trained annually in use.
  • Plan to follow in an event of a fire.
  • Waterlines provide 50 gpm at 50 psi.
  • Prep. Plant equipped with outlets on each floor
    and firehose water to reach all areas.

150
Fire Protection Cont.
  • Provided with Fire extinguishers at
  • Mobile equipment.
  • Permanent electrical installations.
  • Two fire extinguishers shall be provided at
  • Liquid storage station
  • Transfer pump of buried liquid storage tank
  • Where welding, cutting is being performed.

151
Miscellaneous
  • Communications shall be provided for anyone
    working alone where a hazardous condition exists
    unless he/she can be heard, seen, or communicate.
  • Provide emergency transportation.
  • Provide first aid training.
  • Provide first aid equipment.

152
Miscellaneous
  • PROTECTIVE CLOTHING WORN
  • Welding or burning.
  • Working with chemicals.
  • Gloves where injury to the hand/fingers
  • Hard hat
  • Protective footwear.
  • Snug fitting clothing.

153
Protective Clothing
  • Safety belts and lines where danger exists of
    falling.
  • 2nd person tending the line if work required over
    bins, tanks, or other dangerous areas entered.
  • Lifejackets or belts where danger of falling into
    water exists.
  • Seatbelts in mobile equipment.

154
Protective Clothing
  • Different colored hardhat to indicate
    inexperienced Red
  • Must be worn for a period of 1 year of experience
    on the surface.

155
BACK SAFETY
  • LOCK IT IN

156
Scope of the Problem
  • Eight out of 10 Americans will experience a
    painful back episode some time during their
    lifetime.
  • There are over 350,000 spinal surgeries performed
    every year for ruptured discs and related
    problems.
  • Back pain ranks 2nd only to
    upper respiratory infections in terms
    of lost work days for workers in the U.S.

157
Scope of Problem
  • Every day there are more than 10 million
    Americans seeking relief from back related
    symptoms.
  • Annual price tag for loss productivity and
    disability due to back pain is estimated at
    50-100 billion dollars. (Direct Costs)

158
Scope of Problem
  • Back pain has increased by 168, 14 times faster
    than population growth.
  • Every 4.5 seconds someone in American industry
    incurs a back injury.
  • Average cost of medical care for each occurrence
    is 15,000 dollars.

159
Scope of Problem
  • 50 of all back injuries are most likely caused
    by improper lifting.
  • Men ages 25-35 are the most common work group to
    develop back problems.
  • Up to 33 of all disabling work-related injuries
    are back injuries.
  • Accounts for 40 of all workers compensation
    costs.

160
Risk Factors for Back Injury
  • Lifting Improperly Not lifting, but improper
    lifting is the problem.
  • Sitting Too long a period, poor posture, no
    low back support.
  • Smoking People that smoke required back
    surgery 2-3 times more frequently than
    non-smokers. Smokers are at high risk for
    degenerative disk disease.

161
Risk Factors for Back Injury
  • Poor Nutrition To much fast food.
  • Stress Tense muscles cause lack of
    flexibility.
  • Lack of Exercise/Fitness Program Try 30
    minutes of exercise 3-4 times a week.

Dont be a Couch Potato
162
Physiology
  • Spine has three natural curves and was intended
    to function in the upright position while
    sitting, lifting, pushing, pulling and lying
    down.
  • Everyones responsibility to care for themselves.

163
5 Reasons for Locking the Back In
  • Prevent Damaged Discs
  • Maintain low disc pressure
  • Protect the ligament system
  • Use back muscles properly
  • Use Olympic model for lifting

164
What Should We Do?
  • Exercise by
  • Stretching what is tight and strengthen what is
    weak.
  • Standing Back Bends
  • Press-ups
  • Knee to Chest
  • Partial Sit-ups (crunches)

165
What Can We Do?
  • Proper Rest Positions
  • Choosing a Bed
  • Ergonomics
  • Start Lifting Properly
  • Task Analysis
  • Accident Report Analysis
  • Equipment Design
  • Know Your Physical Capacity

166
POSTURE
  • We must change poor posture
  • Its involved in every activity we perform
  • Sitting
  • Bending
  • Lifting
  • Pushing
  • Pulling
  • Lying down

167
MUSCLES
  • Four layers of intertwining abdominal and back
    muscles.
  • Act as movers for the spine.
  • Protects and stabilizes it.
  • Locking in the back draws on these back and
    abdominal muscles to help lock the spine.

168
MUSCLES
  • They are movers and stabilizers.
  • Assists in blood movement.
  • Heating the body.
  • FATIGUE
  • Increased probability of having an injury
    occurs.
  • Muscle fatigue while doing repetitive tasks
  • Lack of rest for the muscles
  • What we eat feeds our muscles?

169
NERVES
  • Radiate from the spinal column.
  • Will be compressed by bulged discs.
  • Typically will cause pain radiating down the legs
    (lumbar damage), or neck and shoulder pain
    (cervical damage) .
  • May cause muscle spasms.

170
VERTEBRAE
  • Function of support and protection.
  • Supports the head and trunk
  • Allows movement in three planes of motion
    through a system of
  • Muscles
  • Levers (bones)
  • Joints
  • Ligaments

171
VERTEBRAE
  • PROTECTS
  • Spinal Cord
  • Nerve Roots
  • Blood Vessels
  • Absorbs stress shock
  • Attachment for the discs

172
VERTEBRAE
  • 7 cervical neck region allows a great deal
    of motion.
  • 12 thoracic middle back as they descend
    little motion occurs because of rib attachment.
  • 5 lumbar largest of the vertebrae little
    motion.
  • 1 sacrum acts as a solid base for spine to sit
    upon.

173
BACK LIGAMENT
FRONT LIGAMENT
  • Runs entire front of the spine.
  • Thick and powerful ligament.
  • Reinforces the front wall of the disc.
  • Weak stomach muscles put extra load on the
    ligament (pot belly).
  • Runs the entire length of the spine.
  • Covers back of the spine.
  • Thins as it descends to thread-like.
  • At normal position with the three curves.
  • Concentration of nerve fibers making it
    sensitive to being stretched or added pressure
    put on it.

174
Disc
  • Cartilage Rings
  • Jelly fluid center.
  • Disc is a shock absorber
  • Allows movement in the spine.
  • Slipped discs do not occur they bulge
    (herniation), leak (rupture) or compress.

175
So What Does Happen?
  • Too much time of improper sitting, lifting,
    bending, pushing, not exercising properly.
  • Develops small tears in the wall surrounding
    discs.
  • Slight bulge
  • Continue possible herniation
  • Fluid escapes - Ruptured disc.

176
How To Lift
  • Get close to load.
  • Use the diagonal lift one foot in front of the
    other, separated about shoulder width.
  • Lock the back in using your back and stomach
    muscles
  • Lift head and look straight ahead.
  • Push the load up with the hips and legs.
  • Get rid of the load as soon as possible.
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