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Birth of Athena

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... Bartholomeus, ca 1591 Judgement of Paris: Rubens, Peter Paul, 1635-1637 Athena goddess-Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) Athena Vienna statue ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Birth of Athena


1
Birth of Athena
  • Theogony 886-898
  • Homeric Hymn to Athena (hymn 28)
  • Masculine-femininity
  • Virginity
  • Parthenos- Parthenon

2
Birth of Athena (6th century B.C.)
3
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4
Birth of Athena 570 BC
5
Detail of Kylix- birth of Athena from Zeus.
GreekNew York, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
6
Athens, c. 550 BCEshowing birth of Athena from
head of Zeus, with Hephaestus holding axe signed
by Phrynos as potter and attributed to the
Phrynos Painter. London, British Museum.
7
Parthenon
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10
The Parthenon (Myth-religion-politics)
  • Built between 447-438 B.C.
  • Triumph of Greeks over Persians (480)
  • Complex program of decoration
  • East pediment-birth of Athena
  • West pediment-victory of Athena over Poseidon
    (Athena with her spear grew an olive
    tree-Poseidon a salt spring with his trident)

11
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13
Diagram showing positions of sculptures 447-432
B.C.
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15
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16
METOPES Battle between Centaurs and
Lapiths-Representing struggle between justice and
chaos.
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18
PEDIMENT SCULPTURES
  • West end of the temple depicted the contest
    between Poseidon and Athena, for who would be the
    patron deity of Athens (Athena's gift of the
    olive tree was preferred over Poseidon's spring).
  • EAST pediment showed the birth of Athena from
    Zeus' head.
  • The pedimental sculptures suffered badly when the
    Parthenon was hit in 1687

19
Parthenon FRIEZE
  • The Parthenon frieze runs around the upper edge
    of the temple wall.
  • Its relatively small size (3 feet 5 inches tall)
    and placement (inside from the triglyphs and
    metopes) made it fairly hard to see from the
    ground.
  • Unlike the metopes, the frieze has a single
    subject on all four sides. On three sides (north,
    west, and south)
  • Procession of horsemen, musicians, sacrificial
    animals, and other figures with various ritual
    functions. PANATHENAIC procession. MYTH and
    RITUAL

20
Ivory comb, ca 600 BC
21
Mourning Athena460 BC- Relief
22
Bronze statuette holding owl c. 450 BC
23
Birth of Erichthonios 450 BC
24
Phrynos Painter, ca 560-550 BCbirth of Athena
25
Athena Lanckoronski relief, 1st century BC
26
Athena and Arachne-corinthian aryballos 600
BC-Corinth museum
27
Judgement of Paris Cranach, Lucas, 1508
28
Minerva victorious over Ignorance Spranger,
Bartholomeus, ca 1591
29
Judgement of Paris Rubens, Peter Paul,
1635-1637
30
Athena goddess-Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)
31
Athena Vienna statue
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