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Lexis and Grammar for Translation

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aveva piovuto (trapassato prossimo) She had ... Simple present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous Simple Future Passato Prossimo ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lexis and Grammar for Translation


1
Lexis and Grammar for Translation
Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I
  • Dott. M. Gatto
  • Lingue e Culture per il Turismo

2
PRESENT tense/aspectSTRUCTURE
  • Simple gt INF (s)
  • I cry
  • Continuous gt BE ING
  • I am crying
  • Perfect gt HAVE ED
  • I have cried
  • Perfect continuous gt HAVE BEEN ING
  • I have been crying

3
PAST tense/aspectSTRUCTURE
  • Simple gt ed irregular forms
  • I cried /I wrote
  • Continuous gt BE ING
  • I was crying
  • Perfect gt HAVE ED
  • I had cried
  • Perfect continuous gt HAD BEEN ING
  • I had been crying

4
FUTURE tense/aspectSTRUCTURE
  • Simple gt WILL inf
  • I will cry
  • Continuous gt WILL BE ING
  • I will be crying
  • Perfect gt WILL HAVE ED
  • I will have cried
  • Perfect continuous gt WILL HAVE BEEN ING
  • I will have been crying

5
Tense/Aspect ? Time ? SIMPLE CONTINUOUS PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Present I do I am doing I have done I have been doing
Past I did I was doing I had done I had been doing
Future I will do I will be doing I will have done I will have been doing
6
Simple Future
  • Future actions decided at the time of speaking
  • Ive left the door open. Ill go and shut it.
  • Ho lasciato la porta aperta. Vado a chiuderla

7
  • We use WILL also to
  • Offer gt Will you have a drink? Ill have a drink
  • Agree gt Can you give me back my book? Ill bring
    it tomorrow
  • Promise gt Ill call you.
  • We use will with these words/phrases
  • probably, I think, I expect

8
Future continuous
  • Actions that will be in progress at a certain
    time in the future
  • Tomorrow at 11.00 I will be teaching
  • (Its 11.00 and Im teaching)
  • (Yetarday at 11.00 I was teaching)

9
Future perfect
  • Actions that will have already happend at a
    certain time in the future
  • NOWYou take your firstdegree(2012)(2020).
  • You will take your first degree in 2012.
  • By/In 2020 you will have already taken your first
    degree

10
Future perfect/perfect continuous
  • Actions that will have been continuous at a
    certain time in the future
  • Next year it will be my 18 wedding anniversay. I
    will have been married for 18 years
  • Ive been living in Bari since 1 January 2000.
    By 31 December I will have been living in Bari
    for 9 years

11
Attenzione
  • We dont use will with
  • When, if, until, as soon as
  • Quando verrai a casa mia ti farò vedere il mia
    computer nuovo
  • When you come to my place, Ill show you my new
    computer.

12
Attenzione
  • We do not use WILL for actions that had been
    planned before the time of speaking
  • Tomorrow Im going to the cinema
  • Domani vado/andrò a cinema)
  • BUT
  • Ive nothing to do today. Ill go to the cinema
  • For planned actions (intentions) you can also use
    be going to V
  • Im going to buy some new clothes

13
Past Perfect Continuous
  • Repeated/continuous actions in the past
  • She looked out of the window. The ground was
    wet. It had been raining.
  • aveva piovuto (trapassato prossimo)
  • She had been walking for two hours when she met
    Tom
  • camminava (impefetto)

14
Presente (Italian)
  • Simple present
  • Present Continuous
  • Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect Continuous
  • Simple Future

15
Passato Prossimo (Italian)
  • Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect Continuous
  • Simple Past

16
Imperfetto
  • Simple past (used to would)
  • Past continuous
  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Continuous (for/since)

17
Trapassato prossimo
  • Past Perfect
  • Past Perfect Continuous

18
Passato remoto
  • Simple Past

19
Trapassato remoto
  • Past Perfect

20
Futuro semplice
  • Simple future
  • Present continuous
  • Present simple

21
Futuro anteriore
  • Future perfect
  • Future perfect continuous
  • Present perfect

22
Homework
  • Laviosa, Linking Wor(l)ds, UNIT 8
  • Thomson-Martinet, A Practical English Grammar,
    UNIT 10 UNIT 17 UNIT 18
  • Murphy, English Gramamr in Use, UNITS 1-23
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