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New Forest Products

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Joan has a Master of Engineering degree from the University of Toronto. ... and has over twenty years experience in the timber engineering research field. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Forest Products


1
New Forest Products
  • 2008 Provincial Leadership Forum

2
TOPIC SPONSOR
  • Joan Elangovan was appointed Assistant Deputy
    Minister for Corporate Services in January 2007.
    Her portfolio includes planning, policy and
    legislation financial control and budget
    management organization development and
    information management and technology. Recently
    she has also become the executive lead for
    Value-Added Strategies.
  • Joan joined the BC government in 1992. She worked
    in senior management positions in the social and
    economic development sectors, most recently, in
    the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of
    Attorney General. Prior to joining the BC public
    service, she worked for Ontario Hydro. Joan has
    a Master of Engineering degree from the
    University of Toronto.
  • In her spare time, Joan enjoys reading, music and
    travel. Joan and her husband live in Victoria.
  • Joan Elangovan, M.Eng.
  • Assistant Deputy Minister
  • Ministry of Forests and Range

3
COMPETITIVE ISSUES
  • John Talbot has over thirty years of managerial
    experience in manufacturing, principally in the
    Province of British Columbia, Canada. Recent
    operating experience has been primarily in the
    wood products sector. John has intimate and
    practical knowledge of structural and value added
    wood manufacturing productivity issues, raw
    material supply, and strategic business planning
    / implementation.
  • John, formerly the Executive Director - Value
    Added manufacturing at the Crown Corporation of
    Forest Renewal BC, has had specific careers in
    labour relations and sales and marketing -
    developing / and implementing of export marketing
    programs.
  • John Talbot
  • Performance Management, Strategic Business
    Development
  • FP Innovations

4
ENGINEERED WOOD PRODUCTS
  • Jean Cook is currently Research Manager of two
    departments Composite Products and Resource
    Characterisation.
  • Jean holds a Ph.D. in Statistics from the
    University of Waterloo and joined Forintek in
    1984 specialising in risk analysis as applied
    to forest resource characterisation for value,
    product manufacturing process control and
    engineering properties of solid wood products.
  • As part of the management team since 1990, Jean
    has enjoyed working in the multidisciplinary
    teams formed by the sector to resolve various
    technical trade and regulatory issues in
    international markets.
  • She is currently the FPInnovations Board member
    of the Canadian Lumber Standards Accreditation
    Board and the Board member of the NSERC Strategic
    Network ForValueNet.
  • Jean A. Cook, Ph.D.
  • Manager Composite Products, Resource Group
  • FP Innovations FORINTEK

5
NEXT GENERATION PULP PAPERNANOCRYSTALLINE
CELLULOSEBIO-REFINING
  • Gail Sherson is with FPInnovations Paprican
    Division where she is Director of the Vancouver
    Laboratory and Manager of the Fibre Supply and
    Quality Research Program.
  • Gail is a graduate of the University of British
    Columbia with degrees in Chemical Engineering and
    Pulp and Paper Engineering. Gail joined Paprican
    almost three years ago, bringing extensive
    industrial experience with International Paper,
    Champion International, Nexfor, Fletcher
    Challenge and MacMillan Bloedel.
  • Gail Sherson, M. Eng.
  • Director, Vancouver Laboratory and Program
    Manager Fibre Supply and Quality
  • FP Innovations PAPRICAN

6
NEXT GENERATION BUILDING SYSTEMS
  • Erol Karacabeyli is a Registered Professional
    Engineer in British Columbia, Canada, and has
    over twenty years experience in the timber
    engineering research field. Holding two Masters
    Degrees he is a well-known specialist on seismic
    performance of timber structures, duration of
    load effects on lumber, panel and engineered wood
    products, and connections.
  • Erol is currently the Manager of the Building
    Systems Department in Western Laboratory of
    Forintek. Erol is an influential member in many
    national and international codes and standards
    committees whose mandates encompass the safety
    and reliability of wood structures.
  • Erol made significant contributions in wood
    engineering field, and published his findings in
    over 70 publications.
  • Erol Karacabeyli, P.Eng.
  • Manager Building Systems
  • FP Innovations FORINTEK

