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AP World History

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Title: AP World History


1
AP World History
  • Review Multiple Choice Questions by Period

2
Period One and Two
  • 8000 BCE 600 CE

3
  • Which of the following was not true of nomadic
    groups?
  • A) Nomadic societies were patriarchal
  • B) Most of the themes of nomadic art centered on
    their animals
  • C) Nomadic societies had little positive
    influence on settled peoples
  • D) Nomadic societies engaged in peaceful trade.

4
  • Answer D

5
  • What happened in western Europe after the fall of
    the Roman Empire was similar to what occurred in
  • Byzantium after the end of the Eastern Empire
  • b) China after the fall of the Han
  • Japan after the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate
  • d) The Andes when the Spanish ousted the Inca

6
  • Answer B

7
  • Which of the following statements is an accurate
    description of both Buddhism and Hinduism?
  • The caste system was an outgrowth of Hinduism but
    became identified also with Buddhism.
  • Neither religion placed importance on the
    individuals efforts to seek release from
    rebirth.
  • Nirvana was a major aspect of the belief system
    of both Buddhism and Hinduism.
  • Both religions taught the importance of karma in
    affecting a persons fate.

8
  • Answer D

9
  • Monasticism was an important aspect of which two
    of the following religions?
  • Buddhism and Christianity
  • Daoism and Shintoism
  • Hinduism and Buddhism
  • Christianity and Hinduism

10
  • Answer A

11
  • Which of the following was not a characteristic
    of early settled agricultural communities?
  • A fertility goddess as an important element in
    religious worship
  • The division of labor and the development of
    specialized skills
  • Cooperative public works projects
  • Equal status for men and women

12
  • Answer D

13
  • A characteristic that the Shang Chinese shared
    with Egyptian civilization was the
  • Principle of the mandate of heaven
  • Development of a writing system
  • Ancestor worship
  • Development of walled settlements to defend
    against invaders.

14
  • Answer B

15
  • Which of the following is true of both the Roman
    Empire and the Han Empire?
  • Both empires were heavily dependent on slave
    labor.
  • Both empires were characterized by long periods
    of effective centralized government.
  • In both empires extensive maritime trade was
    important.
  • In both empires administrative officials were
    selected by an elaborate system of competitive
    examinations.

16
  • Answer B

17
  • The political world of the ancient Greeks
  • A. was a history of early, long-lasting
    centralized government
  • B. stabilized after the conquest by Persia
  • C. was very similar to that of Egypt
  • D. usually consisted of independent, autonomous
    city-states

18
  • Answer D

19
  • The first simplified alphabet, containing only 22
    letters, was created by the
  • A. Mesopotamians
  • B. Assyrians
  • C. Hebrews
  • D. Phoenicians

20
  • Answer D

21
  • In Mesopotamia, prisoners of war, convicted
    criminals, and heavily indebted individuals were
    the three main sources for
  • A. slaves
  • B. indentured servants
  • C. mercenary soldiers
  • D. indentured priests

22
  • Answer A

23
Period Three
  • 600 CE 1450 CE

24
  • Which of the following statements most accurately
    reflects a major difference between Arab
    expansion in the seventh century and Viking
    expansion in the ninth century?
  • a) Arab expansion relied most heavily on
    diplomacy, while Viking expansion relied most
    heavily on military might.
  • b) Viking expansion tended to occur in areas
    with few large urban centers, while the Arab
    expansion occurred in areas with comparatively
    large urban centers.
  • c) Arab expansion was financed by religious
    tithing, while Viking expansion was financed by
    profit from the silk trade.
  • d) Viking expansion was limited to Ireland,
    Scotland, Iceland, and Greenland, while Arab
    expansion was limited to the Arabian Peninsula
    and Persia.

25
  • Answer B

26
  • Which of the following is true of commerce in the
    Indian Ocean during the time period 600-1450
    C.E.?
  • Chinese merchants dominated the trade routes of
    the Indian Ocean.
  • Merchants from Europe dominated the trade routes
    of the Indian Ocean.
  • Following the rise of the Mongols during the
    thirteenth century, the volume of Indian Ocean
    commerce fell sharply.
  • Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was
    conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern,
    and East African merchants.

