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GI Disease: Lower GI Diseases

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GI Disease: Lower GI Diseases M.Burns, PhD, RD FCS 4751 Small Intestine Diseases Celiac disease Lactose intol Inflammatory Bowel Disease Celiac Disease Malabsorption ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GI Disease: Lower GI Diseases


1
GI Disease Lower GI Diseases
  • M.Burns, PhD, RD
  • FCS 4751

2
Small Intestine Diseases
  • Celiac disease
  • Lactose intol
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease

3
Celiac Disease
  • Malabsorption disease of gluten
  • MNT Goals
  • Prevent weight loss
  • Prevent nutrient deficiencies
  • Gluten-restricted diet (Table 28.9, page 623)

4
Lactose Intolerance
  • Deficiency of lactase
  • MNT Goals
  • Omission of lactose foods (Table 28.12, pg. 626)
  • Prevent nutrient deficiencies
  • V-D, Ca, riboflavin, P common

5
IBD Crohns Disease
  • Lengthy segments of bowel is inflamed due
    crack-like ulcers
  • Occurs in any part of GI tract
  • Chronic, progressive disorder
  • Occurs between 15-25 years
  • Symptoms

6
IBD Ulcerative Colitis
  • Chronic inflammation beginning in rectum
  • Doesnt affect small intestine
  • Occurs between 20 40 years
  • Symptoms
  • Differences (Table 28.13, pg. 631)

7
IBD Treatment
  • Surgical removal of diseased portion resulting in
    ileostomy
  • MNT Goals
  • Restore optimal nutritional status
  • Prevent deficiencies
  • Control fat malabsorption

8
Stomys
  • Ileostomy
  • Colon, rectum, anus removed
  • Liquidy stool
  • Colostomy
  • Rectum and anus removed
  • Mushy to well-formed stool

9
Large Intestine Diseases
  • Diverticular disease
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Short Bowel Syndrome

10
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Abnormal stooling pattern associated with
    symptoms of intestinal dysfunction for 3 mos
  • Symptoms
  • MNT Goals
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • High-fiber diet

11
Diverticular Disease
  • Diverticulosis
  • formation of diverticula
  • Diverticulitis
  • inflammation of diverticula
  • MNT Goals
  • High-fiber diet

12
Short Bowel Syndrome
  • Surgical bypass/resection of ileum...decreased
    bile secretion
  • MNT Goals
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Prevent nutrient deficiencies
  • Monitor malabsorption

13
Next Time
  • Related Diets
  • Read pages 613-615
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