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I. What is hazardous waste?

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Hazardous Waste: Waste Management & Health Effects I. What is hazardous waste? A. Based on CFR listing B. Based on properties 1. Known to cause death or illness – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: I. What is hazardous waste?


1
Hazardous Waste Waste Management Health Effects
I. What is hazardous waste? A. Based on CFR
listing B. Based on properties 1. Known to
cause death or illness
2
2. Considered a threat to humans
environment a. Toxic b. Flammable
(ignitable) c. Corrosive d. Reactive
3
2. Considered a threat to humans
environment a. Toxicity
4
b. Flammability (ignitability)
5
c. Corrosivity i. pH ii. Ability to damage
tissue metals
6
d. Reactivity
7
e. Multiple categories
8
C. Other considerations 1. Discarded 2.
Types of Hazards 3. Requires special
precautions 4. Concentration is important
9
II. Sources of hazardous waste A. Residential
10
B. Commercial 1. Used, expired, or contaminated
materials liquids 2. Office wastes 3.
Residential-type hazardous waste
11
C. Institutional 1. Lab wastes 2. Office
wastes 3. Used, expired or contaminated
materials liquids
12
D. Industrial 1. By-products, impurities
residues from manufacture
13
2. Used, expired or contaminated materials
liquids 3. Office wastes 4. Pollution
control 5. Contaminated PPE
14
C. Contaminated agricultural, organic, yard
wastes
15
III. Management of hazardous waste A. Tracking
and record keeping 1. Required by RCRA 2.
Cradle to grave 3. Records kept
16
4. Labeling
17
B. Transport
18
C. Storage
19
D. Ultimate fate 1. Treatment a.
Location b. Types i. Chemical ii.
Physical iii. Biological
20
2. Incineration
21
2. Disposal a. Secure landfill i.
Components (1) Cover or cap (2)
Cells (3) Leachate collection (4)
Liner (5) More leachate collection (6)
Another liner (7) Clay (8)
Monitors (9) Gas vents ii. Leachate
collection disposal
22
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23
b. Deep well injection
24
c. Surface impoundments
25
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 1. Improper storage
packaging
26
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 2. Accidents
spills
27
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 3. Leakage a.
Abandoned storage vessels b. Underground
storage tanks
28
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 3. Leakage c.
Landfills surface impoundments
29
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30
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 4. Incineration
31
IV. Health effects of hazardous waste A.
Exposure to hazardous waste 5. Evaporation
32
B. Effects
33
VI. Other wastes A. Radioactive wastes 1.
Regulation a. Atomic Energy Act b. Atomic
energy commissions
34
2. Sources a. Nuclear facilities i. Types
35
ii. Sources of radioactive wastes (1) Mining
milling
36
ii. Sources of radioactive wastes (2) Ore
refining
37
ii. Sources of radioactive wastes (3) Ore
processing, enrichment fuel fabricatio
n
38
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39
ii. Sources of radioactive wastes (4) Spent
fuel rods
40
ii. Sources of radioactive wastes (5) Cooling
water graphite moderators
41
VI. Other wastes A. Radioactive wastes 2.
Sources b. Institutional c. Industrial
42
3. Types a. High-level transuranic b.
Low-level i. Institutional
commercial ii. Uranium processing
iii. Mine mill tailings c. Mixed
waste
43
c. Disposal a. High-level i. Granite
depositories ii. Salt domes iii. Deep sea
44
b. Low-level mixed waste i. Mine mill
tailings ii. Other LLW
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