27
  • Answer D

28
  • Which of the following had the greatest
    manufacturing capacity during the time period 600
    to 1450 C.E.?
  • Japan
  • India
  • China
  • Western Europe

29
  • Answer C

30
  • Trade spurred the introduction of both Islam and
    Hinduism to what is now called
  • Japan
  • Pakistan
  • Indonesia
  • Saudi Arabia

31
  • Answer C

32
  • Which of the following statements about the
    Mongol Empire of the thirteenth century is true?
  • The invasion of Japan was attempted but was
    unsuccessful
  • The number of Buddhist and Muslims in Asia
    dropped significantly as a result of Mongol
    persecution
  • In China the Mongols eliminated the Chinese
    scholar-official class
  • The Mongols conquered Constantinople

33
  • Answer A

34
  • Which of the following was a common feature of
    most Asian and European philosophies during the
    period 600 to 1450 C.E.?
  • A close association with religion
  • Emphasis on experimental science
  • Reliance on ideas of individual freedom
  • Substantial scholarly exchange of ideas among all
    world cultures

35
  • Answer A

36
  • Which of the following contributed to the Chinese
    governments decision to stop voyages of
    exploration in the Indian Ocean in the early
    fifteenth century?
  • Armed resistance from Arab navies
  • Lack of sufficient Chinese goods for trade
  • c) Government concern with domestic problems
    and frontier security
  • d) Fear of the spread of the plague to China

37
  • Answer C

38
  • Marco Polo described which of the following at
    Kublai Khans court that he had not encountered
    in Europe?
  • The use of spies in foreign nations
  • The interest of the Khan in the international sea
    trade and European shipbuilding techniques
  • The use of paper money and coal and the practice
    of frequent bathing.
  • The attachment of the Khan to the use of horses
    for military purposes.

39
  • Answer C

40
  • In the period between 600 and 1450, Indian Ocean
    trade differed from that of the Pacific Ocean in
    that it
  • a) was more regional in nature.
  • b) involved contacts with the islands of
    Southeast Asia.
  • c) involved only spices.
  • d) involved competition among a more diverse
    group of traders.

41
  • Answer D

42
  • Which of the following is true of the bubonic
    plague?
  • It followed established trade routes.
  • It was a European phenomenon.
  • It affected West Africa.
  • It began in Europe and spread to China.

43
  • Answer A

44
  • The millet system in the Islamic empires
  • created cooperation among the ethnic groups of
    the Ottoman Empire.
  • was a system of slavery.
  • interfered with religious sentiment.
  • promoted nationalist sentiment within the Ottoman
    Empire.

45
  • Answer D

46
  • Which of the following developments most directly
    resulted from the Crusades?
  • Growth of Italian city-states.
  • Spread of the Black Death.
  • Vasco da Gamas voyage to India.
  • d) Restriction of European traders to treaty
    ports.

47
  • Answer A

48
  • All of the following are true of the major
    Amerindian civilizations in Central and South
    America prior to the arrival of Europeans except
  • economies based on trade.
  • urban centers
  • differentiation of labor.
  • social stratification.

49
  • Answer A

50
  • Which of the following reasons motivated both the
    Abbasids and the Mongols to expand their empires?
  • The desire to attack first to keep invaders from
    their own territories.
  • The need to gain a port on the Baltic Sea
  • The desire for wealth and plunder.
  • Population pressures within their own empires.

51
  • Answer C

52
  • All of the following characteristics are true of
    the Tang and Song dynasties except
  • Buddhism appeared in China for the first time.
  • The Confucian-educated scholar-gentry increased
    its power in government and society.
  • Artistic and scientific innovations flourished.
  • The subordinate role of women was symbolized by
    the practice of foot-binding.

53
  • Answer A

54
  • Which of the following best describes the spread
    of Islam in East Africa and Christianity in
    China?
  • Christianity was confined to the cities in China,
    while Islam made converts in the interior through
    the Swahili trading network.
  • Islam had a decided impact on the trading centers
    of East Africa but little impact on the interior,
    whereas Christianity had little impact on either
    urban or rural areas in China.
  • Through the trans-Saharan trading network, Islam
    reached West Africa, but Christianity, with its
    reliance on priests, did not travel as easily
    along.
  • The East African trading centers became a blend
    of African and Islamic society and culture.

