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Classification of Different types of Plant


... Plants are establish Plant is sole process of Manufacturing ... Capper with CIP Tunnel Pasteurizer Cement Plant Rotary Kiln Cement Plant Manufacturing Process ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classification of Different types of Plant

Classification of Different types of Plant
Machinery machine in each type
  • Anup A. Mohabansi.

Why Immovable property valuer should have Basic
knowledge of Plant machinery Gen eg. Since
knowledge of Structural Engineering is must for
Architect / Designer for better planning like wise
  • 1 in most of the Valuation assignments
    immovable Property Valuer Plant and Machinery
    valuer have to work jointly.
  • 2 Basic Knowledge of Plant and Machinery is
    very essential
  • 3 Best use of existing specific plant to any
    other alternative plant can be thought of and
    accordingly valuation of immovable property can
    be justified
  • e.g. a unit of automobile plant can easily
    converted to Manufacturing plant for construction
    equipment , Textile Plant others
  • 4 as per existing situation valuer can think
    of permissible alternative use in that location
  • e.g. machine foundations of existing plant can be
    reused for some other plant.
  • 5 Due consideration can be given to
    environmental aspect if we know the effluent
  • eg. Sugar industries effluent like Molasses can
    affect the Real Estate Value in Vicinity.

for manufacturing items, Plants are establish
  • Plant is sole process of Manufacturing an items
  • normally the plants consists of
  • Numbers of different type of machinery,
  • Ancillary plants
  • Service system
  • Controlling unit
  • Raw Material storage
  • Finish Goods storage

As per valuation norms All movable assets which
concern the industrial plant, Machinery will fall
under one of the following group
  • 1 Plant and machinery
  • 2 Service system
  • 3 Loose Tolls Equipments
  • 4 Fixtures Fittings
  • 5 Office other Furniture
  • 6 Office Equipments (Computer Hardware,
    Software, Typewriters,
  • Printing, Xerox others)
  • 7 Vehicles
  • 8 Raw Material Stock
  • 9 Finished Stock

Type of Plants
  • A Automobiles Plants

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B Bottle Manufacturing Plant
Machinery Required for Bottle Manufacturing Plant
  • Bottle Unscrambler
  • Carbonation Equipment
  • Double-Sided Pressure Sentive
  • Flash Pasteurizer
  • Heat Shrink Packer
  • High Speed Rotary Blow Molder
  • Injection Molding System
  • Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP
  • Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 400 CPM
  • Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 250 CPM
  • Single-Sided Pressure Sensitive Labeler
  • Stretch Blow Mold System
  • Suspending Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP
  • Tunnel Pasteurizer

  • Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP
  • Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 400 CPM
  • Shrink Sleeve Labeler Up to 250 CPM
  • Single-Sided Pressure Sensitive Labeler
  • Stretch Blow Mold System
  • Suspending Rotary Rinser, Filler, Capper with CIP
  • Tunnel Pasteurizer

