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Friday 12th July 2013


* * * * * * * * * Myers Briggs Type Indicator - provide a framework to: ... will focus on meeting practical needs NT - will test competence during interaction NF ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Friday 12th July 2013

Tees Valley Public Health Shared
ServicesValuing the Difference Workshop
  • Friday 12th July 2013

Myers Briggs Type Indicator- provide a framework
  • Helps you to understand yourself and others
  • There are no right or wrong
  • Explores different styles
  • Helps us to expect and value differences

Myers Briggs Type Indicator
  • Showing preference for one of two opposites on
    four dimensions (or in four different areas)
  • when your preferred approach is used you
    generally feel most confident and natural
  • we use both preferences at different times, but
    not both at once or with equal comfort and

  • Based on C.G.Jungs theory of personality types
  • Two types of people, extroverts and introverts
    (where we get our energy)
  • 10 years of research, subdivided extravert and
    introvert types into 8 types (mental functions)
  • sensing versus intuition (how we process
  • thinking versus feeling (how we make decisions)
  • Myers and Briggs built on Jungs research
    extended model by adding judging and perceiving
    dichotomy (how we deal with the outer world)

MBTI Four Dimensions
  • Introvert Extrovert
  • iNtuitive Sensing
  • Thinking Feeling
  • Perception Judging

Being energised through contact with other people
or through engaging in activities (the outer
Being energised through ideas, quiet times, or
solitude (the inner world)
RM 3-7
Where do you prefer to focus your attention. How
are you energised?
  • E (Extrovert)
  • Initiating
  • Sociable, congenial, introduce people
  • Expressive
  • Demonstrative, easier to know, self revealing
  • Gregarious
  • Seek popularity, broad circle of friends
  • Active
  • Interactive, want contact
  • Enthusiastic
  • Lively, energetic, seek spotlight
  • I (Introvert)
  • Receiving
  • Reserved, low key, are introduced
  • Contained
  • Controlled, harder to know, private
  • Intimate
  • Seek intimacy, one to one, find individuals
  • Reflective
  • Onlooker, prefer space
  • Quiet
  • Calm, enjoy solitude, seek background

How are you energised?
  • I
  • Prefer to communicate in writing
  • Work out ideas by reflecting on them
  • Learn best by reflection and mental practice
  • Focus in depth on their interests
  • Private and contained
  • Take initiative when the situation or issue is
    very important to them
  • E
  • Prefer to communicate by talking
  • Work out ideas by talking them through
  • Learn best by doing or discussing
  • Have broad range of interests
  • Sociable and expressive
  • Readily take initiative in work and relationships

Talking in a Group
Es may think Is are withholding information
when they are processing internally.Is may
think Es are changing their minds when they are
processing a decision verbally
Something to be aware of
How do you take in information?
  • S (Sensing)
  • Concrete
  • Exact facts, literal, tangible
  • Realistic
  • Sensible, matter of fact, seek efficiency
  • Practical
  • Pragmatic, results orientated
  • Experiential
  • Hands-on, trust experience
  • Traditional
  • Conventional, customary, tried and tested
  • N (iNtuition)
  • Abstract
  • Figurative, symbolic, intangible
  • Imaginative
  • Resourceful, inventive, seek novelty
  • Conceptual
  • Ideas orientated
  • Theoretical
  • Seek patterns, hypothetical, trust theories
  • Original
  • Unconventional, different, new and unusual

How do you take in information?
  • N
  • Future possibilities
  • Imaginative and creative
  • Focus on patterns and meanings in data
  • Remember details when they relate to a pattern
  • Move quickly to conclusions, follow hunches
  • Want to clarify ideas and theories before putting
    them into practice
  • Trust inspiration
  • S
  • Present realities
  • Factual and concrete
  • Focus on what is real and actual
  • Observe and remember details
  • Build carefully and thoroughly towards
  • Understand ideas and theories through practical
  • Trust experience

Ss may think Ns are changing the subject when
they are generating new possibilitiesNs may
think Ss are unimaginative when they are being
realistic about practical matters
Something to be aware of
  • A frequent mistake Intuitive types make in
    communicating about change is to assume that the
    amount of information that convinced them of the
    need for change will be sufficient for the
    sensing type.
  • Sue G Clancy Developing leaders

Two ways of making decisions(Judgement)
Feeling Decisions - Makes decisions based on
personal values and convictions
Thinking Decisions - Makes decisions based on
objective analysis and logic
How do you prefer to make decisions?
  • T (Thinking)
  • Logical
  • Impersonal, seek impartiality, objective analysis
  • Reasonable
  • Truthful, cause and effect, apply principles
  • Questioning
  • Precise, challenging, want discussion
  • Critical
  • Sceptical, want proof
  • Tough
  • Firm, tough minded, ends orientated
  • F (Feeling)
  • Empathetic
  • Personal, seek harmony, central values
  • Compassionate
  • Tactful, sympathetic, loyal
  • Accommodating
  • Approving, agreeable, want harmony
  • Accepting
  • Tolerant, trusting, give praise
  • Tender
  • Gently, tender hearted, means orientated

How do you prefer to make decisions?
  • F
  • Empathetic
  • Guided by personal logic
  • Assess impacts of decisions on people
  • Strive for harmony and positive interactions
  • Compassionate
  • May appear tender hearted
  • Fair want everyone to be treated as an individual
  • T
  • Analytical
  • Use case and effect reasoning
  • Solve problems with logic
  • Strive for an objective standard of truth
  • Reasonable
  • Can be tough minded
  • Fair want everyone to be treated equally

Ts may think Fs are over personalising when
they focus on the impact on the individualFs
may think Ts are harsh and cold when they take a
detached problem solving point of view
Something to be aware of
  • Ts - Business before relationship.
  • Its about what makes sense.
  • Fs - Relationship before business.
  • What matters is harmony.

