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Highlights include the world's largest collection of Southeast Asian ... Fort Canning Centre, which dominates the park, is now a venue for the arts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • R. Ravi kumar
  • s. Mohamed mohideen
  • c.p.vimal kumar
  • Guided by
  • g. prabhavathy

  • FLAG

Singapore, Republic of, independent city-state in
South East Asia, comprising one major island and
59 small adjacent islets, located off the
southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. Singapore
Island, the major island, is separated from
Malaysia to the north by the narrow Johor Strait.
On the south, it is separated from the Riau
archipelago of Indonesia by Singapore Strait, an
important shipping channel linking the Indian
Ocean to the west with the South China Sea on the
east. The city of Singapore is at the
south-eastern end of the island it is one of the
most important port cities and commercial centers
of South East Asia. The total area of the
republic is 640 sq km (247 sq mi).
Click The Map to See Big
B,July,1781,at sea,off port morant,Jam d,July
5,1826,London, Eng.
Indian administrator and founder of the port city
of Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible
for the creation of Britain's Far Eastern empire.
He was knighted in 1816. In full SIR THOMAS
STAMFORD RAFFLES, British East Indian
administrator and founder of the port city of
Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible for
the creation of Britain's Far Eastern empire. He
was knighted in 1816. During the second half of
the 18 th century the British were expanding
their trade flows beyond India to the Far East
all the way to China. It was therefore necessary
to control a port of call in the route between
India and China. The founder of modern
Singapore has two statues to his memory. The
original bronze cast by Thomas Woolner in 1887
stands outside the Victoria Theatre, while a
replica stands on North Boat Quay, behind
Parliament House - at the site where Raffles is
thought to have landed on January 29, 1819.

  • Official Name - Republic of Singapore Capital -
    Singapore Population - 2,986,500.Life
    Expectancy - 75 years for men 81 years for women
    Area - 640 sq km (247 sq mi) Largest Cities -
    N/A Languages - English Mandarin Chinese
    Malay Tamil Religions - Buddhism Daoism
    Hinduism Islam Roman Catholicism Currency -
    Singapore dollar Government - Unicameral republic

  • Cultural activities in Singapore are largely
    derivative, springing from one or another of the
  • ajor civilizations of China, India, Indonesia, or
    the West. Traditional Chinese and Indian music,
    painting, and drama are practiced by numerous
    cultural societies and professional groups.
    Popular culture, based on modern mass media, is
    far more widespread. Malay music, which has
    adopted the rhythms of Western orchestras, has
    general appeal. Musical films that popularize
    Hindi and Tamil songs have a considerable
    following, as do films from Hong Kong, Taiwan,
    and the United States.
  • Singapores cultural life reflects its past
    colonial administration and the countrys diverse
    population. Chinese, Malay, Indian, and British
    influences are apparent in Singapores art,
    architecture, and fine arts. British colonial
    architecture, for example, is represented by the
    Parliament House, City Hall, and the Raffles
    Hotel. Chinese, Hindu, and Islamic architecture
    are represented in the ornate Shuang Lin Temple,
    the Sri Mariamman Temple, and the Sultan Mosque,
    respectively. Singapores National Museum complex
    consists of one museum devoted to the
    contemporary art of Southeast Asia, one to Asian
    cultures, and the third to the history of
  • Several Chinese, English, Indian, and Malay
    newspapers serve a largely literate population.
    Magazines published in the West, Hong Kong, and
    Japan also have wide appeal. The government
    monitors the press to a certain extent and on
    occasion places circulation restrictions on
    periodicals and newspapers that are critical of
    its policies. The government-owned Singapore
    Broadcasting Corporation controls all local radio
    and television broadcasting.

  • Language
  • Chinese is the primary language spoken in the
    majority of homes. English is the language of
    administration and business and it is widely
    spoken as a second language.
  • Political
  • People's Action Party or PAP Chok Tong GOH,
    secretary general - the governing party
    Singapore Democratic Party or SDP CHEE Soon
    Juan Singapore People's Party or SPP CHIAM See
    Tong Workers' Party or WP J. B. JEYARETNAM
  • Goverment
  • Singapore is a parliamentary democracy governed
    under a 1959 constitution, promulgated when
    Singapore became a self-governing state. The
    constitution was amended in 1963 when Singapore
    joined with Sarawak, North Borneo (now Sabah),
    and the Federation of Malaya to form Malaysia. In
    1965 the constitution was amended again when
    Singapore separated from Malaysia to form an
    independent republic. Voting is compulsory for
    all Singaporeans 21 years of age and older.