Cement Plant
Process Flow Chart
  • Rotary Kiln Cement Plant

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  • Manufacturing Process 1. Crushing
    ProportioningLimestone rock is the principal
    raw material, the first step after quarrying in
    the processes is the primary crushing. Mountains
    of rock are fed through crushers capable of
    handling pieces as large as an oil drum. The
    first crushing reduces the rock to a maximum size
    of about 15 cm (6 po). The rock then goes to
    secondary crushers or hammer mills for reduction
    to about 7.5 cm or smaller.2. Raw milling
    BlendingThe next step in the process is to
    grind the above particles to a size of 90 microns
    or less which is done in a raw mill, a closed
    circuit ball mill equipped with high efficiency
    separator. After achieving the 90 microns size
    the fine grinded material also known as raw meal
    is sent to the continuous blending silos (CFC)
    for homogenization extracted by means of load
    cell hopper for the next step which is feeding to
    the kiln pre heaters.3. Pyro processingThe
    raw material is heated to exceeding 1,450 C
    (2,700 degrees F) in huge cylindrical steel
    rotary kilns lined with special firebrick. Kilns
    are frequently as much as 3.7 M (12 pi) in
    diameter, large enough to accommodate an
    automobile and longer in many instances than the
    height of a 40-story building. Kilns are mounted
    with the axis inclined slightly from the
    horizontal. The finely ground raw material or the
    slurry is fed into the higher end. At the lower
    end is a roaring blast of flame, produced by
    precisely controlled burning of powdered coal,
    oil or gas under forced draft.4. Burning and
    coolingAs the material moves through the kiln,
    certain elements are driven off in the form of
    gases. The remaining elements unite to form a new
    substance with new physical and chemical
    characteristics. The new substance, called
    clinker, is formed in pieces about the size of
    marbles.Clinker is discharged red-hot from the
    lower end of the kiln and generally is brought
    down to handling temperature in various types of
    coolers. The heated air from the coolers is
    returned to the kilns, a process that saves fuel
    and increases burning efficiency.5. Cement
    milling, Storage PackingPortland cement, the
    basic ingredient of concrete, is a closely
    controlled chemical combination of calcium,
    silicon, aluminum, iron and small amounts of
    other ingredients to which gypsum is added in the
    final grinding process to regulate the setting
    time of the concrete. Lime and silica make up
    about 85 of the mass. Common among the materials
    used in its manufacture are limestone, shells,
    and chalk or marl combined with shale, clay,
    slate or blast furnace slag, silica sand, and
    iron ore. The above mixture

Machinery Required for Cement Plant
  • Air BlastersCement Grouting PumpCement
    MachineryClinker Grinding UnitFeedersGrinding
    EquipmentsKilnsPneumatic Conveyors

Chemical plant
  • Chemical Plants is an industrial process plant
    that manufactures chemicals, usually on a large
    scale. Petrochemical plants are usually located
    adacent to an oil refinery to minimize
    transportation costs for the feedstocks produced
    by the refinery. Specialty chemical plants are
    usually much smaller and not as sensitive to

Machinery Required for Chemical Plants
  • Bottle Washing Machine Chemical Dryer Chemical
    Handling Equipment Chemical Machining Chemical
    Mixer Chemical Process Equipment Chemical
    Process Pumps Compressed Air Dryer Distillation
    Columns Distillation Equipment Fertilizer
    Plants Gas Dryers Industrial Mixers Laboratory
    Centrifuge MS Tanks Powder Filler Process
    Reaction Vessels Rotary Vacuum Dryers Screening

Main Division of chemical Plants
  • Reaction VesselJacketed VesselLimpet Coil
    VesselTop Open VesselEvaporation Pan

Types of Jacketed Vessel
Limped Coil Reaction Vessel
Dairy Plants
  • Processing Boilers, Processing Butter,
    Processing Cheese, Processing Ice Cream,
    Processing Khoa, Processing Packaging

Machinery required for dairy Plant
  • Control Panels/Switchboards/MotorsConcentration/Se
    paration EquipmentConveyorsCream Separators
    Filling MachinesFlow MetersHeat
    ExchangersHomogenisersInsects Control
    SystemsPasteurizersPipesPneumatic Blowers
    BoostersPressure VesselsProcess PumpsProgrammable
    ControllersSolenoid Pneumatic ValvesTemperature
    ControllersThermic Fluid HeatersMiscellaneous

Filling Plant
Storage Tanks
Heat Exchanger
Cream Separator
Processing Tank
F Ferro Alloy Plant
  • The chromite received from Sukinda is first
    ground and then pelletised to obtain green
    pellets, which are fired at around 14000C in a
    vertical shaft furnace to impart strength. The
    plant has facilities to pre-heat these pellets in
    a rotary kiln to around 8000C but, this unit is
    now not in use and has been substituted by a
    vertical shaft pre-heater. Pre-heating is
    important since every 1000C rise in feed
    temperature reduces the subsequent electrical
    energy consumption by 70 kwh per tonne of
    ferro-chrome (70-80 of the cost of ferro0chrome
    manufacture is on electrical power).