55
  • Answer B

56
  • The Aztec civilizations militaristic tone and
    use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier
    culture of the
  • Inca
  • Maya
  • Mound Builders
  • Toltec

57
  • Answer D

58
  • Commerce was a key mode of exchange between which
    of the following pairs of political entities?
  • The Mayan Empire and the Song dynasty
  • Ghana and the Mongol Empire
  • Japan and the Byzantine Empire
  • The Crusader states and the Fatimid caliphate.

59
  • Answer D

60
  • The success and timing of trade though the Indian
    Ocean basin largely depended upon
  • A. controlling the actions of Turkish pirates
  • B. forming a lasting trading partnership with
    China
  • C. understanding the rhythms of the monsoon
    winds
  • D. the Indian desire to purchase pepper from the
    Romans

61
  • Answer C

62
Period Four
  • 1450 CE 1750 CE

63
  • Which of the following statements about slavery
    in the pre-modern world is NOT accurate?
  • In Greece, slaves were most often foreigners or
    prisoners of war.
  • In the Islamic world, slaves of kings could rise
    to high-level positions.
  • Islamic law prohibited Muslims from being
    enslaved.
  • All pre-modern societies except those in India
    and China traded slave labor.

64
  • Answer D

65
  • 16. Which of these were considered the Gunpowder
    Empires?
  • Ming China, Mughal India, Seljuk Turks
  • Tokugawa Shogunate, Ming China, Yuan China
  • Ottoman Turkey, Delhi Sultanate, Khmer Cambodia
  • Safavid Persia, Ottoman Turkey, Mughal India

66
  • Answer D

67
  • 18. A major difference between Spanish and French
    colonization efforts was
  • Only the Spanish were interested in resource
    extraction in their colonies.
  • While Spain sent expeditions around the world,
    French exploration was limited to North America.
  • The French were not as interested as the Spanish
    in forming permanent settlements in their
    colonies.
  • The French were less successful than the Spanish
    at religious conversion of people in their
    colonies.

68
  • Answer C

69
  • 21. The capacities of women are supposed to be
    greater, and their senses quicker than those of
    the men and what they might be capable of being
    bred to, is plain from some instances of female
    wit, which this age is not without.
  • The author of this passage would agree most with
    which of these statements?
  • Because of their ability, women are stronger than
    men.
  • Women should be granted the right to vote.
  • It is acceptable for women to display humor in
    public.
  • With the proper education, women have the ability
    to be as smart as men.

70
  • Answer D

71
  • 22. Which of the following statements is NOT true
    about Akbar the Great?
  • Despite gaining power through military might, he
    was known for being a benevolent ruler.
  • He constructed the Taj Mahal as a Muslim holy
    place.
  • He expanded Mughal control over all of north
    India.
  • He tried to establish a new religion, Divine
    Faith, to unite Muslim, Hindu, and Christian
    tenets.

72
  • Answer B

73
  • 24. Which of the following is NOT a correct
    generalization about Islamic societies between
    1500 and 1700?
  • There was no intellectual movement corresponding
    to the Renaissance and Islamic political and
    scientific progress lagged behind the Europeans.
  • Economic depression and government corruption led
    to the weakening of many Islamic states during
    the sixteenth century.
  • By the late 1700s, Islamic influence had ended
    everywhere except in North Africa.
  • The discovery of new trade routes had a
    debilitating impact on the ability of Islamic
    nations to maintain economic and political
    control.