7
Project Director
  • Werner Hofstätter holds an Honours Commerce
    Degree, a CSC, and has more than 25 years of
    experience working and consulting with all sizes
    of private and public sector organizations. He is
    currently Project Director of Value-Added
    Strategies in Corporate Services.
  • He has held a variety of senior management and
    consulting positions in some of Canadas largest
    organizations. He has worked with many industry
    sectors including transpor-tation, financial
    services, logistics and pulp paper.
  • In addition to publishing several articles on
    Value-Based Management, he has lectured in
    Finance at Carleton University. He is also a
    certified commercial diver, a trained volunteer
    fire-fighter and level III first responder.
  • Werner Hofstätter
  • Project Director
  • Corporate Services Division
  • Ministry of Forests

8
INNOVATIVE FOREST PRODUCTS
  • MAXIMIZING VALUE FROM
  • FOREST RESOURCES

it is a time for us to look to the future of
forestry. Maybe it looks a little different than
the forest industry that I remember as a kid and
the forest industry that I worked in the
1990s. Hon. Pat Bell, National Forest Day
9
OBJECTIVE
  1. Update you on some of the latest innovations in
    forest products and technologies
  2. Generate discussion on what role, if any, the
    Government should play in creating an environment
    that encourages innovation and commercialization

10
TODAYS AGENDA
  • ENGINEERED WOOD PRODUCTS
  • NEXT GENERATION BUILDING SOLUTIONS
  • BIO-REFINING etc.
  • COMPETITIVE ISSUES
  • QUIZ, DISCUSSION and PRIZES

11
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12
Engineered Building Products
  • What are they?
  • Construction materials used for structural
    elements in buildings.
  • Successful Engineered Products have
  • demonstrated and reliable performance in service
    and
  • are competitively priced
  • Examples are steel, concrete and

13
Structural grades of lumber panels that have
recognized engineering properties
2004
14
The definition in the wood industry isEWP
Composite wood substitutes for solid wood
Better use of small and low grade logs (all
species)
Veneer Strip Lumber
Parallam
Oriented Strand Lumber
Laminated Veneer Lumber
15
Typical Wood Composite Manufacturing Process
(Courtesy of SBA)
16
Reliability and Cost Competitiveness Process
Interactions impact EWP Demand
?
17
Solution Look inside the process
START WITH SENSOR TECHNOLOGY
Relate process parameters to end product
attributes
  • Moisture Meters in Dryers and Forming Line
  • Weight Scale in Forming Line
  • Thickness Gauges in Finishing Line

18
Innovate to both reduce costs and improve end
product attributes
On-line measurement of wood MC to reduce energy
costs and reduce plywood delamination
750,000 per mill, per year
19
This poster provides several examples of other
substitutes for solid lumber, timbers and beams
20
Novel concepts  open web studs 
P
21
An EWP Success Story
  • OSB has captured 85 of the North American new
    home sheathing markets from plywood.
  • Why? It is now perceived by the NA home
    construction industry as a lower price product
    that performs as well as plywood in home
    sheathing.

It took 20 years for OSB to capture significant
market share from plywood in sheathing markets
22
Cook Observation
  • There is no shortage of new ideas for wood
    products and systems that COULD be used in
    construction
  • Which have the potential to be perceived by the
    construction industry as viable substitutes for
    concrete and steel?

I believe these are the engineered wood
products that will attract sustained investment
to the sector
23
From commodity productsto building solutions
Knowledge
Services
Lars Sandberg, Timwood
24
Opportunity for Wood Non-Residential Buildings
Prince George Airport Courtesy of Equilibrium
Consulting
25
US Non-Residential Buildings - Current and
Potential Market Share
Source WPC 2006
26
Wood-Based Building Systems
  • Best bets
  • 6 Storey Light Wood Frame Construction (currently
    limited to 4)
  • 6-10 Storey Heavy Frame Buildings with Concrete
    Core (new)
  • Cross Laminated Timber Applications (new)
  • Roof and Floor Applications
  • Non-structural walls in Concrete Masonry
    Buildings
  • Post Disaster/Low Cost Shelter

27
First Best Bet 6 storey Light wood-frame
construction in Canada (currently limited to 4)
  • BC Premieres support made a difference
  • FPInnovations and CWC are supporting BC Building
    and Safety Policy Branch in pursuing regulatory
    changes to increase the limit on
    wood-construction from four to six storeys
  • Validation by US/Japan/Canada earthquake
    simulation test (FII support) (NEESWood) of a
    6-storey wood-frame building (test specimen is
    built BC lumber)