The Night Safari
  • The dark holds many surprises... and more so at
    the Night Safari, where you can look a one-horned
    rhinoceros in the eye or hear the howls of a pack
    of striped hyenas.
  • There are 1,200 animals of over 100 exotic
    species to watch out for. Strike out on your own
    along the walking trail or relax in a tram ride -
    whichever you choose, the Night Safari is a wild
    adventure not to be missed.

  • Sntosa, Singapore's holidaySe resort island, can
    be reached by air, land or sea. Cable cars leave
    from Mount Faber and the World Trade Centre (WTC)
    for Sentosa a ride which offers a panoramic view
    of the Singapore harbour. Sentosa can also be
    reached via ferries from the WTC or overland by
    the Causeway-bridge.

Cool off at Fantasy Island, Sentosa's spectacular
new water theme park. Developed at a cost of over
50 million, Fantasy Island boasts 13 different
fulfilled water rides and a mind boggling 31
different water slides as well as three activity
pools (one for adults, two for children), a
state-of-the-art "interactive experiential
theatre" and an Entertainment Mall with unique
themed restaurants.

Kusu is a small island, sacred to both Muslims
and Taoists, which has stunning views of the
Singapore mainland and a good swimming lagoon.
Legend has it that Kusu was a giant sea turtle
which transformed itself into a large rock to
save shipwrecked sailors. Taoists make an annual
pilgrimage to the Tua Pekong Temple on Kusu
during the ninth lunar month.
SISTERS ISLAND This Southern island is perfect
for swimming, snorkelling and scuba diving,
although currents at Sisters Island can be
strong, so it is suitable for experienced divers
only. Pack a picnic and stay the whole day.
Getting there To get to the island it is
necessary to hire a boat from Jardine Steps or
Clifford Pier as there is no regular ferry
  • Marina South City Park, accessible from the
    Marina Bay MRT (M1), is a park that blends art
    with nature while affording fine views of the
    sea. A giant sundial and disc sculptures which
    revolve in the breeze are the artistic
    attractions of the park. The park's open spaces
    and breezy environment also make it a popular
    haunt for kite-flying enthusiasts.

Location Fullerton Road (near mouth of Singapore
River). Getting there Take the MRT to Raffles
Place (C1) and walk towards the Esplanade. From
Orchard Road, take TIBS bus 167 or 182.
  • Singapore Zoological Gardens

In its lush jungle setting, Singapore's renowned
'open' zoo is a haven for both animals and
visitors. More than 2,000 creatures are housed in
landscaped enclosures, with rock walls and
streams replacing cages.
Special attractions include Children's World,
where kids can interact with animals and enjoy
excellent playgrounds, the six island Primate
Kingdom, the sealion and penguin gallery, the
air-conditioned polar bear exhibit and a
miniature railway.
Opening hours 8.30am to 6pm daily. Animal
Showtimes 10.30am, 11.30am, 2.30pm and
3.30pm.Location Mandai Lake Road, Singapore
729826 Tel 2693411.
  • 'SUNGEI BULOH NATURE PARK Singaporefirst
    designated wetland nature reserve is a major
    stop-over point for birds migrating along the
    East Asian Flyway.
  • Opening hours 7.30am to 7pm on weekdays 7am to
    7pm on weekends and public holidaysLocation Neo
    Tiew Crescent. Tel 6690377Getting there Take
    the MRT to Choa Chu Kang (B3) station, then take
    TIBS bus SS7 to Woodlands Interchange. From
    Woodlands Interchange, take TIBS bus 925

Jurong Bird Park
Southeast Asia's largest bird park, Jurong
BirdPark is home to over 8,000 birds of 600
species from all over the world. Highlights
include the world's largest collection of
Southeast Asian Hornbills and South American
Toucans, and the world's second largest penguin
exhibit. Opening hours 9am to 6pm (Mon-Fri),
8am to 6pm (Sat, Sun and public holidays).
Panorail 9.00am to 5.30 pm. Location Jalan
Ahmad Ibrahim, Singapore 628925 Tel 2650022.
Getting there Take the MRT to Boon Lay (W12),
then SBS bus 194 or 251.  
  • East Coast Park

