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The Spanish American War

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The Spanish American War Causes for the War War in Cuba Anti-Imperialism Advocates War in the Philippines Events Leading to War Cuban Revolt 1895: Spain sent 200,000 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish American War


1
The Spanish American War
  • Causes for the War
  • War in Cuba
  • Anti-Imperialism Advocates
  • War in the Philippines

2
Events Leading to War
  • Cuban Revolt 1895 Spain sent 200,000
  • Weylers reconcentration camps, starvation
  • Cuba Libra Movement New York junta
  • Propaganda campaign for support
  • Yellow Journalism Hearst Pulitzer
  • Cleveland favored neutrality
  • McKinley sent agent to Cuba
  • Tries to mediate Cuban independence
  • The de Lome Letter
  • The sinking of the Maine (Photos)

3
The USS Maine Before
4
USS Maine After
5
Congress Declares War
  • McKinley delays, Congress 50 million
  • diplomacy breaks down
  • War declared April 1, 1889
  • Platt Amendment US will not annex
  • Cuba if there is a war
  • George Dewey orders to leave Hong Kong and
    prepare attack on Manila.

6
War Starts
  • First steam powered, armored naval battle
  • America wins due to new navy
  • Dewey surprises Spanish fleet in Manila
  • Two American ships sink whole Spanish fleet of 8
    with only one death
  • Dewey a hero

7
Commodore George Dewey
8
USS Massachusetts
9
USS Norwalk
10
War In CubaThe Splendid Little War
  • Building an American Army volunteers, community
    militias, Smoked Yankees,
  • 25,000 US v. 200,000 Spanish
  • Rough Riders Teddy Roosevelt
  • Guantanamo, Kettle Hill San Juan Hill
  • Spain caught in Santiago de Cuba
  • Puerto Rica captured
  • 5,500 U.S. dead 379 from battle

11
Battles in Cuba
12
Roosevelt takes San Juan Hill
13
Cuban Independence
  • US takes control of Puerto Rico Guam
  • Cuban reconstruction and freedom in 1902
  • Platt Amendment
  • A) No treaties with other countries which Could
    lead to Cuba loosing independence
  • B) No debt it cannot pay
  • C) U.S. can return to protect government

14
Debate on Philippines
  • Paris Peace Treaty 20 million for Phil.
  • Loud Opposition to Imperialism Carnegie,
  • Mark Twain, Mugwumps, Bryan
  • McKinley struggles to make up his mind
  • Decides in favor annexation, then freedom
  • Senate approves treaty by two votes
  • Emilio Aguinaldo leads insurrection A. McArthur
  • 3 year War 50,000 to 200,000 Filipinos die
  • Taft civilian government good organization
  • Public distaste American Imperialism ends

15
Emilio Aquinaldo
16
U.S. Troops in the Philippines
17
U.S. Troops in the Philippines
18
Filipino Rebels
19
U.S. Teacher in the Philippines
20
China
  • Japan, England, German, Russia and France break
    China up into Spheres of Influence
  • Hays Open Door notes One Two
  • A) Each sphere respect rights of others
  • B) China should collect duties at ports
  • C) All spheres same train port rates
  • The Boxer Rebellion Chinese nationalists
  • Hole up the foreign embassies for 2 months
  • US joins European powers to put down insurrection
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