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Slavery- The

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Slavery- The Peculiar Institution ... ignored commerce/industry Tariff protected Northern manufactures What is the legacy of American slavery??? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Slavery- The


1
Slavery- The Peculiar Institution
2
THE MIDDLE PASSAGE Name given to the voyage
Africans endured from their homeland to the New
Worldthe names of those who were subjected to
the treacheries of this voyage were lost for
all-time
3
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4
African kings and merchants would often trade
slaves for various items such as textiles, beads,
brandy, horses and especially guns
5
Captive Africans waiting to be sold to Europeans
as slaves
6
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7
Conditions Aboard a Slave Ship
  • Conditions were meant to strip slaves of their
    humanity
  • Captains were either loose packers or tight
    packers
  • Conditions below deck extreme overcrowding,
    lice, malnutrition, inadequate ventilation,
    little or no practice of sanitation
  • Before arrival, slaves bodies would oiled to
    hide scars

8
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9
This is a rare picture of the lower deck of a
slave ship, the Albanez. It was captured by a
British anti-slavery vessel and the captives were
set free.
10
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11
Slaves were often made to dance to prevent
outbreaks of gangrene
12
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14
Slavery in the South
  • Cotton Kingdom/need for slavery united southern
    states
  • 1830s- fear in south grows due to voices of
    northern abolitionists
  • South becomes more defensive as time passes
  • John C. Calhoun- major supporter of slavery
  • Masters used Bible, Greeks/Roman as justification

15
Southern Cotton Production- 1820
16
Southern Cotton Production- 1860
17
Slave Populations- 1820
18
Slave Populations- 1860
19
We Southerners see it now in its true light, and
regard it as the most safe and stable basis for
free institutions in the world.-John C. Calhoun
20
3 Types of Slavery
  • Large Plantation Slavery- usually over 100
    slaves, master, overseers
  • Small Farmer Slavery- owner worked with slaves,
    usually 10 or fewer slaves
  • Which was worse??? Depended on the master
  • Urban Slavery- house servants or artisans who had
    much more freedom to roam

21
Duties/Punishments
  • Slaves planted, tended, harvested crops
  • Cared for children
  • Built fences, fed animals, etc.
  • Runaways punished usually by whipping
  • Children often purposely viewed whippings

22
Now suppose they was free, you see theyd all
think themselves as good as we
  • As attacks of abolitionists grew, south passed
    more laws making it harder to free slaves
  • Money in south, instead of going towards
    industry/commerce, went to maintaining slavery
  • Whites in south enjoyed feeling superior to blacks

23
Slave Culture
  • Slaves considered property regardless of
    treatment
  • Combined Christianity with African traditions
  • Unique culture would come to enrich American
    culture for years to come
  • Slave spirituals maintained humanity

24
South vs. North
  • Northern vessels carried Southern products
  • Cotton ginned in Northern gins, navigated by
    northern steamboats
  • South remained agricultural, ignored
    commerce/industry
  • Tariff protected Northern manufactures

Southern plantation
25
What is the legacy of American slavery???
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