East Coast Park, located off the East Coast
Parkway, is a favourite play area for
Singaporeans, either at the beach or in the
parklands where bicycle riding is much enjoyed.
Hire a bike or go windsurfing, eat at one of the
many fine seafood restaurants or enjoy yourself
at the various leisure attractions. These include
everything from a bowling alley to a golf driving
Fort Canning Park
Fort Canning Park is a park rich in history - a
sacred site where early Malay kings settled and
the spot Sir Stamford Raffles chose to build his
own bungalow, Singapore's first Government House.
Fort Canning Centre, which dominates the park, is
now a venue for the arts. Located in the City
Centre, the park is a short walk from Dhoby Ghaut
MRT (N1) station.  
the Botanic Gardens combine both primary
jungle and manicured gardens which together hold
thousands of species of plant life, including
many rare specimens. Malaysia's rubber industry
had its origins in the Botanic Gardens in the
late 19th century when colonial botanist Henry
Ridley propagated rubber plants from London's Kew
    The blooms here at singapores Largest
    ,commercial orchid garden provide a colourful
    display all year round

  • Sri Mariamman Temple

This magnificent temple at 244 South Bridge Road
is Singapore's oldest Hindu temple. There was a
wood and attap temple on the site by 1827 and the
original brick bones of the present building were
built around 1843. Since then, there have been
many additions, with a profusion of deities being
carved all over its walls, its doors bedecked
with bells and frescoes added to the ceilings.
The fire-walking festival, Thimithi, is
celebrated here.Getting there Take the MRT to
Tanjong Pagar (Wl).
Sultan Mosque
With its massive golden dome and huge prayer
hall, the Sultan Mosque is one of Singapore's
most imposing religious buildings and a focal
point for Muslim Singapore. The original mosque
on this site m North Bridge Road was built with
the help of a 3,000 grant from Sir Stamford
Raffles. The present mosque, designed by Denis
Santry, was completed in 1928.Getting there
Take the MRT to Bugis (E1) or Lavender (E2)
St Joseph's Church
Every Good Friday Singapore's Catholic community
commemorates the crucifixion of Christ with a
procession through the grounds of this church at
143 Victoria Street. It was built in the early
part of this century to replace an earlier church
erected by the Portuguese mission to
Singapore.Getting there Take a short walk from
Bugis MRT (E1).
Changi VillageOff the beaten track, Changi
Village shows a more relaxed side of Singapore.
  • Little India, centred around Serangoon Road,
    embodies the vibrant and colourful culture of the
    Indian community in Singapore. Women in graceful
    saris and turbaned Sikhs go about their daily
    business in the Zhujiao Centre, where a
    bewildering selection of food is on sale. The
    Hindu religion plays an important part in the
    life of Little India, and the Sri Veerama
    Kaliaman and Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temples in the
    area are well worth visiting. Allow two hours to

Many visit tSingapore like nothing rnore than to
get off the beaten path to discover how the
locals live and enjoy life.
  • KRANJI WAR MEMORIAL The beatifully Lands caped
    grounds of the Kranji war memorial are
    dedicated to the Allied troops who died in the
    battle forn singapore during world war ll.The
    memorial's walls are inscribed with the names of
    those who died, and a register is available for
    inspection from the custodian. Allow half an
  • Location 9 Woodlands Road 22km, Singapore
    738656.Getting there Take TIBS bus 182 from
    Somerset Road or SBS 170 from Rochor Road and
    alight at bus stop opposite the Memorial.
  • CIVILIAN WAR MEMORIAL This strikingly simple
    memorial is dedicated to the civilians who lost
    their lives during the Japanese occupation in the
    Second World The Civilian an War Memorial War.
    The locals affectionately call it the
    "Chopsticks" memorial because of its unusual

  • Allow three hours

Just up-river stands Clarke Quay,
where shoppers can enjoy the festival atmosphere
while hunting for bargains in 176 airconditioned
godowns and shophouses. Clarke Quay has its own
seafood, fruit and vegetable market, as well as
40 push-carts selling unique knick-knacks such as
pottery, jewellery and woodcraft. Bars, discos,
restaurants and a Disneystyle Adventure Ride also
pull in the crowds.

Geylang, traditionally the home of Singapore's
Malay, Arab and Indonesian communities, is alive
with market stalls and bustling crowds,
particularly during Muslim festivals. Spices and
rattan from Indonesia, gems from Burma, cotton
and gold from India and perfumes from Arabia -
this is the place for the adventurous shopper who
enjoys old shophouses as a backdrop to bargain
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