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Thomas Jefferson: Jeffersonian America

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Thomas Jefferson: Jeffersonian America The Presidential Years 1800-1808 (1801-1809) The Republicans Political Revolution The Jeffersonian Presidency Jefferson and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thomas Jefferson: Jeffersonian America


1
Thomas Jefferson Jeffersonian America
  • The Presidential Years
  • 1800-1808
  • (1801-1809)

2
  • The Republicans Political Revolution
  • The Jeffersonian Presidency
  • Jefferson and the West
  • Conflict with Britain and France

3
The Presidential Election of 1800
4
The Revolution of 1800
  • Jefferson - (Democratic-Republican) won
  • John Adams - (Federalist)
  • We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists
  • Power in government transferred PEACEFULLY from
    one party to another
  • Bloodless and revolutionary in International
    politics

5
Jeffersons Early Policies
  • FEDERALIST
  • Maintained National Bank (a Federalist idea
    Hamilton)
  • Maintained debt-repayment plan
  • Carried on Neutrality policies of Washington and
    Adams
  • REPUBLICAN
  • Pursued limited central government
  • Reduced size of military
  • Eliminated federal jobs
  • Repealed excise taxes (whiskey)
  • All Republican cabinet

6
Jeffersonian Republicanism
  • A republic (small r) of independent, virtuous,
    yeoman farmers
  • Self-sufficient, hard-working, proud

7
  • Map 8.6 Defining the National Boundaries, to
    1800-1820 (p. 240)

8
  • Map 8.4 U.S. Population Density in 1803 and the
    Louisiana Purchase (p. 234)

9
The Louisiana Purchase 1803
  • Napoleon sold to US for 3 an acre (15 million)
  • TJ struggled with constitutionality of the
    purchase
  • Saw territory as potential Northwest Passage to
    the Pacific
  • Saw it as potential to be less tangled in
    European affairs
  • Doubled Size of US

10
Louisiana Purchase
11
Lewis and Clark
  • Left St. Louis in 1804 with 31 men
  • Explored Louisiana Territory via the Missouri
    River
  • Contact with Indian Nations
  • Scientific knowledge greatly expanded
  • Strengthened US claims to Oregon
  • Maps and Geographic knowledge expanded

12
John Marshall and the Supreme Court
  • Federalist appointed judge
  • 34 years on Supreme Court
  • Most decisions strengthened federal government
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803) - judicial review

13
Marbury v. Madison
  • Established principle of judicial review
  • Judicial Review - Rights of the Courts to review
    laws based on their Constitutionality

14
Jefferson re-elected in 1804
  • 2nd term troubles
  • Aaron Burr plot
  • Opposition within Republican party (Quids)
  • Napoleonic Wars in Europe

15
Burr conspiracy(s) and Duel
  • Burr and New England radical Federalists to
    secede in 1804 - failed
  • Challenged A. Hamilton to duel - killed him in
    1804
  • Westward conspiracy - take Mexico to unite with
    Louisiana under his rule
  • Burr conspiracy trial - acquitted of treason by a
    jury

16
Foreign problems
  • Barbary pirates - US Navy fought 1801-1805 - to a
    draw
  • British - challenged US Navy - impressment of US
    sailors into British navy
  • Chesapeake-Leopard affair - British ship fired on
    US ship
  • Embargo Act of 1807 - no US merchant ships into
    foreign ports

17
Embargo Act Cartoon
18
Embargo Act of 1807
  • Intended to punish the British and French
  • Backfired and devastated the US economy
  • Repealed in 1809
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