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(Counter) Plans

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(Counter) Plans Because they didn t limit the topic. Better way? Well...Why don t we say the negative should get one counter plan and the Status quo? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: (Counter) Plans


1
(Counter) Plans
  • Because they didnt limit the topic.

2
What is a cp?
  • A counter plan is an action, or plan, alternative
    to the affirmative.
  • Should I go to Alabama or Auburn?
  • Should I come to lecture or sleep in?

3
Limits to CPs?
  • Are there limits to a counter plan?
  • Should I go go to lab or sleep in?
  • Should I buy a car or a boat?
  • We establish certain rules to create useful
    conclusions

4
Why should the negative get a CP?
  • 1. Theoretical we want to have a high bar for
    change
  • 2. Fairness sometimes the status quo is hard to
    defend (who doesnt like poor people?)
  • 3. Educational debaters learn how to deal with
    competing ideas

5
How to run a counter plan
  • You must have a text like a plan
  • Example The fifty states and all relevant
    territories will fund and implement a housing
    first policy.
  • You should provide a solvency author
  • The counter plan must Compete

6
Choice
7
The Net Benefits Test
  • A counter plan is Net Beneficial compared to the
    affirmative plan if they SHOULD not be done
    together.
  • Generally the negative argues a disadvantage that
    applies to the plan but not the counter plan.

8
Three tests
  • to be net beneficial, the CP must prove the
    following
  • 1. CP gt Plan
  • 2. CP gt Plan CP
  • 3. CP gt Plan Part of the CP

9
Test I CPgt Plan
  • To win a CP, it must be preferable to the plan.
  • Example The plan helps 10 people
  • The CP helps 9.
  • Plan gt CP, therefore the judge votes affirmative.

10
Test II
  • Question If the counter plan and the plan are
    both equally good who wins?
  • Example Plan Movie
  • Counter Plan Dinner
  • Permutation Movie Dinner
  • Rejoinder key term.

11
Test III
  • CP gt Plan Plus any part of the CP.
  • Example Plan Movie
  • Counter Plan Dinner
  • The Permutation could be Movie Dessert

12
Mutual Exclusivity
  • If the counter plan is Mutually Exclusive then it
    CANNOT be done at the same time.
  • For example, it is impossible to both do a
    housing first policy and remove all funding for
    housing.
  • Usually, is the opposite of the affirmative

13
Dinner and Movie
  • Plan Movie
  • Counter Plan Dinner
  • How would we make these competitive?
  • Net Benefits?
  • Mutual Exclusivity?

14
Permutations
  • What about...
  • CP gt Plan Other issues? (Dessert, Movie,
    Popcorn)
  • CP gt Less than the plan? (severance Just go to
    dinner)

15
States
Counter plan
  • Thesis test why the federal government is
    necessary.
  • Example The fifty states and all relevant
    territories will provide housing assistance to
    people living in poverty.
  • The counter plan is uniform and will not be
    rolled back (state level)

16
States, II
  • Advantages of this CP
  • Lots of evidence
  • Probably can fiat out of most of deficits
  • Good net benefits (politics, federalism, Biz
    Con?)
  • Local Solvency

17
Vouchers CP
  • Thesis test if FEDERAL social services are
    necessary.
  • Example USFG provides mental health vouchers for
    people living in poverty.

18
Vouchers, II
  • Advantages
  • Captures the federal justification
  • Strong Net Benefits Politics, Federal SS bad,
    state innovation, Paternalism (Federal Control)
  • Competition ? Better solvency

19
Vouchers, III
  • What affs to run this against
  • Soft Power Affirmatives
  • Signal affirmatives (Katrina, Natives)
  • Where the states (or other actors) currently have
    social services

20
Condition (People)
  • Thesis Puts a condition on the PEOPLE who
    receive social services
  • Example build public housing on the condition
    that the inhabitants have some form of
    employment.

21
Benefits to Condition (People) CPs
  • Benefits
  • Solves almost the entire aff
  • Avoids dependency DA
  • Can read links that unconditional aid is
    unpopular
  • Creates a NEW MECHANISM to remedy poverty

22
Other conditions
  • signing up for the military
  • taking education classes
  • Doing community service
  • Is this fair??

23
Exclude People/Places
  • Thesis There is a benefit to excluding some
    places or people from receiving social services.
  • Example exclude California from the plan

24
Exclude People/Places, II
  • Benefits
  • 1. Solves most of the affirmative (what ev should
    you have?)
  • 2. SMALLER than the plan (probably).
  • 3. ALL of your net benefits must come from the
    EXCLUDED part

25
Everyone CP
  • Thesis Not only poor people need social services
  • sometimes a kritik can be your net benefit (not
    only DAs)
  • Which test might this fail?
  • Benefit oversolves the case

26
Poverty rhetoric PIC
  • Thesis identifying people as living in poverty
    is bad
  • Example rewrite the plan to remove the word
    poverty
  • Another example of a Kritik net benefit
  • Benefits Can take away the permutation

27
Advantage CPs
  • There are lots of ways to solve poverty, soft
    power, etc.
  • For examples Soft power.
  • 1. Ban the death penalty
  • 2. Ratify the Law of the Sea Treaty
  • 3. Withdraw from Iraq
  • 4. Give billion of poverty assistance to Africa.
  • 5. Charge George W Bush with war crimes

28
Advantage CPs
  • How do these compete?
  • Must have a disadvantage to social services
  • Useful against new advantages
  • Be careful often can change your uniqueness

29
Courts CP
  • Thesis the courts can mandate a constitutional
    remedy for poverty
  • Example The United States Supreme Court will
    rule that there is a fundamental right to
    education.

30
Courts, II
  • Benefits
  • Can beat some K affs
  • Avoids politics (probably)
  • Remedies signal type arguments

31
NGO Counter plan
  • Thesis Non-government actors can provide social
    services
  • Example The national low income housing
    coalition will provide more housing for people
    living in poverty
  • Fiat? No different than a K alternative
  • Have to beat all government justifications

32
Status of the CP
  • Limit on the CP when it can exit the debate
  • If the Negative claims the counter plan is their
    only option in the debate it is an UNCONDITIONAL
    counter plan.

33
Status, II
  • If the negative claims they can run as many
    counter plans as they want, and abandon them
    whenever they want, it is called
  • Conditionality

34
Better way?
Well...Why dont we say the negative should get
one counter plan and the Status quo?
This is called DISPOSITIONALITY
35
Dispositionality (Negative)
Permutation (both)
Plan
Counter Plan
Status quo (Neither)
36
Affirmative Dispositionality
  • The AFFIRMATIVE chooses when the counter plan can
    leave the debate
  • Treats a counter plan like a disadvantage
  • Two kinds of arguments Theory and policy
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