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Environmental Science Chapter 1

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Environmental Science Chapter 1 Science and the Environment Objectives: Discuss the importance of environmental science. Analyze the importance of environmental ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Science Chapter 1


1
Environmental Science Chapter 1
  • Science and the Environment
  • Objectives
  • Discuss the importance of environmental science.
  • Analyze the importance of environmental science
    from a social and economic context.
  • Investigate how humans impact on the environment
    has changed over the course of history.

2
Section 1 Understanding Our Environment Goals
  • Define environmental science
  • List the five major fields that contribute to
    environmental science
  • Discuss how humans impact on the environment has
    changed over history
  • Classify environmental problems

3
Environmental Science
  • Devoted to studying the impacts humans have on
    the environment

NYC Today and 400 yrs ago
4
Goals of environment science
  • To understand and solve environmental problems
  • Ecosystem functions
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Toxic Chemicals
  • Climate Change
  • Resource usage
  • Newer field of study

5
What are the environmental consequences of
choosing these types of energy sources? What are
the benefits and costs of these energy
sources? Why does 50 of our current electricity
come from coal?
6
Foundation of Environmental Science
  • Ecology the study of how living organisms
    interact with each other and their nonliving
    environment

7
Ecology studies how all of these living and
nonliving things interact
8
Fields of Study that Contribute to Environmental
Science
  • Biology the study of living organisms
  • Chemistry the study chemicals and their
    interactions
  • Physics the study of matter and energy
  • Earth Science the study of earths nonliving
    systems
  • Social Sciences the study of human populations

9
Humans Impact Over History
  • Wherever humans have hunted, grown food, or
    settled we have changed the environment.
  • How have those changes impacted the environment
    over human history?

10
Hunter-Gatherers
  • Most of human history
  • People who obtain food by moving around
    collecting plants and hunting wild animals.
  • What are ways you think they had an impact on the
    environment?
  • Why didnt they have a large impact on the
    environment?
  • What kind of life did they lead?

11
Agricultural Revolution
  • Plants and animals were domesticated and
    population grew
  • 10,000 years ago
  • Life got easier
  • Population grew
  • Towns began forming
  • Impact on environment grew
  • More land used

12
Industrial Revolution
  • Caused a shift to fossil fuels as an energy
    source
  • Mid-1700s
  • Life got easier
  • Advances in technology
  • People lived longer
  • People moved to cities away from farms
  • Increased environmental impact WHY???

13
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14
Population Growth
  • Population is growing fast
  • http//www.eahdfoundation.org/world_live_clock.php
  • Vast amounts of resources used to meet need for
    food
  • Population expected to double in 21st century,
    before it begins to stabilize

15
Spaceship Earth
  • Earth is essentially a closed system
  • Energy from sun comes in and leaves as heat
  • What we have IS IT no more One Earth, One
    Chance
  • Became evident during missions to moon late 1960s

16
Journal Question
  • Opinion Are humans part of the environment, or
    separate from it? Explain.

17
What are our main environmental problems?
18
Problem 1 Tragedy of the Commons
  • Conflicts arise when people share resources
  • If no one takes responsibility for the resource
    it will get overused and become degraded.
  • Examples?

19
Problem 2 Resource Depletion
  • Resource depletion using up resources before
    they can be replenished
  • Renewable resources like trees cut faster than
    they grow
  • What are some other example of renewable
    resources?
  • Theoretically can last forever

20
What are Our Main Environmental Problems
Resource Depletion
  • Nonrenewable resource forms more slowly than it
    is used up
  • Examples minerals like aluminum and fossil fuels
    like coal, oil and natural gas.
  • Resource is said to be depleted when almost used
    up

21
Pair and Share Activity
  • With a partner of your choice
  • Select five objects found in this room (Ex.
    Pencil)
  • List the components found in that object
  • Classify each component as renewable or
    nonrenewable like the table below.

Object Parts Renew. Nonrenew.
1. Pencil Graphite, wood, rubber, aluminum Rubber (trees) Wood (trees) Graphite Aluminum
22
Problem 3 Pollution
  • Pollution an undesirable change in the air,
    water or soil that affects humans or other
    organisms
  • Biodegradable - broken down by natural processes
  • Sewage, paper
  • Non-biodegradable - cannot be broken down
  • Heavy metals, plastics
  • Air water pollution
  • Land pollution
  • Can you give examples?

23
Problem 4 Loss of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity the number and variety of species
    that live in an area
  • Why is loss of biodiversity a bad thing?
  • Higher biodiversity healthier ecosystem
  • Organisms can be considered natural resource

24
Journal Question
  • Ecosystems are made up of all living and
    nonliving components in a certain area. How do
    you think scientists study them?

25
Journal Question
  • When selecting an area of land to study, should
    an ecologist choose a spot they like, or choose
    it randomly? Explain.

26
Who uses most resources?
  • Developed Countries like the U.S. (high personal
    wealth) have high consumption rates
  • What are the developed countries of the world?
  • Developing Countries have high population
    growth, poverty and lower resource consumption
  • List several

27
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28
Ecological Footprint
  • The productive area of land needed to support a
    persons life
  • Food, clothes, coal, oil, plastics, forest, etc.
    all needed to support your lifestyle
  • Compare countries
  • http//www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/p
    age/calculators/

29
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30
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31
Sustainability is the Goal!
  • Condition in which human needs are met without
    harming future generations.
  • Are we living sustainable today?
  • What would need to change?

32
  • End of Chapter 1
  • Define environmental science
  • Discuss how humans impact on the environment has
    changed over history Revolutions?
  • Classify environmental resources
  • List the major environmental problems

Link to Pollution Video
Link to Prophets of Doom
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