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In Favor of Capital Punishment

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In Favor of Capital Punishment Jacques Barzun Objectives of Teaching To comprehend the whole text To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions To learn to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In Favor of Capital Punishment


1
In Favor of Capital Punishment
  • Jacques Barzun

2
Objectives of Teaching
  1. To comprehend the whole text
  2. To lean and master the vocabulary and expressions
  3. To learn to paraphrase the difficult sentences
  4. To understand the structure of the text
  5. To appreciate the style and rhetoric of the
    passage.

3
Aims
  • 1)Improving students ability to read between
    lines and understand the text properly
  • 2)Cultivating students ability to make a
    creative reading
  • 3)Enhancing students ability to appreciate the
    text from different perspectives

4
  • 4) Helping students to understand some difficult
    words and expressions
  • 5) Helping students to understanding rhetorical
    devices
  • 6)  Encouraging students to voice their own
    viewpoint fluently and accurately.

5
Teaching Contents
  • 1) Background Knowledge About the Author and
    His Works
  • 2)        Literature Type Argument
  • 3)        Detailed Study of the Essay
  • 4)        Organization Pattern
  • 5)        Style and Language Features
  • 6)        Special Difficulties
  • 7)        Debate

6
Time Allocation
  • 1) Background knowledge (15 min.)
  • 2) Detailed study of the text (180 min.)
  • 3) Structure analysis (15 min.)
  • 4) Language appreciation (15 min.)
  • 5) Free talk (30 min)

7
Background Knowledge
  • 1) A brief introduction to the author, Jacques
    Barzun
  • www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jpriestley.htm
  • 2) Capital punishment life imprisonment

8
Argument
  • Type of literature a piece of argument
  • http//teachnet-lab.org/santab/jeff/sbargue_index.
    htm
  • http//homepages.iol.ie/laoistec/LENGLISH/lpers.h
    tml

9
Pre-class task
  • 1)Appreciation of the Movie The ShawShank
    Redemption
  • 2) Give a description of the roles and their fate
    of the prisoners, and voice your opinion on the
    Capital punishment and imprisonment respectively
    to decide whether you are for or against Capital
    punishment.
  • 3)Prepare a debate on In favor of capital
    punishment vs. In favor of imprisonment.

10
Detailed study of In Favor of Capital
Punishment

11
Para.1-2
  • Introduction and admitting that many people of
    much talent and enlightened goodwill are
    abolitionists.

12
  • Transferred epithet
  • The letters, sad and reproachful, offer me the
    choice of pleading ignorance
  • The assemblage of so much talent and
    enlightened good will behind a single proposal

13
  • Parallelism
  • I am asked
  • I am told
  • I am invited

14
Para.3
  • The author states that he could be convinced to
    abolish capital punishment on the condition that

15
  • 1)Some fallacies and frivolities in the
    abolitionist argument are disposed of
  • 2) The difficulties should be overcome instead of
    being ignored
  • 3)  The safeguards could be found to really meet
    the difficulties

16
Para.4
  • The author states that he himself considers the
    present way of implementing capital punishment is
    revolting but this cannot be an excuse for the
    abolitionist to against capital punishment.

17
  • Question Whether capital punishment is
    justifiable if there is a painless, sudden and
    dignified death?

18
Para 5
  • The four main arguments advanced against the
    death penalty are
  • 1) punishment for crime is a primitive idea
    rooted in revenge
  • 2) capital punishment does not deter
  • 3)judicial error being possible, taking life is
    an appalling risk
  • 4)a civilized state, to deserve its name, must
    uphold, not violate, the sanctity of human life.

19
Para 6-7
  • Explanation of writers agreement on the first
    pair of propositions.

20
Para.8-11
  • Abolitionists capital punishment violates the
    sanctity of human life.
  • Barzun capital punishment protects the sanctity
    of human life.

21
  • 1) If capital punishment violates the sanctity of
    human life, how about the war, the perfect means
    of killing, launched and supported by these
    abolitionists?
  • 2) If capital punishment violates the sanctity of
    human life, how about the bystanders killed by
    the police who are so excited that he misses the
    target?
  • 3) If capital punishment violates the sanctity of
    human life, how about the sanctity of the victims
    lives?

22
  • Conclusion The absolute sanctity of human life
    is, for the abolitionists, a slogan rather than a
    considered proposition.

23
  • Personification
  • No anger, vindictiveness or moral conceit need
    preside over the removal of such dangers.
  • Para 8 Both Barzun and the abolitionists base
    their arguments on a brief in the sanctity of
    human life.

24
Para12 -14
  • The fallacies of the abolitionists should be
    disposed of.
  • Fallacy The victims of violence are easy to
    forget

25
  • 1) Social science forgetting the victim and
    paying greater attention to and showing more
    concern for the criminal who is supposed to be
    mentally troubled, abnormal or a problem case.

