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Ancient Rome - Regents Review


... oversee daily life The shrine of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins ... Ancient Rome - Regents Review Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: pbsb Created Date: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome - Regents Review

Daily Life In Rome
By Kerry Giordano Thurgood Marshall Fundamental
The Client-Patron System
  • Network of reciprocal relationships
    institutionalized by Roman custom
  • The duties of the Client
  • The obligations of the Patron
  • Patron-client relationships endured over
    generations in many cases and sometimes across
  • Reflects the central Roman value of fidelity

Law and Order
  • Senators carry weight
  • Crime common murder, assault, stealing
  • Police patrol rich only
  • Some streets closed at night
  • Anyone can accuse anyone of a crime!
  • Poor often harsher punishments

The Role of Religion
  • Roman gods stern, powerful and aloof
  • No formal priesthoodrole of aristocrats
  • --pax deorum
  • The Pontifex Maximus and his board of priests
  • The role of religious festivals and foreign cults
  • --The Festival of Lupercalia
  • Except most religions- no conflict with emperor

Roman Religion (cont)
  • Three central gods Jupiter, Juno and Minerva
  • Main role of the gods was protection and
    provision oversee daily life
  • The shrine of Vesta and the Vestal Virgins
    offer cakes on the hearth
  • Household shrines Penates and Lares
  • Roman belief in a multitude of spirits

Power in the Roman Family
  • A Patriarchal Society Patria Potestas (Power
    of a Father)
  • Father assumed the power of life and death over
    his family
  • Roman fathers conferred with a council of
  • Women living in the shadow of men wealthy can
    own property
  • The power and duties of women
  • --Tullia

Power in the Roman Family (cont)
  • The lot of poor women - HARD
  • The indirect political impact of women
  • A day in the life of a Roman household
  • --Began the day early
  • --Main meal at midday
  • --An agricultural economy and practices

Goals of Roman Education for Public Life
  • Only strong babies kept
  • Poor home school until 6/7
  • Naming Ceremony Bulla (boys)
  • Boys 14-18 Manhood ceremony
  • Study- Latin, Greek, math, science, lit, music,
    public speaking
  • Education of girls dentist,
  • Real estate, tutors, midwives
  • Girls12-18 married

Roman Food and Drink
  • Wealthy kitchens vs. Poor grills
  • Thermopolia fast food
  • Bread, beans, spices, few veggies, cheese, water,
    meat, etc.
  • Market exotic animals anything for
  • Breakfast bread, beans or porridge
  • Lunch cheese/bread and maybe olives/celery
  • Dinner
  • Poor fish, asparagus, fig
  • Wealthy honey roasted parrots, date stuffing,
    salted jellyfish, snails in milk!

Roman Houses
  • Wealthy stone/marble, atrium, couches, mosaics
  • Poor apartment buildings, grills, cramped,
    noisy, dirty

Roman Recreation
  • Public Baths
  • - for everyone
  • - swim, bathe, exercise, massage
  • - libraries, shops, art, gardens
  • Bread and Circuses (poor) free
  • - gladiators bloody!
  • - Circus Maximus chariots men and women can
  • sit together!

Roman Country Life
  • 90 of people live in the country
  • Wealthy villas raise crops/livestock
  • Farms grains, grapes, olives, goats, sheep,
    cattle, pigs, bees
  • Slaves most of the work!
  • Non-slaves huts, tiny farm or labor on estates