And finally.approach to life
Which lifestyle do you prefer?
  • J (Judging)
  • Systematic
  • Orderly, structured, dislike diversions
  • Planned
  • Future focused, advanced planner, like firm plans
  • Early starting
  • Motivated by self discipline, steady progress,
    late start stressful
  • Scheduled
  • Want routine, make lists, procedures help
  • Methodical
  • Plan specifics tasks, note subtasks, organised
  • P (Perceiving)
  • Casual
  • Relaxed, easygoing, welcome diversions
  • Open ended
  • Present focused, go with flow, make flexible
  • Pressure prompted
  • Motivated by pressure, bursts and spurts, find
    early starting unstimulating
  • Spontaneous
  • Want variety, enjoy the unexpected, procedures
  • Emergent
  • Plunge in, let strategies emerge, adaptable

Which lifestyle do you prefer?
  • P
  • Spontaneous
  • Flexible
  • Casual
  • Open ended
  • Adapt, change course
  • Like things loose and open to change
  • Feel engergised be last minute pressures
  • J
  • Scheduled
  • Organise their lives
  • Systematic
  • Methodical
  • Make short and long term plans
  • Like to have things decided
  • Try to avoid last minute stresses

(No Transcript)
Js may think Ps are lazy or procrastinating
when they are trying to keep their options
openPs may think Js are rigid and
controlling when they are structuring and
Something to be aware of
  • Perceivers try to avoid pain through adapting
    and harmonising with the environment.
  • Judgers seek to avoid painful experiences
    through judging and controlling their environment
  • Isabelle Briggs Myers and Peter B Myers

Doesnt type fence you in?
For most people really understanding their own
type in particular and other peoples type in
general is a releasing experience rather than a
restricting one. It sets one free to recognise
ones own natural bent and to trust ones own
potential for growth and excellence with no
obligation to copy anyone else, however admirable
that person may be in his or her own different
way. Isabel Myers
UK population type table
(No Transcript)
MBTI - Applications
Career development
Dealing with Change
Communication and meetings
Career development
Team frustrations
Facilitation and presentation skills
Type Differences During Change
  • Groups IS, EN, IN, ES
  • During times of change
  • what do you need
  • what do you bring
  • what irritates you

Differences During Change
  • Groups ST, NT, SF, NF
  • What do you need to sell you a change idea ?

Type and selling an idea
SF - will form bond of loyalty to idea or person
ST - will focus on meeting practical needs
NT - will test competence during interaction
NF will look for shared values
What Each Preference Needs During Organisational
  • Extraversion
  • Time to talk about what is going on.
  • Involvement - something to do.
  • Communication, Communication, Communication.
  • To be heard - to have a voice.
  • Action, getting on with it, keeping up the pace.
  • Sensing
  • Real data - why is change occurring?
  • Specifics and details about what exactly is to
  • Connections between the planned changes and the
  • Realistic pictures of the future that make the
    plans real.
  • Clear guidelines on expectations, roles and
    responsibilities - or the opportunity to design
  • Introversion
  • Time alone to reflect on what is going on.
  • To be asked what they think about things.
  • Thought-out, written communication and one-on-one
  • Time to think through their positions before
    discussions or meetings.
  • Time to assimilate changes before taking action.
  • Intuition
  • The overall rationale - the global realities.
  • A general plan or direction to play around with
    and develop.
  • Chances to paint a picture of the future - to
    create a vision that works for them.
  • Options - general direction but not too much
  • Opportunities to participate in designing the
    future, to influence the changes.

(No Transcript)
Use a type framework to understand that...
  • differences between people are natural not
    something you can change
  • all type preferences are positive no aspect of
    preference is better or worse
  • the other persons preference may be directly
    opposite to your natural preference
  • the other persons preferences are clues as to how
    they want to be worked with / related to
  • their behaviour may have nothing to do with their
    type preference

MBTI Golden Rules
  • It is a measure of preferences not skills,
    abilities or behaviour
  • There are no better or worse types all types
    have strengths and weaknesses
  • Everyone uses both aspects of each dimension
    but it takes more energy to use non-preferred
  • Your reported type can be overwritten by you
    because you are the best judge of your own
    personality type
  • Use the MBTI as a starting point for discussion
    and understanding, not an end in itself

  • I know your type!
  • Understand strengths and weaknesses
  • Understand other types
  • And possible areas for conflict
  • Apply to your relationships
  • At work and at home
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