74
  • Answer C

75
Period Five
  • 1750 CE 1900 CE

76
  • The first successful revolution in the Caribbean
    and South America was launched in
  • a) Haiti
  • b) Argentina
  • c) Cuba
  • d) Colombia

77
  • Answer A

78
  • In the nineteenth century, womens use of bound
    feet (China), white face paint (Japan), and
    corsets (Western Europe) are examples of which of
    the following?
  • a) Practices that inhibit female activities
  • b) The beauty of middle-class women
  • c) Fashions that spread worldwide
  • d) The middle class setting the fashion for women

79
  • Answer A

80
  • Which of the following best explains why Japan
    was more successful than China in resisting
    imperialist encroachments in the nineteenth
    century?
  • Japans manipulation of the rivalries among
    western governments
  • The introduction of democracy by the Meiji
    Restoration
  • The willingness of Japans elite to sponsor
    reform
  • Lack of interest in Japanese markets

81
  • Answer C

82
  • Which of the following facilitated European
    expansion in Asia in the nineteenth century?
  • a) The popularity of democratic values among
    Asians
  • b) A general easing of tensions and cooperative
    expeditions among European powers.
  • c) Europes development of new military
    technologies
  • d) Asians lack of resistance to European diseases

83
  • Answer C

84
  • Which of the following describes the major
    impact of the introduction of coffee growing in
    places like Kenya and El Salvador after 1880?
  • The weakening of the European colonial military
    and landowning elite
  • Access to cheaper food for Africans and Latin
    Americans
  • Increased control over the land by Africans and
    Latin Americans
  • Greater dependence on foreign markets by Africans
    and Latin Americans

85
  • Answer D

86
  • During the nineteenth century, Asian and African
    rulers usually desired transfer of which of the
    following western technologies?
  • Medicines
  • Weapons
  • Navigational instruments
  • Textile manufacturing equipment

87
  • Answer B

88
  • Which of the following best describes Banana
    Republics?
  • a) one crop was prioritized at the expense of
    developing additional crops and creating a
    complex economy
  • b) parliamentary buildings created in a crescent
    shape to stimulate active discussion
  • c) tropical regions that lived on bananas as a
    staple product
  • d) businessmen and industrialists were unable to
    strike deals with local aristocrats and
    politicians

89
  • Answer A

90
  • Which of the following was among the first
    results of the European Industrial Revolution in
    other parts of the world?
  • Increased demand for commodities such as cotton
    and palm oil
  • The search for oil in Africa, Asia and Latin
    America
  • Construction of textile factories in Africa and
    Asia
  • The partition of Africa by European imperial
    powers.

91
  • Answer A

92
  • What was the first major trade to be fully
    power-driven and industrialized?
  • a) the canning of food
  • b) the textile industry
  • c) the production of rubber
  • d) the manufacture of glass

93
  • Answer B

94
  • The Enlightenment was the intellectual movement
    in which
  • A) the methods and questions of the Scientific
    Revolution were applied to human society.
  • B) the methods and questions of the Confucian
    examination system were applied to society
  • C) the methods and ideology of the Protestant
    Reformation were applied to society
  • D) the ideas of the Renaissance were applied to
    society

95
  • Answer A

96
  • The revolutions of 1848 were widespread across
    Europe and were inspired by
  • A) the establishment of permanent democracy in
    the Holy Roman Empire
  • B) the desire for democratic reforms and
    national self-determination
  • C) the installation of Louis Philippe as emperor
    of the Holy Roman Empire
  • D) the demand that women be granted the right to
    vote

97
  • Answer B

98
  • Revolutions in Latin America were frequently a
    power struggle between what two groups?
  • A) masters and slaves
  • B) peninsulares and creoles
  • C) European and indigenous peoples
  • D) Europeans and mestizos

99
  • Answer B

100
  • In their critique of industrial capitalism, Karl
    Marx and Friedrich Engels claimed that
  • A) the most equitable and just society could be
    found in an industrial commune
  • B) the bourgeois class needed to exercise
    responsibility toward their workers
  • C) democracy had failed because most workers did
    not understand their true interests a
    dictatorship would serve them better
  • D) only a workers revolution would change the
    abuses of capitalism and create a just and equal
    society

101
  • Answer D

102
  • Adam Smith's concept of capitalism, presented in
    The Wealth of Nations, included the idea that
  • A) monopoly was a natural and a positive outcome
    of capitalist activity
  • B) economic decisions on price, supply, and
    demand should be made by the free market rather
    than by government decision
  • C) although economic competition was good, the
    government had to intervene from time to time to
    protect the interests of society
  • D) although economic competition was good, the
    education system had to teach moral concepts to
    students to cushion the impacts of competition on
    society