26
  • 2) Psychiatry and moral liberalism believe that
    criminals are sick people who should be cured
    rather than punished.
  • 3) Modern literature only interested in
    people who are mentally and spiritually troubled.

27
  • 4)The determinism of natural science strengthens
    the assumption that all evils in a society have
    been brought about by the existing conditions and
    circumstances of that society.
  • 5) French jurist It is society alone that should
    be held responsible for the criminal and his
    crime

28
  • Sarcasm
  • it is too bad. Cvek alone seems instructive,

29
  • Determinism the doctrine that everything,
    especially ones choice of action, is determined
    by a sequence of causes independent of ones will

30
  • The authors argument Since so many ordinary
    peoples lives are deprived by the criminals,
    where does the sanctity of life begin?

31
Para15-19
  • The frivolities of the abolitionists should be
    disposed of.
  • Question What are the frivolities the
    abolitionists cling to?

32
  • Hypotheses the criminals misdeed is the fault
    of society,
  • Can criminal be cured?

33
  • 1) The scientific means of cure are more than
    uncertain.
  • 2) Imprisonment only increases the killers
    antisocial feelings.
  • 3)  Reformatories and mental hospitals are too
    full to hold the criminals and these institutions
    are inclined to release their inmates.
  • 4)  Once be released, they will be killer again.

34
  • Conclusion Society has failed twice to protect
    the victims when convicted murderers are released
    to commit violent crimes a second time.

35
  • Authors standpoint uttered in Para.16 is
    ________________.

36
  • Irrationally taking the life of another
  • ?
  • crimes passionnels maniac banker robber
  • ( forgiven) ( sentenced to
    death)

37
  • This confused echo of modern literature and
    modern science defines the choice before us.
  • The psychology of this killer is a confused
    representation of the influence of modern
    literature and science. This psychology of the
    killer describes exactly the choice that lies
    before us.

38
  • Question What is the choice?
  •      capital punishment
  •      abolition of capital punishment
  •      treating the killer as a sick person who
    is to be cure.

39
  • but also a re-education of the mind, so as to
    throw into correct perspective the garbled ideas
    of of our times.

40
  •     to cure this type of killer one must also
    change his way of thinking so that he can judge
    and interpret correctly the ideas of Freud,
    Nietzsche, Gide and Dostoevski which he distorted
    or misunderstood. This killer, with a mania for
    power, and people of his sort got their garbled
    ideas from the culture and mood of our times.

41
  • if psychiatry were sure the shooting start.
  • Sarcasm
  • Failing a second birth less hypocritical?

42
Para. 20
  • Our society is far from civilized institutions.

43
  • Assumption Establish a law sentencing to death
    the people who violate the sanctity of orderly
    discourse in arriving at justice,
  • The suggestion of a such a law sounds
    ludicrous.

44
Para21-24
  • Imprisonment is worse than death.

45
  • Exemplification
  • 1) Wildes Defundis
  • 2) Charles Burneys Solitary Confinement
  • 3) John of Arc
  • 4) Mr. Leslie Hale, M. P.s Hanged in Error

46
  • Conclusion Both capital punishment and
    imprisonment are irrevocable sentence.

47
  • Question
  • 1) Pick out the words and phrases used to
    describe how terrible the imprisonment is.
  • 2) How do you understand of the I shall believe
    in the abolitionists present view only after he
    has emerged from twelve months in a convict cell.

48
  • 3) Barzun states a model prisoner (is) first a
    contradiction in terms, and second, an exemplar
    of what a free society should not want. Why?

49
Para.25-28
  • The fault in the present system is not the
    sentence but the fallible procedure.

50
  • Question
  • 1) What are the specifics of the Dr. Samuel H.
    Sheppard, Jr. case? Why was he freed?
  • 2) What reforms in judicial procedures does
    Barzun suggest?

51
Para.29
  • Conclusion To abolish capital punishment is to
    violate the sanctity of human life.

52
Organization Pattern
  • 1) The thesis stated in the title of the essay
    In favor of capital punishment
  • 2) In this piece the writer does not appeal
    mainly to the emotions of the reader.
  • 3) The writer tries to convince his reader
    through facts and logical reasoning and by
    refuting the fallacies of his opponents.
  • 4) Weakness  Many abstract terms in essay remain
    undefined and vague.

53
Style and Language Features
  • 1) Smooth and polish
  • 2) Convincing and formal
  • 3) Use of many learned, and specialized terms

54
  • 4) Rhetorical Devices
  • metaphor
  • simile
  • ellipsis
  • transferred epithet
  • metonymy
  • euphemism
  • http//www.megabrands.com/carroll/faq3.htmlto

55
Special Difficulties
  • Identifying and understanding technical terms in
    this essay
  • capital imprisonment
  • execution
  • judicial homicide
  • euthanasia
  • counsel testimony
  • penitentiary
  • miscarriage of justice
  • acquittal
  • parole

56
Debate
  • For or Against Capital Punishment
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