  • Smelting of the pre-heated pellets along with
    some hard lumpy chrome one as well as briquettes
    made from pellet fines is carried out in a
    totally enclosed submerged electric arc furnace.
    Coke and quartzite are also charged into 25 MVA
    submerged are furnace which is ferrochrome.

G Gases Plants
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Gases Plants mainly divided into four parts
  • 1 Air Separation Plants,2 Oxygen Plants, 3
    Nitrogen Plants, 4 Acetylene Plants

Pharmaceutical Plant
  • Machinery required for Pharmaceutical Plant

Capsule Coating Machine Capsule Filling
Machine Capsule Inspection Machine Capsule
Polishing Machines Capsule Polishing Pan
Capsule Printing Machine Circulation Dryer
Colloid Mill Container Filling Machine
Corrosion Resistant Pumps Cream Making Plant
Dissolution Tester Distilled Water Still
Double Rotary Tabletting Machine
Ampoule Filling Machine Ampoule Printing
Machine Ampoule Sealing Machine Ampoule
Washing Machine Automatic Bottle Filling
Machine Automatic Bottle Washing Machines
Automatic Cap Sealing Machine Automatic Capsule
Filling Machine Automatic Counting Machine
Automatic Tube Filling Machine Bottle Filling
Equipment Bottle Inspection Table Capping
Drum Blender Dry Heat Sterilizer Dust
Collector Empty Capsule Filling Machine Feeze
Drying Machine Fermentation House Equipment
Fertilizer Process Equipment Filling Vessel
Fluid Bed Dryer Freeze Drying equipment
Friability Tester Furnace Ducts Herbal
Extraction Plant Homogenizer
Industrial Stirrer Injectables Section
Jacketed Titling Pan Liquid Filling Machine
Liquid Manufacturing Plant Mass Mixer
Mechanical Sifter Melter Membrane Filter
System Metallic Reflaction Insulation Micro
Bag Filter Multi Mill Octagonal Blender
Ointment Making Machine
Ointment Mixer Oscillating Granulator
Pharmaceutical Machines Pharmaceutical
Packaging Machines Pharmaceutical
SparesPharmaceutical Tooling Planetary Mixer
Polishing Pan Rapid Mixer Granulator Ribbon
Blender Roll Compactor Rotary Bottle Capping
Machine Rotary Bottle Washing Rotary Bottle
Washing Machines Rotary Vial Washing Machine
Semi - Automatic Capsule Filling Machine Semi
Automatic Power Filler Shell Blender Single
Rotary Tabletting MachineSterile Filtration
Equipment Syringe Filling Equipment Tablet
Coating Machine Tablet Coating Pan Tablet
Counting Machine Tablet Inspection Machine
Tablet Making Machines Tablet Press Machine
Tablet Printing Equipment Tray Dryer Triple
Roller Mill Tube Filling Tumble Dryer
Tunnel Dryer Turn Table Vertical Autoclave
Vial Capping Machine Vial Filling Equipment
Vial Filling Machine Vial Inspection
Equipment Vial Labeling Machine Vial
Stoppering Machine Vial Washing Machine
Volumetric Bottle Filling Wet Granulator
Power Plants
  • Thermal PlantsHydro Electricity PlantsNuclear
    power plant / Atomic Energy PlantsTidal Power
    Wind energy plants