28
Second best bet 6-10 storey Heavy Frame
Buildings with Concrete Core
  • Developing several design concepts for use of
    wood in mid-rise construction, including hybrid
    wood/concrete and wood/steel

29
Second best bet 6 storey Heavy Frame Buildings
with Concrete Core
  • Demonstration building in Quebec City
  • Based on the objectives of Quebecs use of wood
    in the non-residential sector policy (May 2008)
  • Has received go ahead from Régie du bâtiment
    pending a few modifications
  • 60 000 ft2 in total
  • Above ground structure combines concrete core and
    heavy glulam
  • Below ground parking garage in
  • reinforced concrete ( 53 parking spaces)
  • Total Height 22.8 m
  • Built under the NBCC 2005
  • LEED GOLD
  • Planned occupancy Fall 2009

Owner CSN FONDACTIONArchitect Gilles Huot,
GHA Atelier darchitectureStructural Engineer
Bureau dÉtudes Spécialisées inc.
30
Third best bet Cross Laminated Timber
Massive wood plates, X-lam or Jumbo plywood
Murray Grove Building, London, GBWorld Tallest
Wood Building
31
Cross Laminated Timber
Elevator shaft or stair case with CLT
Courtesy of KLH
32
Fourth best bet Roof and Floor Applications
Richmond Speed Skating Oval
33
Fourth best bet Roof and Floor Applications
  • High Strength to weight ratio makes wood systems
    very suitable

Courtesy of CWC WoodWorks
34
Fifth best bet Non-structural walls in Concrete
Masonry Buildings
Not common in North America
Stockholm 2004 Wood Walls in Concrete Building
35
Sixth best bet Post-Disaster/Low Cost Shelter
36
Recent disasters houses destroyed
  • 2004 Tsunami 150,000 homes
  • 2005 Pakistan earthquake 500,000 homes
  • 2005 Hurricane Katrina 275,000 homes
  • 2006 Indonesia earthquake 140,000 homes

Earthquake 2006 Java
Hurricane 2005 USA
37
Wood Framing Proven Earthquake Performance
Hyogo-ken Nambu (Kobe) quake, 1995
Undamaged houses N. American framing
Post WWII House Collapsed
38
Earthquake simulation test in USA(showing no
structural damage)
39
CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • Wood-based building systems offer a lot of
    potential in new applications
  • FPInnovations launched an initiative
    Next Generation Building Solutions
  • Funded largely by NRCan
  • Multi-disciplinary collaborative research with
    design community
  • A large component in wood-based composites
  • Designed to play a major role in increasing use
    of wood in residential and non-residential
    construction

40
Next Generation Building Solutions
Example FPInnovations Vancouver Laboratory

41
Next Generation Pulps Papers
  • Innovation technology that take full advantage
    of Canadas unique fibre characteristics

42
Intelligent Paper Safety
Bio-reactive Paper Products
  • Paper giving instant visible indication of
    pathogens.
  • High speed manufacture coating or printing.





  • SARS mask
  • detect viral contamination
  • deactivate the pathogen
  • protect the user

43
Advanced Bioproducts Nanocrystalline cellulose
  • Smallest physical sub-unit of cellulose
  • Crystallite dimensions, 200 nm long, 10 nm wide
  • 8,000 times thinner than a human hair.
  • FPInnovations Lab Process Production, 2 kg/week
  • Ready for 1 tonne per day NCC demonstration plant

44
Nanocrystalline Cellulose (NCC)
crystalline region
microfibril
amorphous region
acid hydrolysis H2SO4
TEM image of nanocrystals
45
Nano-Crystalline Cellulose (NCC)
Nano-Crystalline Cellulose (NCC)
Opacity
Colour

Porosity
Stronger than Steel
46
NCC in the Everyday World?
47
The forest biorefinery
  • An integrated set of processes
  • Multiple products, a single site
  • Solid wood, panels
  • Pulp, paper
  • Heat, power
  • Transportation fuels
  • Chemicals
  • Maximize the value from each component of the
    feedstock

48
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49
Potential pathways to new products
50
Main pathways to fuels and chemicals
XXX
  • Lignin
  • Resins 400 per tonne of lignin
  • Substitute for carbon black in tires 1000 per
    tonne?
  • Carbon Fibres
  • Hemicellulose
  • Ethanol, lactic acid
  • 300 per tonne of hemicellulose
  • Fuel, plastic precursor
  • Xylose, Xylitol (sugar substitute)
  • Polymer precursors
  • 700 per tonne

