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Chapter Seventeen The Romantic Era

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Chapter Seventeen The Romantic Era Culture and Values, 6th Ed. Cunningham and Reich The Concerns of Romanticism Expression of personal feelings Emotionality ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Seventeen The Romantic Era


1
Chapter Seventeen The Romantic Era
  • Culture and Values, 6th Ed.
  • Cunningham and Reich

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The Concerns of Romanticism
  • Expression of personal feelings
  • Emotionality, subjectivity
  • Individual creative imagination
  • Mystical attachment to nature

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The Intellectual Background
  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
  • Transcendental idealism
  • Critique of Judgment (1790)
  • Art reconciles opposites
  • Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)
  • Synthesis of thesis, antithesis
  • Optimistic World Spirit

6
The Intellectual Background
  • Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
  • Dominating world power is evil
  • The World as Will and Idea (1819)
  • Despondency, pessimism, gloom
  • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
  • Universal proletariat, revolution
  • Artistic realism social and political
  • Anti-capitalism

7
Industrial Development, Scientific Progress
  • Railroads, factories
  • a wilderness of human beings
  • Physics, chemistry
  • Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
  • Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)
  • Theory of evolution, natural selection
  • Social Darwinism

8
Music in the Romantic Era Ludwig van Beethoven
(1770-1827)
  • Pioneer of musical Romanticism
  • Pathétique
  • Rooted in classical principles
  • Autobiographical emotionality
  • Eroica
  • the memory of a great man
  • Classical structure Romantic elements

9
Music in the Romantic Era Ludwig van Beethoven
(1770-1827)
  • Fidelo
  • Love of liberty, hatred of oppression
  • Triumph over fate
  • Pastoral
  • Ode to Joy
  • Universality of individual emotion

10
Music in the Romantic Era Instrumental Music
After Beethoven
  • Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
  • Fantastic Symphony
  • Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
  • Personal emotion
  • More than six hundred Lieder (songs)
  • Unfinished Symphony

11
Music in the Romantic Era Instrumental Music
After Beethoven
  • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
  • Conservative Romanticism
  • Symphony No. 1, intermezzo
  • Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)
  • Catholicism, mystical vision
  • Symphony No. 8, adagio

12
Music in the Romantic Era The Age of the
Virtuosos
  • Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849)
  • Mazurkas, polonaises
  • the soul of the piano
  • Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
  • Hungarian folk tunes
  • Faust, Dante
  • Nicolò Paganini
  • Violin virtuoso, Romantic exaggeration

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Music in the Romantic Era Musical Nationalism
  • Modest Moussorgsky (1839-1881)
  • Boris Godunov (1874)
  • Russian folksongs, religious music
  • Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884)
  • Antonin Dvorák (1841-1904)

15
Music in the Romantic Era Opera in Italy Verdi
(1813-1901)
  • Bel canto
  • Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848)
  • Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835)
  • Dramatic, psychological truth
  • Contemporary life issues
  • La Traviata (1853)
  • Otello (1887)

16
Music in the Romantic Era Opera in Germany
Wagner (1813-1883)
  • Gesamtkunstwerk
  • Wagnerian characteristics
  • Musical flow
  • Elimination of virtuosity
  • Emphasis on orchestra
  • Leitmotiv
  • Universal drama, universal emotion
  • The Ring of the Nibelung (1851-1874)
  • Tristan and Isolde (1865)

17
Romantic Art Painting at the Turn of the Century
  • Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825)
  • Conceptual vs. personal emotion
  • Francisco Goya (1746-1828)
  • Execution of the Madrileños (1814)
  • No idealization
  • Persuasive emotionality
  • Personal commitment, vision

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Romantic Art Painting Architecture in France
  • Géricaults Raft of the Medusa (1818)
  • Romantic art of Delacroix (1798-1863)
  • Use of color to create form
  • Violent, emotional scenes
  • The Death of Sardanapalus (1826)
  • Ingres defense of classicism
  • La Comtesse dHaussonville (1845)

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Romantic Art Painting Architecture in France
  • French Realists
  • Honoré Daumier (1808-1879)
  • Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)
  • French architecture
  • Classical forms, ornamentation
  • Riot of confusion

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Romantic Art Painting in Germany and England
  • Landscape as Romantic device
  • Friedrichs Cloister Graveyard (1810)
  • Constables Hay Wain (1821)
  • Turners Slave Ship (1840)

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Nineteenth-Century Literature Goethe (1749-1832)
  • Clarity, balance?abtruse symbolism
  • Sturm und Drang
  • Nature, emotion, anti-authority
  • Sufferings of humanity
  • Demonic forces
  • Eternal Feminine

30
Nineteenth-Century Literature Romantic Poetry
  • William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
  • Founded Romantic movement
  • Emotion recollected in tranquility
  • Lord Byron (1788-1824)
  • Tormented Romantic hero, Byronic
  • Personal liberty, freedom

31
Nineteenth-Century Literature Romantic Poetry
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Atheism, anarchy
  • Perfectability of humanity
  • Unification of extreme emotions
  • John Keats (1795-1821)
  • Tragedy of existence, peace of death

32
Nineteenth-Century Literature The Novel
  • To entertain and instruct
  • Hugos Les Misérables (1862)
  • Romanticism social conscience
  • Flauberts Madame Bovary (1856-7)
  • Realism, naturalist depictions
  • Balzacs The Human Comedy
  • Contemporary social, political issues
  • Artistic unity

33
Nineteenth-Century Literature The Novel
  • George Sand (1804-1876)
  • Issues of gender, moral equality
  • Tolstoys War and Peace (1863-9)
  • Natural person vs. civilization
  • Female novelists, social critics
  • Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
  • Social justice, evil institutions

34
The Romantic Era in America American Literature
  • European influencesindividuality
  • Transcendentalists
  • Unity of humans with nature
  • Emerson, Thoreau
  • Walt Whitman (1819-1892)
  • Importance of the individual, freedom
  • Humanity united with the universe

35
The Romantic Era in America American Literature
  • Emily Dickinson (1830-1881)
  • Balance of passion, reason
  • Psychology, faith, skepticism
  • Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter (1850)
  • Evil in society
  • Melvilles Moby Dick (1851)
  • Profound moral issues
  • Search for truth, self-discovery

36
The Romantic Era in America American Painting
  • Significance of landscape painting
  • Natural beautymoral beauty
  • Hudson River School, Luminists
  • Winslow Homer (1836-1910)
  • Realism, naturalism, drama
  • Thomas Eakins (1844-1916)
  • Scientific accuracy, objective truth

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Chapter Seventeen Discussion Questions
  • In what ways did Romantic art alienate the
    artist? How did it serve to create a more
    national artistic identity? Explain.
  • Explain how the industrial, technological, and
    scientific developments of the nineteenth century
    functioned as catalysts for the Romantic
    movement. Cite specific examples that illustrate
    your answer.
  • Consider the role of the landscape in
    nineteenth-century painting. What psychological
    and philosophical statements are prevalent during
    this period with regard to humanity and nature?
    How is this relationship different from earlier
    centuries? Explain the this change in perspective.
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