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Title:

Teaching Methods

Description:

Chapter 5 Teaching Methods Review Chapter 4 Teaching Process Four Basic Steps P reparation P resentation A pplication R eview and Evaluation Organizing Material ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Provided by: troy156
Learn more at: http://www.sal.ksu.edu
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Title: Teaching Methods


1
Chapter 5
  • Teaching Methods

2
Review Chapter 4
  • Teaching Process
  • Four Basic Steps
  • P reparation
  • P resentation
  • A pplication
  • R eview and Evaluation

3
Organizing Material
  • Lesson Plan
  • Introduction
  • Development
  • Conclusion

4
Introduction
  • Attention
  • Joke
  • Telling a story
  • Surprising statement
  • Asking a question

5
Introduction
  • Motivation
  • Why is lesson important?
  • Overview
  • What is to be covered in this period?

6
Development
  • Arrange material logically
  • Past to present
  • Simple to complex
  • Known to unknown
  • Most often used to least often used

7
Conclusion
  • Retraces important elements
  • No new ideas

8
Methods
  • Lecture
  • Introduce subjects, Summarize ideas
  • Most widely used
  • Illustrated talk - visual aids
  • Briefing - concise presentation facts
  • Formal lecture- little participation
  • Teaching lecture - Some participation

9
Preparing the teaching lecture
  • Planning
  • Suitable language
  • Delivery
  • Use of notes

10
Preparing the teaching lecture
  • Planning
  • Establishing desired outcome
  • Research material
  • Organize material
  • Planning productive activities

11
Preparing the teaching lecture
  • Suitable Language
  • Use simple words
  • Slang may be used
  • Dont use profanity
  • Dont use vulgarisms
  • Use medium to short sentences

12
Preparing the teaching lecture
  • Types of delivery
  • Reading
  • Reciting
  • Outline - best
  • Impromptu

13
Preparing the teaching lecture
  • Use of notes
  • Ensure accuracy
  • jog memory
  • Provide direction

14
Formal vs Informal Lecture
  • Informal is preferred
  • Active student participation

15
Advantages
  • Large groups
  • Present many ideas in a short time
  • Introducing subject

16
Disadvantages
  • Lack of student participation
  • Hard to teach motor skills
  • Rate of retention drops after the first 10-15 min
  • Retention Rate is 5 after 24 hrs

17
Cooperative or Group Learning
  • Student work in small groups
  • Higher tests scores
  • Higher self-esteem
  • Improved social skills
  • Greater comprehension

18
Guided Discussion
  • Students provide
  • Ideas
  • Experiences
  • Opinions
  • Information

19
Guided Discussion
  • Instructor provides
  • Direction
  • Encourages participation

20
Guided Discussion
  • Questions in guided discussion
  • Lead-off - begins
  • Follow-up - redirects
  • Overhead - stimulates thought
  • Rhetorical - similar, but instructor answers
  • Direct - Specific for an individual
  • Reverse - redirected
  • Relay - Back to the group

21
Guided Discussion
  • Characteristics of a Good Question
  • Have specific purpose
  • Be clear in meaning
  • Contain single idea
  • Stimulate thought
  • Require definite answers
  • Relate to previously covered material

22
Guided Discussion
  • Planning a Guided discussion
  • Topic
  • Objective
  • Research
  • Organize
  • Plan a good lead-off question

23
Guided Discussion
  • Students should have some knowledge
  • Instructor
  • Introduces
  • Discusses
  • Concludes

24
Demonstration- Performance
  • Learn by doing
  • Useful for a skill

25
Demonstration- Performance
  • Explanation
  • Demonstration
  • Student performance
  • Instructor Supervision
  • Evaluation

26
Computer Based
  • Programmed instruction
  • Simulators
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