51
Thermo-chemical processes
  • Gasification
  • Generates a combustible gas
  • Burn to displace Bunker C or natural gas
  • Synthesize hydrocarbon products
  • Methanol
  • Synthetic Diesel
  • Leaders in this field Enerkem, Nexterra
  • Pyrolysis
  • Generates a combustible liquid
  • Burn to displace Bunker C
  • Extract chemicals, food products
  • Resins, phenolics for board grades
  • BBQ sauces, flavourings
  • Both processes produce fuels or synthetic
    chemicals
  • Both can operate on low value, mixed residues

52
Boiler Replacement with a Gasifier at Kruger
Products in New Westminister
FPInnovations Partnership with Nexterra
53
Optimize Current FutureProduct Streams
54
The Real Measure of Environmental Impact
55
The zero-carbon house?
29 tonnes of CO2 are captured in a typical house.
Offsets five years of driving the family car.
56
Canadian Forest Products Industry
57
DISCUSSION
?
?
?
?
QUIZ
58
FOREST PRODUCTS JEOPARDY
Engineered Wood Products
Building Systems
Bio-Refinering
Key Messages
ONE
ONE
ONE
ONE
X
X
X
X
TWO
TWO
TWO
TWO
X
X
X
X
THREE
THREE
THREE
THREE
X
X
X
X
FOUR
FOUR
FOUR
FOUR
X
X
X
X
FIVE
FIVE
FIVE
FIVE
X
X
X
X
59
EWP Question 1
  • What type of
  • engineered wooden beams are capable of replacing
    steel beams?

Glulam, Parallel Strand Lumber, PSL or Parallam
Back
60
EWP Question 2
  • What of plywood that has been replaced by OSB
    in new North American residential construction?

About 85
Back
61
EWP Question 3
  • Which 2 continents
  • use the majority
  • of the worlds
  • softwood sawn lumber?

North America and Europe
Back
62
EWP Question 4
  • What percent
  • of a typical EWP
  • is resin?

Less than 10
Back
63
EWP Question 5
  • What continent leads
  • the world in EWP production for light-frame
    construction?

North America
Back
64
Building Systems Question 1
  • Which wooden floor and wall panels have passed
    the 45 minute burn test?

X-Lam, Cross-Lam or Massive Plywood
Back
65
Building Systems Question 2
  • How many stories tall
  • will light wood, residential buildings soon be
    allowed?

Up to six stories
Back
66
Building Systems Question 3
  • Approximately what
  • percent of US non-residential construction could
    be wood-based?

More than 90 percent
Back
67
Building Systems Question 4
  • In which city is the worlds tallest wooden
    building?

London, England
Back
68
Building Systems Question 5
  • Approximately
  • how many homes have been destroyed by natural
    disasters
  • since 2004?

More than one million! ( 1,065,000 )
Back
69
Bio-Refining Question 1
  • How many times thinner than a human hair is a
    Nanocrystalline cellulose particle?

8,000 times thinner than a human hair
Back
70
Bio-Refining Question 2
  • From what
  • process stream
  • can lignin be extracted?

From the black liquor created in the chemical
pulp process
Back
71
Bio-Refining Question 3
  • Name one of the
  • products that can be manufactured using the
    lignin extracted from black-liquor?

Carbon fibres, Carbon Black, others
Back
72
Bio-Refining Question 4
  • Who are the two leading companies in the field of
    gasification?

Nexterra And EnerKem
Back
73
Bio-Refining Question 5
  • Name 3 types
  • of fuel that can be
  • derived in the
  • bio-refining process?

Bio-ethanol, bio-diesel and syngas
Back
74
Key Messages Question 1
  • What can you do to promote getting more value
    from the forest?

Group Discussion
Back
75
Key Messages Question 2
  • Does anything you currently do make it harder for
    industry to extract more value from the forest?

Any other views?
Back
76
Key Messages Question 3
  • Given what you have heard today - what role
    should the Ministry of Forests and Range
  • play in fostering this industry?

Any other feedback?
Back
77
Key Messages Question 4
  • What will you do
  • differently or think differently as a result of
    todays presentations?

Group Discussion
Back
78
Key Messages Question 5
  • What intrigued you the most from the
    presentations you heard today and why?

Anybody Else ?
Back
79
FOREST PRODUCTS JEOPARDY
Special Thanks To FP Innovations
Forintek Paprican
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