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The Bill of Rights:

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The Bill of Rights: The first 10 amendments to the U. S. Constitution 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th On other s, click on Contents to return to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Bill of Rights:


1
The Bill of Rights
  • The first 10 amendments to the
  • U. S. Constitution
  • 1st
  • 2nd
  • 3rd
  • 4th
  • 5th
  • 6th
  • 7th
  • 8th
  • 9th
  • 10th
  • On other slides, click on Contents to return to
    this slide.

2
1st Amendment 5 rights
Contents
  • Freedom of Speech
  • Freedom of Religion
  • Freedom of the Press
  • Freedom of Assembly
  • Freedom to petition the government

3
Free Speech
Contents
  • Congress shall make no laws . . . abridging the
    freedom of speech.
  • Limits
  • Threaten to blow up airplanes, schools, or the
    president
  • Sexual harassment
  • Create too much social chaos
  • Extremely crude language in a public forum
  • Disrespectful, vulgar language in schools
  • Hate crimes

4
Free Speech Individuals can
Contents
  • Say any political belief
  • Protest (without getting out of control)
  • Say things about someone that are true
  • Burn the flag
  • Say racist and hate
    slogans
  • Free speech means
    someone might say
    something you
    disagree with.

5
Freedom of Religion
Contents
  • Congress shall make no law respecting an
    establishment of religion or prohibiting the free
    exercise there of.
  • Two clauses
  • Establishment clause
  • Free Exercise clause

6
Establishment and free exercise clause often
conflict with each other.
Contents
  • In schools, the religion issue is most prevalent.
  • A student may raise her hand and say, Teacher,
    can we say an opening prayer before this test?
  • If the teacher says
  • Yes, it looks like establishment of religion.
  • No, it is denying a student free exercise.

7
Establishment Clause Government cannot promote
religion.
Contents
8
Establishment Clause Government Cans
Cannot
Contents
  • Teach about religions in school
  • Allow voluntary prayer in many instances
  • Transport students to a religious school
  • Read Bible for culture or literacy content
  • Set a state religion
  • Cannot order prayer
  • Teach religious doctrine in the school
  • Pay seminary or religious school teachers
  • Teach creationism

9
Free Exercise People Can Cannot
Contents
  • Choose any religion
  • Lead a prayer in most instances
  • Ask questions about religions
  • Break the law and claim it is religious belief
  • Raise children without education
  • Deprive children of basic needs

10
Freedom of the Press
Contents
  • Congress shall make no law . . . abridging . . .
    the freedom of the press.

11
Freedom of the Press The Press Can Cannot
Contents
  • Print any political position
  • Make fun of people, especially politicians
  • Expose wrongs by the government
  • Say things you might not agree with
  • Libel intentionally injuring a persons
    reputation by false facts
  • Disclose classified government secrets
  • Detail how to make a certain weapons

12
Freedom of Assembly
Contents
  • Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . .
    The people to peaceably assemble.

13
Freedom of Assembly People Can Cannot
Contents
  • Protest
  • Parade (with a permit)
  • Parade chanting hate slogans
  • Gather in public
  • Protest by throwing rocks and breaking windows
  • Hang out (loiter) on private land without owners
    permission

14
Petition the Government
Contents
  • Congress shall make no law . . . Abridging . . .
    the people. . . to petition the government for a
    redress of grievances.

15
Petition the government
Contents
  • You may sue the government for wrongs.
  • You cannot be punished for exposing wrongs by the
    government.
  • The courts decide the wrongs.

16
2nd Amendment Right To Bear Arms
Contents
  • A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the
    security of a free state, the right of the people
    to bear arms shall not be infringed.

17
What is the debate with the right to bear arms?
Contents
  • How much can the government do to keep guns from
    criminals and youth?
  • In order to keep guns away from criminals, does
    that limit the right of law abiding citizens?

18
Gun Debate Continued
Contents
  • Thousands of people die every year because of
    guns.
  • Thousands of crimes are prevented because of guns.

Shoes representing gun deaths.
19
3rd Amendment
Contents
  • The Government cannot force you to shelter
    soldiers in your home without your consent in
    time of war or peace.

20
Amendments 4-8 Preserve the Rights of the Accused.
Contents
21
4th Amendment
Contents
  • What does the government need in order to search
    your home?
  • Probable cause
  • A warrant given by a judge

22
5th Amendment
Contents
  • You cannot be tried for the same crime twice
    that is called double jeopardy.
  • You do not have to testify against your self.
  • I plead the Fifth!
  • You must have due process
    of law before you are convicted.
  • The government cannot take
    your land unless it pays.

23
6th Amendment Speedy Trial and Lawyer
Contents
  • You have the right to speedy trial by an
    impartial jury (not favoring either side).
  • You must be told of charges.
  • You must be provided a lawyer if you cannot
    afford one.

24
7th Amendment Civil Trial by Jury
Contents
  • In suits at common law, where the value in
    controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the
    right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no
    fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise
    re-examined in any court of the United States,
    than according to the rules of the common law.

25
8th Amendment Bail and Punishment
Contents
  • No excessive bail
  • No cruel and unusual punishment

26
9th Amendment Rights Reserved to the States
Contents
  • The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain
    rights, shall not be construed to deny or
    disparage others retained by the people.
  • Allows states to grant more rights than given
    under the Constitution
  • Issues such as
  • Gay marriage
  • Drinking age
  • Driving age
  • Abortion limitations

27
10th Amendment Rights Reserved to the People
Contents
  • The powers not delegated to the United States by
    the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
    States, are reserved to the States respectively,
    or to the people.
  • If the federal and state governments do not
    prohibit something, than the people are allowed
    to do it.
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