Terrorism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation
Title:

Terrorism

Description:

Terrorism Mr. Craddock What is Terrorism US: premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:97
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 19
Provided by: Wak75
Category:
Tags: terrorism

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Terrorism


1
Terrorism
  • Mr. Craddock

2
What is Terrorism
  • US premeditated, politically motivated violence
    perpetrated against noncombatant targets by
    subnational groups or clandestine agents
  • UN intention to cause death or serious bodily
    harm to civilians or non-combatants with the
    purpose of intimidating a population or
    compelling a government or an international
    organization to do or abstain from doing any act.

3
Terrorism or Acts of Violence or War
  • North Ossetia
  • Lebanon
  • Sri Lanka
  • Pakistan
  • India
  • France
  • Dagestan,Russia
  • Burma
  • New York
  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • Elazig Province, Turkey
  • Texas
  • Guinea
  • Blacksburg
  • Seattle
  • Uzbekistan
  • Grozny, Russia
  • Kosovo
  • Cote dIvoire
  • Yemen

4
Origins of Terrorism
  • The first time use of terrorism occurred during
    the Reign of Terror following the French
    Revolution
  • The first known use of the term terrorist was in
    1869 by Sergey Nechayev, who wrote the "Catechism
    of a Revolutionary", a program for the "merciless
    destruction" of society and the state. - The main
    principle of the "Catechism" "the ends justify
    the means"

5
Definition cont.
  • Terrorism generally can be confined to three
    concepts
  • Violence
  • Fear
  • Intimidation
  • It is almost always targeted in the most public
    way against civilians in order to draw attention
    to the act

6
Number of Terrorism Incidents, 2000-2008
7
Types of Terrorism
  • Domestic acts against ones own country
    (Oklahoma City)
  • International acts that transcend national
    boundaries (9/11)
  • Subnational acts committed by nongovernmental
    groups (Chechnya)
  • State acts committed by agents of the
    government (Syria)

8
Oklahoma City Bombing
9
Types of Terrorism cont.
  • Bioterrorism intentional release of toxic
    biological agents for the intent of terrorism
  • Cyberterrorism usually an attack on information
    technology to disrupt an organization
  • Ecoterrorism attacking disruptors of the
    environment in order to protect the environment.

10
Terrorist Groups
  • Basque Fatherland and Liberty (Spain)
  • Irish Republican Army (N. Ireland)
  • HAMAS (Palestine)
  • Hezbollah (Lebanon)
  • Palestinian Liberation Front (Palestine)
  • Sikh Terrorism (India)

11
Khalistan
  • Basque

12
Palestinian State
13
Al Qaeda
  • Established in 1989 by Osama bin Laden
  • Is a fundamentalist organization seeking to rid
    Muslim nations of Westernization and secularism
    and replace with Theocracies.
  • Operates out of individual cells instead of as a
    formal organization.

14
Major Terrorist Incidents
  • 9/11
  • Munich Olympic Massacre (1972)
  • Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-1981)
  • Beirut Bombing (1983)
  • Mumbai (2008)
  • School Hostages in Russia (2004)

15
(No Transcript)
16
(No Transcript)
17
(No Transcript)
18
Reactions to Terrorist Attacks
  • Reducing or addressing the cause of terrorism
    (Basque Spain)
  • Increasing international cooperation in
    surveillance of subnational groups (Arab Gulf
    States)
  • Increasing security measures within the country
    (United States)
  • Using military means against terrorism (United
    States)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com