103
  • Answer B

104
  • What does it mean to use a division of labor
    in manufacturing?
  • A) Dividing the work force into capitalists
    and communists
  • B) Dividing work into specialized and
    repetitive tasks
  • C) Using division as well as other
    mathematical functions
  • D) Having the worker make the entire product

105
  • Answer B

106
  • Much of the industrial workforce was composed of
    child labor. Children workers
  • A) learned a great deal from their work and
    were able to apply their skills later in life
  • B) worked fourteen to sixteen hours a day and
    were beaten to stay awake
  • C) were only permitted by law to work a half day
  • D) were educated at the companys expense as
    mandated by law

107
  • Answer B

108
  • Bismarcks plan to unite most German-speaking
    people into a single state was centered on using
  • A) liberalism and language
  • B) industry and nationalism
  • C) religion and conservatism
  • D) democracy and liberalism

109
  • Answer B

110
  • Leaders of Meiji Japan planned to remain free
    from Western imperialism by
  • A) negotiating with Western diplomats
  • B) restricting Western access to Japan
  • C) keeping out all foreign influences
  • D) becoming a world-class industrial power

111
  • Answer D

112
  • The Meiji transformed the government and
    incorporated
  • A) European practices in government,
    education, industry, and popular culture
  • B) Chinese practices in government,
    education, industry, and popular culture
  • C) Korean practices in government, education,
    industry, and popular culture
  • D) Russian practices in government,
    education, industry, and popular culture

113
  • Answer A

114
  • Which of the following best summarizes the
    reform movements of the Industrial Revolution?
  • A) capitalism should not be checked by
    government intervention
  • B) reform more possible in Russia than in the
    United States due to autocratic structure
  • C) parliaments started passing laws that limited
    hours, child labor and worsening working
    conditions
  • D) factory owners almost always made changes
    because they realized a happy, healthy, well-paid
    work force could be more productive

115
  • Answer C

116
  • In China, a "sphere of influence" was
  • A) a city designated for trade between Chinese
    and European merchants
  • B) a Christian mission where Chinese converts
    could live free of state persecution
  • C) a district in which a foreign power had
    exclusive trade, transportation, and mineral
    rights
  • D) a tributary state beyond the borders of the
    empire that paid taxes to the Qing dynasty in
    exchange for protection

117
  • Answer C

118
  • At the end of the nineteenth century, the
    Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, Qing Dynasty, and
    Tokugawa Japan were "societies at crossroads"
    because
  • A) they were all dealing with the challenges of
    rapid industrialization
  • B) they discovered through wars and
    confrontations that they were militarily much
    weaker than the western powers
  • C) they were all forced to grant equal rights
    and political freedom to their people
  • D) all of the above

119
  • Answer B

120
  • The white mans burden proposed by Rudyard
    Kipling refers to
  • A) the cost of creating and supporting an empire
  • B) the moral duty of the west to work to
    civilize the rest of the world
  • C) the cost of abolishing slavery in Africa
  • D) the need for Christian missionaries to
    undermine Islam in Africa and Asia

121
  • Answer B

122
  • The Berlin Conference in 18841885 established
  • A) the rules of military engagement for European
    forces overseas
  • B) that the Americas were off-limits for further
    European colonization
  • C) that Africa would be carved into spheres of
    influence similar to China
  • D) that, if a European power indicated its
    intention to colonize and then proceeded to
    occupy an African territory, it could claim that
    colony

123
  • Why was the Sepoy Rebellion a turning point in
    the history of India?
  • A) The British were finally rebuffed and
    withdrew from India
  • B) The sepoys successfully pushed the British
    out of Bengal
  • C) India came to be ruled directly by the
    British government
  • D) It inspired the development of new weapons
    that did not require gunpowder

124
  • Answer C

125
  • The British frustration by the enormous trade
    deficit with China led to
  • A) British export of opium to China
  • B) repeated interventions by the Royal Navy
  • C) the British overthrow of the Qing government
  • D) a temporary end of trade between the two
    countries

126
  • Answer A
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