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CLASSES OF DRUGS

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CLASSES OF DRUGS Ivana Tkal i ... Antihistamines Block the action of histamine Cannot cure alergic reactions but relieve symptoms Many side effects Cardiovascular ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CLASSES OF DRUGS


1
CLASSES OF DRUGS
  • Ivana Tkalcic
  • Mentor A. Žmegac Horvat

2
Analgesics
  • Mild (headache, myalgia, toothache)
  • Narcotic (opioid)
  • -induce stupor
  • -used only to relieve severe pain
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

3
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4
Anesthetics
  • Reduce or eliminate sensation
  • General or local anesthetics

5
Antibiotics and antivirals
  • Antibiotics - produced by microorganisms
  • - inhibit or kill bacteria, fungi or
    parasites
  • - caution about the use of antibiotics
  • Antivirals - used against viruses (EBV, CMV,HIV)

6
Anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs
  • Prevent blood clotting
  • Thrombosis and embolism
  • Transfusion
  • Heparin
  • Antiplatelet drugs reduce tendency of platelets
    to stick together

7
Anticonvulsants
  • Prevent or reduce the frequency of convulsions in
    various types of epilepsy

8
Antidepressants
  • Treat symptoms of depression
  • Tricyclics (TCAs) and selective serotonin
    reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  • Lithium

9
Antidiabetics
  • Treat diabetes mellitus
  • Type 1 daily injections of insulin
  • Type 2 oral antidiabetic drugs (sulfonylureas,
    biguanides, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors,
    thiazolidinediones and meglitinides)

10
Antihistamines
  • Block the action of histamine
  • Cannot cure alergic reactions but relieve
    symptoms
  • Many side effects

11
Cardiovascular drugs
  • Act on the heart or blood vessels
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • Angiotensin ll receptor antagonists
  • Antiarrhythmics
  • Beta-blockers
  • Calcium antagonists or calcium channel blockers

12
  • Cholesterol-lowering drugs (cholestyramine and
    statins)
  • Diuretics

13
Endocrine drugs
  • Act in the same manner as naturally occuring
    hormones
  • Androgens
  • Antiandrogens
  • Estrogens
  • Antiestrogens
  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERM)
  • Progestins

14
  • Thyroid hormone
  • Glucocorticoids

15
Gastrointestinal drugs
  • Used to relieve uncomfortable and potentially
    dangerous symptoms
  • Antacids
  • Antiulcer drugs
  • Antidiarrheal drugs
  • Cathartics laxatives and purgatives
  • Antinauseants

16
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17
Respiratory drugs
  • Treat asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and
    bronchospasm
  • Bronchodilators
  • Steroid drugs
  • Leukotriene modifiers

18
Sedatives, hypnotics and tranquilizers
  • Depress central nervous system, promote
    drowsiness and sleep
  • Insomnia and other sleep disorders
  • Tranquilizers for controlling anxiety

19
Stimulants
  • Act on the brain to speed up vital processes in
    case of shock and collapse
  • Amphetamines
  • Caffeine

20
  • THANK YOU!
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