AlathiyurLocation Tamil NaduOperator Madras
Neyveli II Location Tamil Nadu, Operator
Neyveli Lignite Corp LtdConfiguration 3 X 210
MWOperation 1986-1988 , Fuel lignite
Rayalaseema-ILocation Andhra PradeshOperator
Andhra Pradesh Power Generation
CorpConfiguration 2 X 210 MWOperation
1994-1995Fuel coal EPC Shandong Electric
Power Construction
SimhadriLocation Andhra PradeshOperator
National Thermal Power Corp LtdConfiguration 2
X 500 MWOperation 2002Fuel hard coal
TrombayLocation MaharashtraOperator Tata
ElectricConfiguration 1 X 150 MW, 2 X 500 MW, 1
X 180 MW CCOperation 1965-1993Fuel coal,
natural gas, oil
Nuclear Power
The dome-shaped containment building at the
Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant near Raleigh,
Hydro Electricity Plants
Tidal Power PlantsAnd how it works
  • The energy potential of tidal basins is large
    the largest facility, the La Rance station in
    France, generates 240 megawatts of power.  France
    is the only country that successfully uses this
    power source.,
  • the Earth would slow its rotation by 24 hours
    every 2,000 years.
  • There are three basic ways to tap the ocean for
    its energy. We can use the ocean's waves, we can
    use the ocean's high and low tides, or we can use
    temperature differences in the water.
  • Kinetic energy (movement) exists in the moving
    waves of the ocean. That energy can be used to
    power a turbine. In this simple example, to the
    right, the wave rises into a chamber. The rising
    water forces the air out of the chamber. The
    moving air spins a turbine which can turn a

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Refinery plants
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Machinery Required for Oil Gas refinery
  • Gas Turbine Packages for power generation (10 to
    34 MW)
  • Mechanical Drive Gas Turbines (10 to 34 MW)
  • Steam Turbines for Mechanical Drive
  • Compressors (Centrifugal, Reciprocating, Oil-free
  • Hot Gas Expanders
  • Turbo expanders
  • Centrifugal Pumps
  • Compression/Pumping packages
  • Heavy Wall Reactors
  • Air Cooled Heat Exchangers
  • Steam Condensers
  • Control Safety Valves
  • Product Installation Maintenance Services
  • Revamps Rerates

AVU EIL, India 6.0 MMTPA
Hydrocracker UOP, USA 1.7 MMTPA
Hydrogen Unit HALDER TOPSOE, Denmark 38000 MTPA
Diesel Hydro- desulphurisation Unit IFP, France 0.7 MMTPA
Resid Fluidised Catalytic Cracking unit Stone Webster, USA 0.7 MMTPA
Continuous Catalytic Cracking unit IFP, France 0.5 MMTPA
Visbreaker unit EIL, India 0.4 MMTPA
Bitumen Blowing  Unit EIL, India 0.5 MMTPA
Sulphur Recovery Unit Delta Hudson, Canada 2 X 115 MTPD
Steel Plants
Ship Building Plants Integrated Steel Plants
  • Bhilai Steel Plant (BSP) in Chhattisgarh
  • Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) in West Bengal
  • Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) in Orissa
  • Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) in Jharkhand
  • IISCO Steel Plant (ISP) in West Bengal
  • Special Steel Plants
  • Alloy Steels Plants (ASP) in West Bengal
  • Salem Steel Plant (SSP) in Tamil Nadu
  • Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant (VISL) in

A view of the Hot Rolling Division at Hisar
Hot Cold Rolling Mills Plants
  • Tomato Plant

Fresh TomatoCold Storage for Storage of Tomato
For ProcessingWashing StationShortingH.P.
Tomato Paste Process
Screw Pumping Pre heating Chambers Slurry
Storage Double Pumping Slurry Storage D. E.
Evaporation Screw Pumping Prepared Paste Screw
pumping Balancing T.I.T Sterilizer Aseptic
Filling Finished Product Bottling Packing
Importance of Knowing Knowledge of Plants
Machinery in Report writing
  • Report writing of Immovable Property
  • Foundations of machinery can be easily workout
  • By knowing the flow chart valuer can idea about
    the detailing Dimensions of Ancillary Civil
  • Stability of Civil Structure depends on Type of
    Machinery involved.
  • Detailing will be easily workout for Valuation.
  • Detailing of fabricated structure can be easily
    work out
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